Download Zipped Enrolled WordPerfect HB0155.ZIP
[Introduced][Amended][Status][Bill Documents][Fiscal Note][Bills Directory]
H.B. 155 Enrolled
7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Public Safety Code and the Utah Criminal Code by limiting the
10 authority of specified federal employees to exercise law enforcement authority within
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 . defines the "exercise of law enforcement authority";
15 . modifies the definition of a "federal agency" by listing specific United States'
17 . amends the definition of "federal employee" to include any employee or agent of a
18 federal agency, with the exception of special agents, marshals, and inspectors of
19 specified federal agencies;
20 . expands the definition of "federal land";
21 . amends the prohibition on federal employees exercising law enforcement authority
22 in any county so that it requires that the federal Secretary of the Interior must have
23 previously achieved maximum feasible reliance on the county's law enforcement
24 agency in enforcing federal laws regarding the lands managed by the United States
25 Bureau of Land Management;
26 . provides that Utah does not recognize the authority of any United States Forest
27 Service employee who is not a certified law enforcement officer or any Bureau of
28 Land Management employee to exercise law enforcement authority under state,
29 local, or federally assimilated law unless:
30 . the offense is a violation of an enacted federal law that is not an assimilation of
31 a state law and that is also consistent with the federal constitution; or
32 . there is an emergency, and state or local officers are not reasonably available,
33 and the employee is acting under constitutional federal law that is not an
34 assimilation of state law;
35 . provides that employees of the United States Bureau of Land Management may not
36 take action regarding any state or local Utah law or federal provision that is an
37 assimilation of Utah law unless there is an emergency and a state or local law
38 enforcement officer is not available to take action;
39 . provides that local law enforcement agencies may enter into agreements with
40 federal agencies, but with limited, rather than concurrent, authority, and provides
41 that state authorities may enter into agreements with the consent of the local county
42 sheriff; and
43 . provides that if an employee of the United States Bureau of Land Management acts
44 under an assimilated law other than as specified regarding an emergency, the officer
45 is guilty of impersonation of a peace officer.
46 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
48 Other Special Clauses:
50 Utah Code Sections Affected:
52 53-13-106, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 411
53 53-13-106.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 411
54 76-8-512, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1991, Chapter 210
56 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
57 Section 1. Section 53-13-106 is amended to read:
58 53-13-106. Federal officers -- State law enforcement authority.
59 (1) (a) "Federal officer" includes:
60 (i) a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
61 (ii) a special agent of the United States Secret Service;
62 (iii) a special agent of the United States Department of Homeland Security, excluding a
63 customs inspector or detention removal officer;
64 (iv) a special agent of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms;
65 (v) a special agent of the Drug Enforcement Administration;
66 (vi) a United States marshal, deputy marshal, and special deputy United States marshal;
68 (vii) a [
70 (b) (i) Federal officers listed in Subsection (1)(a) have statewide law enforcement
71 authority relating to felony offenses under the laws of this state. This Subsection (1)(b)(i) takes
72 precedence over Subsection (2).
73 (ii) Federal agencies and federal employees as defined in Subsection 53-13-106.5 (1)
74 may exercise law enforcement authority related to felony offenses under Utah law only [
76 accordance with Subsections 53-13-106.5 (2) through (8). This Subsection (1)(b)(ii) takes
77 precedence over Subsection (2).
78 (c) The council may designate other federal peace officers, as necessary, if the officers:
79 (i) are persons employed full-time by the United States government as federally
80 recognized law enforcement officers primarily responsible for the investigation and
81 enforcement of the federal laws;
82 (ii) have successfully completed formal law enforcement training offered by an agency
83 of the federal government consisting of not less than 400 hours; and
84 (iii) maintain in-service training in accordance with the standards set forth in Section
85 53-13-103 .
86 (2) Except as otherwise provided under Title 63L, Chapter 1, Federal Jurisdiction, and
87 Title 77, Chapter 9, Uniform Act on Fresh Pursuit, a federal officer may exercise state law
88 enforcement authority only if:
89 (a) the state law enforcement agencies and county sheriffs with jurisdiction enter into
90 an agreement with the federal agency to be given authority; and
91 (b) except as provided in Subsection (3), each federal officer employed by the federal
92 agency meets the waiver requirements set forth in Section 53-6-206 .
93 (3) A federal officer working as such in the state on or before July 1, 1995, may
94 exercise state law enforcement authority without meeting the waiver requirement.
95 (4) At any time, consistent with any contract with a federal agency, a state or local law
96 enforcement authority may withdraw state law enforcement authority from any individual
97 federal officer by sending written notice to the federal agency and to the division.
98 (5) The authority of a federal officer under this section is limited to the jurisdiction of
99 the authorizing state or local agency, and may be further limited by the state or local agency to
100 enforcing specific statutes, codes, or ordinances.
101 Section 2. Section 53-13-106.5 is amended to read:
102 53-13-106.5. State limitations on functions of federal law enforcement officers.
103 (1) As used in this section:
104 (a) "Exercise law enforcement authority" means:
105 (i) to take any action on private land, state-owned land, or federally managed land, to
106 investigate, stop, serve process, search, arrest, cite, book, or incarcerate a person for a violation
107 of a federal, state, or local criminal justice system when the action is based on:
108 (A) a federal statute, regulation, or rule;
109 (B) a state or local statute, ordinance, regulation, or rule; or
110 (C) a state or local statute, ordinance, regulation, or rule that has been assimilated into
111 federal law under a federal assimilation statute; or
112 (ii) to gain access to or use the correctional or communication facilities and equipment
113 of any state or local law enforcement agency.
116 (i) the United States Bureau of Land Management;
117 (ii) the United States Forest Service;
118 (iii) the National Park Service;
119 (iv) the United States Fish and Wildlife Service;
120 (v) the United States Bureau of Reclamation;
121 (vi) the United States Environmental Protection Agency; and
122 (vii) the United States Army Corps of Engineers.
124 agency, but does not include:
125 (i) a special agent of the Federal Bureau of Investigation;
126 (ii) a special agent of the United States Secret Service;
127 (iii) a special agent of the United States Department of Homeland Security, excluding a
128 customs inspector or detention removal officer;
129 (iv) a special agent of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives;
130 (v) a special agent of the United States Drug Enforcement Administration;
131 (vi) a United States marshal, deputy marshal, or special deputy United States marshal;
133 (vii) a United States postal inspector of the United States Postal Inspection Service.
139 (i) the United States Bureau of Land Management;
140 (ii) the United States Forest Service; [
141 (iii) the National Park Service[
142 (iv) the United States Fish and Wildlife Service; and
143 (v) the United States Bureau of Reclamation.
144 (2) Unless otherwise provided by Utah law, federal employees performing their duties
145 in Utah:
146 (a) may not exercise law enforcement authority solely because the land on which they
147 exercise the authority is federally managed; and
148 (b) may exercise only law enforcement authority:
149 (i) expressly granted by federal statute; and
150 (ii) consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
151 (3) Utah does not authorize federal employees to exercise law enforcement powers to
152 enforce the laws of Utah, either on or off federally managed land except as authorized under
153 this section or other provisions of state statute.
154 (4) (a) Utah does not recognize the authority of employees or agents of the United
155 States Department of Interior to exercise law enforcement powers in any county when the
156 exercise of the authority:
157 (i) occurs before the United States Secretary of the Interior has achieved the maximum
158 feasible reliance upon the county's law enforcement officials in enforcing federal laws and
159 regulations for the management, use, and protection of lands managed by the United States
160 Bureau of Land Management, as required under 43 U.S.C. Sec. 1733(c)(2); or
161 (ii) goes beyond those powers strictly necessary for the management, use, and
162 protection of federally managed lands, including property located on these lands, as limited by
163 43 U.S.C. Sec. 1733(a) [
164 (b) As required by Congress in 43 U.S.C. Sec. 1733(c)(1), when the Secretary of
165 Interior determines that state or local assistance is necessary in enforcing federal laws and
166 regulations relating to federally managed lands or the resources on those lands, the secretary
167 shall offer a contract to appropriate state or local law enforcement agencies of the state with the
168 purpose of achieving maximum feasible reliance upon state or local law enforcement officials
169 in enforcing the federal laws and regulations.
170 (5) Utah does not authorize federal employees to take action based on the Utah Code,
171 Utah Administrative Rules, or county or municipal ordinances as a basis to stop, detain, arrest,
172 or cite persons for prosecution in the federal criminal justice system, unless the action:
173 (a) has been expressly granted by federal statute; and
174 (b) is consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
175 (6) The authority of a United States Forest Service employee who is not a trained and
176 certified law enforcement officer and the authority of any employee of the United States
177 Bureau of Land Management to take action based on the Utah Code, Utah Administrative
178 Rules, or county or municipal ordinances, or a federal assimilation of any of these provisions,
179 as a basis to stop, detain, arrest, or cite persons for prosecution in the federal criminal justice
180 system, is not recognized, unless:
181 (a) (i) the authority for the action has been expressly granted by an enacted federal
182 statute and not by assimilation of any state laws or ordinances; and
183 (ii) is consistent with the Constitution of the United States; or
184 (b) (i) the offense is an emergency and poses an immediate risk of bodily injury or
185 damage to property;
186 (ii) a state, county, or municipal law enforcement officer is not reasonably available to
187 take action; and
188 (iii) (A) the action is within the scope of the employee's or official's law enforcement
189 power under a federal law that is enacted and that is not an assimilation of a state law or
190 ordinance; and
191 (B) the authorizing federal law is consistent with the Constitution of the United States.
193 to or use of the correctional and communication facilities and equipment of any state or local
194 law enforcement agency without the express written consent of the appropriate responsible
195 official of the state or local law enforcement agency.
197 with federal agencies granting [
198 exercise law enforcement powers to enforce federal laws and state and local laws, provided the
199 agreements are limited to a term not to exceed two years.
200 (b) State law enforcement agencies may, with the consent of the local county sheriff,
201 enter into agreements as described in Subsection (8)(a), provided that the agreements may not
202 exceed a duration of two years.
204 agencies that have law enforcement responsibilities and that are acting within the jurisdictional
205 area of the county to [
206 consistently with this section.
209 Section 3. Section 76-8-512 is amended to read:
210 76-8-512. Impersonation of officer.
211 A person is guilty of a class B misdemeanor who:
212 (1) impersonates a public servant or a peace officer with intent to deceive another or
213 with intent to induce another to submit to [
214 rely upon [
215 (2) falsely states [
216 deceive another or to induce another to submit to [
217 or to rely upon [
218 (3) displays or possesses without authority any badge, identification card, other form of
219 identification, any restraint device, or the uniform of any state or local governmental entity, or a
220 reasonable facsimile of any of these items, with the intent to deceive another or with the intent
221 to induce another to submit to [
223 (4) exercises law enforcement authority in violation of Section 53-13-106.5 and is an
224 employee of the:
225 (a) United States Bureau of Land Management; or
226 (b) (i) United States Forest Service; and
227 (ii) is not a certified law enforcement officer.
[Bill Documents][Bills Directory]