From: Homeland Security News Wire
To: Scott Jenkins,
Subject: Week in Review
Date: Sat Jul 05 14:03:06 MDT 2014
Body:
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WEEK IN REVIEW
Friday 4 July 2014 vol. 8 no. 153

Week in Review

Terrorism
Jury selection begins in trial of two friends of Boston Marathon bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev

Azamat Tazhayakov and Dias Kadyrbayev, two friends of Boston bomber Dzhokhar Tsarnaev, are set to go on trial on charges of impeding the investigation into the deadly attack. Opening statements are scheduled for 7 July. Law enforcement says Tazhayakov and Kadyrbayev admitted they took Tsarnaev's backpack from his dormitory room three nights after the bombing after they saw photographs of Tsarnaev on the news identifying him as one of the suspects. The backpack contained fireworks that had the black powder scooped out.

IEDs
There has been a 70% rise in civilian casualties from IEDs around the world since 2011

There has been a dramatic rise in civilian casualties from improvised explosive devices (IEDs) over the last three years, new data show. Numbers compiled from 500 English-language media reports show there was a 70 percent rise in the number of civilian casualties globally from IEDs like car bombs and suicide vests last year compared to 2011. In 2011 13,340 civilians were killed and injured by IEDs. 2013 saw this number shoot up to 22,735. In total, there have been over 60,000 deaths and injuries from IEDs in 2011-13, with civilians accounting for 81 percent of these casualties. IEDs were not limited to Iraq and Afghanistan. There were IED incidents in sixty-six different countries and territories in the last three years. Of these countries, eight -- including Pakistan, Nigeria, and Thailand -- saw over 1,000 civilian casualties of IEDs.

African security
Dozens killed in north Nigeria as Boko Haram car bomb explodes in marketplace

Dozens killed after Boko Haram car bomb attack in north-eastern city of Maiduguri, the birthplace of Islamist militant group. In May 2013 the Nigerian president announced a state of emergency in three north-eastern states, and the Nigerian military deployed tens of thousands of troops to the area in an effort to fight Boko Haram. That campaign has been a complete failure. The extremists have been attacking with more frequency and deadliness in recent months, defying assurances by Nigerian security forces and government that they were getting the situation under control.

U.S. needs better intelligence cooperation with African states for effective counterterrorism strategy

The U.S. focus on counterterrorism efforts in Africa will require forming long-term partnerships with nations, an all-hands-on-deck commitment from all U.S. military branches, and a strong investment in intelligence, and surveillance technologies to face significant challenges created by the continent's size and scope. Forming intelligence partnerships with Africa's fifty-four countries, all with their own civil and military traditions, mixed with multiple languages and cultures is complex.

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Bioterrorism
Congress debates BioShield funding while medical schools debate bioterrorism training

Just as researchers urge medical schools across the United States to include bioterrorism preparedness courses in their curricula, Congress is debating whether to continue spending on Project Bioshield, an initiative launched in 2004 to incentivize otherwise unprofitable research on treatments for rare outbreaks or bioterror agents such as anthrax and botulinum toxin.

Bubonic plague
John Tull, whose 2002 bubonic plague illness raised bioterrorism fears, dies

In November 2002, John Tull, a New Mexico lawyer, was visiting New York when he was found to have bubonic plague. The discovery occurred a year after the fall 2001 anthrax attacks – which, at the time, were still unresolved – raising fears that Tull was a victim of bioterrorism. Those concerns were alleviated when it was determined that Tull’s case was linked to fleas in northern New Mexico, where Tull and his wife had a five-acre property outside Santa Fe. Tull, 65, died last week of cancer not related to the 2002 illness.

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Surveillance
NSA shelved collection program which could have prevented 9/11 attacks: Critics

Fourteen years ago the NSA research unit developed a collection program called Thin Thread which, its authors say, could have detected the perpetrators of the 9/11 attacks and prevented it. Critics of the program agreed it was a good program, but that it picked up more Americans than the other systemsthen being considered, and was thus deemed too invasive of Americans' privacy. In the fall of 2000 General Michael Hayden, then-director of the NSA, decided against the program largely because of the legal implications.

Privacy
Privacy advocates worried about new Senate cybersecurity bill

Privacy groups are concerned that a new Senate cybersecurity bill could give the NSA unrestricted access to personal information of Americans. The Cybersecurity Information Sharing Act (CISA), a counterpart to the Cyber Intelligence Sharing and Protection Act (CISPA) which passed the House in 2013, would create a "gaping loophole in existing privacy law," several privacy advocacy groups wrote in a letter to lawmakers.

Cybercrime
Leaked documents reveal law enforcement hacking methods

Through the sourcing of a leaked documents cache from the Italian firm Hacking Team, members of the University of Toronto’s Citizen Lab have revealed the methods of law-enforcement hackers. While much of Snowden’s revelations concerned broad international surveillance, documents from Hacking Team reveal more specific methods such as the actual techniques for tapping phones and computers to operate as eavesdropping devices.

Transportation
Heavier oil train traffic in western U.S. causes safety worries

In May, following extensive debate regarding security concerns, U.S. Transportation Secretary Anthony Foxx ordered railroads to share oil train shipment information with states, in order better to inform first responders should an accident occur. In the first quarter of 2014 alone, there were 110,000 carloads of oil. Each train can carry three million gallons of oil.

Resilience
U.S. Northwest prepares for the Big One

Seismologists believe the Pacific Northwest is overdue for an earthquake that could register at over 8.0 on the Richter scale, leading many emergency management professionals in the region to anticipate and prepare for the devastating impact such an event would have on the local economy. Experts talk about Triple 3 Resilience Target as a the goal for managing the aftermath of an earthquake: have emergency services running within three days; level of services to sustain the economy within three weeks; and a target of three years to stabilize the economy and prepare for future disasters.

Disasters
Superstorm Sandy relief effort plagued by flaws similar to those of past recovery efforts

The reconstruction effort in New Jersey following the devastation of Superstorm Sandy is plagued by some of the same mistakes characterizing other recovery efforts of the past decade. Many of the same outfits that faced trouble in Louisiana following Hurricane Katrina in 2005 and in Texas during Hurricane Ike in 2008 are now operating in the New Jersey area. Thousands of frustrated homeowners in the state are still waiting for the assistance they were promised.

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Legion of the Rearguard - Dissident Irish Republicanism from ISBS
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Homeland Security, Criminal Justice, Law & Public Policy - Master of Science Legal Studies 100% online - CALU Global Online
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Progress and Modernity in Arab Societies
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State, Political Community and Foreign Relations in Modern and Contemporary Syria
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