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H.B. 163 Enrolled
7 Patrice M. Arent
8 Joel K. Briscoe
9 Derek E. Brown
10 Rebecca Chavez-Houck
11 Tim M. Cosgrove
12 Susan Duckworth
Janice M. FisherLynn N. Hemingway
Eric K. Hutchings
Brian S. King
Dana L. Layton
Carol Spackman Moss
Marie H. Poulson
Paul RayEdward H. Redd
Keven J. Stratton
Mark A. Wheatley
Ryan D. Wilcox
Larry B. Wiley 13
14 LONG TITLE
15 General Description:
16 This bill modifies the Criminal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Judicial
17 Code, and the Utah Office for Victims of Crime to incorporate provisions regarding
18 human trafficking and human smuggling, including exploiting prostitution.
19 Highlighted Provisions:
20 This bill:
21 . removes any statute of limitation regarding the prosecution of aggravated human
22 trafficking, aggravated human smuggling, and aggravated exploitation of
24 . provides that lack of knowledge of the age of the victim is not a defense to a charge
25 of aggravated human trafficking or smuggling;
26 . provides that a defendant subject to a pretrial criminal no contact order, who then
27 violates that order, is guilty of a third degree felony;
28 . defines "child" as a person younger than 18 years of age regarding human
29 trafficking and smuggling;
30 . defines "commercial purpose" regarding human trafficking and smuggling;
31 . provides that recruiting, harboring, transporting, or obtaining a child for human
32 trafficking for forced labor or sexual exploitation is aggravated human trafficking;
33 . provides that aggravated human trafficking is a first degree felony;
34 . provides that aggravated human smuggling, which involves a child, is a second
35 degree felony;
36 . provides that aggravated sexual abuse of a child includes human trafficking or
37 human smuggling of a child;
38 . provides that the offense of patronizing a prostitute is a third degree felony if the
39 offense involves a child;
40 . provides that exploitation of prostitution that involves human trafficking or human
41 smuggling is aggravated exploitation of prostitution and is a second degree felony;
42 . provides that aggravated exploitation of prostitution involving a child is a first
43 degree felony;
44 . provides that an act of sexual solicitation that involves solicitation of a child, but
45 does not amount to human trafficking or human smuggling, is a third degree felony;
46 . provides that human trafficking or smuggling, and aggravated human trafficking
47 and smuggling, are offenses for which a court may authorize an order for
48 interception of communication;
49 . provides that when a defendant is charged with a felony offense involving
50 kidnapping, human trafficking or human smuggling, sexual offenses, or aggravated
51 exploitation of prostitution, the court may issue a no contact order as specified; and
52 . provides that a violation of the no contact order is a third degree felony.
53 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
55 Other Special Clauses:
57 Utah Code Sections Affected:
59 76-1-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 24
60 76-2-304.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 149
61 76-5-108, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
62 76-5-307, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 343
63 76-5-308, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 343
64 76-5-309, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 126
65 76-5-310, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 343
66 76-5-404.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 339
67 76-5-406, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 149
68 76-9-1003, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 21
69 76-10-1301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1988, Chapter 199
70 76-10-1303, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 179
71 76-10-1306, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 9
72 76-10-1313, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 32
73 77-23a-8, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 334
74 77-38-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 131
75 78B-7-113, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 324
77 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
78 Section 1. Section 76-1-301 is amended to read:
79 76-1-301. Offenses for which prosecution may be commenced at any time.
80 (1) As used in this section:
81 (a) "Aggravating offense" means any offense incident to which a homicide was
82 committed as described in Subsection 76-5-202 (1)(d) or (e) or Subsection 76-5-202 (2).
83 (b) "Predicate offense" means an offense described in Section 76-5-203 (1) if a person
84 other than a party as defined in Section 76-2-202 was killed in the course of the commission,
85 attempted commission, or immediate flight from the commission or attempted commission of
86 the offense.
87 (2) Notwithstanding any other provisions of this code, prosecution for the following
88 offenses may be commenced at any time:
89 (a) capital felony;
90 (b) aggravated murder;
91 (c) murder;
92 (d) manslaughter;
93 (e) child abuse homicide;
94 (f) aggravated kidnapping;
95 (g) child kidnapping;
96 (h) rape;
97 (i) rape of a child;
98 (j) object rape;
99 (k) object rape of a child;
100 (l) forcible sodomy;
101 (m) sodomy on a child;
102 (n) sexual abuse of a child;
103 (o) aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
104 (p) aggravated sexual assault; [
105 (q) any predicate offense to a murder or aggravating offense to an aggravated
107 (r) aggravated human trafficking or aggravated human smuggling in violation of
108 Section 76-5-310 ; or
109 (s) aggravated exploitation of prostitution involving a child, under Section 76-10-1306 .
110 Section 2. Section 76-2-304.5 is amended to read:
111 76-2-304.5. Mistake as to victim's age not a defense.
112 (1) It is not a defense to the crime of child [
113 Section 76-5-301.1 ; rape of a child, a violation of Section 76-5-402.1 ; object rape of a child, a
114 violation of Section 76-5-402.3 ; sodomy [
116 a child, a violation of Subsection 76-5-404.1 (4); or an attempt to commit any of [
117 offenses, that the actor mistakenly believed the victim to be 14 years of age or older at the time
118 of the alleged offense or was unaware of the victim's true age.
119 (2) It is not a defense to the crime of unlawful sexual activity with a minor, a violation
120 of Section 76-5-401 [
121 attempt to commit either of these offenses, that the actor mistakenly believed the victim to be
122 16 years of age or older at the time of the alleged offense or was unaware of the victim's true
124 (3) It is not a defense to the crime of aggravated human trafficking or aggravated
125 human smuggling, a violation of Section 76-5-310 , that the actor mistakenly believed the
126 victim to be 18 years of age or older at the time of the alleged offense or was unaware of the
127 victim's true age.
128 (4) It is not a defense to any of the following crimes that the actor mistakenly believed
129 the victim to be 18 years of age or older at the time of the alleged offense or was unaware of
130 the victim's true age:
131 (a) patronizing a prostitute, a violation of Section 76-10-1303 ;
132 (b) aggravated exploitation of a prostitute, a violation of Section 76-10-1306 ; or
133 (c) sexual solicitation, a violation of Section 76-10-1313 .
134 Section 3. Section 76-5-108 is amended to read:
135 76-5-108. Protective orders restraining abuse of another -- Violation.
136 (1) Any person who is the respondent or defendant subject to a protective order, child
137 protective order, ex parte protective order, or ex parte child protective order issued under Title
138 78B, Chapter 7, Part 1, Cohabitant Abuse Act[
140 order enforceable under Title 78B, Chapter 7, Part 3, Uniform Interstate Enforcement of
141 Domestic Violence Protection Orders Act, who intentionally or knowingly violates that order
142 after having been properly served, is guilty of a class A misdemeanor, except as a greater
143 penalty may be provided in Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act.
144 (2) Violation of an order as described in Subsection (1) is a domestic violence offense
145 under Section 77-36-1 and subject to increased penalties in accordance with Section 77-36-1.1 .
146 Section 4. Section 76-5-307 is amended to read:
147 76-5-307. Definitions.
148 As used in Sections 76-5-308 through [
149 (1) "Child" means a person younger than 18 years of age.
150 (2) "Commercial purpose" includes direct or indirect participation in or facilitation of
151 the transportation of one or more persons for the purpose of:
152 (a) charging or obtaining a fee for the transportation; or
153 (b) obtaining, exchanging, or receiving any thing or item of value or an attempt to
154 conduct any of these activities.
155 (3) "Facilitation" regarding transportation under Subsection (2) includes providing:
156 (a) travel arrangement services;
157 (b) payment for the costs of travel; or
158 (c) property that would advance an act of transportation, including a vehicle or other
159 means of transportation, a weapon, false identification, and making lodging available,
160 including by rent, lease, or sale.
162 person related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second degree.
169 Section 5. Section 76-5-308 is amended to read:
170 76-5-308. Human trafficking -- Human smuggling.
171 (1) An actor commits human trafficking for forced labor or forced sexual exploitation
172 if the actor recruits, harbors, transports, or obtains a person through the use of force, fraud, or
173 coercion by means of:
174 (a) threatening serious harm to, or physical restraint against, that person or a third
176 (b) destroying, concealing, removing, confiscating, or possessing any passport,
177 immigration document, or other government identification document;
178 (c) abusing or threatening abuse of the law or legal process against the person or a third
180 (d) using a condition of a person being a debtor due to a pledge of the debtor's personal
181 services or the personal services of a person under the control of the debtor as a security for
182 debt where the reasonable value of the services is not applied toward the liquidation of the debt
183 or the length and nature of those services are not respectively limited and defined; or
184 (e) using a condition of servitude by means of any scheme, plan, or pattern intended to
185 cause a person to believe that if the person did not enter into or continue in a condition of
186 servitude, that person or a third person would suffer serious harm or physical restraint, or
187 would be threatened with abuse of legal process.
188 (2) (a) Human trafficking for forced labor includes forced labor in industrial facilities,
189 sweatshops, households, agricultural enterprises, and any other workplace.
190 (b) Human trafficking for forced sexual exploitation includes all forms of forced
191 commercial sexual activity, including forced sexually explicit performance, forced prostitution,
192 forced participation in the production of pornography, forced performance in strip clubs, and
193 forced exotic dancing or display.
194 (3) A person commits human smuggling by transporting or procuring the transportation
195 for one or more persons for a commercial purpose, knowing or having reason to know that the
196 person or persons transported or to be transported are not:
197 (a) citizens of the United States;
198 (b) permanent resident aliens; or
199 (c) otherwise lawfully in this state or entitled to be in this state.
200 Section 6. Section 76-5-309 is amended to read:
201 76-5-309. Human trafficking and human smuggling -- Penalties.
202 (1) Human trafficking for forced labor and human trafficking for forced sexual
203 exploitation are each a second degree felony, except under Section 76-5-310 .
204 (2) Human smuggling, under Section 76-5-308 of one or more [
206 (3) Human trafficking for forced labor or for forced sexual exploitation and human
207 smuggling are each a separate offense from any other crime committed in relationship to the
208 commission of either of these offenses.
209 (4) [
210 violation of Subsection 76-5-404.1 (4)(h)(i), a person who benefits [
212 (a) human trafficking for forced labor or for forced sexual exploitation in violation of
213 Section 76-5-308 is guilty of a second degree felony; and
214 (b) human smuggling is guilty of a third degree felony.
215 (5) A person commits a separate offense of human trafficking or human smuggling for
216 each person who is smuggled or trafficked under Section 76-5-308 or 76-5-310 .
217 Section 7. Section 76-5-310 is amended to read:
218 76-5-310. Aggravated human trafficking and aggravated human smuggling --
220 (1) An actor commits aggravated human trafficking for forced labor or forced sexual
221 exploitation or aggravated human smuggling if, in the course of committing a human
222 trafficking for forced labor or for forced sexual exploitation, a violation of Section 76-5-308 , or
223 human smuggling offense under Section [
224 (a) results in the death of the trafficked or smuggled person;
225 (b) results in serious bodily injury of the trafficked or smuggled person;
226 (c) involves:
227 (i) rape under Section 76-5-402 ;
228 (ii) rape of a child under Section 76-5-402.1 ;
229 (iii) object rape under Section 76-5-402.2 ;
230 (iv) object rape of a child under Section 76-5-402.3 ;
231 (v) forcible sodomy under Section 76-5-403 ;
232 (vi) sodomy on a child under Section 76-5-403.1 ;
233 (vii) aggravated sexual abuse of a child under Section 76-5-404.1 ; or
234 (viii) aggravated sexual assault under 76-5-405 ;
235 (d) involves 10 or more [
236 human smuggling; or
237 (e) involves a victim who is held against the victim's will for longer than [
238 consecutive days.
239 (2) An actor commits aggravated human trafficking for forced labor or forced sexual
240 exploitation if the [
242 child for forced labor or forced sexual exploitation.
243 (3) An actor commits aggravated human smuggling if the actor commits human
244 smuggling under [
245 person engages in smuggling is:
246 (a) [
247 (b) not accompanied by a family member who is 18 years of age or older.
248 (4) (a) Aggravated human trafficking [
251 (b) Aggravated human smuggling is a second degree felony.
253 separate offense from any other crime committed in relationship to the commission of either of
254 these offenses.
255 Section 8. Section 76-5-404.1 is amended to read:
256 76-5-404.1. Sexual abuse of a child -- Aggravated sexual abuse of a child.
257 (1) As used in this section, "child" means a person under the age of 14.
258 (2) A person commits sexual abuse of a child if, under circumstances not amounting to
259 rape of a child, object rape of a child, sodomy [
260 of these offenses, the actor touches the anus, buttocks, or genitalia of any child, the breast of a
261 female child, or otherwise takes indecent liberties with a child, or causes a child to take
262 indecent liberties with the actor or another with intent to cause substantial emotional or bodily
263 pain to any person or with the intent to arouse or gratify the sexual desire of any person
264 regardless of the sex of any participant.
265 (3) Sexual abuse of a child is punishable as a second degree felony.
266 (4) A person commits aggravated sexual abuse of a child when in conjunction with the
267 offense described in Subsection (2) any of the following circumstances have been charged and
268 admitted or found true in the action for the offense:
269 (a) the offense was committed by the use of a dangerous weapon as defined in Section
270 76-1-601 , or by force, duress, violence, intimidation, coercion, menace, or threat of harm, or
271 was committed during the course of a [
272 (b) the accused caused bodily injury or severe psychological injury to the victim during
273 or as a result of the offense;
274 (c) the accused was a stranger to the victim or made friends with the victim for the
275 purpose of committing the offense;
276 (d) the accused used, showed, or displayed pornography or caused the victim to be
277 photographed in a lewd condition during the course of the offense;
278 (e) the accused, prior to sentencing for this offense, was previously convicted of any
279 felony, or of a misdemeanor involving a sexual offense;
280 (f) the accused committed the same or similar sexual act upon two or more victims at
281 the same time or during the same course of conduct;
282 (g) the accused committed, in Utah or elsewhere, more than five separate acts, which if
283 committed in Utah would constitute an offense described in this chapter, and were committed
284 at the same time, or during the same course of conduct, or before or after the instant offense;
285 (h) the offense was committed by a person who occupied a position of special trust in
286 relation to the victim; "position of special trust" means that position occupied by a person in a
287 position of authority, who, by reason of that position is able to exercise undue influence over
288 the victim, and includes, but is not limited to, a youth leader or recreational leader who is an
289 adult, adult athletic manager, adult coach, teacher, counselor, religious leader, doctor,
290 employer, foster parent, babysitter, adult scout leader, natural parent, stepparent, adoptive
291 parent, legal guardian, grandparent, aunt, uncle, or adult cohabitant of a parent;
292 (i) the accused encouraged, aided, allowed, or benefitted from acts of prostitution or
293 sexual acts by the victim with any other person, or sexual performance by the victim before any
294 other person, human trafficking, or human smuggling; or
295 (j) the accused caused the penetration, however slight, of the genital or anal opening of
296 the child by any part or parts of the human body other than the genitals or mouth.
297 (5) Aggravated sexual abuse of a child is a first degree felony punishable by a term of
298 imprisonment of:
299 (a) except as provided in Subsection (5)(b), (5)(c), or (6), not less than 15 years and
300 which may be for life;
301 (b) except as provided in Subsection (5)(c) or (6), life without parole, if the trier of fact
302 finds that during the course of the commission of the aggravated sexual abuse of a child the
303 defendant caused serious bodily injury to another; or
304 (c) life without parole, if the trier of fact finds that at the time of the commission of the
305 aggravated sexual abuse of a child, the defendant was previously convicted of a grievous
306 sexual offense.
307 (6) If, when imposing a sentence under Subsection (5)(a) or (b), a court finds that a
308 lesser term than the term described in Subsection (5)(a) or (b) is in the interests of justice and
309 states the reasons for this finding on the record, the court may impose a term of imprisonment
310 of not less than:
311 (a) for purposes of Subsection (5)(b), 15 years and which may be for life; or
312 (b) for purposes of Subsection (5)(a) or (b):
313 (i) 10 years and which may be for life; or
314 (ii) six years and which may be for life.
315 (7) The provisions of Subsection (6) do not apply when a person is sentenced under
316 Subsection (5)(c).
317 (8) Imprisonment under this section is mandatory in accordance with Section 76-3-406 .
318 Section 9. Section 76-5-406 is amended to read:
319 76-5-406. Sexual offenses against the victim without consent of victim --
321 An act of sexual intercourse, rape, attempted rape, rape of a child, attempted rape of a
322 child, object rape, attempted object rape, object rape of a child, attempted object rape of a
323 child, sodomy, attempted sodomy, forcible sodomy, attempted forcible sodomy, sodomy [
324 on a child, attempted sodomy [
325 sexual abuse, sexual abuse of a child, attempted sexual abuse of a child, aggravated sexual
326 abuse of a child, attempted aggravated sexual abuse of a child, or simple sexual abuse is
327 without consent of the victim under any of the following circumstances:
328 (1) the victim expresses lack of consent through words or conduct;
329 (2) the actor overcomes the victim through the actual application of physical force or
331 (3) the actor is able to overcome the victim through concealment or by the element of
333 (4) (a) (i) the actor coerces the victim to submit by threatening to retaliate in the
334 immediate future against the victim or any other person, and the victim perceives at the time
335 that the actor has the ability to execute this threat; or
336 (ii) the actor coerces the victim to submit by threatening to retaliate in the future
337 against the victim or any other person, and the victim believes at the time that the actor has the
338 ability to execute this threat;
339 (b) as used in this Subsection (4), "to retaliate" includes [
340 of physical force, [
341 (5) the victim has not consented and the actor knows the victim is unconscious,
342 unaware that the act is occurring, or physically unable to resist;
343 (6) the actor knows that as a result of mental disease or defect, the victim is at the time
344 of the act incapable either of appraising the nature of the act or of resisting it;
345 (7) the actor knows that the victim submits or participates because the victim
346 erroneously believes that the actor is the victim's spouse;
347 (8) the actor intentionally impaired the power of the victim to appraise or control his or
348 her conduct by administering any substance without the victim's knowledge;
349 (9) the victim is younger than 14 years of age;
350 (10) the victim is younger than 18 years of age and at the time of the offense the actor
351 was the victim's parent, stepparent, adoptive parent, or legal guardian or occupied a position of
352 special trust in relation to the victim as defined in Subsection 76-5-404.1 (4)(h);
353 (11) the victim is 14 years of age or older, but younger than 18 years of age, and the
354 actor is more than three years older than the victim and entices or coerces the victim to submit
355 or participate, under circumstances not amounting to the force or threat required under
356 Subsection (2) or (4); or
357 (12) the actor is a health professional or religious counselor, as those terms are defined
358 in this Subsection (12), the act is committed under the guise of providing professional
359 diagnosis, counseling, or treatment, and at the time of the act the victim reasonably believed
360 that the act was for medically or professionally appropriate diagnosis, counseling, or treatment
361 to the extent that resistance by the victim could not reasonably be expected to have been
363 (a) "health professional" means an individual who is licensed or who holds himself or
364 herself out to be licensed, or who otherwise provides professional physical or mental health
365 services, diagnosis, treatment, or counseling including, but not limited to, a physician,
366 osteopathic physician, nurse, dentist, physical therapist, chiropractor, mental health therapist,
367 social service worker, clinical social worker, certified social worker, marriage and family
368 therapist, professional counselor, psychiatrist, psychologist, psychiatric mental health nurse
369 specialist, or substance abuse counselor; and
370 (b) "religious counselor" means a minister, priest, rabbi, bishop, or other recognized
371 member of the clergy.
372 Section 10. Section 76-9-1003 is amended to read:
373 76-9-1003. Detention or arrest -- Determination of immigration status.
374 (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), any law enforcement officer
375 who, acting in the enforcement of any state law or local ordinance, conducts any lawful stop,
376 detention, or arrest of a person as specified in Subsection (1)(a)(i) or (ii), and the person is
377 unable to provide to the law enforcement officer a document listed in Subsection 76-9-1004 (1)
378 and the officer is otherwise unable to verify the identity of the person, the officer:
379 (i) shall request verification of the citizenship or the immigration status of the person
380 under 8 U.S.C. Sec. 1373(c), except as allowed under Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), if the
381 person is arrested for an alleged offense that is a class A misdemeanor or a felony; and
382 (ii) may attempt to verify the immigration status of the person, except as exempted
383 under Subsection (1)(b), (c), or (d), if the alleged offense is a class B or C misdemeanor, except
384 that if the person is arrested and booked for a class B or C misdemeanor, the arresting law
385 enforcement officer or the law enforcement agency booking the person shall attempt to verify
386 the immigration status of the person.
387 (b) In individual cases, the law enforcement officer may forego the verification of
388 immigration status under Subsection (1)(a) if the determination could hinder or obstruct a
389 criminal investigation.
390 (c) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a law enforcement officer who is acting as a
391 school resource officer for any elementary or secondary school.
392 (d) Subsection (1)(a) does not apply to a county or municipality when it has only one
393 law enforcement officer on duty and response support from another law enforcement agency is
394 not available.
395 (2) When a law enforcement officer makes a lawful stop, detention, or arrest under
396 Subsection (1) of the operator of a vehicle, and while investigating or processing the primary
397 offense, the officer makes observations that give the officer reasonable suspicion that the
398 operator or any of the passengers in the vehicle are violating Section [
399 76-5-310 , or 76-10-2901 , which concern smuggling and transporting illegal aliens, the officer
400 shall, to the extent possible within a reasonable period of time:
401 (a) detain the occupants of the vehicle to investigate the suspected violations; and
402 (b) inquire regarding the immigration status of the occupants of the vehicle.
403 (3) When a person under Subsection (1) is arrested or booked into a jail, juvenile
404 detention facility, or correctional facility, the arresting officer or the booking officer shall
405 ensure that a request for verification of immigration status of the arrested or booked person is
406 submitted as promptly as is reasonably possible.
407 (4) The law enforcement agency that has custody of a person verified to be an illegal
408 alien shall request that the United States Department of Homeland Security issue a detainer
409 requesting transfer of the illegal alien into federal custody.
410 (5) A law enforcement officer may not consider race, color, or national origin in
411 implementing this section, except to the extent permitted by the constitutions of the United
412 States and this state.
413 Section 11. Section 76-10-1301 is amended to read:
414 76-10-1301. Definitions.
415 For the purposes of this part:
416 (1) "Child" is a person younger than 18 years of age.
418 prostitution is regularly carried on by one or more persons under the control, management, or
419 supervision of another.
421 of a house of prostitution.
423 the public has access.
425 act involving the genitals of one person and the mouth or anus of another person, regardless of
426 the sex of either participant.
427 Section 12. Section 76-10-1303 is amended to read:
428 76-10-1303. Patronizing a prostitute.
429 (1) A person is guilty of patronizing a prostitute when the person:
430 (a) [
431 in an act of sexual activity; or
432 (b) [
433 sexual activity.
434 (2) Patronizing a prostitute is a class B misdemeanor, except as provided in Subsection
435 (3) or in Section 76-10-1309 .
436 (3) If the patronizing of a prostitute under Subsection (1)(a) involves a child as the
437 other person, a violation of Subsection (1)(a) is a third degree felony.
438 Section 13. Section 76-10-1306 is amended to read:
439 76-10-1306. Aggravated exploitation of prostitution.
440 (1) A person is guilty of aggravated exploitation if:
441 (a) in committing an act of exploiting prostitution, as defined in Section 76-10-1305 ,
443 (b) the person procured, transported, or persuaded or with whom [
444 the proceeds of prostitution is [
446 (c) in the course of committing exploitation of prostitution, a violation of Section
447 76-10-1305 , the person commits human trafficking or human smuggling, a violation of Section
448 76-5-308 .
449 (2) Aggravated exploitation of prostitution is a second degree felony [
451 (3) Aggravated exploitation of prostitution involving a child is a first degree felony.
452 Section 14. Section 76-10-1313 is amended to read:
453 76-10-1313. Sexual solicitation -- Penalty.
454 (1) A person is guilty of sexual solicitation when the person:
455 (a) offers or agrees to commit any sexual activity with another person for a fee;
456 (b) pays or offers or agrees to pay a fee to another person to commit any sexual activity;
458 (c) with intent to engage in sexual activity for a fee or to pay another person to commit
459 any sexual activity for a fee engages in, offers or agrees to engage in, or requests or directs
460 another to engage in any of the following acts:
461 (i) exposure of a person's genitals, the buttocks, the anus, the pubic area, or the female
462 breast below the top of the areola;
463 (ii) masturbation;
464 (iii) touching of a person's genitals, the buttocks, the anus, the pubic area, or the female
465 breast; or
466 (iv) any act of lewdness.
467 (2) An intent to engage in sexual activity for a fee may be inferred from a person's
468 engaging in, offering or agreeing to engage in, or requesting or directing another to engage in
469 any of the acts described in Subsection (1)(c) under the totality of the existing circumstances.
470 (3) (a) Sexual solicitation is a class B misdemeanor, except under Subsection (3)(b).
471 (b) Any person who is convicted a second or subsequent time under this section or
472 under a local ordinance adopted in compliance with Section 76-10-1307 , is guilty of a class A
473 misdemeanor, except as provided in Section 76-10-1309 .
474 (4) If a person commits an act of sexual solicitation and the person solicited is a child,
475 the offense is a third degree felony if the solicitation does not amount to human trafficking or
476 human smuggling, a violation of Section 76-5-308 , or aggravated human trafficking or
477 aggravated human smuggling, a violation of Section 76-5-310 .
478 Section 15. Section 77-23a-8 is amended to read:
479 77-23a-8. Court order to authorize or approve interception -- Procedure.
480 (1) The attorney general of the state, any assistant attorney general specially designated
481 by the attorney general, any county attorney, district attorney, deputy county attorney, or deputy
482 district attorney specially designated by the county attorney or by the district attorney, may
483 authorize an application to a judge of competent jurisdiction for an order for an interception of
484 wire, electronic, or oral communications by any law enforcement agency of the state, the
485 federal government or of any political subdivision of the state that is responsible for
486 investigating the type of offense for which the application is made.
487 (2) The judge may grant the order in conformity with the required procedures when the
488 interception sought may provide or has provided evidence of the commission of:
489 (a) any act:
490 (i) prohibited by the criminal provisions of:
491 (A) Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah Controlled Substances Act;
492 (B) Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled [
493 (C) Title 58, Chapter 37d, Clandestine Drug Lab Act; and
494 (ii) punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than one year;
495 (b) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 61, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
496 Securities Act and punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than one year;
497 (c) an offense:
498 (i) of:
499 (A) attempt, Section 76-4-101 ;
500 (B) conspiracy, Section 76-4-201 ;
501 (C) solicitation, Section 76-4-203 ; and
502 (ii) punishable by a term of imprisonment of more than one year;
503 (d) a threat of terrorism offense punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of
504 more than one year, Section 76-5-107.3 ;
505 (e) (i) aggravated murder, Section 76-5-202 ;
506 (ii) murder, Section 76-5-203 ; or
507 (iii) manslaughter, Section 76-5-205 ;
508 (f) (i) kidnapping, Section 76-5-301 ;
509 (ii) child kidnapping, Section 76-5-301.1 ; [
510 (iii) aggravated kidnapping, Section 76-5-302 ;
511 (iv) human trafficking or human smuggling, Section 76-5-308 ; or
512 (v) aggravated human trafficking or aggravated human smuggling, Section 76-5-310 ;
513 (g) (i) arson, Section 76-6-102 ; or
514 (ii) aggravated arson, Section 76-6-103 ;
515 (h) (i) burglary, Section 76-6-202 ; or
516 (ii) aggravated burglary, Section 76-6-203 ;
517 (i) (i) robbery, Section 76-6-301 ; or
518 (ii) aggravated robbery, Section 76-6-302 ;
519 (j) an offense:
520 (i) of:
521 (A) theft, Section 76-6-404 ;
522 (B) theft by deception, Section 76-6-405 ; or
523 (C) theft by extortion, Section 76-6-406 ; and
524 (ii) punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year;
525 (k) an offense of receiving stolen property [
526 term of imprisonment of more than one year, Section 76-6-408 ;
527 (l) a financial card transaction offense punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment
528 of more than one year, Section [
529 or 76-6-506.6 ;
530 (m) bribery of a labor official, Section 76-6-509 ;
531 (n) bribery or threat to influence a publicly exhibited contest, Section 76-6-514 ;
532 (o) a criminal simulation offense punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of
533 more than one year, Section 76-6-518 ;
534 (p) criminal usury, Section 76-6-520 ;
535 (q) a fraudulent insurance act offense punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment
536 of more than one year, Section 76-6-521 ;
537 (r) a violation of Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 7, Utah Computer Crimes Act, punishable by
538 a maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year, Section 76-6-703 ;
539 (s) bribery to influence official or political actions, Section 76-8-103 ;
540 (t) misusing public money, Section 76-8-402 ;
541 (u) tampering with a witness or soliciting or receiving a bribe, Section 76-8-508 ;
542 (v) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, Section 76-8-508.3 ;
543 (w) tampering with a juror, retaliation against a juror, Section 76-8-508.5 ;
544 (x) extortion or bribery to dismiss criminal proceeding, Section 76-8-509 ;
545 (y) obstruction of justice, Section 76-8-306 ;
546 (z) destruction of property to interfere with preparation for defense or war, Section
547 76-8-802 ;
548 (aa) an attempt to commit crimes of sabotage, Section 76-8-804 ;
549 (bb) conspiracy to commit crimes of sabotage, Section 76-8-805 ;
550 (cc) advocating criminal syndicalism or sabotage, Section 76-8-902 ;
551 (dd) assembly for advocating criminal syndicalism or sabotage, Section 76-8-903 ;
552 (ee) riot punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year,
553 Section 76-9-101 ;
554 (ff) dog fighting, training dogs for fighting, or dog fighting exhibitions punishable by a
555 maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year, Section 76-9-301.1 ;
556 (gg) possession, use, or removal of an explosive, chemical, or incendiary device and
557 parts, [
558 (hh) delivery to a common carrier or mailing of an explosive, chemical, or incendiary
559 device, [
560 (ii) exploiting prostitution, Section 76-10-1305 ;
561 (jj) aggravated exploitation of prostitution, Section 76-10-1306 ;
562 (kk) bus hijacking, assault with intent to commit hijacking, dangerous weapon or
563 firearm, Section 76-10-1504 ;
564 (ll) discharging firearms and hurling missiles, Section 76-10-1505 ;
565 (mm) violations of the Pattern of Unlawful Activity Act and the offenses listed under
566 the definition of unlawful activity in the act, including the offenses not punishable by a
567 maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year when those offenses are investigated as
568 predicates for the offenses prohibited by the act, Section 76-10-1602 ;
569 (nn) communications fraud, Section 76-10-1801 ;
570 (oo) money laundering, Sections 76-10-1903 and 76-10-1904 ; or
571 (pp) reporting by a person engaged in a trade or business when the offense is
572 punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of more than one year, Section 76-10-1906 .
573 Section 16. Section 77-38-3 is amended to read:
574 77-38-3. Notification to victims -- Initial notice, election to receive subsequent
575 notices -- Form of notice -- Protected victim information -- Pretrial criminal no contact
577 (1) Within seven days of the filing of felony criminal charges against a defendant, the
578 prosecuting agency shall provide an initial notice to reasonably identifiable and locatable
579 victims of the crime contained in the charges, except as otherwise provided in this chapter.
580 (2) The initial notice to the victim of a crime shall provide information about electing
581 to receive notice of subsequent important criminal justice hearings listed in Subsections
582 77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f) and rights under this chapter.
583 (3) The prosecuting agency shall provide notice to a victim of a crime for the important
584 criminal justice hearings, provided in Subsections 77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f), which the victim
585 has requested.
586 (4) (a) The responsible prosecuting agency may provide initial and subsequent notices
587 in any reasonable manner, including telephonically, electronically, orally, or by means of a
588 letter or form prepared for this purpose.
589 (b) In the event of an unforeseen important criminal justice hearing, listed in
590 Subsections 77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f) for which a victim has requested notice, a good faith
591 attempt to contact the victim by telephone shall be considered sufficient notice, provided that
592 the prosecuting agency subsequently notifies the victim of the result of the proceeding.
593 (5) (a) The court shall take reasonable measures to ensure that its scheduling practices
594 for the proceedings provided in Subsections 77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f) permit an opportunity for
595 victims of crimes to be notified.
596 (b) The court shall also consider whether any notification system it might use to
597 provide notice of judicial proceedings to defendants could be used to provide notice of those
598 same proceedings to victims of crimes.
599 (6) A defendant or, if it is the moving party, Adult Probation and Parole, shall give
600 notice to the responsible prosecuting agency of any motion for modification of any
601 determination made at any of the important criminal justice hearings provided in Subsections
602 77-38-2 (5)(a) through (f) in advance of any requested court hearing or action so that the
603 prosecuting agency may comply with its notification obligation.
604 (7) (a) Notice to a victim of a crime shall be provided by the Board of Pardons and
605 Parole for the important criminal justice hearing provided in Subsection 77-38-2 (5)(g).
606 (b) The board may provide notice in any reasonable manner, including telephonically,
607 electronically, orally, or by means of a letter or form prepared for this purpose.
608 (8) Prosecuting agencies and the Board of Pardons and Parole are required to give
609 notice to a victim of a crime for the proceedings provided in Subsections 77-38-2 (5)(a) through
610 (f) only where the victim has responded to the initial notice, requested notice of subsequent
611 proceedings, and provided a current address and telephone number if applicable.
612 (9) (a) Law enforcement and criminal justice agencies shall refer any requests for
613 notice or information about crime victim rights from victims to the responsible prosecuting
615 (b) In a case in which the Board of Pardons and Parole is involved, the responsible
616 prosecuting agency shall forward any request for notice it has received from a victim to the
617 Board of Pardons and Parole.
618 (10) In all cases where the number of victims exceeds 10, the responsible prosecuting
619 agency may send any notices required under this chapter in its discretion to a representative
620 sample of the victims.
621 (11) (a) A victim's address, telephone number, and victim impact statement maintained
622 by a peace officer, prosecuting agency, Youth Parole Authority, Division of Juvenile Justice
623 Services, Department of Corrections, and Board of Pardons and Parole, for purposes of
624 providing notice under this section, is classified as protected as provided in Subsection
625 63G-2-305 (10).
626 (b) The victim's address, telephone number, and victim impact statement is available
627 only to the following persons or entities in the performance of their duties:
628 (i) a law enforcement agency, including the prosecuting agency;
629 (ii) a victims' right committee as provided in Section 77-37-5 ;
630 (iii) a governmentally sponsored victim or witness program;
631 (iv) the Department of Corrections;
632 (v) the Utah Office for Victims of Crime;
633 (vi) the Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice; and
634 (vii) the Board of Pardons and Parole.
635 (12) The notice provisions as provided in this section do not apply to misdemeanors as
636 provided in Section 77-38-5 and to important juvenile justice hearings as provided in Section
637 77-38-2 .
638 (13) (a) When a defendant is charged with a felony crime under Sections 76-5-301
639 through 76-5-310 regarding kidnapping, human trafficking, and human smuggling; Sections
640 76-5-401 through 76-5-413 regarding sexual offenses; or Section 76-10-1306 regarding
641 aggravated exploitation of prostitution, the court may, during any court hearing where the
642 defendant is present, issue a pretrial criminal no contact order:
643 (i) prohibiting the defendant from harassing, telephoning, contacting, or otherwise
644 communicating with the victim directly or through a third party;
645 (ii) ordering the defendant to stay away from the residence, school, place of
646 employment of the victim, and the premises of any of these, or any specified place frequented
647 by the victim or any designated family member of the victim directly or through a third party;
649 (iii) ordering any other relief that the court considers necessary to protect and provide
650 for the safety of the victim and any designated family or household member of the victim.
651 (b) Violation of a pretrial criminal no contact order issued pursuant to this section is a
652 third degree felony.
653 (c) (i) The court shall provide to the victim a certified copy of any pretrial criminal no
654 contact order that has been issued if the victim can be located with reasonable effort.
655 (ii) The court shall also transmit the pretrial criminal no contact order to the statewide
656 domestic violence network in accordance with Section 78B-7-113 .
657 Section 17. Section 78B-7-113 is amended to read:
658 78B-7-113. Statewide domestic violence network -- Peace officers' duties --
659 Prevention of abuse in absence of order -- Limitation of liability.
660 (1) (a) Law enforcement units, the Department of Public Safety, and the Administrative
661 Office of the Courts shall utilize statewide procedures to ensure that peace officers at the scene
662 of an alleged violation of a protective order or pretrial criminal no contact order have
663 immediate access to information necessary to verify the existence and terms of that order, and
664 other orders of the court required to be made available on the network by the provisions of this
665 chapter [
666 Those officers shall use every reasonable means to enforce the court's order, in accordance with
667 the requirements and procedures of this chapter [
668 Procedures Act, and Section 77-38-3 .
669 (b) The Administrative Office of the Courts, in cooperation with the Department of
670 Public Safety and the Criminal Investigations and Technical Services Division, established in
671 Section 53-10-103 , shall provide for a single, statewide network containing:
672 (i) all orders for protection issued by a court of this state; and
673 (ii) all other court orders or reports of court action that are required to be available on
674 the network under this chapter [
675 and Section 77-38-3 .
676 (c) The entities described in Subsection (1)(b) may utilize the same mechanism as the
677 statewide warrant system, described in Section 53-10-208 .
678 (d) All orders and reports required to be available on the network shall be available
679 within 24 hours after court action. If the court that issued the order is not part of the state court
680 computer system, the orders and reports shall be available on the network within 72 hours.
681 (e) The information contained in the network shall be available to a court, law
682 enforcement officer, or agency upon request.
683 (2) When any peace officer has reason to believe a cohabitant or child of a cohabitant
684 is being abused, or that there is a substantial likelihood of immediate danger of abuse, although
685 no protective order has been issued, that officer shall use all reasonable means to prevent the
686 abuse, including:
687 (a) remaining on the scene as long as it reasonably appears there would otherwise be
688 danger of abuse;
689 (b) making arrangements for the victim to obtain emergency medical treatment;
690 (c) making arrangements for the victim to obtain emergency housing or shelter care;
691 (d) explaining to the victim his or her rights in these matters;
692 (e) asking the victim to sign a written statement describing the incident of abuse; or
693 (f) arresting and taking into physical custody the abuser in accordance with the
694 provisions of Title 77, Chapter 36, Cohabitant Abuse Procedures Act.
695 (3) No person or institution may be held criminally or civilly liable for the performance
696 of, or failure to perform, any duty established by this chapter, so long as that person acted in
697 good faith and without malice.
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