From: Homeland Security News Wire
To: Scott Jenkins,
Subject: Iraq on the brink | Fewer deficient bridges | World Cup security
Date: Mon Jun 16 11:00:49 MDT 2014
Body:
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DAILY REPORT
Monday 16 June 2014 vol. 8 no. 138

In Today's Issue

Iraq
U.S. begins evacuation of Baghdad embassy; Iranian general coordinating the defense of Baghdad

The State Department yesterday (Sunday) that non-essential employees at the U.S. embassy in Baghdad were being evacuated, but that the United States would remain “fully equipped to carry out its national security mission.” The Pentagon has ordered an aircraft carrier and two missile-carrying ships to the Persian Gulf, hinting at the possibility of imminent U.S. air strikes against the advancing Sunni insurgents. The Sunni insurgents who now control about a third of Iraq said Sunday that they had executed 1,700 Iraqi soldiers, stressing that all those who killed were Shi’as. Iran had sent 2,000 advance troops to Baghdad, and General Qassem Suleimani, the commander of the Qods Force of Iran’s Revolutionary Guard, is coordinating the defense of Baghdad.

Infrastructure
Number of structurally deficient bridges in U.S. declines

The number of structurally deficient bridges in the United States has declined by 14 percent in the last six years, but despite the improvement, 10 percent of American bridges are in need of maintenance, rehabilitation, or replacement. The average age of bridges in the country is forty-three years old, and most bridges were built to last for fifty-years, so eventually all bridges will become structurally deficient unless they are repaired or replaced.

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Budget
S.D. high on the list of recipients of DHS funds, even as it faces “no specific or domestic terrorist threat”

Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, DHS has established an office in each state which oversees millions of dollars in federal grant and aid money for security related measures. Groups monitoring the DHS allocation of funds to states note the large amount of money allocated to South Dakota, despite the fact that the state is considered by intelligence agencies and officials to be one of fifteen states that have “no specific or domestic terrorist threat.”

Firefighting
Close air support technology helps in fire suppression

In the heat of battle, lives can depend on being able to coordinate troop positions safely while directing aircraft to provide close air support for ground forces. DARPA’s Persistent Close Air Support (PCAS) program aims to help overcome those challenges by providing soldiers with advanced digital tools for situational awareness and targeting in place of legacy communications systems and traditional paper maps. Firefighters battling wildfires face challenges very similar to those that troops face in battle -- the need for situational awareness, precise coordination of airborne water drops and ensuring fellow firefighters are kept safe from rapidly moving and shifting flames. Technology developed for air-to-ground warfare has been adapted to help firefighters combat deadly forest blazes.

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First response
Free app alerts CPR-trained individuals to a heart attack case in their immediate vicinity

Speed and timeliness is instrumental to saving the life of a victim of cardiac arrest, so Santa Clara Countyagencies have adopted PulsePoint, a free mobile application (app) which uses location-based technology to alert CPR-trained residents and bystanders if someone in their immediate area is experiencing sudden cardiac arrest. Once alerted, residents can decide whether they are available to reach the victim and begin resuscitation until official emergency responders arrive.

Floods
Urban man-made drainage may increase risk of flooding

Installing drainage systems in developing towns and cities can cause water to reach rivers more quickly, potentially raising the risk of flooding, say scientists. They suggest that, in some cases, storm drains may do more to increase the risk of flooding than changes in the land surface.

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Infrastructure protection
Towns in northeast U.S. develop adaptation strategies for climate change

In many northeastern towns along the coast of the United States, local officials are attempting to identify and predict the effects of climate change which will occur over the next few decades. “You’re going to feel impacts. It’s a global issue with local effects; We don’t know exactly what’s coming, so let’s plan to be adaptable,” says a leader of a regional climate adaptation project.

World Cup security
World Cup security teams focus more on crime, protests – less on terrorism

During the 2014 FIFA World Cup, currently being held across twelve different venues across Brazil, security teams have extensively prepared for measures to be taken against crime and protest related to heated political unrest. American bomb-busting robots, Israeli surveillance drones, and German anti-aircraft tanks -- an international assortment of security officials and measures – are just some of the pieces of the greater security apparatus protecting both players and fans.

Also noted

Antibiotic-resistant "nightmare germs" found across Florida | PulsePoint app turns bystanders into first responders | Washington governor orders state agencies to review risks from oil trains | Congress told of possible gap in Air Force's nuclear strike capability | How the Pentagon can track the Taliban 5 | Radioactive material stolen from lab in Mexico | Fukushima fires up atomic industry’s removal-of-liability drive | U.K. to step up collaboration with U.S. over nuclear warheads

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Progress and Modernity in Arab Societies
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