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S.B. 134 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Utah Criminal Code relating to offenses against property and
10 creating an offense of mortgage fraud.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . establishes penalties for certain conduct governed by the Real Estate Appraiser
14 Licensing and Certification Act and the Utah Residential Mortgage Practices Act;
15 . requires the attorney general to hire a mortgage fraud prosecutor;
16 . enacts the Mortgage Fraud Act, including:
17 . creating the crime of mortgage fraud;
18 . establishing penalties; and
19 . providing definitions; and
20 . includes mortgage fraud as an illegal activity under the Pattern of Illegal Activity
22 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
24 Other Special Clauses:
26 Utah Code Sections Affected:
28 61-2-21, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 325
29 61-2b-33, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2005, Chapter 199
30 76-10-1602, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 129
32 61-2c-405, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 67-5-26, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34 76-6-1201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 76-6-1202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36 76-6-1203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37 76-6-1204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
40 Section 1. Section 61-2-21 is amended to read:
41 61-2-21. Remedies and action for violations.
42 (1) (a) The director shall issue and serve upon a person an order directing that person
43 to cease and desist from an act if:
44 (i) the director has reason to believe that the person has been engaging, is about to
45 engage, or is engaging in the act constituting a violation of this chapter; and
46 (ii) it appears to the director that it would be in the public interest to stop the act.
47 (b) Within ten days after receiving the order, the person upon whom the order is served
48 may request an adjudicative proceeding.
49 (c) Pending the hearing, any cease and desist order shall remain in effect.
50 (d) If a request for a hearing is made, the division shall follow the procedures and
51 requirements of Title 63, Chapter 46b, Administrative Procedures Act.
52 (2) (a) After the hearing, if the commission and the director agree that the act of the
53 person violates this chapter, the director:
54 (i) shall issue an order making the order issued under Subsection (1) permanent; and
55 (ii) may impose a civil penalty not to exceed the greater of:
56 (A) $2,500 for each violation; or
57 (B) the amount of any gain or economic benefit derived from each violation.
58 (b) The director shall file suit in the name of the Department of Commerce and the
59 Division of Real Estate, in the district court in the county in which an act described in
60 Subsection (1) occurred or where the person resides or carries on business, to enjoin and
61 restrain the person from violating this chapter if:
62 (i) (A) no hearing is requested; and
63 (B) the person fails to cease the act described in Subsection (1); or
64 (ii) after discontinuing the act described in Subsection (1), the person again commences
65 the act.
66 (c) The district courts of this state shall have jurisdiction of an action brought under this
68 (d) Upon a proper showing in an action brought under this section [
70 court may:
71 (i) issue a permanent or temporary, prohibitory or mandatory injunction;
72 (ii) issue a restraining order or writ of mandamus;
73 (iii) enter a declaratory judgment;
74 (iv) appoint a receiver or conservator for the defendant or the defendant's assets;
75 (v) order disgorgement;
76 (vi) order rescission;
77 (vii) impose a civil penalty not to exceed the greater of:
78 (A) $2,500 for each violation; or
79 (B) the amount of any gain or economic benefit derived from each violation; and
80 (viii) enter any other relief the court considers just.
81 (e) The court may not require the division to post a bond in an action brought under
82 this Subsection (2).
83 (3) Any license or registration issued by the division to any person or entity convicted
84 of a violation of Section 76-6-1203 is automatically revoked.
86 prevent the prosecution of, any other remedies or actions including criminal proceedings.
87 Section 2. Section 61-2b-33 is amended to read:
88 61-2b-33. Penalty for violating this chapter -- Automatic revocation.
91 (1) In addition to being subject to a disciplinary action by the board, a person who
92 violates [
100 (b) is guilty of a third degree felony, upon conviction of a second or subsequent
101 violation of this chapter.
102 (2) Any license or registration issued by the division to any person or entity convicted
103 of a violation of Section 76-6-1203 is automatically revoked.
104 Section 3. Section 61-2c-405 is enacted to read:
105 61-2c-405. Penalty for violating this chapter -- Automatic revocation.
106 (1) In addition to being subject to a disciplinary action by the commission, a person who
107 violates this chapter:
108 (a) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor upon conviction of a first violation of this
109 chapter; and
110 (b) is guilty of a third degree felony upon conviction of a second or subsequent
111 violation of this chapter.
112 (2) Any license or registration issued by the division to any person or entity convicted
113 of a violation of Section 76-6-1203 is automatically revoked.
114 Section 4. Section 67-5-26 is enacted to read:
115 67-5-26. Real estate fraud prosecutor.
116 (1) The state attorney general shall employ an attorney licensed to practice law in Utah
118 (a) has knowledge of the law related to mortgage fraud; and
119 (b) preferably also has background or expertise in investigating and prosecuting
120 mortgage fraud.
121 (2) The primary responsibility of the attorney employed under Subsection (1) is the
122 prosecution of real estate fraud.
123 (3) The state attorney general may employ clerks, interns, or other personnel as
124 necessary to assist the attorney employed under Subsection (1).
125 Section 5. Section 76-6-1201 is enacted to read:
127 76-6-1201. Title.
128 This part is known as the "Utah Mortgage Fraud Act."
129 Section 6. Section 76-6-1202 is enacted to read:
130 76-6-1202. Definitions.
131 As used in this part:
132 (1) "Mortgage lending process" means the process through which a person seeks or
133 obtains a mortgage loan, including solicitation, application, or origination, negotiation of terms,
134 third-party provider services, underwriting, signing and closing, and funding of the loan.
135 (2) "Mortgage loan":
136 (a) means a loan or agreement made to extend credit to a person when the loan is
137 secured by a deed, security deed, mortgage, security interest, deed of trust, or other document
138 representing a security interest or lien upon any interest in one-to-four family residential
139 property; and
140 (b) includes the renewal or refinancing of any loan.
141 (3) "Pattern of unlawful activity" has the same definition as in Section 76-10-1602 .
142 (4) "Sensitive personal identifying information" includes:
143 (a) the following information regarding an individual's:
144 (i) Social Security number;
145 (ii) driver license number or other government issued identification number;
146 (iii) financial account number or credit or debit card number;
147 (iv) password or personal identification number or other identification required to gain
148 access to a financial account or a secure website;
149 (v) automated or electronic signature; and
150 (vi) unique biometric data; and
151 (b) any other information that can be used to gain access to an individual's financial
152 accounts or to obtain goods or services.
153 (5) "Value" means the value of the property, money, or thing obtained or sought to be
155 Section 7. Section 76-6-1203 is enacted to read:
156 76-6-1203. Mortgage fraud.
157 A person commits the offense of mortgage fraud if the person does any of the following
158 with the intent to defraud:
159 (1) knowingly makes any material misstatement, misrepresentation, or omission during
160 the mortgage lending process, intending that it be relied upon by a mortgage lender, borrower,
161 or any other party to the mortgage lending process;
162 (2) knowingly uses or facilitates the use of any material misstatement,
163 misrepresentation, or omission, during the mortgage lending process, intending that it be relied
164 upon by a mortgage lender, borrower, or any other party to the mortgage lending process;
165 (3) files or causes to be filed with any county recorder in Utah any document that the
166 person knows contains a material misstatement, misrepresentation, or omission; or
167 (4) receives any proceeds or any compensation in connection with a mortgage loan that
168 the person knows resulted from a violation of this section.
169 Section 8. Section 76-6-1204 is enacted to read:
170 76-6-1204. Classification of offense.
171 (1) Notwithstanding any other administrative, civil, or criminal penalties, a person who
172 violates Section 76-6-1203 is guilty of a:
173 (a) class A misdemeanor when the value is or exceeds $300 but is less than $1,000;
174 (b) third degree felony when the value is or exceeds $1,000 but is less than $5,000;
175 (c) second degree felony when the value is or exceeds $5,000;
176 (d) second degree felony when the object or purpose of the commission of an act of
177 mortgage fraud is other than the obtaining of something of monetary value; and
178 (e) second degree felony when the object or purpose of the commission of an act of
179 mortgage fraud is the obtaining of sensitive personal identifying information, regardless of the
181 (2) The determination of the degree of any offense under Subsection (1) is measured by
182 the total value of all property, money, or things obtained or sought to be obtained by a violation
183 of Section 76-6-1203 , except as provided in Subsections (1)(d) and (e).
184 (3) Each residential or commercial property transaction offense under this part
185 constitutes a separate violation.
186 Section 9. Section 76-10-1602 is amended to read:
187 76-10-1602. Definitions.
188 As used in this part:
189 (1) "Enterprise" means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation,
190 business trust, association, or other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals
191 associated in fact although not a legal entity, and includes illicit as well as licit entities.
192 (2) "Pattern of unlawful activity" means engaging in conduct which constitutes the
193 commission of at least three episodes of unlawful activity, which episodes are not isolated, but
194 have the same or similar purposes, results, participants, victims, or methods of commission, or
195 otherwise are interrelated by distinguishing characteristics. Taken together, the episodes shall
196 demonstrate continuing unlawful conduct and be related either to each other or to the
197 enterprise. At least one of the episodes comprising a pattern of unlawful activity shall have
198 occurred after July 31, 1981. The most recent act constituting part of a pattern of unlawful
199 activity as defined by this part shall have occurred within five years of the commission of the
200 next preceding act alleged as part of the pattern.
201 (3) "Person" includes any individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial
202 interest in property, including state, county, and local governmental entities.
203 (4) "Unlawful activity" means to directly engage in conduct or to solicit, request,
204 command, encourage, or intentionally aid another person to engage in conduct which would
205 constitute any offense described by the following crimes or categories of crimes, or to attempt
206 or conspire to engage in an act which would constitute any of those offenses, regardless of
207 whether the act is in fact charged or indicted by any authority or is classified as a misdemeanor
208 or a felony:
209 (a) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 13, Chapter 10, Unauthorized
210 Recording Practices Act;
211 (b) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 19, Environmental Quality
212 Code, Sections 19-1-101 through 19-7-109 ;
213 (c) taking, destroying, or possessing wildlife or parts of wildlife for the primary purpose
214 of sale, trade, or other pecuniary gain, in violation of Title 23, Chapter 13, [
216 (d) false claims for medical benefits, kickbacks, and any other act prohibited by Title 26,
217 Chapter 20, Utah False Claims Act, Sections 26-20-1 through 26-20-12 ;
218 (e) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 32A, Chapter 12, Criminal
220 (f) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 57, Chapter 11, Utah Uniform
221 Land Sales Practices Act;
222 (g) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah
223 Controlled Substances Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act, Title
224 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37d,
225 Clandestine Drug Lab Act;
226 (h) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 61, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
227 Securities Act;
228 (i) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 63, Chapter 56, Utah
229 Procurement Code;
230 (j) assault or aggravated assault, Sections 76-5-102 and 76-5-103 ;
231 (k) a terroristic threat, Section 76-5-107 ;
232 (l) criminal homicide, Sections 76-5-201 , 76-5-202 , and 76-5-203 ;
233 (m) kidnapping or aggravated kidnapping, Sections 76-5-301 and 76-5-302 ;
234 (n) sexual exploitation of a minor, Section 76-5a-3 ;
235 (o) arson or aggravated arson, Sections 76-6-102 and 76-6-103 ;
236 (p) causing a catastrophe, Section 76-6-105 ;
237 (q) burglary or aggravated burglary, Sections 76-6-202 and 76-6-203 ;
238 (r) burglary of a vehicle, Section 76-6-204 ;
239 (s) manufacture or possession of an instrument for burglary or theft, Section 76-6-205 ;
240 (t) robbery or aggravated robbery, Sections 76-6-301 and 76-6-302 ;
241 (u) theft, Section 76-6-404 ;
242 (v) theft by deception, Section 76-6-405 ;
243 (w) theft by extortion, Section 76-6-406 ;
244 (x) receiving stolen property, Section 76-6-408 ;
245 (y) theft of services, Section 76-6-409 ;
246 (z) forgery, Section 76-6-501 ;
247 (aa) fraudulent use of a credit card, Sections 76-6-506.1 , 76-6-506.2 , and 76-6-506.4 ;
248 (bb) deceptive business practices, Section 76-6-507 ;
249 (cc) bribery or receiving bribe by person in the business of selection, appraisal, or
250 criticism of goods, Section 76-6-508 ;
251 (dd) bribery of a labor official, Section 76-6-509 ;
252 (ee) defrauding creditors, Section 76-6-511 ;
253 (ff) acceptance of deposit by insolvent financial institution, Section 76-6-512 ;
254 (gg) unlawful dealing with property by fiduciary, Section 76-6-513 ;
255 (hh) bribery or threat to influence contest, Section 76-6-514 ;
256 (ii) making a false credit report, Section 76-6-517 ;
257 (jj) criminal simulation, Section 76-6-518 ;
258 (kk) criminal usury, Section 76-6-520 ;
259 (ll) fraudulent insurance act, Section 76-6-521 ;
260 (mm) retail theft, Section 76-6-602 ;
261 (nn) computer crimes, Section 76-6-703 ;
262 (oo) identity fraud, Section 76-6-1102 ;
263 (pp) mortgage fraud, Section 76-6-1203 ;
269 Section 76-8-106 ;
273 76-8-308 ;
278 76-8-508 ;
282 76-8-1205 ;
285 Subsection 76-9-301 (1)(f);
287 or parts, Section 76-10-306 ;
289 incendiary device, Section 76-10-307 ;
294 76-10-1002 ;
296 devices, Section 76-10-1003 ;
298 Section 76-10-1004 ;
300 mark with intent to defraud, Section 76-10-1006 ;
317 Part 19, Money Laundering and Currency Transaction Reporting Act;
319 taxation in this state; and
321 Title 18, Section 1961 (1)(B), (C), and (D) of the United States Code.
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