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H.B. 328 Enrolled

             1     

HIGHWAY LITTERING AND FAILING TO SECURE A

             2     
LOAD AMENDMENTS

             3     
2013 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Richard A. Greenwood

             6     
Senate Sponsor: Patricia W. Jones

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This bill modifies provisions relating to littering or failing to secure a load on a
             11      highway.
             12      Highlighted Provisions:
             13          This bill:
             14          .    increases the fines for littering on a highway; and
             15          .    increases the fines for failing to secure a load while operating a motor vehicle on a
             16      highway.
             17      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             18          None
             19      Other Special Clauses:
             20          None
             21      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             22      AMENDS:
             23          41-6a-1713, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 22
             24          72-7-409, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapters 22 and 140
             25     
             26      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             27          Section 1. Section 41-6a-1713 is amended to read:
             28           41-6a-1713. Penalty for littering on a highway.
             29          (1) A person who violates any of the provisions of Section 41-6a-1712 is guilty of a


             30      class C misdemeanor and shall be fined:
             31          (a) not less than [$100] $200 for a violation; or
             32          (b) not less than [$250] $500 for a second or subsequent violation within three years of
             33      a previous violation of this section.
             34          (2) The sentencing judge may require that the offender devote at least eight hours in
             35      cleaning up:
             36          (a) litter caused by the offender; and
             37          (b) existing litter from a safe area designated by the sentencing judge.
             38          Section 2. Section 72-7-409 is amended to read:
             39           72-7-409. Loads on vehicles -- Limitations -- Confining, securing, and fastening
             40      load required -- Penalty.
             41          (1) As used in this section:
             42          (a) "Agricultural product" means any raw product which is derived from agriculture,
             43      including silage, hay, straw, grain, manure, and other similar product.
             44          (b) "Vehicle" has the same meaning set forth in Section 41-1a-102 .
             45          (2) A vehicle may not be operated or moved on any highway unless the vehicle is
             46      constructed or loaded to prevent its contents from dropping, sifting, leaking, or otherwise
             47      escaping.
             48          (3) (a) In addition to the requirements under Subsection (2), a vehicle carrying dirt,
             49      sand, gravel, rock fragments, pebbles, crushed base, aggregate, any other similar material, or
             50      scrap metal shall have a covering over the entire load unless:
             51          (i) the highest point of the load does not extend above the top of any exterior wall or
             52      sideboard of the cargo compartment of the vehicle; and
             53          (ii) the outer edges of the load are at least six inches below the top inside edges of the
             54      exterior walls or sideboards of the cargo compartment of the vehicle.
             55          (b) In addition to the requirements under Subsection (2), a vehicle carrying trash or
             56      garbage shall have a covering over the entire load.
             57          (c) The following material is exempt from the provisions of Subsection (3)(a):


             58          (i) hot mix asphalt;
             59          (ii) construction debris or scrap metal if the debris or scrap metal is a size and in a form
             60      not susceptible to being blown out of the vehicle;
             61          (iii) material being transported across a highway between two parcels of property that
             62      would be contiguous but for the highway that is being crossed; and
             63          (iv) material listed under Subsection (3)(a) that is enclosed on all sides by containers,
             64      bags, or packaging.
             65          (d) A chemical substance capable of coating or bonding a load so that the load is
             66      confined on a vehicle, may be considered a covering for purposes of Subsection (3)(a) so long
             67      as the chemical substance remains effective at confining the load.
             68          (4) Subsections (2) and (3) do not apply to a vehicle or implement of husbandry
             69      carrying an agricultural product, if the agricultural product is:
             70          (a) being transported in a manner which is not a hazard or a potential hazard to the safe
             71      operation of the vehicle or to other highway users; and
             72          (b) loaded in a manner that only allows minimal spillage.
             73          (5) (a) An authorized vehicle performing snow removal services on a highway is
             74      exempt from the requirements of this section.
             75          (b) This section does not prohibit the necessary spreading of any substance connected
             76      with highway maintenance, construction, securing traction, or snow removal.
             77          (6) A person may not operate a vehicle with a load on any highway unless the load and
             78      any load covering is fastened, secured, and confined to prevent the covering or load from
             79      becoming loose, detached, or in any manner a hazard to the safe operation of the vehicle, or to
             80      other highway users.
             81          (7) Before entering a highway, the operator of a vehicle carrying any material listed
             82      under Subsection (3), shall remove all loose material on any portion of the vehicle not designed
             83      to carry the material.
             84          (8) (a) Any person who violates this section is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
             85          (b) A person who violates a provision of this section shall be fined not less than:


             86          (i) [$100] $200 for a violation; or
             87          (ii) [$250] $500 for a second or subsequent violation within three years of a previous
             88      violation of this section.
             89          (c) A person who violates a provision of this section while operating a commercial
             90      vehicle as defined in Section 72-9-102 shall be fined:
             91          (i) not less than [$250] $500 for a violation; or
             92          (ii) [$500] $1,000 for a second or subsequent violation within three years of a previous
             93      violation of this section.


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