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S.B. 186 Enrolled
8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill allows persons who are related to a child and have assumed the role of parent
11 to petition the court for custody or visitation.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . defines "person other than a parent" as a person who is related to a child;
15 . provides a procedure for a person other than a parent to gain custody or visitation;
16 . requires notice to a parent, guardian, or state agency with an interest; and
17 . provides that it may not be used against a person serving in the military who is
18 outside the state.
19 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
21 Other Special Clauses:
23 Utah Code Sections Affected:
25 30-5a-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
26 30-5a-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
27 30-5a-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
29 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
30 Section 1. Section 30-5a-101 is enacted to read:
34 30-5a-101. Title.
35 This chapter is known as the "Custody and Visitation for Persons Other than Parents
37 Section 2. Section 30-5a-102 is enacted to read:
38 30-5a-102. Definitions.
39 As used in this chapter:
40 (1) "Parent" means a biological or adoptive parent.
41 (2) "Person other than a parent" means a person related to the child by marriage or
42 blood, including:
43 (a) siblings;
44 (b) aunts;
45 (c) uncles;
46 (d) grandparents; or
47 (e) current or former step-parents, or any of the persons in Subsections (2)(a) through
48 (d) in a step relationship to the child.
49 Section 3. Section 30-5a-103 is enacted to read:
50 30-5a-103. Custody and visitation for persons other than a parent.
51 (1) In accordance with Section 62A-4a-201 , it is the public policy of this state that
52 parents retain the fundamental right and duty to exercise primary control over the care,
53 supervision, upbringing, and education of their children. There is a rebuttable presumption that
54 a parent's decisions are in the child's best interests.
55 (2) A court may find the presumption in Subsection (1) rebutted and grant custodial or
56 visitation rights to a person other than a parent who, by clear and convincing evidence, has
57 established all of the following:
58 (a) the person has intentionally assumed the role and obligations of a parent;
59 (b) the person and the child have formed an emotional bond and created a parent-child
60 type relationship;
61 (c) the person contributed emotionally or financially to the child's well being;
62 (d) assumption of the parental role is not the result of a financially compensated
63 surrogate care arrangement;
64 (e) continuation of the relationship between the person and the child would be in the
65 child's best interests;
66 (f) loss or cessation of the relationship between the person and the child would be
67 detrimental to the child; and
68 (g) the parent:
69 (i) is absent; or
70 (ii) is found by a court to have abused or neglected the child.
71 (3) A proceeding under this chapter may be commenced by filing a verified petition, or
72 petition supported by an affidavit, in the juvenile court if a matter is pending, or in the district
73 court in the county in which the child:
74 (a) currently resides; or
75 (b) lived with a parent or a person other than a parent who acted as a parent within six
76 months before the commencement of the action.
77 (4) A proceeding under this chapter may be filed in a pending divorce, parentage action,
78 or other proceeding, including a proceeding in the juvenile court, involving custody of or
79 visitation with a child.
80 (5) The petition shall include detailed facts supporting the petitioner's right to file the
81 petition including the criteria set forth in Subsection (2) and residency information as set forth in
82 Section 78B-13-209 .
83 (6) A proceeding under this chapter may not be filed against a parent who is actively
84 serving outside the state in any branch of the military.
85 (7) Notice of a petition filed pursuant to this chapter shall be served in accordance with
86 the rules of civil procedure on all of the following:
87 (a) the child's biological, adopted, presumed, declarant, and adjudicated parents;
88 (b) any person who has court-ordered custody or visitation rights;
89 (c) the child's guardian;
90 (d) the guardian ad litem, if one has been appointed;
91 (e) a person or agency that has physical custody of the child or that claims to have
92 custody or visitation rights; and
93 (f) any other person or agency that has previously appeared in any action regarding
94 custody of or visitation with the child.
95 (8) The court may order a custody evaluation to be conducted in any action brought
96 under this chapter.
97 (9) The court may enter temporary orders in an action brought under this chapter
98 pending the entry of final orders.
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