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First Substitute S.J.R. 1

Senator Stuart C. Reid proposes the following substitute bill:


             1     
JOINT RESOLUTION ON MUSEUM RECOGNIZING ATROCITIES

             2     
AGAINST AMERICAN INDIANS

             3     
2014 GENERAL SESSION

             4     
STATE OF UTAH

             5     
Chief Sponsor: Stuart C. Reid

             6     
House Sponsor: Jack R. Draxler

             7     
             8      LONG TITLE
             9      General Description:
             10          This joint resolution of the Legislature strongly urges the United States Congress to
             11      support, establish, or construct a National Museum Recognizing Atrocities Against
             12      American Indians.
             13      Highlighted Provisions:
             14          This resolution:
             15          .    strongly urges the United States Congress to take action to support, establish, or
             16      construct a commemorative monument to recognize atrocities through a Museum
             17      Recognizing Atrocities Against American Indians;
             18          .    strongly urges each of the states to pass a similar resolution; and
             19          .    strongly urges American Indian tribes to call upon Congress to support, establish, or
             20      construct the museum and to support similar resolutions in the states in which they
             21      reside.
             22      Special Clauses:
             23          None
             24     
             25      Be it resolved by the Legislature of the state of Utah:


             26          WHEREAS, the indigenous peoples of this land are the original inhabitants of land that
             27      now constitute the United States;
             28          WHEREAS, the definition of genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction of a
             29      racial, political, or cultural group;
             30          WHEREAS, genocide constitutes an atrocity towards a racial, political, or cultural
             31      group;
             32          WHEREAS, conservative estimates numbered the American Indian population in North
             33      America at approximately 10 million in 1500;
             34          WHEREAS, by 1900, the American Indian population was reduced to barely 237,000;
             35          WHEREAS, the means of this immense population reduction were caused intentionally
             36      or by disease, which was intensified by forced migration, deprivation of nutrition, and neglect
             37      after relocation to unfamiliar, barren lands;
             38          WHEREAS, American Indians were the subject of systemic federal policies that
             39      deprived them of land, liberty, livelihood, and life;
             40          WHEREAS, once an expanding nation found attractive the land occupied by American
             41      Indians for centuries, the land was often simply taken, and frequently by force;
             42          WHEREAS, American Indians, displaced by the taking of the lands of their fathers and
             43      mothers, then had their liberties further violated through forced relocation, including the young
             44      separated from their families to be sent away for schooling and assimilation;
             45          WHEREAS, American Indian tribes that resisted relocation and land takings were
             46      subdued by force and were, in some instances, pursued to extinction;
             47          WHEREAS, relocation stripped American Indians of the livelihoods they had made for
             48      centuries from their lands' often plentiful natural resources and forced them to scratch out a
             49      new life on lands with little value and few usable natural resources;
             50          WHEREAS, American Indians today, as descendants of those against whom the
             51      original atrocities were perpetrated, have great resilience;
             52          WHEREAS, through this resilience, American Indians continue to progress beyond the
             53      consequences of past atrocities;
             54          WHEREAS, the many years of genocide against American Indians is a direct assault on
             55      all of humanity;
             56          WHEREAS, establishing a Museum Recognizing Atrocities Against American Indians


             57      would not only illuminate a vital chapter in American history, but would also implore that such
             58      atrocities should never happen again; and
             59          WHEREAS, establishing a Museum Recognizing Atrocities Against American Indians
             60      would be an important step toward reconciliation and intergenerational healing from these
             61      atrocities:
             62          NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah
             63      strongly urges the United States Congress to take action to support, establish, or construct a
             64      Museum Recognizing Atrocities Against American Indians.
             65          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah strongly urges
             66      each of the states to pass a similar resolution urging the United States Congress to support,
             67      establish, or construct a Museum Recognizing Atrocities Against American Indians.
             68          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah strongly urges
             69      each American Indian tribe to call upon the United States Congress to support, establish, or
             70      construct a Museum Recognizing Atrocities Against American Indians and to support the
             71      resolutions for this purpose in the states in which the tribes reside.
             72          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a copy of this resolution be sent to the President of
             73      the United States; the Secretary of the Interior; the Assistant Secretary of Indian Affairs; the
             74      Majority Leader of the United States Senate; the Speaker of the United States House of
             75      Representatives; the chair of the United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs; the House
             76      Committee on Natural Resources' Subcommittee on Indian and Alaska Native Affairs; the
             77      leader of each legislative house in each of the other states; to each tribe, with assistance from
             78      American Indian resources; and to the members of Utah's congressional delegation.


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