From: Homeland Security News Wire
To: Scott Jenkins,
Subject: Port IT security | Chicago facial recognition | Microbial forensics
Date: Wed Jun 11 12:07:09 MDT 2014
Body:
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DAILY REPORT
Wednesday 11 June 2014 vol. 8 no. 134

In Today's Issue

Port security
IT security at U.S. ports weak: GAO

The Government Accountability Office (GAO) reports that maritime security policies and plans at three high-risk U.S. ports do not effectively address how to assess, manage, and respond to cybersecurity threats. While all three ports have strategies to deal with physical security, there were few policies that specifically addressed cybersecurity.

Microbial forensics
Advancing microbial forensics to respond to global biological outbreaks

Much as human DNA can be used as evidence in criminal trials, genetic information about microorganisms can be analyzed to identify pathogens or other biological agents in the event of a suspicious disease outbreak. Biological outbreaks can include natural occurrences, accidental, or negligent releases from laboratories, biocrimes aimed at individuals or small groups, or acts of bioterrorism and biowarfare intended to affect large populations. The tools and methods used to investigate such outbreaks belong to an emerging discipline known as microbial forensics, but the field faces substantial scientific and technical challenges, says a new report.

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Biometrics
A first: Armed robber convicted based on Chicago’s facial recognition technology

Pierre Martin became the first person in Chicago to receive a prison sentence after being convicted based on evidence from the city's facial recognition technology, NeoFace. Martin was sentenced Monday to twenty-two years for two armed robberies carried out on the Chicago Transit Authority(CTA) train system in January and February 2013. A few weeks after the incidents, Chicago Police Department officials announced that Marin was identified using facial recognition software.

Infrastructure
Debate continues over controversial lawsuit-killing Louisiana oil bill

Governor Bobby Jindal (R-Louisiana) is facing a difficult decision over whether or not to veto a measure which would kill a contentious lawsuit filed by the Southeast Louisiana Flood Protection Authority-East (SLFPA-E) against ninety-seven different oil and gas companies regarding long-term environmental damage claims, including those of the 2010 Deepwater Horizon explosion.

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Malaria
Wiping out malaria-carrying mosquitoes with male-only offspring

Over 3.4 billion people are at risk from contracting malaria, and an estimated 627,000 people die each year from the disease. Scientists have modified mosquitoes to produce sperm that will only create males, pioneering a fresh approach to eradicating malaria.

Food security
Reducing use of nitrogen-based fertilizers helps combat climate change

Nitrogen-based fertilizers spur greenhouse gas emissions by stimulating microbes in the soil to produce more nitrous oxide. Nitrous oxide is the third most important greenhouse gas, behind only carbon dioxide and methane, and also destroys stratospheric ozone. Agriculture accounts for around 80 percent of human-caused nitrous oxide emissions worldwide, which have increased substantially in recent years, primarily due to increased nitrogen fertilizer use. Scientists help farmers around the globe apply more-precise amounts of nitrogen-based fertilizer to help combat climate change.

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STEM education
New, more effective teaching approach for engineering education

Purdue University researchers who developed a new approach more effectively to teach large numbers of engineering students are recommending that the approach be considered for adoption by universities globally. The system, called the Purdue Mechanics Freeform Classroom, allows students to interact with each other and faculty online while accessing hundreds of instructional videos and animations. The approach also might be used for any large STEM-related courses.

Also noted

Kenya's case study in homegrown terrorism | Bioterrorism, voter fraud, and cults | DHS proposals to attract, retain highly skilled immigrants | DHS funds new bomb-sniffing dog for Ohio State University | DHS researching GPS disruptions, solutions | DHS establishes inter-agency group to deal with wave of unaccompanied illegal immigrant children into the U.S. | White House calls notion of "ad hoc" counterterror program "absolutely false" | Report: Government violated laws to prop up struggling U.S. uranium enrichment firm USEC | Business heads urge action on immigration

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Homeland Security, Criminal Justice, Law & Public Policy - Master of Science Legal Studies 100% online - CALU Global Online
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Progress and Modernity in Arab Societies
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