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H.B. 117





Chief Sponsor: Ken Ivory

Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the definitions of firearm.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    changes the term "sawed-off" to "short barrel" when the term is applied to shotguns
             13      and rifles.
             14      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             15          None
             16      Other Special Clauses:
             17          None
             18      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             19      AMENDS:
             20          76-10-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 160
             21          76-10-504, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 362
             23      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             24          Section 1. Section 76-10-501 is amended to read:
             25           76-10-501. Definitions.
             26          As used in this part:
             27          (1) (a) "Antique firearm" means:

             28          (i) any firearm, including any firearm with a matchlock, flintlock, percussion cap, or
             29      similar type of ignition system, manufactured in or before 1898; or
             30          (ii) a firearm that is a replica of any firearm described in this Subsection (1)(a), if the
             31      replica:
             32          (A) is not designed or redesigned for using rimfire or conventional centerfire fixed
             33      ammunition; or
             34          (B) uses rimfire or centerfire fixed ammunition which is:
             35          (I) no longer manufactured in the United States; and
             36          (II) is not readily available in ordinary channels of commercial trade; or
             37          (iii) (A) that is a muzzle loading rifle, shotgun, or pistol; and
             38          (B) is designed to use black powder, or a black powder substitute, and cannot use fixed
             39      ammunition.
             40          (b) "Antique firearm" does not include:
             41          (i) a weapon that incorporates a firearm frame or receiver;
             42          (ii) a firearm that is converted into a muzzle loading weapon; or
             43          (iii) a muzzle loading weapon that can be readily converted to fire fixed ammunition by
             44      replacing the:
             45          (A) barrel;
             46          (B) bolt;
             47          (C) breechblock; or
             48          (D) any combination of Subsection (1)(b)(iii)(A), (B), or (C).
             49          (2) "Bureau" means the Bureau of Criminal Identification created in Section 53-10-201
             50      within the Department of Public Safety.
             51          (3) (a) "Concealed dangerous weapon" means a dangerous weapon that is:
             52          (i) covered, hidden, or secreted in a manner that the public would not be aware of its
             53      presence; and
             54          (ii) readily accessible for immediate use.
             55          (b) A dangerous weapon is not a concealed dangerous weapon if it is a firearm which is
             56      unloaded and is securely encased.
             57          (4) "Criminal history background check" means a criminal background check
             58      conducted by a licensed firearms dealer on every purchaser of a handgun, except a Federal

             59      Firearms Licensee, through the bureau or the local law enforcement agency where the firearms
             60      dealer conducts business.
             61          (5) "Curio or relic firearm" means a firearm that:
             62          (a) is of special interest to a collector because of a quality that is not associated with
             63      firearms intended for:
             64          (i) sporting use;
             65          (ii) use as an offensive weapon; or
             66          (iii) use as a defensive weapon;
             67          (b) (i) was manufactured at least 50 years before the current date; and
             68          (ii) is not a replica of a firearm described in Subsection (5)(b)(i);
             69          (c) is certified by the curator of a municipal, state, or federal museum that exhibits
             70      firearms to be a curio or relic of museum interest;
             71          (d) derives a substantial part of its monetary value:
             72          (i) from the fact that the firearm is:
             73          (A) novel;
             74          (B) rare; or
             75          (C) bizarre; or
             76          (ii) because of the firearm's association with an historical:
             77          (A) figure;
             78          (B) period; or
             79          (C) event; and
             80          (e) has been designated as a curio or relic firearm by the director of the United States
             81      Treasury Department Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms under 27 C.F.R. Sec. 178.11.
             82          (6) (a) "Dangerous weapon" means an item that in the manner of its use or intended use
             83      is capable of causing death or serious bodily injury.
             84          (b) The following factors shall be used in determining whether a knife, or another item,
             85      object, or thing not commonly known as a dangerous weapon is a dangerous weapon:
             86          (i) the character of the instrument, object, or thing;
             87          (ii) the character of the wound produced, if any;
             88          (iii) the manner in which the instrument, object, or thing was used; and
             89          (iv) the other lawful purposes for which the instrument, object, or thing may be used.

             90          (c) "Dangerous weapon" does not include an explosive, chemical, or incendiary device
             91      as defined by Section 76-10-306 .
             92          (7) "Dealer" means a person who is:
             93          (a) licensed under 18 U.S.C. Sec. 923; and
             94          (b) engaged in the business of selling, leasing, or otherwise transferring a handgun,
             95      whether the person is a retail or wholesale dealer, pawnbroker, or otherwise.
             96          (8) "Enter" means intrusion of the entire body.
             97          (9) "Federal Firearms Licensee" means a person who:
             98          (a) holds a valid Federal Firearms License issued under 18 U.S.C. Sec. 923; and
             99          (b) is engaged in the activities authorized by the specific category of license held.
             100          (10) (a) "Firearm" means a pistol, revolver, shotgun, [sawed-off] short barrel shotgun,
             101      rifle or [sawed-off] short barrel rifle, or a device that could be used as a dangerous weapon
             102      from which is expelled a projectile by action of an explosive.
             103          (b) As used in Sections 76-10-526 and 76-10-527 , "firearm" does not include an
             104      antique firearm.
             105          (11) "Firearms transaction record form" means a form created by the bureau to be
             106      completed by a person purchasing, selling, or transferring a handgun from a dealer in the state.
             107          (12) "Fully automatic weapon" means a firearm which fires, is designed to fire, or can
             108      be readily restored to fire, automatically more than one shot without manual reloading by a
             109      single function of the trigger.
             110          (13) (a) "Handgun" means a pistol, revolver, or other firearm of any description, loaded
             111      or unloaded, from which a shot, bullet, or other missile can be discharged, the length of which,
             112      not including any revolving, detachable, or magazine breech, does not exceed 12 inches.
             113          (b) As used in Sections 76-10-520 , 76-10-521 , and 76-10-522 , "handgun" and "pistol
             114      or revolver" do not include an antique firearm.
             115          (14) "House of worship" means a church, temple, synagogue, mosque, or other
             116      building set apart primarily for the purpose of worship in which religious services are held and
             117      the main body of which is kept for that use and not put to any other use inconsistent with its
             118      primary purpose.
             119          (15) "Prohibited area" means a place where it is unlawful to discharge a firearm.
             120          (16) "Readily accessible for immediate use" means that a firearm or other dangerous

             121      weapon is carried on the person or within such close proximity and in such a manner that it can
             122      be retrieved and used as readily as if carried on the person.
             123          (17) "Residence" means an improvement to real property used or occupied as a primary
             124      or secondary residence.
             125          [(19)] (18) "Securely encased" means not readily accessible for immediate use, such as
             126      held in a gun rack, or in a closed case or container, whether or not locked, or in a trunk or other
             127      storage area of a motor vehicle, not including a glove box or console box.
             128          [(18) "Sawed-off] (19) "Short barrel shotgun" or "[sawed-off] short barrel rifle" means
             129      a shotgun having a barrel or barrels of fewer than 18 inches in length, or in the case of a rifle,
             130      having a barrel or barrels of fewer than 16 inches in length, or a dangerous weapon made from
             131      a rifle or shotgun by alteration, modification, or otherwise, if the weapon as modified has an
             132      overall length of fewer than 26 inches.
             133          (20) "State entity" means a department, commission, board, council, agency,
             134      institution, officer, corporation, fund, division, office, committee, authority, laboratory, library,
             135      unit, bureau, panel, or other administrative unit of the state.
             136          (21) "Violent felony" has the same meaning as defined in Section 76-3-203.5 .
             137          Section 2. Section 76-10-504 is amended to read:
             138           76-10-504. Carrying concealed dangerous weapon -- Penalties.
             139          (1) Except as provided in Section 76-10-503 and in Subsections (2), (3), and (4), a
             140      person who carries a concealed dangerous weapon, as defined in Section 76-10-501 , including
             141      an unloaded firearm on his or her person or one that is readily accessible for immediate use
             142      which is not securely encased, as defined in this part, in or on a place other than the person's
             143      residence, property, a vehicle in the person's lawful possession, or a vehicle, with the consent
             144      of the individual who is lawfully in possession of the vehicle, or business under the person's
             145      control is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             146          (2) A person who carries a concealed dangerous weapon which is a loaded firearm in
             147      violation of Subsection (1) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             148          (3) A person who carries concealed [a sawed-off] an unlawfully possessed short barrel
             149      shotgun or a [sawed-off] short barrel rifle is guilty of a second degree felony.
             150          (4) If the concealed firearm is used in the commission of a violent felony as defined in
             151      Section 76-3-203.5 , and the person is a party to the offense, the person is guilty of a second

             152      degree felony.
             153          (5) Nothing in Subsection (1) or (2) shall prohibit a person engaged in the lawful
             154      taking of protected or unprotected wildlife as defined in Title 23, Wildlife Resources Code of
             155      Utah, from carrying a concealed weapon or a concealed firearm [with a barrel length of four
             156      inches or greater] as long as the taking of wildlife does not occur:
             157          (a) within the limits of a municipality in violation of that municipality's ordinances; or
             158          (b) upon the highways of the state as defined in Section 41-6a-102 .

Legislative Review Note
    as of 1-30-12 12:21 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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