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H.B. 157 Enrolled

             1     

RAPE KIT PROCESSING AMENDMENTS

             2     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Jennifer M. Seelig

             5     
Senate Sponsor: Stephen H. Urquhart

             6      Cosponsors:
             7      Rebecca Chavez-Houck
             8      Joel K. Briscoe
             9      Patrice M. Arent
             10      Susan Duckworth
             11      Richard A. Greenwood
             12      Keith GroverLynn N. Hemingway
Eric K. Hutchings
Brian S. King
Dana L. Layton
Carol Spackman Moss
Curtis Oda
Marie H. PoulsonPaul Ray
Edward H. Redd
Angela Romero
Robert M. Spendlove
Mark A. Wheatley
Larry B. Wiley              13     
             14      LONG TITLE
             15      General Description:
             16          This bill modifies the provisions of the Utah Code of Criminal Procedure regarding the
             17      victim's bill of rights.
             18      Highlighted Provisions:
             19          This bill:
             20          .    provides that a victim of a sexual offense has the following rights:
             21              .    to be informed whether the DNA profile of the assailant was obtained;
             22              .    to be informed whether the DNA profile of the assailant has been entered into
             23      the Utah Combined DNA Index System;
             24              .    to be informed if there is a match between the DNA profile of the assailant and
             25      a DNA profile contained in the Utah Combined DNA Index System, provided
             26      the disclosure of this information would not impede or compromise an ongoing
             27      investigation; and
             28              .    to designate a person to receive information provided by law enforcement;


             29          .    provides that a law enforcement agency that chooses not to analyze DNA evidence
             30      in a case where the identity of the perpetrator is in doubt shall inform the victim of
             31      that decision;
             32          .    provides that a law enforcement agency shall provide written notification to a victim
             33      or the victim's designee 60 days before destroying or disposing of evidence from an
             34      unsolved sexual assault case;
             35          .    provides that the law enforcement office where the sexual offense is reported shall
             36      have the responsibility to inform the victim of these rights; and
             37          .    provides that a victim may designate a person of the victim's choosing to receive
             38      any information from the law enforcement agency.
             39      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             40          None
             41      Other Special Clauses:
             42          None
             43      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             44      AMENDS:
             45           77-37-3 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 177
             46     
             47      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             48          Section 1. Section 77-37-3 is amended to read:
             49           77-37-3. Bill of rights.
             50          (1) The bill of rights for victims and witnesses is:
             51          (a) Victims and witnesses have a right to be informed as to the level of protection from
             52      intimidation and harm available to them, and from what sources, as they participate in criminal
             53      justice proceedings as designated by Section 76-8-508 , regarding witness tampering, and
             54      Section 76-8-509 , regarding threats against a victim. Law enforcement, prosecution, and
             55      corrections personnel have the duty to timely provide this information in a form which is useful
             56      to the victim.


             57          (b) Victims and witnesses, including children and their guardians, have a right to be
             58      informed and assisted as to their role in the criminal justice process. All criminal justice
             59      agencies have the duty to provide this information and assistance.
             60          (c) Victims and witnesses have a right to clear explanations regarding relevant legal
             61      proceedings; these explanations shall be appropriate to the age of child victims and witnesses.
             62      All criminal justice agencies have the duty to provide these explanations.
             63          (d) Victims and witnesses should have a secure waiting area that does not require them
             64      to be in close proximity to defendants or the family and friends of defendants. Agencies
             65      controlling facilities shall, whenever possible, provide this area.
             66          (e) Victims may seek restitution or reparations, including medical costs, as provided in
             67      Title 63M, Chapter 7, Criminal Justice and Substance Abuse, and Sections 62A-7-109.5 ,
             68      77-38a-302 , and 77-27-6 . State and local government agencies that serve victims have the duty
             69      to have a functional knowledge of the procedures established by the Crime Victim Reparations
             70      Board and to inform victims of these procedures.
             71          (f) Victims and witnesses have a right to have any personal property returned as
             72      provided in Sections 77-24-1 through 77-24-5 . Criminal justice agencies shall expeditiously
             73      return the property when it is no longer needed for court law enforcement or prosecution
             74      purposes.
             75          (g) Victims and witnesses have the right to reasonable employer intercession services,
             76      including pursuing employer cooperation in minimizing employees' loss of pay and other
             77      benefits resulting from their participation in the criminal justice process. Officers of the court
             78      shall provide these services and shall consider victims' and witnesses' schedules so that
             79      activities which conflict can be avoided. Where conflicts cannot be avoided, the victim may
             80      request that the responsible agency intercede with employers or other parties.
             81          (h) Victims and witnesses, particularly children, should have a speedy disposition of
             82      the entire criminal justice process. All involved public agencies shall establish policies and
             83      procedures to encourage speedy disposition of criminal cases.
             84          (i) Victims and witnesses have the right to timely notice of judicial proceedings they


             85      are to attend and timely notice of cancellation of any proceedings. Criminal justice agencies
             86      have the duty to provide these notifications. Defense counsel and others have the duty to
             87      provide timely notice to prosecution of any continuances or other changes that may be required.
             88          (j) Victims of sexual offenses have [a] the following rights:
             89          (i) the right to [be informed of their right to] request voluntary testing for themselves
             90      for HIV infection as provided in Section 76-5-503 and to request mandatory testing of the
             91      alleged sexual offender for HIV infection as provided in Section 76-5-502 [. The law
             92      enforcement office where the sexual offense is reported shall have the responsibility to inform
             93      victims of this right.];
             94          (ii) the right to be informed whether a DNA profile was obtained from the testing of
             95      the rape kit evidence or from other crime scene evidence;
             96          (iii) the right to be informed whether a DNA profile developed from the rape kit
             97      evidence or other crime scene evidence has been entered into the Utah Combined DNA Index
             98      System;
             99          (iv) the right to be informed whether there is a match between a DNA profile
             100      developed from the rape kit evidence or other crime scene evidence and a DNA profile
             101      contained in the Utah Combined DNA Index System, provided that disclosure would not
             102      impede or compromise an ongoing investigation; and
             103          (v) the right to designate a person of the victim's choosing to act as a recipient of the
             104      information provided under this Subsection (1)(j) and under Subsections (2) and (3).
             105          (k) Subsections (1)(j)(ii) through (iv) do not require that the law enforcement agency
             106      communicate with the victim or the victim's designee regarding the status of DNA testing,
             107      absent a specific request received from the victim or the victim's designee.
             108          (2) The law enforcement agency investigating a sexual offense may:
             109          (a) release the information indicated in Subsections (1)(j)(ii) through (iv) upon the
             110      request of a victim or the victim's designee and is the designated agency to provide that
             111      information to the victim or the victim's designee;
             112          (b) require that the victim's request be in writing; and


             113          (c) respond to the victim's request with verbal communication, written communication,
             114      or by email, if an email address is available.
             115          (3) The law enforcement agency investigating a sexual offense has the following
             116      authority and responsibilities:
             117          (a) If the law enforcement agency determines that DNA evidence will not be analyzed
             118      in a case where the identity of the perpetrator has not been confirmed, the law enforcement
             119      agency shall notify the victim or the victim's designee.
             120          (b) (i) If the law enforcement agency intends to destroy or dispose of rape kit evidence
             121      or other crime scene evidence from an unsolved sexual assault case, the law enforcement
             122      agency shall provide written notification of that intention and information on how to appeal the
             123      decision to the victim or the victim's designee of that intention.
             124          (ii) Written notification under this Subsection (3) shall be made not fewer than 60 days
             125      prior to the destruction or disposal of the rape kit evidence or other crime scene evidence.
             126          (c) A law enforcement agency responsible for providing information under Subsections
             127      (1)(j)(ii) through (iv), (2), and (3) shall do so in a timely manner and, upon request of the
             128      victim or the victim's designee, shall advise the victim or the victim's designee of any
             129      significant changes in the information of which the law enforcement agency is aware.
             130          (d) The law enforcement agency investigating the sexual offense is responsible for
             131      informing the victim or the victim's designee of the rights established under Subsections
             132      (1)(j)(ii) through (iv) and (2), and this Subsection (3).
             133          [(2)] (4) Informational rights of the victim under this chapter are based upon the victim
             134      providing the [victim's] current [address and telephone number] name, address, telephone
             135      number, and email address, if an email address is available, of the person to whom the
             136      information should be provided to the criminal justice agencies involved in the case.


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