Title 63G Chapter 2 Section 404

General Government
Government Records Access and Management Act
Section 404
Judicial review.


63G-2-404.   Judicial review.

            (1) (a) Any party to a proceeding before the records committee may petition for judicial review by the district court of the records committee's order.

            (b) The petition shall be filed no later than 30 days after the date of the records committee's order.

            (c) The records committee is a necessary party to the petition for judicial review.

            (d) The executive secretary of the records committee shall be served with notice of the petition in accordance with the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.

            (2) (a) A requester may petition for judicial review by the district court of a governmental entity's determination as specified in Subsection 63G-2-402(1)(b).

            (b) The requester shall file a petition no later than:

            (i) 30 days after the governmental entity has responded to the records request by either providing the requested records or denying the request in whole or in part;

            (ii) 35 days after the original request if the governmental entity failed to respond to the request; or

            (iii) 45 days after the original request for records if:

            (A) the circumstances described in Subsection 63G-2-401(1)(b) occur; and

            (B) the chief administrative officer failed to make a determination under Section 63G-2-401.

            (3) The petition for judicial review shall be a complaint governed by the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure and shall contain:

            (a) the petitioner's name and mailing address;

            (b) a copy of the records committee order from which the appeal is taken, if the petitioner brought a prior appeal to the records committee;

            (c) the name and mailing address of the governmental entity that issued the initial determination with a copy of that determination;

            (d) a request for relief specifying the type and extent of relief requested; and

            (e) a statement of the reasons why the petitioner is entitled to relief.

            (4) If the appeal is based on the denial of access to a protected record, the court shall allow the claimant of business confidentiality to provide to the court the reasons for the claim of business confidentiality.

            (5) All additional pleadings and proceedings in the district court are governed by the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.

            (6) The district court may review the disputed records. The review shall be in camera.

            (7) The court shall:

            (a) make its decision de novo, but allow introduction of evidence presented to the records committee;

            (b) determine all questions of fact and law without a jury; and

            (c) decide the issue at the earliest practical opportunity.

            (8) (a) Except as provided in Section 63G-2-406, the court may, upon consideration and weighing of the various interests and public policies pertinent to the classification and disclosure or nondisclosure, order the disclosure of information properly classified as private, controlled, or protected if the interest favoring access is greater than or equal to the interest favoring restriction of access.

            (b) The court shall consider and, where appropriate, limit the requester's use and further disclosure of the record in order to protect privacy interests in the case of private or controlled records, business confidentiality interests in the case of records protected under Subsections 63G-2-305(1) and (2), and privacy interests or the public interest in the case of other protected records.

Amended by Chapter 377, 2012 General Session