Title 41 Chapter 6a Section 517

Motor Vehicles
Traffic Code
Section 517
Definitions -- Driving with any measurable controlled substance in the body -- Penalties -- Arrest without warrant.

            

41-6a-517.   Definitions -- Driving with any measurable controlled substance in the body -- Penalties -- Arrest without warrant.

            (1) As used in this section:

            (a) "Controlled substance" has the same meaning as in Section 58-37-2.

            (b) "Practitioner" has the same meaning as in Section 58-37-2.

            (c) "Prescribe" has the same meaning as in Section 58-37-2.

            (d) "Prescription" has the same meaning as in Section 58-37-2.

            (2) In cases not amounting to a violation of Section 41-6a-502, a person may not operate or be in actual physical control of a motor vehicle within this state if the person has any measurable controlled substance or metabolite of a controlled substance in the person's body.

            (3) It is an affirmative defense to prosecution under this section that the controlled substance was:

            (a) involuntarily ingested by the accused;

            (b) prescribed by a practitioner for use by the accused; or

            (c) otherwise legally ingested.

            (4) (a) A person convicted of a violation of Subsection (2) is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.

            (b) A person who violates this section is subject to conviction and sentencing under both this section and any applicable offense under Section 58-37-8.

            (5) A peace officer may, without a warrant, arrest a person for a violation of this section when the officer has probable cause to believe the violation has occurred, although not in the officer's presence, and if the officer has probable cause to believe that the violation was committed by the person.

            (6) The Driver License Division shall, if the person is 21 years of age or older on the date of arrest:

            (a) suspend, for a period of 120 days, the driver license of a person convicted under Subsection (2) of an offense committed on or after July 1, 2009; or

            (b) revoke, for a period of two years, the driver license of a person if:

            (i) the person has a prior conviction as defined under Subsection 41-6a-501(2); and

            (ii) the current violation under Subsection (2) is committed on or after July 1, 2009, and within a period of 10 years after the date of the prior violation.

            (7) The Driver License Division shall, if the person is 19 years of age or older but under 21 years of age on the date of arrest:

            (a) suspend, until the person is 21 years of age or for a period of one year, whichever is longer, the driver license of a person convicted under Subsection (2) of an offense committed on or after July 1, 2011; or

            (b) revoke, until the person is 21 years of age or for a period of two years, whichever is longer, the driver license of a person if:

            (i) the person has a prior conviction as defined under Subsection 41-6a-501(2); and

            (ii) the current violation under Subsection (2) is committed on or after July 1, 2009, and within a period of 10 years after the date of the prior violation.

            (8) The Driver License Division shall, if the person is under 19 years of age on the date of arrest:

            (a) suspend, until the person is 21 years of age, the driver license of a person convicted under Subsection (2) of an offense committed on or after July 1, 2009; or

            (b) revoke, until the person is 21 years of age, the driver license of a person if:

            (i) the person has a prior conviction as defined under Subsection 41-6a-501(2); and

            (ii) the current violation under Subsection (2) is committed on or after July 1, 2009, and within a period of 10 years after the date of the prior violation.

            (9) The Driver License Division shall subtract from any suspension or revocation period the number of days for which a license was previously suspended under Section 53-3-223 or 53-3-231, if the previous suspension was based on the same occurrence upon which the record of conviction is based.

            (10) The Driver License Division shall:

            (a) deny, suspend, or revoke a person's license for the denial and suspension periods in effect prior to July 1, 2009, for a conviction of a violation under Subsection (2) that was committed prior to July 1, 2009; or

            (b) deny, suspend, or revoke the operator's license of a person for the denial, suspension, or revocation periods in effect from July 1, 2009, through June 30, 2011, if:

            (i) the person was 20 years of age or older but under 21 years of age at the time of arrest; and

            (ii) the conviction under Subsection (2) is for an offense that was committed on or after July 1, 2009, and prior to July 1, 2011.

            (11) A court that reported a conviction of a violation of this section for a violation that occurred on or after July 1, 2009, to the Driver License Division may shorten the suspension period imposed under Subsection (7)(a) or (8)(a) prior to completion of the suspension period if the person:

            (a) completes at least six months of the license suspension;

            (b) completes a screening;

            (c) completes an assessment, if it is found appropriate by a screening under Subsection (11)(b);

            (d) completes substance abuse treatment if it is found appropriate by the assessment under Subsection (11)(c);

            (e) completes an educational series if substance abuse treatment is not required by the assessment under Subsection (11)(c) or the court does not order substance abuse treatment;

            (f) has not been convicted of a violation of any motor vehicle law in which the person was involved as the operator of the vehicle during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (7)(a) or (8)(a);

            (g) has complied with all the terms of the person's probation or all orders of the court if not ordered to probation; and

            (h) (i) is 18 years of age or older and provides a sworn statement to the court that the person has not consumed a controlled substance not prescribed by a practitioner for use by the person or unlawfully consumed alcohol during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (7)(a) or (8)(a); or

            (ii) is under 18 years of age and has the person's parent or legal guardian provide an affidavit or other sworn statement to the court certifying that to the parent or legal guardian's knowledge the person has not consumed a controlled substance not prescribed by a practitioner for use by the person or unlawfully consumed alcohol during the suspension period imposed under Subsection (7)(a) or (8)(a).

            (12) If the court shortens a person's license suspension period in accordance with the requirements of Subsection (11), the court shall forward the order shortening the person's license suspension period prior to the completion of the suspension period imposed under Subsection (7)(a) or (8)(a) to the Driver License Division.

            (13) (a) The court shall notify the Driver License Division if a person fails to:

            (i) complete all court ordered screening and assessment, educational series, and substance abuse treatment; or

            (ii) pay all fines and fees, including fees for restitution and treatment costs.

            (b) Upon receiving the notification, the division shall suspend the person's driving privilege in accordance with Subsections 53-3-221(2) and (3).

            (14) The court shall order supervised probation in accordance with Section 41-6a-507 for a person convicted under Subsection (2).


Amended by Chapter 333, 2013 General Session