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S.B. 67







Chief Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen

House Sponsor: Curtis Oda

             9      LONG TITLE
             10      General Description:
             11          This bill modifies Title 34, Labor in General, by enacting Title 34, Chapter 45,
             12      Protection of Activities in Private Vehicles.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This bill:
             15          .    provides definitions;
             16          .    prohibits certain persons from creating or enforcing a policy that prohibits the
             17      storage of firearms in a motor vehicle parked on property owned, leased, or
             18      otherwise controlled by the person if:
             19              .    the individual storing the firearm is legally entitled to possess and transport the
             20      firearm;
             21              .    the vehicle is locked, or the firearm is in a locked container; and
             22              .    the firearm is not in plain view;
             23          .    provides exceptions for persons with secured lots under certain circumstances;
             24          .    prohibits certain persons from creating or enforcing a policy that prohibits the
             25      display or possession of items in or on a vehicle parked on property owned, leased,
             26      or otherwise controlled by the person if the policy results in a substantial burden on
             27      the free exercise of religion;

             28          .    provides protections from civil liability in relation to occurrences that result from,
             29      are connected with, or are incidental to the use of a firearm that is properly stored or
             30      transported in a motor vehicle in association with this chapter;
             31          .    permits an individual to bring a civil action to enforce the requirements of this
             32      chapter;
             33          .    permits a court to grant injunctive relief, declaratory relief, damages, costs, and
             34      attorney fees in association with a suit brought to enforce the requirements of this
             35      chapter;
             36          .    provides that the chapter does not apply to the following:
             37              .    school premises;
             38              .    state and local government entities; and
             39              .    religious organizations;
             40          .    permits the attorney general to bring an action to enforce the chapter and to request
             41      damages on behalf of any individual that has suffered loss due to a violation of this
             42      chapter; and
             43          .    makes technical changes.
             44      Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
             45          None
             46      Other Special Clauses:
             47          None
             48      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             49      ENACTS:
             50          34-45-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             51          34-45-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             52          34-45-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             53          34-45-104, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             54          34-45-105, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             55          34-45-106, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             56          34-45-107, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             58      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:

             59          Section 1. Section 34-45-101 is enacted to read:

             61          34-45-101. Title.
             62          This chapter is known as "Protection of Activities in Private Vehicles."
             63          Section 2. Section 34-45-102 is enacted to read:
             64          34-45-102. Definitions.
             65          As used in this chapter:
             66          (1) "Firearm" has the same meaning as provided in Section 76-10-501 .
             67          (2) "Motor vehicle" has the same meaning as provided in Section 41-1a-102 .
             68          (3) "Person" means an individual, property owner, landlord, tenant, employer, business
             69      entity, or other legal entity.
             70          Section 3. Section 34-45-103 is enacted to read:
             71          34-45-103. Protection of certain activities -- Firearms -- Free exercise of religion.
             72          (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a person may not establish, maintain, or
             73      enforce any policy or rule that has the effect of:
             74          (a) prohibiting any individual from transporting or storing a firearm in a motor vehicle
             75      on any property designated for motor vehicle parking, provided that:
             76          (i) the individual is legally permitted to transport, possess, purchase, receive, transfer,
             77      or store the firearm;
             78          (ii) the firearm is locked securely in the motor vehicle or in a locked container attached
             79      to the motor vehicle while the motor vehicle is not occupied; and
             80          (iii) the firearm is not in plain view from the outside of the motor vehicle; or
             81          (b) prohibiting any individual from possessing any item in or on a motor vehicle on any
             82      property designated for motor vehicle parking, if the effect of the policy or rule constitutes a
             83      substantial burden on that individual's free exercise of religion.
             84          (2) A person may establish, maintain, or enforce a policy or rule that has the effect of
             85      placing limitations on or prohibiting an individual from transporting or storing a firearm in a
             86      motor vehicle on property the person has designated for motor vehicle parking if:
             87          (a) (i) the property designated for motor vehicle parking is secured by a fence or other
             88      physical barrier; and
             89          (ii) access to the property is designated for motor vehicle parking controlled by a guard

             90      or other security measure; and
             91          (b) the person provides, or there is otherwise available, one of the following, in a
             92      location on or adjacent to the secured parking area described in Subsection (2)(a):
             93          (i) alternative parking for individuals who desire to transport, possess, receive, transfer,
             94      or store a firearm in the individual's motor vehicle; or
             95          (ii) a secured and monitored storage location where the individual may securely store a
             96      firearm prior to proceeding with the vehicle into the secured parking area.
             97          Section 4. Section 34-45-104 is enacted to read:
             98          34-45-104. Protection from liability.
             99          A person that owns or controls a parking area that is subject to this chapter and that
             100      complies with the requirements of Section 34-45-103 is not liable in any civil action for any
             101      occurrence which results from, is connected with, or is incidental to the use of a firearm, by any
             102      person, which was lawfully stored in accordance with Subsection 34-45-103 (1)(a), unless the
             103      use of the firearm involves a criminal act by the person who owns or controls the parking area.
             104          Section 5. Section 34-45-105 is enacted to read:
             105          34-45-105. Cause of action for noncompliance -- Remedies.
             106          (1) An individual who is injured, physically or otherwise, as a result of any policy or
             107      rule prohibited by Section 34-45-103 , may bring a civil action in a court of competent
             108      jurisdiction against any person that violates the provisions of Section 34-45-103 .
             109          (2) Any individual who asserts a claim under this section is entitled to request:
             110          (a) declaratory relief;
             111          (b) temporary or permanent injunctive relief to prevent the threatened or continued
             112      violation;
             113          (c) recovery for actual damages sustained; and
             114          (d) if the court determines that the circumstances are appropriate, punitive damages.
             115          (3) The prevailing party in an action brought under this chapter may recover its court
             116      costs and reasonable attorney fees incurred.
             117          (4) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed or held to affect any rights or claims
             118      made in relation to Title 34A, Chapter 2, Workers' Compensation Act.
             119          Section 6. Section 34-45-106 is enacted to read:
             120          34-45-106. Enforcement by attorney general.

             121          (1) The attorney general may bring an action to enforce this chapter and may request
             122      any relief that is provided for under Section 34-45-105 , including a request for damages in
             123      behalf of any individual suffering loss because of a violation of this chapter.
             124          (2) Upon entry of final judgment for a cause of action brought under this section, the
             125      attorney general shall award restitution, when appropriate, to any individual suffering loss
             126      because of a violation of this chapter if proof of loss is submitted to the satisfaction of the
             127      court.
             128          Section 7. Section 34-45-107 is enacted to read:
             129          34-45-107. Exemptions -- Limitations on chapter -- School premises --
             130      Government entities -- Religious organizations.
             131          (1) (a) School premises, as defined in Subsection 76-3-203.2 (1), are exempt from the
             132      provisions of this chapter.
             133          (b) Possession of a firearm on or about school premises is subject to the provisions of
             134      Section 76-10-505.5 .
             135          (2) Government entities, including a local authority or state entity, are subject to the
             136      requirements of Title 63, Chapter 98, Firearm Laws, but are otherwise exempt from the
             137      provisions of this chapter.
             138          (3) Religious organizations, including religious organizations acting as an employer,
             139      are exempt from, and are not subject to the provisions of this chapter.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 11-28-07 12:56 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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