Download Zipped Introduced WordPerfect HB0461.ZIP
[Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]

H.B. 461





Chief Sponsor: Steve Eliason

Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble

             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies Title 76, Chapter 7, Offenses Against the Family, relating to the
             10      required waiting period before performing an abortion.
             11      Highlighted Provisions:
             12          This bill:
             13          .    extends the waiting period for an abortion from 24 hours to 72 hours, unless an
             14      exception exists; and
             15          .    makes technical changes.
             16      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             17          None
             18      Other Special Clauses:
             19          None
             20      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             21      AMENDS:
             22          76-7-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 314
             24      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             25          Section 1. Section 76-7-305 is amended to read:
             26           76-7-305. Informed consent requirements for abortion -- 72-hour wait mandatory
             27      -- Exceptions.

             28          (1) A person may not perform an abortion, unless, before performing the abortion, the
             29      physician who will perform the abortion obtains a voluntary and informed written consent from
             30      the woman on whom the abortion is performed, that is consistent with:
             31          (a) Section 8.08 of the American Medical Association's Code of Medical Ethics,
             32      Current Opinions; and
             33          (b) the provisions of this section.
             34          (2) Except as provided in Subsection (8), consent to an abortion is voluntary and
             35      informed only if:
             36          (a) at least [24] 72 hours before the abortion, the physician who is to perform the
             37      abortion, the referring physician, a registered nurse, nurse practitioner, advanced practice
             38      registered nurse, certified nurse midwife, genetic counselor, or physician's assistant, in a
             39      face-to-face consultation, orally informs the woman:
             40          (i) consistent with Subsection (3)(a), of:
             41          (A) the nature of the proposed abortion procedure;
             42          (B) specifically how the procedure described in Subsection (2)(a)(i)(A) will affect the
             43      fetus; and
             44          (C) the risks and alternatives to an abortion procedure or treatment;
             45          (ii) of the probable gestational age and a description of the development of the unborn
             46      child at the time the abortion would be performed;
             47          (iii) of the medical risks associated with carrying her child to term; and
             48          (iv) except as provided in Subsection (3)(b), if the abortion is to be performed on an
             49      unborn child who is at least 20 weeks gestational age:
             50          (A) that, upon the woman's request, an anesthetic or analgesic will be administered to
             51      the unborn child, through the woman, to eliminate or alleviate organic pain to the unborn child
             52      that may be caused by the particular method of abortion to be employed; and
             53          (B) of any medical risks to the woman that are associated with administering the
             54      anesthetic or analgesic described in Subsection (2)(a)(iv)(A);
             55          (b) at least [24] 72 hours prior to the abortion the physician who is to perform the
             56      abortion, the referring physician, or, as specifically delegated by either of those physicians, a
             57      registered nurse, licensed practical nurse, certified nurse-midwife, advanced practice registered
             58      nurse, clinical laboratory technologist, psychologist, marriage and family therapist, clinical

             59      social worker, genetic counselor, or certified social worker orally, in a face-to-face
             60      consultation, informs the pregnant woman that:
             61          (i) the Department of Health, in accordance with Section 76-7-305.5 , publishes printed
             62      material and an informational video that:
             63          (A) provides medically accurate information regarding all abortion procedures that may
             64      be used;
             65          (B) describes the gestational stages of an unborn child; and
             66          (C) includes information regarding public and private services and agencies available
             67      to assist her through pregnancy, at childbirth, and while the child is dependent, including
             68      private and agency adoption alternatives;
             69          (ii) the printed material and a viewing of or a copy of the informational video shall be
             70      made available to her, free of charge, on the Department of Health's website;
             71          (iii) medical assistance benefits may be available for prenatal care, childbirth, and
             72      neonatal care, and that more detailed information on the availability of that assistance is
             73      contained in the printed materials and the informational video published by the Department of
             74      Health;
             75          (iv) except as provided in Subsection (3)(c):
             76          (A) the father of the unborn child is legally required to assist in the support of her
             77      child, even if he has offered to pay for the abortion; and
             78          (B) the Office of Recovery Services within the Department of Human Services will
             79      assist her in collecting child support; and
             80          (v) she has the right to view an ultrasound of the unborn child, at no expense to her,
             81      upon her request;
             82          (c) the information required to be provided to the pregnant woman under Subsection
             83      (2)(a) is also provided by the physician who is to perform the abortion, in a face-to-face
             84      consultation, prior to performance of the abortion, unless the attending or referring physician is
             85      the individual who provides the information required under Subsection (2)(a);
             86          (d) a copy of the printed materials published by the Department of Health has been
             87      provided to the pregnant woman;
             88          (e) the informational video, published by the Department of Health, has been provided
             89      to the pregnant woman in accordance with Subsection (4); and

             90          (f) the pregnant woman has certified in writing, prior to the abortion, that the
             91      information required to be provided under Subsections (2)(a) through (e) was provided, in
             92      accordance with the requirements of those subsections.
             93          (3) (a) The alternatives required to be provided under Subsection (2)(a)(i) include:
             94          (i) a description of adoption services, including private and agency adoption methods;
             95      and
             96          (ii) a statement that it is legal for adoptive parents to financially assist in pregnancy and
             97      birth expenses.
             98          (b) The information described in Subsection (2)(a)(iv) may be omitted from the
             99      information required to be provided to a pregnant woman under this section if the abortion is
             100      performed for a reason described in Subsection 76-7-302 (3)(b)(i).
             101          (c) The information described in Subsection (2)(b)(iv) may be omitted from the
             102      information required to be provided to a pregnant woman under this section if the woman is
             103      pregnant as the result of rape.
             104          (d) Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit a person described in
             105      Subsection (2)(a) from, when providing the information described in Subsection (2)(a)(iv),
             106      informing a woman of the person's own opinion regarding:
             107          (i) the capacity of an unborn child to experience pain;
             108          (ii) the advisability of administering an anesthetic or analgesic to an unborn child; or
             109          (iii) any other matter related to fetal pain.
             110          (4) When the informational video described in Section 76-7-305.5 is provided to a
             111      pregnant woman, the person providing the information shall:
             112          (a) request that the woman view the video at that time or at another specifically
             113      designated time and location; or
             114          (b) if the woman chooses not to view the video at a time described in Subsection (4)(a),
             115      inform the woman that she can access the video on the Department of Health's website.
             116          (5) When a serious medical emergency compels the performance of an abortion, the
             117      physician shall inform the woman prior to the abortion, if possible, of the medical indications
             118      supporting the physician's judgment that an abortion is necessary.
             119          (6) If an ultrasound is performed on a woman before an abortion is performed, the
             120      person who performs the ultrasound, or another qualified person, shall:

             121          (a) inform the woman that the ultrasound images will be simultaneously displayed in a
             122      manner to permit her to:
             123          (i) view the images, if she chooses to view the images; or
             124          (ii) not view the images, if she chooses not to view the images;
             125          (b) simultaneously display the ultrasound images in order to permit the woman to:
             126          (i) view the images, if she chooses to view the images; or
             127          (ii) not view the images, if she chooses not to view the images;
             128          (c) inform the woman that, if she desires, the person performing the ultrasound, or
             129      another qualified person shall provide a detailed description of the ultrasound images,
             130      including:
             131          (i) the dimensions of the unborn child;
             132          (ii) the presence of cardiac activity in the unborn child, if present and viewable; and
             133          (iii) the presence of external body parts or internal organs, if present and viewable; and
             134          (d) provide the detailed description described in Subsection (6)(c), if the woman
             135      requests it.
             136          (7) In addition to the criminal penalties described in this part, a physician who violates
             137      the provisions of this section:
             138          (a) is guilty of unprofessional conduct as defined in Section 58-67-102 or 58-68-102 ;
             139      and
             140          (b) shall be subject to:
             141          (i) suspension or revocation of the physician's license for the practice of medicine and
             142      surgery in accordance with Section 58-67-401 or 58-68-401 ; and
             143          (ii) administrative penalties in accordance with Section 58-67-402 or 58-68-402 .
             144          (8) A physician is not guilty of violating this section for failure to furnish any of the
             145      information described in Subsection (2), or for failing to comply with Subsection (6), if:
             146          (a) the physician can demonstrate by a preponderance of the evidence that the
             147      physician reasonably believed that furnishing the information would have resulted in a severely
             148      adverse effect on the physical or mental health of the pregnant woman;
             149          (b) in the physician's professional judgment, the abortion was necessary to avert:
             150          (i) the death of the woman on whom the abortion is performed; or
             151          (ii) a serious risk of substantial and irreversible impairment of a major bodily function

             152      of the woman on whom the abortion is performed;
             153          (c) the pregnancy was the result of rape or rape of a child, as defined in Sections
             154      76-5-402 and 76-5-402.1 ;
             155          (d) the pregnancy was the result of incest, as defined in Subsection 76-5-406 (10) and
             156      Section 76-7-102 ; or
             157          (e) at the time of the abortion, the pregnant woman was 14 years of age or younger.
             158          (9) A physician who complies with the provisions of this section and Section
             159      76-7-304.5 may not be held civilly liable to the physician's patient for failure to obtain
             160      informed consent under Section 78B-3-406 .
             161          (10) (a) The Department of Health shall provide an ultrasound, in accordance with the
             162      provisions of Subsection (2)(b), at no expense to the pregnant woman.
             163          (b) A local health department shall refer a person who requests an ultrasound described
             164      in Subsection (10)(a) to the Department of Health.

Legislative Review Note
    as of 2-9-12 10:13 AM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

[Bill Documents][Bills Directory]