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Second Substitute H.B. 114

This document includes House Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Mon, Mar 4, 2013 at 2:59 PM by lerror. --> This document includes House Floor Amendments incorporated into the bill on Fri, Mar 8, 2013 at 10:33 AM by jeyring. -->

Representative Brian M. Greene proposes the following substitute bill:




Chief Sponsor: Brian M. Greene

Senate Sponsor: Margaret Dayton

             6      Cosponsors:
             7      Jacob L. Anderegg
             8      Jerry B. Anderson
             9      Kay J. Christofferson
             10      Rich Cunningham
             11      Gage Froerer
             12      Francis D. Gibson
             13      Richard A. GreenwoodKeith Grover
Ken Ivory
Michael S. Kennedy
David E. Lifferth
John G. Mathis
Daniel McCay
Mike K. McKell
Ronda Rudd MenloveMichael E. Noel
Curtis Oda
Jeremy A. Peterson
Paul Ray
Marc K. Roberts
John R. Westwood
Ryan D. Wilcox              14     
             15      LONG TITLE
             16      General Description:
             17          This bill affirms that the regulation of intrastate firearm activity is subject to the
             18      exclusive jurisdiction of the state.
             19      Highlighted Provisions:
             20          This bill:
             21          .    affirms that it is the exclusive authority of the state Legislature to adopt and enact
             22      any and all laws, orders, rules, or regulations regarding the manufacture, transfer,
             23      possession, ownership, and use of firearms exclusively within this state;
             24          .    provides that state officials and employees may not enforce, or be compelled to

             25      enforce, federal regulations related to firearms; and
             26          .    provides that federal officials may not enforce contrary federal regulations related to
             27      intrastate firearm activity
             28      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             29          None
             30      Other Special Clauses:
             31          This bill provides an immediate effective date.
             32      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             33      AMENDS:
             34          63C-4-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapters 324 and 377
             35      ENACTS:
             36          53-5c-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             37          53-5c-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             38          53-5c-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             40      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             41          Section 1. Section 53-5c-101 is enacted to read:

             43          53-5c-101. Title.
             44          This chapter is known as the "Second Amendment Preservation Act."
             45          Section 2. Section 53-5c-102 is enacted to read:
             46          53-5c-102. Legislative authority.
             47          In addition to the provisions of Sections 53-5a-102 and 76-10-500 , and with respect to
             48      wholly intrastate activity, the Legislature:
             49          (1) affirms that all statutes, orders, rules, and regulations pertaining to the regulation of
             50      firearms, firearm accessories, ammunition, or ammunition components enacted or authorized
             51      by the Legislature shall enjoy legal primacy within this state over any and all conflicting federal
             52      statutes, orders, rules, and regulations; and
             53          (2) finds that a federal statute, regulation, rule, or order that has the purpose, intent, or
             54      effect of confiscating or banning any firearm H. [ , ] or .H firearm accessory, limiting the
             54a      capacity of a
             55      firearm magazine, imposing any limitation on ammunition or an ammunition component, or

             56      requiring the registration of any firearm or ammunition infringes on the right of citizens of
             57      Utah to keep and bear arms as protected by the Second Amendment to the United States
             58      Constitution and Article I, Section 6 of the Utah Constitution.
             59          Section 3. Section 53-5c-103 is enacted to read:
             60          53-5c-103. Prohibition of certain actions by state and federal officers and
             61      employees.
             62          (1) An officer or employee of this state, or of any political subdivision, may not
             63      enforce, attempt to enforce, or be compelled to enforce any federal statute, order, rule, or
             64      regulation relating to the intrastate ownership, possession, sale, or transfer of a personal
             65      firearm, a firearm accessory, ammunition, or ammunition component.
             66          (2) An officer or employee of the federal government may not enforce or attempt to
             67      enforce any federal statute, order, rule, or regulation relating to the intrastate ownership,
             68      possession, sale, or transfer of a personal firearm, a firearm accessory, ammunition, or
             69      ammunition component.
             69a      H. (3) The prohibitions in this section apply only to the enforcement of federal statutes,
             69b      orders, rules and regulations that:
             69c          (a) have been judicially declared to conflict with state law; and
             69d          (b) are enforced against wholly intrastate activity. .H
             70          Section 4. Section 63C-4-102 is amended to read:
             71           63C-4-102. Duties.
             72          (1) The Constitutional Defense Council is a council to assist the governor and the
             73      Legislature on the following types of issues:
             74          (a) the constitutionality of federal mandates;
             75          (b) when making recommendations to challenge the federal mandates and regulations
             76      described in Subsections (1)(f)(i) through (v), the rationale for and effectiveness of those
             77      federal mandates or regulations;
             78          (c) legal and policy issues surrounding state and local government rights under R.S.
             79      2477;
             80          (d) legal issues relating to the rights of the School and Institutional Trust Lands
             81      Administration and its beneficiaries;
             82          (e) a disagreement with another state regarding the use or ownership of water; and
             83          (f) the advisability, feasibility, estimated cost, and likelihood of success of challenging:
             84          (i) federal court rulings that:
             85          (A) hinder the management of the state's prison system and place undue financial
             86      hardship on the state's taxpayers;

             87          (B) impact a power or a right reserved to the state or its citizens by the United States
             88      Constitution, Amendment IX or X; or
             89          (C) expand or grant a power to the United States government beyond the limited,
             90      enumerated powers granted by the United States Constitution;
             91          (ii) federal laws [or], regulations, or policies that:
             92          (A) reduce or negate water rights or the rights of owners of private property, or the
             93      rights and interest of state and local governments, including sovereignty interests and the power
             94      to provide for the health, safety, and welfare, and promote the prosperity of their inhabitants;
             95      and
             96          (B) infringe upon the fundamental rights of Utah's citizens protected under the
             97      Constitution of the United States or the Constitution of Utah;
             98          (iii) conflicting federal regulations or policies in land management on federal land;
             99          (iv) federal intervention that would damage the state's mining, timber, and ranching
             100      industries;
             101          (v) the authority of the Environmental Protection Agency and Congress to mandate
             102      local air quality standards and penalties; and
             103          (vi) other issues that are relevant to this Subsection (1).
             104          (2) The council shall:
             105          (a) provide advice to the governor, state planning coordinator, and the public lands
             106      policy coordinator concerning coordination of:
             107          (i) state and local government rights under R.S. 2477; and
             108          (ii) other public lands issues;
             109          (b) approve a plan for R.S. 2477 rights developed in accordance with Section
             110      63C-4-104 ; and
             111          (c) review, at least quarterly:
             112          (i) financial statements concerning implementation of the plan for R.S. 2477 rights;
             113      and
             114          (ii) financial and other reports from the Public Lands Policy Coordinating Office
             115      concerning its activities.
             116          (3) The council chair may require the attorney general or a designee to provide
             117      testimony on potential legal actions that would enhance the state's sovereignty or authority on

             118      issues affecting Utah and the well-being of its citizens.
             119          (4) The council chair may direct the attorney general to initiate and prosecute any
             120      action that the council determines will further its purposes, including an action described in
             121      Section 67-5-29 .
             122          (5) (a) Subject to the provisions of this section, the council may select and employ
             123      attorneys to implement the purposes and duties of the council.
             124          (b) The council chair may, in consultation with the council, direct any council attorney
             125      in any manner considered appropriate by the attorney general to best serve the purposes of the
             126      council.
             127          (c) The attorney general shall negotiate a contract for services with any attorney
             128      selected and approved for employment under this section.
             129          (6) The council chair may, only with the concurrence of the council, review and
             130      approve all claims for payments for:
             131          (a) legal services that are submitted to the council;
             132          (b) an action filed in accordance with Section 67-5-29 ; and
             133          (c) costs related to a constitutional defense plan approved in accordance with Section
             134      63C-4-104 that are submitted by:
             135          (i) the Public Lands Policy Coordinating Office;
             136          (ii) the School and Institutional Trust Lands Administration; or
             137          (iii) the Office of the Attorney General.
             138          (7) Within five business days' notice, the council chair may, with the concurrence of
             139      the council, order the attorney general or an attorney employed by the council to cease work to
             140      be charged to the fund.
             141          (8) (a) At least 20 calendar days before the state submits comments on the draft
             142      environmental impact statement or environmental assessment for a proposed land management
             143      plan of any federal land management agency, the governor shall make those documents
             144      available to:
             145          (i) members of the council; and
             146          (ii) any county executive, county council member, or county commissioner of a county
             147      that is covered by the management plan and that has established formal cooperating agency
             148      status with the relevant federal land management agency regarding the proposed plan.

             149          (b) (i) Council members or local government officials receiving the documents may
             150      make recommendations to the governor or the governor's designee concerning changes to the
             151      documents before they are submitted to the federal land management agency.
             152          (ii) Council members or local government officials shall submit recommendations to
             153      the governor or the governor's designee no later than 10 calendar days after receiving the
             154      documents under Subsection (8)(a).
             155          (c) Documents transmitted or received under this Subsection (8) are drafts and are
             156      protected records pursuant to Subsection 63G-2-305 (21).
             157          (9) The council shall submit a report on December 1 of each year by electronic mail
             158      that summarizes the council's activities to each legislator.
             159          Section 5. Effective date.
             160          If approved by two-thirds of all the members elected to each house, this bill takes effect
             161      upon approval by the governor, or the day following the constitutional time limit of Utah
             162      Constitution Article VII, Section 8, without the governor's signature, or in the case of a veto,
             163      the date of veto override.

Amended Legislative Review Note
    as of   3-8-13  3:10 PM

Second Substitute House Bill 114, as amended and passed by the House of Representatives, does not have a high probability of being held unconstitutional.

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel

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