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H.B. 206 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill enacts the Employment Selection Procedures Act to address procedures used
10 by employers to select employees.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 . defines terms;
14 . imposes restrictions on the collection of information or testing;
15 . addresses use of information collected;
16 . imposes requirements related to the retention, disposition, access, and
17 confidentiality of information; and
18 . provides for enforcement, including:
19 . providing for a complaint process; and
20 . authorizing rulemaking; and
21 . makes technical and conforming amendments.
22 Monies Appropriated in this Bill:
24 Other Special Clauses:
26 Utah Code Sections Affected:
28 34A-1-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 113
30 34-45-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
31 34-45-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
32 34-45-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 34-45-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34 34-45-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 34-45-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36 34-45-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
38 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
39 Section 1. Section 34-45-101 is enacted to read:
42 34-45-101. Title.
43 This chapter is known as the "Employment Selection Procedures Act."
44 Section 2. Section 34-45-102 is enacted to read:
45 34-45-102. Definitions.
46 As used in this chapter:
47 (1) "Applicant" means an individual that provides information to an employer for the
48 purpose of obtaining employment.
49 (2) "Division" means the Labor Commission's Division of Antidiscrimination and
51 (3) "Employer" means a person employing 15 or more employees within the state for
52 each working day in each of 20 calendar weeks or more in the current or preceding calendar
54 (4) "Employment selection process" means the process by which an employer selects
55 an individual to be an employee for the employer.
56 (5) "Employment test" means a structured, systematic instrument used to assess an
57 applicant's personality or behavior in a specific circumstance, such as a personality test.
58 (6) "Initial selection process" means the receipt of information in a record from an
59 applicant that the employer uses to determine whether the applicant will be considered for a
60 second review for the position for which the applicant is applying.
61 (7) "Record" means information that is:
62 (a) inscribed on a tangible medium; or
63 (b) (i) received or stored in an electronic or other medium; and
64 (ii) retrievable in perceivable form.
65 Section 3. Section 34-45-201 is enacted to read:
67 34-45-201. Information collected.
68 (1) An employer may not request the information listed in Subsection (2) before:
69 (a) an applicant is offered a job; or
70 (b) (i) if applicable to any applicant applying for the position for which the applicant
71 is applying, the time in the employer's employment selection process when the employer
72 obtains a:
73 (A) criminal background check;
74 (B) credit history of an applicant for employment, subject to the requirements of the
75 Fair Credit Reporting Act, 15 U.S.C. Sec. 1681 et seq.; or
76 (C) a driving record of a driver from the Driver License Division in accordance with
77 Section 53-3-104 or Section 53-3-420 ; and
78 (ii) the applicant consents to the employer taking the action described in Subsection
80 (2) The information subject to the restriction of Subsection (1) is an applicant's:
81 (a) Social Security number;
82 (b) date of birth; and
83 (c) driver license number.
84 Section 4. Section 34-45-202 is enacted to read:
85 34-45-202. Use of information collected in initial selection process.
86 (1) (a) An employer may not:
87 (i) use information about an applicant obtained through an initial selection process for
88 a purpose other than to determine whether or not the employer will hire the applicant as an
89 employee; or
90 (ii) except as provided in Subsection (2), provide information about an applicant
91 obtained through an initial selection process to a person other than the employer.
92 (b) A use prohibited under this Subsection (1) includes:
93 (i) marketing;
94 (ii) profiling;
95 (iii) reselling of the information; or
96 (iv) a similar use.
97 (2) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this section:
98 (a) an employer may provide information to a government official at the request of the
99 government official;
100 (b) if the applicant applies for another position with the employer; or
101 (c) if the applicant becomes an employee and the information is used for one or more
102 of the following, that is also applied to other employees in a similar position:
103 (i) a performance review; or
104 (ii) a promotion application.
105 Section 5. Section 34-45-203 is enacted to read:
106 34-45-203. Retention of information collected during an initial selection process.
107 (1) Subject to Subsection (2), with regard to information collected about an applicant
108 obtained through an initial selection process, an employer shall:
109 (a) maintain a specific policy regarding the retention, disposition, access, and
110 confidentiality of the information; and
111 (b) if an applicant requests to see the policy described in Subsection (1)(a), provide an
112 opportunity for the applicant to review the policy before being required to provide information
113 as part of the initial selection process.
114 (2) Except to the extent required by law, an employer may not retain the information
115 described in Subsection (1) more than two years after the day on which the applicant provides
116 the information to the employer, if the employer does not hire the applicant within that
117 two-year period.
118 Section 6. Section 34-45-301 is enacted to read:
120 34-45-301. Investigations -- Complaints -- Sanctions -- Rulemaking.
121 (1) The division may investigate an alleged violation of this chapter.
122 (2) (a) An individual claiming to be aggrieved by an action of an employer in violation
123 of this chapter may file with the division a request for agency action.
124 (b) On receipt of a request for agency action under Subsection (2)(a), the division:
125 (i) shall conduct an adjudicative proceeding pursuant to Title 63G, Chapter 4,
126 Administrative Procedures Act; and
127 (ii) may attempt to reach a settlement between the parties through a settlement
129 (3) (a) If the division determines that a violation has occurred, the division may order
130 that the employer:
131 (i) cease and desist the action;
132 (ii) pay a fine to the division of up to $500 for a violation, regardless of the number of
133 applicant's affected by the violation; or
134 (iii) comply with a combination of Subsections (3)(a)(i) and (ii).
135 (b) Monies received under this section shall be deposited as a dedicated credit to the
136 division to pay for the costs of administering this chapter.
137 (4) The commission may make rules in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
138 Administrative Rulemaking Act, regarding:
139 (a) the process to file a written complaint with the division; and
140 (b) the terms defined in Section 34-45-102 .
141 Section 7. Section 34-45-302 is enacted to read:
142 34-45-302. Inspection of records by division.
143 (1) A representative of the division may enter a place of employment during business
144 hours to inspect a record as part of an investigation described in Section 34-45-301 .
145 (2) An effort of an employer to obstruct the division in the performance of its duties
146 under this section is a violation of this chapter and subject to sanctions under Section
147 34-45-301 .
148 Section 8. Section 34A-1-202 is amended to read:
149 34A-1-202. Divisions and office -- Creation -- Duties -- Labor Relations Board,
150 Appeals Board, councils, and panels.
151 (1) There is created within the commission the following divisions and office:
152 (a) the Division of Industrial Accidents that shall administer the regulatory
153 requirements of this title concerning industrial accidents and occupational disease;
154 (b) the Division of Occupational Safety and Health that shall administer the regulatory
155 requirements of Chapter 6, Utah Occupational Safety and Health Act;
156 (c) the Division of Boiler and Elevator Safety that shall administer the regulatory
157 requirements of Chapter 7, Safety;
158 (d) the Division of Antidiscrimination and Labor that shall administer the regulatory
159 requirements of:
160 (i) Title 34, Labor in General, when specified by statute;
164 (e) the Division of Adjudication that shall adjudicate claims or actions brought under
165 this title; and
166 (f) the Utah Office of Coal Mine Safety created in Section 40-2-201 .
167 (2) In addition to the divisions created under this section, within the commission are
168 the following:
169 (a) the Labor Relations Board created in Section 34-20-3 ;
170 (b) the Appeals Board created in Section 34A-1-205 ;
171 (c) the following program advisory councils:
172 (i) the workers' compensation advisory council created in Section 34A-2-107 ;
173 (ii) the antidiscrimination and labor advisory council created in Section 34A-5-105 ;
174 (iii) the occupational safety and health advisory council created in Section 34A-6-106 ;
175 (iv) the Mine Safety Technical Advisory Council created in Section 40-2-203 ; and
176 (v) the Coal Miner Certification Panel created in Section 40-2-204 .
177 (3) In addition to the responsibilities described in this section, the commissioner may
178 assign to a division a responsibility granted to the commission by law.
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