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H.B. 181

             1     

MEDICAL WASTE INCINERATION AMENDMENTS

             2     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             3     
STATE OF UTAH

             4     
Chief Sponsor: Rebecca P. Edwards

             5     
Senate Sponsor: ____________

             6     
             7      LONG TITLE
             8      General Description:
             9          This bill modifies the duties of the Air Quality Board.
             10      Highlighted Provisions:
             11          This bill:
             12          .    requires the Air Quality Board to make rules for a facility that opens on or after
             13      January 1, 2015:
             14              .    prohibiting the incineration of infectious waste or chemotherapeutic agents
             15      unless there is no better alternative process or technique to protect human health
             16      and the environment; and
             17              .    requiring the best available control technology for a facility that treats infectious
             18      waste or chemotherapeutic agents; and
             19          .    makes technical changes.
             20      Money Appropriated in this Bill:
             21          None
             22      Other Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24      Utah Code Sections Affected:
             25      AMENDS:
             26           19-2-104 , as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapters 43 and 360
             27     


             28      Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
             29          Section 1. Section 19-2-104 is amended to read:
             30           19-2-104. Powers of board.
             31          (1) The board may make rules in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
             32      Administrative Rulemaking Act:
             33          (a) regarding the control, abatement, and prevention of air pollution from all sources
             34      and the establishment of the maximum quantity of air contaminants that may be emitted by any
             35      air contaminant source;
             36          (b) establishing air quality standards;
             37          (c) requiring persons engaged in operations which result in air pollution to:
             38          (i) install, maintain, and use emission monitoring devices, as the board finds necessary;
             39          (ii) file periodic reports containing information relating to the rate, period of emission,
             40      and composition of the air contaminant; and
             41          (iii) provide access to records relating to emissions which cause or contribute to air
             42      pollution;
             43          (d) (i) implementing:
             44          (A) Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter II, Asbestos Hazard Emergency
             45      Response, 15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.;
             46          (B) 40 C.F.R. Part 763, Asbestos; and
             47          (C) 40 C.F.R. Part 61, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,
             48      Subpart M, National Emission Standard for Asbestos; and
             49          (ii) reviewing and approving asbestos management plans submitted by local education
             50      agencies under the Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter II, Asbestos Hazard Emergency
             51      Response, 15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.;
             52          (e) establishing a requirement for a diesel emission opacity inspection and maintenance
             53      program for diesel-powered motor vehicles;
             54          (f) implementing an operating permit program as required by and in conformity with
             55      Titles IV and V of the federal Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990;
             56          (g) establishing requirements for county emissions inspection and maintenance
             57      programs after obtaining agreement from the counties that would be affected by the
             58      requirements;


             59          (h) with the approval of the governor, implementing in air quality nonattainment areas
             60      employer-based trip reduction programs applicable to businesses having more than 100
             61      employees at a single location and applicable to federal, state, and local governments to the
             62      extent necessary to attain and maintain ambient air quality standards consistent with the state
             63      implementation plan and federal requirements under the standards set forth in Subsection (2);
             64      [and]
             65          (i) implementing lead-based paint remediation training, certification, and performance
             66      requirements in accordance with 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et seq., Toxic Substances Control Act,
             67      Subchapter IV -- Lead Exposure Reduction, Sections 402 and 406[.]; and
             68          (j) for a facility that opens on or after January 1, 2015:
             69          (i) prohibiting the incineration of infectious waste or chemotherapeutic agents unless
             70      there is no better alternative process or technique to protect human health and the environment;
             71      and
             72          (ii) requiring the best available control technology for a facility that treats infectious
             73      waste or chemotherapeutic agents.
             74          (2) When implementing Subsection (1)(h) the board shall take into consideration:
             75          (a) the impact of the business on overall air quality; and
             76          (b) the need of the business to use automobiles in order to carry out its business
             77      purposes.
             78          (3) (a) The board may:
             79          (i) hold a hearing that is not an adjudicative proceeding relating to any aspect of, or
             80      matter in, the administration of this chapter;
             81          (ii) order the director to:
             82          (A) issue orders necessary to enforce the provisions of this chapter;
             83          (B) enforce the orders by appropriate administrative and judicial proceedings; or
             84          (C) institute judicial proceedings to secure compliance with this chapter; or
             85          (iii) advise, consult, contract, and cooperate with other agencies of the state, local
             86      governments, industries, other states, interstate or interlocal agencies, the federal government,
             87      or interested persons or groups.
             88          (b) The board shall:
             89          (i) to ensure compliance with applicable statutes and regulations:


             90          (A) review a settlement negotiated by the director in accordance with Subsection
             91      19-2-107 (2)(b)(viii) that requires a civil penalty of $25,000 or more; and
             92          (B) approve or disapprove the settlement;
             93          (ii) encourage voluntary cooperation by persons and affected groups to achieve the
             94      purposes of this chapter;
             95          (iii) require the owner and operator of each new source which directly emits or has the
             96      potential to emit 100 tons per year or more of any air contaminant or the owner or operator of
             97      each existing source which by modification will increase emissions or have the potential of
             98      increasing emissions by 100 tons per year or more of any air contaminant, to pay a fee
             99      sufficient to cover the reasonable costs of:
             100          (A) reviewing and acting upon the notice required under Section 19-2-108 ; and
             101          (B) implementing and enforcing requirements placed on the sources by any approval
             102      order issued pursuant to notice, not including any court costs associated with any enforcement
             103      action;
             104          (iv) meet the requirements of federal air pollution laws;
             105          (v) by rule, establish work practice, certification, and clearance air sampling
             106      requirements for persons who:
             107          (A) contract for hire to conduct demolition, renovation, salvage, encapsulation work
             108      involving friable asbestos-containing materials, or asbestos inspections if:
             109          (I) the contract work is done on a site other than a residential property with four or
             110      fewer units; or
             111          (II) the contract work is done on a residential property with four or fewer units where a
             112      tested sample contained greater than 1% of asbestos;
             113          (B) conduct work described in Subsection (3)(b)(v)(A) in areas to which the general
             114      public has unrestrained access or in school buildings that are subject to the federal Asbestos
             115      Hazard Emergency Response Act of 1986;
             116          (C) conduct asbestos inspections in facilities subject to 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et seq., Toxic
             117      Substances Control Act, Subchapter II - Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response; or
             118          (D) conduct lead paint inspections in facilities subject to 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et seq.,
             119      Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter IV -- Lead Exposure Reduction;
             120          (vi) establish certification requirements for persons required under 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et


             121      seq., Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter II - Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response, to
             122      be accredited as inspectors, management planners, abatement project designers, asbestos
             123      abatement contractors and supervisors, or asbestos abatement workers;
             124          (vii) establish certification requirements for asbestos project monitors, which shall
             125      provide for experience-based certification of persons who, prior to establishment of the
             126      certification requirements, had received relevant asbestos training, as defined by rule, and had
             127      acquired at least 1,000 hours of experience as project monitors;
             128          (viii) establish certification procedures and requirements for certification of the
             129      conversion of a motor vehicle to a clean-fuel vehicle, certifying the vehicle is eligible for the
             130      tax credit granted in Section 59-7-605 or 59-10-1009 ;
             131          (ix) establish a program to certify private sector air quality permitting professionals
             132      (AQPP), as described in Section 19-2-109.5 ;
             133          (x) establish certification requirements for persons required under 15 U.S.C.A. 2601 et
             134      seq., Toxic Control Act, Subchapter IV -- Lead Exposure Reduction, to be accredited as
             135      inspectors, risk assessors, supervisors, project designers, or abatement workers; and
             136          (xi) assist the State Board of Education in adopting school bus idling reduction
             137      standards and implementing an idling reduction program in accordance with Section
             138      41-6a-1308 .
             139          (4) Any rules adopted under this chapter shall be consistent with provisions of federal
             140      laws, if any, relating to control of motor vehicles or motor vehicle emissions.
             141          (5) Nothing in this chapter authorizes the board to require installation of or payment for
             142      any monitoring equipment by the owner or operator of a source if the owner or operator has
             143      installed or is operating monitoring equipment that is equivalent to equipment which the board
             144      would require under this section.
             145          (6) (a) The board may not require testing for asbestos or related materials on a
             146      residential property with four or fewer units, unless:
             147          (i) the property's construction was completed before January 1, 1981; or
             148          (ii) the testing is for:
             149          (A) a sprayed acoustical ceiling;
             150          (B) transite siding;
             151          (C) vinyl floor tile;


             152          (D) thermal-system insulation or tape on a duct or furnace; or
             153          (E) vermiculite type insulation materials.
             154          (b) A residential property with four or fewer units is subject to an abatement rule made
             155      under Subsection (1) or (3)(b)(v) if:
             156          (i) a sample from the property is tested for asbestos; and
             157          (ii) the sample contains asbestos measuring greater than 1%.
             158          (7) The board may not issue, amend, renew, modify, revoke, or terminate any of the
             159      following that are subject to the authority granted to the director under Section 19-2-107 or
             160      19-2-108 :
             161          (a) a permit;
             162          (b) a license;
             163          (c) a registration;
             164          (d) a certification; or
             165          (e) another administrative authorization made by the director.
             166          (8) A board member may not speak or act for the board unless the board member is
             167      authorized by a majority of a quorum of the board in a vote taken at a meeting of the board.
             168          (9) Notwithstanding Subsection (7), the board may exercise all authority granted to the
             169      board by a federally enforceable state implementation plan.




Legislative Review Note
    as of 3-4-14 5:01 PM


Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel


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