Title 76 Chapter 8 Section 306

Utah Criminal Code
Offenses Against the Administration of Government
Section 306
Obstruction of justice in criminal investigations or proceedings -- Elements -- Penalties -- Exceptions.

            

76-8-306.   Obstruction of justice in criminal investigations or proceedings -- Elements -- Penalties -- Exceptions.

            (1) An actor commits obstruction of justice if the actor, with intent to hinder, delay, or prevent the investigation, apprehension, prosecution, conviction, or punishment of any person regarding conduct that constitutes a criminal offense:

            (a) provides any person with a weapon;

            (b) prevents by force, intimidation, or deception, any person from performing any act that might aid in the discovery, apprehension, prosecution, conviction, or punishment of any person;

            (c) alters, destroys, conceals, or removes any item or other thing;

            (d) makes, presents, or uses any item or thing known by the actor to be false;

            (e) harbors or conceals a person;

            (f) provides a person with transportation, disguise, or other means of avoiding discovery or apprehension;

            (g) warns any person of impending discovery or apprehension;

            (h) warns any person of an order authorizing the interception of wire communications or of a pending application for an order authorizing the interception of wire communications;

            (i) conceals information that is not privileged and that concerns the offense, after a judge or magistrate has ordered the actor to provide the information; or

            (j) provides false information regarding a suspect, a witness, the conduct constituting an offense, or any other material aspect of the investigation.

            (2) (a) As used in this section, "conduct that constitutes a criminal offense" means conduct that would be punishable as a crime and is separate from a violation of this section, and includes:

            (i) any violation of a criminal statute or ordinance of this state, its political subdivisions, any other state, or any district, possession, or territory of the United States; and

            (ii) conduct committed by a juvenile which would be a crime if committed by an adult.

            (b) A violation of a criminal statute that is committed in another state, or any district, possession, or territory of the United States, is a:

            (i) capital felony if the penalty provided includes death or life imprisonment without parole;

            (ii) a first degree felony if the penalty provided includes life imprisonment with parole or a maximum term of imprisonment exceeding 15 years;

            (iii) a second degree felony if the penalty provided exceeds five years;

            (iv) a third degree felony if the penalty provided includes imprisonment for any period exceeding one year; and

            (v) a misdemeanor if the penalty provided includes imprisonment for any period of one year or less.

            (3) Obstruction of justice is:

            (a) a second degree felony if the conduct which constitutes an offense would be a capital felony or first degree felony;

            (b) a third degree felony if:

            (i) the conduct that constitutes an offense would be a second or third degree felony and the actor violates Subsection (1)(b), (c), (d), (e), or (f);

            (ii) the conduct that constitutes an offense would be any offense other than a capital or first degree felony and the actor violates Subsection (1)(a);

            (iii) the obstruction of justice is presented or committed before a court of law; or

            (iv) a violation of Subsection (1)(h); or

            (c) a class A misdemeanor for any violation of this section that is not enumerated under Subsection (3)(a) or (b).

            (4) It is not a defense that the actor was unaware of the level of penalty for the conduct constituting an offense.

            (5) Subsection (1)(e) does not apply to harboring a youth offender, which is governed by Section 62A-7-402.

            (6) Subsection (1)(b) does not apply to:

            (a) tampering with a juror, which is governed by Section 76-8-508.5;

            (b) influencing, impeding, or retaliating against a judge or member of the Board of Pardons and Parole, which is governed by Section 76-8-316;

            (c) tampering with a witness or soliciting or receiving a bribe, which is governed by Section 76-8-508;

            (d) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, which is governed by Section 76-8-508.3; or

            (e) extortion or bribery to dismiss a criminal proceeding, which is governed by Section 76-8-509.

            (7) Notwithstanding Subsection (1), (2), or (3), an actor commits a third degree felony if the actor harbors or conceals an offender who has escaped from official custody as defined in Section 76-8-309.


Amended by Chapter 213, 2009 General Session