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First Substitute H.B. 70

Senator Margaret Dayton proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
ILLEGAL IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT ACT

             2     
2011 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Stephen E. Sandstrom

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Margaret Dayton

             6      Cosponsors:
             7      Derek E. Brown
             8      David Clark
             9      Brad L. Dee
             10      Susan Duckworth
             11      Steve Eliason
             12      Julie Fisher
             13      Gage Froerer
             14      Brad J. Galvez
             15      Francis D. Gibson
             16      Richard A. Greenwood
             17      Keith GroverStephen G. Handy
Neal B. Hendrickson
Christopher N. Herrod
Gregory H. Hughes
Don L. Ipson
Bradley G. Last
John G. Mathis
Michael T. Morley
Merlynn T. Newbold
Jim Nielson
Michael E. NoelCurtis Oda
Lee B. Perry
Val L. Peterson
Dixon M. Pitcher
Paul Ray
Douglas Sagers
Kenneth W. Sumsion
Evan J. Vickers
Ryan D. Wilcox
Brad R. Wilson
Carl Wimmer              18     
             19      LONG TITLE
             20      General Description:
             21          This bill modifies state law and enacts the "Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act."
             22      Highlighted Provisions:
             23          This bill:
             24          .    requires that an officer verify the immigration status of a detained or arrested person
             25      upon reasonable suspicion the person is an illegal alien, and provides enforcement
             26      exceptions;
             27          .    clarifies when passengers in a vehicle where the operator has been detained may
             28      also be questioned and their immigration status verified;


             29          .    requires that a law enforcement officer may not consider race, color, or national
             30      origin, except as permitted by Utah and United States constitutions;
             31          .    states grounds for a presumption of a person's lawful presence in the United States;
             32          .    provides for transportation of an illegal alien to federal custody by a state or local
             33      law enforcement officer;
             34          .    provides that a state or local agency may not limit by ordinance, regulation, or
             35      policy the authority of any law enforcement or other governmental agency to assist
             36      the federal government in the enforcement of any federal immigration law,
             37      including the federal requirement to register as an alien or possess an alien
             38      registration document;
             39          .    provides that any state or local governmental agency is not restricted in sending,
             40      receiving, or maintaining immigration status information of any person in carrying
             41      out the agency's lawful purposes;
             42          .    requires verification of immigration status regarding application for public services,
             43      benefits, or licenses provided by a state or local governmental agency or
             44      subcontractor, except as exempted by federal law;
             45          .    provides that this bill does not implement or authorize the federal REAL ID Act to
             46      any extent not currently provided by state law;
             47          .    amends the current state law prohibiting transporting or harboring illegal aliens by
             48      removing the limitation to transportation of the alien for a distance greater than 100
             49      miles;
             50          .    prohibits the encouraging or inducing of an illegal alien to come to or reside in
             51      Utah; and
             52          .    amends peace officer arrest authority to include making an arrest when the officer
             53      has reasonable cause to believe the person is an alien:
             54              .    subject to an immigration removal order; and
             55              .    regarding whom a detainer warrant has been issued who has committed or been
             56      charged with a felony in another state.
             57      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             58          None
             59      Other Special Clauses:


             60          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2011.
             61      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             62      AMENDS:
             63          76-10-2901, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 26
             64          77-7-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 293
             65      ENACTS:
             66          76-9-1001, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             67          76-9-1002, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             68          76-9-1003, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             69          76-9-1004, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             70          76-9-1005, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             71          76-9-1006, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             72          76-9-1007, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             73          76-9-1008, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             74          76-9-1009, Utah Code Annotated 1953
             75     
             76      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             77          Section 1. Section 76-9-1001 is enacted to read:
             78     
Part 10. The Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act

             79          76-9-1001. Title.
             80          This part is known as "The Illegal Immigration Enforcement Act."
             81          Section 2. Section 76-9-1002 is enacted to read:
             82          76-9-1002. Definitions.
             83          As used in this part:
             84          (1) "Alien" means a person who is not a citizen or national of the United States.
             85          (2) "ICE" means the federal Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency of the
             86      United States Department of Homeland Security.
             87          (3) "Law enforcement officer" has the same meaning as in Section 53-13-103 .
             88          (4) "Reasonable suspicion" is based on a peace officer who is acting under Subsection
             89      76-9-1003 (1) determining that a person is unable to provide any of the documents listed in
             90      Subsection 76-9-1004 (1).


             91          (5) "SAVE program" means the federal Systematic Alien Verification for Entitlements
             92      program operated by the federal Department of Homeland Security.
             93          (6) "State or local governmental agency" includes any private contractor or vendor that
             94      contracts with the agency to provide the agency's functions or services.
             95          (7) "Verify immigration status" or "verification of immigration status" means the
             96      determination of a person's immigration status by:
             97          (a) a law enforcement officer who is authorized by a federal agency to determine an
             98      alien's immigration status; or
             99          (b) the United States Department of Homeland Security, ICE, or other federal agency
             100      authorized to provide immigration status as provided by 8 U.S.C. 1373(c).
             101          Section 3. Section 76-9-1003 is enacted to read:
             102          76-9-1003. Detention or arrest -- Determination of immigration status.
             103          (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsections (1)(b), (c), or (d), any law enforcement
             104      officer acting in the enforcement of any state law or local ordinance conducts any lawful stop,
             105      detention, or arrest of a person, and the officer has a reasonable suspicion that the person is an
             106      alien and is present in the United States unlawfully, the officer:
             107          (i) shall request verification of the citizenship or the immigration status of the person
             108      under 8 U.S.C. 1373(c), except as allowed under Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), if the alleged
             109      offense is a class A misdemeanor or a felony; and
             110          (ii) may attempt to verify the immigration status of the person, except as exempted
             111      under Subsections (1)(b), (c), or (d), if the alleged offense is a class B or C misdemeanor,
             112      except that if the person is arrested and booked for a class B or C misdemeanor, the arresting
             113      law enforcement officer or the law enforcement agency booking the person shall attempt to
             114      verify the immigration status of the person.
             115          (b) In individual cases, the law enforcement officer may forego the verification of
             116      immigration status under Subsection (1)(a) if the determination could hinder or obstruct a
             117      criminal investigation.
             118          (c) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a law enforcement officer who is acting as a
             119      school resource officer for any elementary or secondary school.
             120          (d) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a county or municipality when it has only one
             121      law enforcement officer on duty and response support from another law enforcement agency is


             122      not available.
             123          (2) When a law enforcement officer makes a lawful stop, detention, or arrest under
             124      Subsection (1) of the operator of a vehicle, and while investigating or processing the primary
             125      offense, the officer makes observations that give the officer reasonable suspicion that the
             126      operator or any of the passengers in the vehicle are violating Section 76-5-309 , 76-5-310 , or
             127      76-10-2901 , which concern smuggling and transporting illegal aliens, the officer shall, to the
             128      extent possible within a reasonable period of time:
             129          (a) detain the occupants of the vehicle to investigate the suspected violations; and
             130          (b) inquire regarding the immigration status of the occupants of the vehicle.
             131          (3) When a person under Subsection (1) is issued a citation or is arrested and booked
             132      into a jail, juvenile detention facility, or correctional facility, the citing officer or the booking
             133      officer shall ensure that a request for verification of immigration status of the cited or arrested
             134      person is submitted as promptly as is reasonably possible.
             135          (4) The law enforcement agency that has custody of a person verified to be an illegal
             136      alien shall request that the United States Department of Homeland Security issue a detainer
             137      requesting transfer of the illegal alien into federal custody.
             138          (5) A law enforcement officer may not consider race, color, or national origin in
             139      implementing this section, except to the extent permitted by the constitutions of the United
             140      States and this state.
             141          Section 4. Section 76-9-1004 is enacted to read:
             142          76-9-1004. Grounds for presumption of lawful presence in United States --
             143      Statement to officer.
             144          (1) A person is presumed to be lawfully present in the United States for the purposes of
             145      this part if the person provides one of the following documents to the law enforcement officer,
             146      unless the law enforcement officer has a reasonable suspicion that the document is false or
             147      identifies a person other than the person providing the document:
             148          (a) a valid Utah driver license issued on or after January 1, 2010;
             149          (b) a valid Utah identification card issued under Section 53-3-804 and issued on or
             150      after January 1, 2010;
             151          (c) a valid tribal enrollment card or other valid form of tribal membership identification
             152      that includes photo identification;


             153          (d) a valid identification document that:
             154          (i) includes a photo or biometric identifier of the holder of the document; and
             155          (ii) is issued by a federal, state, or local governmental agency that requires proof or
             156      verification of legal presence in the United States as a condition of issuance of the document;
             157      or
             158          (e) a Utah permit to carry a concealed firearm.
             159          (2) A person is presumed to be a citizen or national of the United States for purposes of
             160      this part if the person makes a statement or affirmation to the law enforcement officer that the
             161      person is a United States citizen or national, unless the officer has a reasonable suspicion that
             162      the statement or affirmation is false.
             163          (3) A person is presumed to be a citizen or national of the United States for purposes of
             164      this part if the person lawfully stopped by a peace officer provides to the peace officer
             165      information that:
             166          (a) the peace officer is able to verify is accurate at the time of the of the lawful stop;
             167      and
             168          (b) the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the verified information indicates
             169      that the person is lawfully present in the United States.
             170          Section 5. Section 76-9-1005 is enacted to read:
             171          76-9-1005. Illegal alien -- Notification of federal government -- Transportation to
             172      federal facility.
             173          A state or local law enforcement agency may securely transport an alien who is in the
             174      agency's custody and whom the agency has verified is unlawfully present in the United States
             175      to a federal detention facility in this state or, with the concurrence of the receiving federal
             176      agency, to a federal facility or other point of transfer to federal custody that is outside this state.
             177          Section 6. Section 76-9-1006 is enacted to read:
             178          76-9-1006. Enforcement of federal immigration laws.
             179          A state or local governmental agency of this state, or any representative of the agency,
             180      may not:
             181          (1) limit or restrict by ordinance, regulation, or policy the authority of any law
             182      enforcement agency or other governmental agency to assist the federal government in the
             183      enforcement of any federal law or regulation governing immigration; or


             184          (2) limit or restrict by ordinance, regulation, or policy the authority of any law
             185      enforcement agency to investigate or enforce any violation of the federal misdemeanor offenses
             186      of willful failure to register as an alien or willful failure to personally possess an alien
             187      registration document as required by 8 U.S.C. 1304(e) or 1306(a).
             188          Section 7. Section 76-9-1007 is enacted to read:
             189          76-9-1007. Determining an alien's immigration status -- Transfer or maintenance
             190      of information.
             191          (1) Except as limited by federal law, any state or local governmental agency is not
             192      restricted or prohibited in any way from sending, receiving, or maintaining information related
             193      to the lawful or unlawful immigration status of any person by communicating with any federal,
             194      state, or local governmental entity for any lawful purpose, including:
             195          (a) determining a person's eligibility for any public benefit, service, or license provided
             196      by any federal agency, by this state, or by any political subdivision of this state;
             197          (b) confirming a person's claim of residence or domicile if determination is required by
             198      state law or a judicial order issued pursuant to a civil or criminal proceeding in this state;
             199          (c) if the person is an alien, determining if the person is in compliance with the federal
             200      registration laws of Title II, Part 7, Immigration and Nationality Act; or
             201          (d) a valid request for verification of the citizenship or immigration status of any
             202      person pursuant to 8 U.S.C. 1373.
             203          (2) This section does not implement, authorize, or establish the federal REAL ID Act
             204      of 2005, P.L. 109-13, Division B; 119 Stat. 302, except as provided by Section 53-3-104.5 ,
             205      regarding limitations on the state implementation of the federal REAL ID Act.
             206          Section 8. Section 76-9-1008 is enacted to read:
             207          76-9-1008. Proof of immigration status to receive public benefits.
             208          (1) An agency that provides state or local public benefits as defined in 8 U.S.C.1621
             209      shall comply with Section 63G-11-104 and shall also comply with this section, except when
             210      compliance is exempted by federal law or when compliance could reasonably be expected to be
             211      grounds for the federal government to withhold federal Medicaid funding.
             212          (a) The agency shall verify a person's lawful presence in the United States by requiring
             213      that the applicant under this section sign a certificate under penalty of perjury, stating that the
             214      applicant:


             215          (i) is a United States citizen; or
             216          (ii) is a qualified alien as defined by 8 U.S.C. 1641.
             217          (b) The certificate under Subsection (1)(a) shall include a statement advising the signer
             218      that providing false information subjects the signer to penalties for perjury.
             219          (c) The signature under this Subsection (1) may be executed in person or electronically.
             220          (d) When an applicant who is a qualified alien has executed the certificate under this
             221      section, the applicant's eligibility for benefits shall be verified by the agency through the federal
             222      SAVE program or an equivalent program designated by the United States Department of
             223      Homeland Security.
             224          (2) Any person who knowingly and willfully makes a false, fictitious, or fraudulent
             225      statement of representation in a certificate executed under this section is guilty of public
             226      assistance fraud under Section 76-8-1205 .
             227          (3) If the certificate constitutes a false claim of United States citizenship under 18
             228      U.S.C. Section 911, the agency requiring the certificate shall file a complaint with the United
             229      States Attorney for the applicable federal judicial district based upon the venue in which the
             230      certificate was executed.
             231          (4) Agencies may, with the concurrence of the Office of the Utah Attorney General,
             232      adopt variations to the requirements of the provisions of this section which provide for
             233      adjudication of unique individual circumstances where the verification procedures in this
             234      section would impose unusual hardship on a legal resident of this state.
             235          (5) If an agency under Subsection (1) receives verification that a person making an
             236      application for any benefit, service, or license is not a qualified alien, the agency shall provide
             237      the information to the local law enforcement agency unless prohibited by federal mandate.
             238          Section 9. Section 76-9-1009 is enacted to read:
             239          76-9-1009. Implementation to be consistent with federal law and civil rights.
             240          All state and local agencies shall implement this part in a manner that is consistent with
             241      federal laws that regulate immigration, protect the civil rights of all persons, and establish the
             242      privileges and immunities of United States citizens.
             243          Section 10. Section 76-10-2901 is amended to read:
             244           76-10-2901. Transporting or harboring aliens -- Definition -- Penalties.
             245          (1) [For purposes of] As used in this part, "alien" means an individual who is illegally


             246      present in the United States.
             247          (2) It is unlawful for a person to:
             248          (a) transport, move, or attempt to transport into this state [or for a distance of greater
             249      than 100 miles] or within the state an alien for commercial advantage or private financial gain,
             250      knowing or in reckless disregard of the fact that the alien is in the United States in violation of
             251      federal law, in furtherance of the illegal presence of the alien in the United States; [or]
             252          (b) knowingly, with the intent to violate federal immigration law, conceal, harbor, or
             253      shelter from detection an alien in a place within this state, including a building or means of
             254      transportation for commercial advantage or private financial gain, knowing or in reckless
             255      disregard of the fact that the alien is in the United States in violation of federal law[.];
             256          (c) encourage or induce an alien to come to, enter, or reside in this state, knowing or in
             257      reckless disregard of the fact that the alien's coming to, entry, or residence is or will be in
             258      violation of law; or
             259          (d) engage in any conspiracy, for commercial advantage or private financial gain, to
             260      commit any of the offenses listed in this Subsection (2).
             261          (3) (a) A person who violates Subsection (2)(a), (c), or (d) is guilty of a third degree
             262      felony.
             263          (b) A person who violates Subsection (2)(b) is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
             264          (4) Nothing in this part prohibits or restricts the provision of:
             265          (a) a state or local public benefit described in 8 U.S.C., Section 1621(b); or
             266          (b) charitable or humanitarian assistance, including medical care, housing, counseling,
             267      food, victim assistance, religious services and sacraments, and transportation to and from a
             268      location where the assistance is provided, by a charitable, educational, or religious organization
             269      or its employees, agents, or volunteers, using private funds.
             270          (5) (a) It is not a violation of this part for a religious denomination or organization or
             271      an agent, officer, or member of a religious denomination or organization to encourage, invite,
             272      call, allow, or enable an alien to perform the vocation of a minister or missionary for the
             273      denomination or organization in the United States as a volunteer who is not compensated as an
             274      employee, notwithstanding the provision of room, board, travel, medical assistance, and other
             275      basic living expenses.
             276          (b) Subsection (5)(a) applies only to an alien who has been a member of the religious


             277      denomination or organization for at least one year.
             278          Section 11. Section 77-7-2 is amended to read:
             279           77-7-2. Arrest by peace officers.
             280          A peace officer may make an arrest under authority of a warrant or may, without
             281      warrant, arrest a person:
             282          (1) (a) for any public offense committed or attempted in the presence of any peace
             283      officer; and
             284          (b) as used in this Subsection (1), "presence" includes all of the physical senses or any
             285      device that enhances the acuity, sensitivity, or range of any physical sense, or records the
             286      observations of any of the physical senses;
             287          (2) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe a felony or a class A
             288      misdemeanor has been committed and has reasonable cause to believe that the person arrested
             289      has committed it;
             290          (3) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person has committed a
             291      public offense, and there is reasonable cause for believing the person may:
             292          (a) flee or conceal himself to avoid arrest;
             293          (b) destroy or conceal evidence of the commission of the offense; or
             294          (c) injure another person or damage property belonging to another person; [or]
             295          (4) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe the person has committed
             296      the offense of failure to disclose identity under Section 76-8-301.5 [.]; or
             297          (5) when the peace officer has reasonable cause to believe that the person is an alien:
             298          (a) subject to a civil removal order issued by an immigration judge;
             299          (b) regarding whom a civil detainer warrant has been issued by the federal Department
             300      of Homeland Security;
             301          (c) who has been charged or convicted in another state with one or more aggravated
             302      felonies as defined by 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(43); or
             303          (d) who has willfully failed to comply with federal alien registration laws.
             304          Section 12. Effective date.
             305          This bill takes effect on July 1, 2011.


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