From: Homeland Security News Wire
To: Scott Jenkins,
Subject: Better intelligence sharing | Dirty bomb detection | Automatic cybersecurity
Date: Wed Jun 04 11:02:50 MDT 2014
Body:
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DAILY REPORT
Wednesday 4 June 2014 vol. 8 no. 128

In Today's Issue

Intelligence sharing
House passes measure requiring review of intelligence sharing practices

In the bill is the first legislation written in response to shortcomings revealed by the Boston marathon bombings,the House of Representatives last Friday approved a measure which requires the FBI, DHS, and the Office of the Director of National Intelligence to review their information sharing practices and report back to Congress within ninety days. Post-bombing investigation concluded that had intelligence agencies shared information on Tamerlan Tsarnaev, one of the suspects in the Boston Marathon bombings, prior to the incident, local law enforcement authorities may have been able to monitor Tsarnaev's actions.

Immigration
DHS relaxes employment rules for H-1B visa spouses

Last month DHS proposed two new rule changes which would allow H-4 dependent spouses of highly skilled immigrant workers who hold an H-1B, E, or L visas, to work legally in the United States. Current regulations prohibit work authorization for spouses of said visa holders. Some immigration advocates say the proposal is too narrow since getting employers to sponsor an H-1B visa applicant is already challenging.

Dirty bombs
Urgent need: Dirty bomb detection technology which does not rely on helium

It has taken 4.7 billion years for Earth to accumulate our helium reserves, but these reserves are dwindling at an alarming rate, and will be exhausted by around 2025. The supplies we have originated in the very slow radioactive alpha decay that occurs in rocks, and there is no chemical way to manufacture helium. The Department of Defense and other agencies use Helium-3 (He-3) to detect neutrons emanating from Special Nuclear Material (SNM) in order to counter the threat of nuclear-fueled explosives such as dirty bombs. Since the supply of He-3 is rapidly drying up, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA) awarded a $2.8 million contract to Alion Science and Technology to develop a replacement technology which will detect neutrons without relying on He-3.

Cybersecurity
DARPA’s Cyber Grand Challenge aims to see fully automated network security systems developed

There is an increasingly serious cybersecurity problem: the inadequacy of current network security systems, which require expert programmers to identify and repair system weaknesses -- typically after attackers have taken advantage of those weaknesses to steal data or disrupt processes. Such disruptions pose greater risks than ever as more and more devices, including vehicles and homes, get networked in what has become known as “the Internet of things.” DARPA is addressing this problem, with teams from around the world starting a two-year track toward the world’s first tournament of fully automated network security systems. Computer security experts from academia, industry, and the larger security community have organized themselves into more than thirty teams to compete in DARPA’s Cyber Grand Challenge -- first-of-its-kind tournament designed to speed the development of automated security systems able to defend against cyberattacks as fast as they are launched.

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Roots of Trust research focuses on protecting cyber physical systems

“Roots of Trust” refers to a set of security functions in a device or system, which are implicitly trusted by the device's operating system and applications, and which constitute the foundation for security. The Cyber Security Research Alliance (CSRA) the other day said it will prioritize research in Roots of Trust for cyber physical systems (CPS), to help address growing cyber security threats to public and private critical infrastructure.

Border security
DHS revises rules for use of deadly force on border

On 30 May DHS released new guidelines detailing when the use of force by Border Patrol officials is authorized. The lack of explicit scenarios within the rules, however, has led to questions of when such acts are truly warranted.

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Smallpox
Scientists divided on whether to destroy last stocks of smallpox virus

While smallpox has been eradicated since 1980, the World Health Organization (WHO) still maintains a stockpile of the virus -- a measure which is becoming an increasingly contentious issue for members of the 194-nation organization. Some scientists argue that the stockpiles of the virus should be maintained until there is a completely confirmed response to any possible future smallpox outbreak, while other scientists argue that the danger of an accidental outbreak or terrorist bioattack using the virus far outweighed any advances to be made by additional live testing.

Energy
New material captures CO2 at natural gas wellheads

Natural gas is the cleanest fossil fuel. Development of cost-effective means to separate carbon dioxide during the production process will improve this advantage over other fossil fuels and enable the economic production of gas resources with higher carbon dioxide content that would be too costly to recover using current carbon capture technologies. Rice University chemists invented a porous material which sequesters carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, at ambient temperature with pressure provided by the wellhead, and lets it go once the pressure is released. The material shows promise to replace more costly and energy-intensive processes.

Also noted

Syria conflict spawning "new generation of terrorists," report warns | 'Father of Terrorism' from Cardiff facing jail for extremist videos on Facebook | EU keen to revive passenger data bill after Brussels terrorist attack | Justice Department renews focus on homegrown terrorists | Why terrorists love twitter | Japan to start building 1.5-kilometre underground ice wall at Fukushima | HUD chief announces N.J. Sandy 'Rebuild by Design' winners | American suicide bomber in Syria raises fears for U.S.

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Homeland Security, Criminal Justice, Law & Public Policy - Master of Science Legal Studies 100% online - CALU Global Online
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Progress and Modernity in Arab Societies
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