From: Homeland Security News Wire
To: Scott Jenkins,
Subject: France to limit French Muslims' Syria travel | Better nuke detection | Resilient cities
Date: Wed Apr 02 11:05:15 MDT 2014
Body:
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DAILY REPORT
Wednesday 2 April 2014 vol. 8 no. 77

In Today's Issue

Terrorism
France's new approach to preventing French Muslims from going to fight in Syria

French authorities reported in January 2014 that roughly 700 French residents had traveled to Syria to join in the fight against Syrian forces. The travel of French pro-jihadists to Syria exceeds the number of Europeans who left to fight in Iraq and Afghanistan. France will soon adopt preventative measures, currently practiced in Britain, Denmark, and the Netherlands, to stop minority youths from pursuing jihad in Syria. The new approach will encourage local law enforcement, schools, and community leaders to help identify at-risk youths before radicalization begins and advances, then introduce the youths to local prevention centers.

Immigration
Critics: administration does not deport deportation-eligible undocumented immigrants

A recent report by the Center for Immigration Studies(CIS), a Washington, D.C. nonprofit calling for more restrictive immigration policies, says that in 2013, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) deported fewer than 195,000 illegal immigrants despite receiving more than 720,000 notices on immigrants who could be eligible for deportation. Moreover, 68,000 immigrants released from pending deportation cases had criminal convictions on their records, the report stated. Pro-immigration advocates say the figures are misleading. “CIS is essentially asserting that a legal-permanent resident or a recently naturalized citizen with a broken tail light should be charged by ICE and removed from the country although there is no basis in law for such action,” said Benjamin Johnson of the American Immigration Council.

Nuclear safeguards
New center will work to improve methods to detect, prevent the spread of nuclear weapons

The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) has awarded the University of Michigan $25 million to establish the Center for Verification Technology. A team from thirteen universities will work with eight national labs to analyze nuclear nonproliferation efforts, improve technologies for monitoring weapons-grade materials and detecting secret weapon tests, and train the next generation of nonproliferation experts.

Resilience
Sandia to help cities be better prepared for, emerge stronger from, disasters

Sandia National Laboratories says it will bring its experience solving problems with practical engineering and modeling complex systems to cities around the world under a new agreement to support the 100 Resilient Cities Centennial Challenge, pioneered by the Rockefeller Foundation. The challenge, which will help thirty-three cities in its first year, seeks to make communities more resilient by being better prepared to withstand natural or manmade disasters, recover more quickly, and emerge stronger.

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Roadmap outlines R&D path to reduce storm impacts

A new measurement science research and development (R&D) roadmap, prepared for the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) over the past two years by a private-sector group of hazard mitigation experts, provides a broad strategic approach and R&D objectives to reduce impacts from windstorms and coastal inundations, including storm surge during hurricanes and tsunamis.

Bioterrorism
Positive results reported from single dose anthrax vaccine studies

Immunovaccine and Pfenex announced positive results from anthrax challenge studies in rabbits using Pfenex’s mutant recombinant Protective Antigen (mrPA) formulated with Immunovaccine’s DepoVax delivery system. Data demonstrates 100 percent protection against a lethal anthrax challenge in animals after vaccination with as little as 0.33 microgram of mutant recombinant Protective Antigen. Dose response observed in the first twenty-eight days following vaccination.

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Food safety
Bacteriophage “cocktail” eradicates 99 percent of E. coli in meat, spinach

Treating food products with select bacteriophages -- viruses which target and kill bacteria -- could significantly reduce concentrations of E. coli, a new study shows. An injection of bacteriophages -- also known informally as "phages" -- nearly eradicated a toxin-producing strain of E. coli in contaminated spinach and ground beef, in some cases decreasing E. coli concentrations by about 99 percent. Interest in using phages as antibacterial treatments has increased with the rise of antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Water
U.S. corporations aware of current, future water risks

A new survey shows that nearly 60 percent of responding companies -- the majority Fortune 500 and publically traded, representing virtually every industry sector -- indicated that water is poised negatively to affect business growth and profitability within five years, while more than 80 percent said it will affect their decision on where to locate facilities. This is a stark increase from only five years ago, when water issues affected business growth and profitability for less than 20 percent of responding companies.

Also noted

Lawmakers challenge Obama's authority to halt spending on S.C. plutonium project | Big drop in dismantling nukes planned for 2015; Y-12 work affected | U.S. struggles to track nuclear-arms design records | Fighting on-going near Syria's chemical-arms transit port | Tests: 4 more workers contaminated at NM nuke dump | MOX contractor tells employees construction work not changed | Red team reaches "strong consensus" on alternative strategy for plutonium reprocessing plant

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Progress and Modernity in Arab Societies
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