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9 LONG TITLE
10 General Description:
11 This bill modifies Title 34, Labor in General, by enacting Title 34, Chapter 45,
12 Protection of Activities in Private Vehicles.
13 Highlighted Provisions:
14 This bill:
15 . provides definitions;
16 . prohibits certain persons from creating or enforcing a policy that prohibits the
17 storage of firearms in a motor vehicle parked on property owned, leased, or
18 otherwise controlled by the person if:
19 . the individual storing the firearm is legally entitled to possess and transport the
21 . the vehicle is locked, or the firearm is in a locked container; and
22 . the firearm is not in plain view;
23 . provides exceptions for persons with secured lots under certain circumstances;
24 . prohibits certain persons from creating or enforcing a policy that prohibits the
25 display or possession of items in or on a vehicle parked on property owned, leased,
26 or otherwise controlled by the person if the policy results in a substantial burden on
27 the free exercise of religion;
28 . provides protections from civil liability in relation to occurrences that result from,
29 are connected with, or are incidental to the use of a firearm that is properly stored or
30 transported in a motor vehicle in association with this chapter;
31 . permits an individual to bring a civil action to enforce the requirements of this
33 . permits a court to grant injunctive relief, declaratory relief, damages, costs, and
34 attorney fees in association with a suit brought to enforce the requirements of this
36 . provides that the chapter does not apply to the following:
37 . school premises;
38 . state and local government entities; and
39 . religious organizations;
40 . permits the attorney general to bring an action to enforce the chapter and to request
41 damages on behalf of any individual that has suffered loss due to a violation of this
42 chapter; and
43 . makes technical changes.
44 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
46 Other Special Clauses:
48 Utah Code Sections Affected:
50 34-45-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
51 34-45-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
52 34-45-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
53 34-45-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
54 34-45-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
55 34-45-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
56 34-45-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
59 Section 1. Section 34-45-101 is enacted to read:
61 34-45-101. Title.
62 This chapter is known as "Protection of Activities in Private Vehicles."
63 Section 2. Section 34-45-102 is enacted to read:
64 34-45-102. Definitions.
65 As used in this chapter:
66 (1) "Firearm" has the same meaning as provided in Section 76-10-501 .
67 (2) "Motor vehicle" has the same meaning as provided in Section 41-1a-102 .
68 (3) "Person" means an individual, property owner, landlord, tenant, employer, business
69 entity, or other legal entity.
70 Section 3. Section 34-45-103 is enacted to read:
71 34-45-103. Protection of certain activities -- Firearms -- Free exercise of religion.
72 (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a person may not establish, maintain, or
73 enforce any policy or rule that has the effect of:
74 (a) prohibiting any individual from transporting or storing a firearm in a motor vehicle
75 on any property designated for motor vehicle parking, provided that:
76 (i) the individual is legally permitted to transport, possess, purchase, receive, transfer,
77 or store the firearm;
78 (ii) the firearm is locked securely in the motor vehicle or in a locked container attached
79 to the motor vehicle while the motor vehicle is not occupied; and
80 (iii) the firearm is not in plain view from the outside of the motor vehicle; or
81 (b) prohibiting any individual from possessing any item in or on a motor vehicle on any
82 property designated for motor vehicle parking, if the effect of the policy or rule constitutes a
83 substantial burden on that individual's free exercise of religion.
84 (2) A person may establish, maintain, or enforce a policy or rule that has the effect of
85 placing limitations on or prohibiting an individual from transporting or storing a firearm in a
86 motor vehicle on property the person has designated for motor vehicle parking if:
87 (a) (i) the property designated for motor vehicle parking is secured by a fence or other
88 physical barrier; and
89 (ii) access to the property is designated for motor vehicle parking controlled by a guard
90 or other security measure; and
91 (b) the person provides, or there is otherwise available, one of the following, in a
92 location on or adjacent to the secured parking area described in Subsection (2)(a):
93 (i) alternative parking for individuals who desire to transport, possess, receive, transfer,
94 or store a firearm in the individual's motor vehicle; or
95 (ii) a secured and monitored storage location where the individual may securely store a
96 firearm prior to proceeding with the vehicle into the secured parking area.
97 Section 4. Section 34-45-104 is enacted to read:
98 34-45-104. Protection from liability.
99 A person that owns or controls a parking area that is subject to this chapter and that
100 complies with the requirements of Section 34-45-103 is not liable in any civil action for any
101 occurrence which results from, is connected with, or is incidental to the use of a firearm, by any
102 person, which was lawfully stored in accordance with Subsection 34-45-103 (1)(a), unless the
103 use of the firearm involves a criminal act by the person who owns or controls the parking area.
104 Section 5. Section 34-45-105 is enacted to read:
105 34-45-105. Cause of action for noncompliance -- Remedies.
106 (1) An individual who is injured, physically or otherwise, as a result of any policy or
107 rule prohibited by Section 34-45-103 , may bring a civil action in a court of competent
108 jurisdiction against any person that violates the provisions of Section 34-45-103 .
109 (2) Any individual who asserts a claim under this section is entitled to request:
110 (a) declaratory relief;
111 (b) temporary or permanent injunctive relief to prevent the threatened or continued
113 (c) recovery for actual damages sustained; and
114 (d) if the court determines that the circumstances are appropriate, punitive damages.
115 (3) The prevailing party in an action brought under this chapter may recover its court
116 costs and reasonable attorney fees incurred.
117 (4) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed or held to affect any rights or claims
118 made in relation to Title 34A, Chapter 2, Workers' Compensation Act.
119 Section 6. Section 34-45-106 is enacted to read:
120 34-45-106. Enforcement by attorney general.
121 (1) The attorney general may bring an action to enforce this chapter and may request
122 any relief that is provided for under Section 34-45-105 , including a request for damages in
123 behalf of any individual suffering loss because of a violation of this chapter.
124 (2) Upon entry of final judgment for a cause of action brought under this section, the
125 attorney general shall award restitution, when appropriate, to any individual suffering loss
126 because of a violation of this chapter if proof of loss is submitted to the satisfaction of the
128 Section 7. Section 34-45-107 is enacted to read:
129 34-45-107. Exemptions -- Limitations on chapter -- School premises --
130 Government entities -- Religious organizations.
131 (1) (a) School premises, as defined in Subsection 76-3-203.2 (1), are exempt from the
132 provisions of this chapter.
133 (b) Possession of a firearm on or about school premises is subject to the provisions of
134 Section 76-10-505.5 .
135 (2) Government entities, including a local authority or state entity, are subject to the
136 requirements of Title 63, Chapter 98, Firearm Laws, but are otherwise exempt from the
137 provisions of this chapter.
138 (3) Religious organizations, including religious organizations acting as an employer,
139 are exempt from, and are not subject to the provisions of this chapter.
Legislative Review Note
as of 11-28-07 12:56 PM