7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Criminal Code regarding enforcement of shoplifting laws.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 . allows a law enforcement agency to appoint volunteers to issue citations for
13 shoplifting and for use of theft detection shielding devices;
14 . requires that the law enforcement agency provide a training program and that the
15 volunteer complete the program; and
16 . allows a retail establishment merchant to detain an individual suspected of
17 shoplifting in order to inform a volunteer authorized to issue a citation.
18 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
20 Other Special Clauses:
22 Utah Code Sections Affected:
24 76-6-603 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 306
25 77-7-18 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 322
26 77-7-20 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 65
28 76-6-602.5 , Utah Code Annotated 1953
30 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
31 Section 1. Section 76-6-602.5 is enacted to read:
32 76-6-602.5. Citations issued by volunteers -- Requirements.
33 (1) Any law enforcement agency in this state may appoint volunteers to issue citations
34 for violations of:
35 (a) the provisions of Section 76-6-602 , regarding retail theft; and
36 (b) the provisions of Section 76-6-608 , regarding theft detection shielding devices.
37 (2) A volunteer appointed under this section shall be at least 21 years of age.
38 (3) The law enforcement agency appointing a volunteer:
39 (a) shall establish a training program regarding issuing of citations under this section;
41 (b) may establish additional volunteer qualifications that the agency finds reasonable
42 and necessary.
43 (4) A volunteer may not issue citations under this section until the volunteer has
44 satisfactorily completed the training program established under Subsection (3)(a) and is
45 appointed under this section.
46 (5) A citation issued by a volunteer under this section has the same effect as a citation
47 issued by a peace officer for the same offense.
48 Section 2. Section 76-6-603 is amended to read:
49 76-6-603. Detention of suspected violator by merchant -- Purposes.
50 (1) Any merchant who has probable cause to believe that [
51 committed retail theft may detain [
52 mercantile establishment, in a reasonable manner and for a reasonable length of time [
54 (a) [
55 individual has possession of any unpurchased merchandise and to make reasonable
56 investigation of the ownership of [
57 (b) [
58 (c) [
59 (d) [
60 full view any merchandise [
61 reason to believe [
62 whether for examination, purchase, or for any other reasonable purpose;
63 (e) [
64 to the custody of a peace officer;
65 (f) inform a volunteer authorized to issue a citation under Section 76-6-602.5 ; or
67 other private person interested in the welfare of that minor immediately, if possible, of this
68 detention and to surrender custody of [
69 (2) A merchant may make a detention [
70 the premises of a retail mercantile establishment only if [
71 immediate pursuit of [
72 Section 3. Section 77-7-18 is amended to read:
73 77-7-18. Citation on misdemeanor or infraction charge.
74 Any person subject to arrest or prosecution on a misdemeanor or infraction charge may
75 be issued and delivered a citation that requires the person to appear at the court of the
76 magistrate with territorial jurisdiction. The citation may be issued by:
77 (1) a peace officer, in lieu of or in addition to taking the person into custody;
78 (2) any public official of any county or municipality charged with the enforcement of
79 the law;
80 (3) a port-of-entry agent as defined in Section 72-1-102 ;
81 (4) an animal control officer of a special service district under Title 17D, Chapter 1,
82 Special Service District Act, who is authorized to provide animal control service; [
83 (5) a volunteer authorized to issue a citation under Section 41-6a-213 [
84 (6) a volunteer authorized to issue a citation under Section 76-6-602.5 .
85 Section 4. Section 77-7-20 is amended to read:
86 77-7-20. Service of citation on defendant -- Filing in court -- Electronic filing --
87 Contents of citations.
88 (1) A peace officer [
89 citation pursuant to Section 77-7-18 shall give the citation to the person cited and shall within
90 five days electronically file the data from Subsections (2)(a) through (2)(g) with the court
91 specified in the citation. The data transmission shall use the court's electronic filing interface.
92 A nonconforming filing is not effective.
93 (2) The citation issued under authority of this chapter shall contain the following data:
94 (a) the name of the court before which the person is to appear;
95 (b) the name of the person cited;
96 (c) a brief description of the offense charged;
97 (d) the date, time, and place at which the offense is alleged to have occurred;
98 (e) the date on which the citation was issued;
99 (f) the name of the peace officer or public official who issued the citation, and the
100 name of the arresting person if an arrest was made by a private party and the citation was
101 issued in lieu of taking the arrested person before a magistrate;
102 (g) the time and date on or before and after which the person is to appear or a statement
103 that the court will notify the person of the time to appear;
104 (h) the address of the court in which the person is to appear; and
105 (i) a notice containing substantially the following language:
107 This citation is not an information and will not be used as an information without your
108 consent. If an information is filed you will be provided a copy by the court. You MUST
109 appear in court on or before the time set in this citation or as directed by the court. IF YOU
110 FAIL TO APPEAR, THE COURT MAY ISSUE A WARRANT FOR YOUR ARREST.
111 (3) By electronically filing the data with the court, the peace officer or public official
112 certifies to the court that:
113 (a) the citation or information, including the summons and complaint, was served upon
114 the defendant in accordance with the law;
115 (b) the defendant committed the offense set forth in the served documents; and
116 (c) the court to which the defendant was directed to appear is the proper court pursuant
117 to Section 77-7-21 .
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-15-14 11:20 AM
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel
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