Title 10 Chapter 8 Section 2

Utah Municipal Code
Powers and Duties of Municipalities
Section 2
Appropriations -- Acquisition and disposal of property -- Municipal authority -- Corporate purpose -- Procedure -- Notice of intent to acquire real property.

            

10-8-2.   Appropriations -- Acquisition and disposal of property -- Municipal authority -- Corporate purpose -- Procedure -- Notice of intent to acquire real property.

            (1) (a) A municipal legislative body may:

            (i) appropriate money for corporate purposes only;

            (ii) provide for payment of debts and expenses of the corporation;

            (iii) subject to Subsections (4) and (5), purchase, receive, hold, sell, lease, convey, and dispose of real and personal property for the benefit of the municipality, whether the property is within or without the municipality's corporate boundaries, if the action is in the public interest and complies with other law;

            (iv) improve, protect, and do any other thing in relation to this property that an individual could do; and

            (v) subject to Subsection (2) and after first holding a public hearing, authorize municipal services or other nonmonetary assistance to be provided to or waive fees required to be paid by a nonprofit entity, whether or not the municipality receives consideration in return.

            (b) A municipality may:

            (i) furnish all necessary local public services within the municipality;

            (ii) purchase, hire, construct, own, maintain and operate, or lease public utilities located and operating within and operated by the municipality; and

            (iii) subject to Subsection (1)(c), acquire by eminent domain, or otherwise, property located inside or outside the corporate limits of the municipality and necessary for any of the purposes stated in Subsections (1)(b)(i) and (ii), subject to restrictions imposed by Title 78B, Chapter 6, Part 5, Eminent Domain, and general law for the protection of other communities.

            (c) Each municipality that intends to acquire property by eminent domain under Subsection (1)(b) shall, upon the first contact with the owner of the property sought to be acquired, deliver to the owner a copy of a booklet or other materials provided by the Office of the Property Rights Ombudsman, created under Section 13-43-201, dealing with the property owner's rights in an eminent domain proceeding.

            (d) Subsection (1)(b) may not be construed to diminish any other authority a municipality may claim to have under the law to acquire by eminent domain property located inside or outside the municipality.

            (2) (a) Services or assistance provided pursuant to Subsection (1)(a)(v) is not subject to the provisions of Subsection (3).

            (b) The total amount of services or other nonmonetary assistance provided or fees waived under Subsection (1)(a)(v) in any given fiscal year may not exceed 1% of the municipality's budget for that fiscal year.

            (3) It is considered a corporate purpose to appropriate money for any purpose that, in the judgment of the municipal legislative body, provides for the safety, health, prosperity, moral well-being, peace, order, comfort, or convenience of the inhabitants of the municipality subject to the following:

            (a) The net value received for any money appropriated shall be measured on a project-by-project basis over the life of the project.

            (b) The criteria for a determination under this Subsection (3) shall be established by the municipality's legislative body. A determination of value received, made by the municipality's legislative body, shall be presumed valid unless it can be shown that the determination was arbitrary, capricious, or illegal.

            (c) The municipality may consider intangible benefits received by the municipality in determining net value received.

            (d) (i) Prior to the municipal legislative body making any decision to appropriate any funds for a corporate purpose under this section, a public hearing shall be held.

            (ii) Notice of the hearing described in Subsection (3)(d)(i) shall be published:

            (A) (I) in a newspaper of general circulation at least 14 days before the date of the hearing; or

            (II) if there is no newspaper of general circulation, by posting notice in at least three conspicuous places within the municipality for the same time period; and

            (B) on the Utah Public Notice Website created in Section 63F-1-701, at least 14 days before the date of the hearing.

            (e) A study shall be performed before notice of the public hearing is given and shall be made available at the municipality for review by interested parties at least 14 days immediately prior to the public hearing, setting forth an analysis and demonstrating the purpose for the appropriation. In making the study, the following factors shall be considered:

            (i) what identified benefit the municipality will receive in return for any money or resources appropriated;

            (ii) the municipality's purpose for the appropriation, including an analysis of the way the appropriation will be used to enhance the safety, health, prosperity, moral well-being, peace, order, comfort, or convenience of the inhabitants of the municipality; and

            (iii) whether the appropriation is necessary and appropriate to accomplish the reasonable goals and objectives of the municipality in the area of economic development, job creation, affordable housing, blight elimination, job preservation, the preservation of historic structures and property, and any other public purpose.

            (f) (i) An appeal may be taken from a final decision of the municipal legislative body, to make an appropriation.

            (ii) The appeal shall be filed within 30 days after the date of that decision, to the district court.

            (iii) Any appeal shall be based on the record of the proceedings before the legislative body.

            (iv) A decision of the municipal legislative body shall be presumed to be valid unless the appealing party shows that the decision was arbitrary, capricious, or illegal.

            (g) The provisions of this Subsection (3) apply only to those appropriations made after May 6, 2002.

            (h) This section applies only to appropriations not otherwise approved pursuant to Title 10, Chapter 5, Uniform Fiscal Procedures Act for Utah Towns, or Title 10, Chapter 6, Uniform Fiscal Procedures Act for Utah Cities.

            (4) (a) Before a municipality may dispose of a significant parcel of real property, the municipality shall:

            (i) provide reasonable notice of the proposed disposition at least 14 days before the opportunity for public comment under Subsection (4)(a)(ii); and

            (ii) allow an opportunity for public comment on the proposed disposition.

            (b) Each municipality shall, by ordinance, define what constitutes:

            (i) a significant parcel of real property for purposes of Subsection (4)(a); and

            (ii) reasonable notice for purposes of Subsection (4)(a)(i).

            (5) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (5)(d), each municipality intending to acquire real property for the purpose of expanding the municipality's infrastructure or other facilities used for providing services that the municipality offers or intends to offer shall provide written notice, as provided in this Subsection (5), of its intent to acquire the property if:

            (i) the property is located:

            (A) outside the boundaries of the municipality; and

            (B) in a county of the first or second class; and

            (ii) the intended use of the property is contrary to:

            (A) the anticipated use of the property under the general plan of the county in whose unincorporated area or the municipality in whose boundaries the property is located; or

            (B) the property's current zoning designation.

            (b) Each notice under Subsection (5)(a) shall:

            (i) indicate that the municipality intends to acquire real property;

            (ii) identify the real property; and

            (iii) be sent to:

            (A) each county in whose unincorporated area and each municipality in whose boundaries the property is located; and

            (B) each affected entity.

            (c) A notice under this Subsection (5) is a protected record as provided in Subsection 63G-2-305(8).

            (d) (i) The notice requirement of Subsection (5)(a) does not apply if the municipality previously provided notice under Section 10-9a-203 identifying the general location within the municipality or unincorporated part of the county where the property to be acquired is located.

            (ii) If a municipality is not required to comply with the notice requirement of Subsection (5)(a) because of application of Subsection (5)(d)(i), the municipality shall provide the notice specified in Subsection (5)(a) as soon as practicable after its acquisition of the real property.


Amended by Chapter 445, 2013 General Session