7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies provisions relating to the sale or offer of an undivided fractionalized
10 long-term estate.
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 ▸ enacts the Undivided Fractionalized Long-Term Estate Sales Practices Act;
14 ▸ defines terms;
15 ▸ provides licensing and disclosure requirements for the sale or offer of an undivided
16 fractionalized long-term estate;
17 ▸ addresses the Division of Real Estate's rulemaking, investigatory, and enforcement
19 ▸ provides procedures to enforce compliance with the provisions of this bill;
20 ▸ repeals certain disclosure requirements and rulemaking authority relating to the sale
21 or offer of an undivided fractionalized long-term estate; and
22 ▸ makes technical and conforming changes.
23 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
25 Other Special Clauses:
27 Utah Code Sections Affected:
29 61-1-13, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapters 317, 319, and 354
30 61-2-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 289
31 61-2f-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166
32 61-2f-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 350
34 57-28-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 57-28-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36 57-28-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37 57-28-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
38 57-28-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39 57-28-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
40 57-28-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
41 57-28-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
42 57-28-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
43 57-28-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
45 61-2f-307, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 379
47 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
48 Section 1. Section 57-28-101 is enacted to read:
52 57-28-101. Title.
53 (1) This chapter is known as the "Undivided Fractionalized Long-Term Estate Sales
54 Practices Act."
55 (2) This part is known as "General Provisions."
56 Section 2. Section 57-28-102 is enacted to read:
57 57-28-102. Definitions.
58 As used in this chapter:
59 (1) "Commission" means the Real Estate Commission created in Section 61-2f-103.
60 (2) "Director" means the director of the Division of Real Estate.
61 (3) "Division" means the Division of Real Estate created in Section 61-2-201.
62 (4) "Management agreement" means an agreement between a person and each owner of
63 an undivided fractionalized long-term estate in a piece of real property under which the person
64 agrees to manage the leasing or operations of the real property.
65 (5) "Master lease" means an agreement under which a person is granted a leasehold
66 interest in real property and may sublease all or a portion of the real property to one or more
68 (6) "Master lease tenant" means the lessee in a master lease.
69 (7) "Sponsor" means a person who is the original seller of an undivided fractionalized
70 long-term estate.
71 (8) (a) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" means an ownership interest in real
72 property by two or more persons that is:
73 (i) a tenancy in common; or
74 (ii) a fee estate.
75 (b) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" does not include a joint tenancy.
76 Section 3. Section 57-28-201 is enacted to read:
78 57-28-201. Title.
79 This part is known as "License and Disclosure Requirements."
80 Section 4. Section 57-28-202 is enacted to read:
81 57-28-202. License required.
82 Except as provided by Section 61-2f-202, person may not offer, sell, or otherwise
83 dispose of an undivided fractionalized long-term estate unless the person is licensed by the
84 division under Title 61, Chapter 2f, Real Estate Licensing and Practices Act, as a principal
85 broker, associate broker, or sales agent.
86 Section 5. Section 57-28-203 is enacted to read:
87 57-28-203. Required disclosures.
88 (1) A person who sells or offers to sell an undivided fractionalized long-term estate
89 shall provide each prospective purchaser a written disclosure, related to the real property in
90 which the undivided fractionalized long-term estate is offered, that:
91 (a) if applicable:
92 (i) includes a copy of any master lease agreement; and
93 (ii) states whether the sponsor is the master lease tenant or an affiliate of the master
94 lease tenant;
95 (b) includes any material information that relates to a current lease or sublease that
96 affects the real property in which the undivided fractionalized long-term estate is offered;
97 (c) includes a copy of:
98 (i) a tenants in common agreement; or
99 (ii) an agreement that forms the substance of the undivided fractionalized long-term
100 estate and includes a definition of the undivided fractionalized interest;
101 (d) describes any improvements to the real property in which the undivided
102 fractionalized long-term estate is offered;
103 (e) includes a copy of any management agreement;
104 (f) describes the relationship, if any, between each property manager and the sponsor;
106 (g) includes any additional Ĥ→ material ←Ĥ information Ĥ→ , as determined by the
106a commission by rule in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative
106b Rulemaking Act, ←Ĥ that Ĥ→:
106c (i) is reasonably available to the person selling or offering the undivided
106d fractionalized long-term estate; and
106e (ii)←Ĥ an ordinarily prudent Ĥ→ [
107 Ĥ→ [
108 estate, as determined by the commission by rule in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
109 Administrative Rulemaking Act
109a fractionalized long-term estate ←Ĥ .
110 (2) A person who sells or offers to sell an undivided fractionalized long-term estate
111 shall provide the written disclosure described in Subsection (1) to the prospective purchaser at
112 least 48 hours before the prospective purchaser signs an agreement to purchase the undivided
113 fractionalized long-term estate.
114 Section 6. Section 57-28-301 is enacted to read:
116 57-28-301. Title.
117 This part is known as "Investigation and Enforcement."
118 Section 7. Section 57-28-302 is enacted to read:
119 57-28-302. Rulemaking.
120 In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, and
121 consistent with this chapter, the division may make rules governing:
122 (1) the form of the disclosures required under this chapter; and
123 (2) enforcement of the provisions of this chapter.
124 Section 8. Section 57-28-303 is enacted to read:
125 57-28-303. Investigatory powers and proceedings of division.
126 (1) The division may:
127 (a) conduct a public or private investigation to determine whether a person has violated
128 or is about to violate a provision of this chapter; and
129 (b) require or allow a person to file a written statement with the division that relates to
130 the facts and circumstances concerning a matter to be investigated.
131 (2) For the purpose of an investigation or proceeding under this chapter, the division
133 (a) administer oaths or affirmations; and
134 (b) upon the division's own initiative or upon the request of any party:
135 (i) subpoena a witness;
136 (ii) compel a witness's attendance;
137 (iii) take evidence; or
138 (iv) require the production of any information or item that is relevant to the
139 investigation, including:
140 (A) the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books,
141 electronic records, documents, or other tangible records;
142 (B) the identity and location of any person that has knowledge of relevant facts; or
143 (C) any other information or item that is reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery
144 of material evidence.
145 (3) If a person fails to obey a subpoena or other request made in accordance with this
146 section, the division may file an action in district court for an order compelling compliance.
147 Section 9. Section 57-28-304 is enacted to read:
148 57-28-304. Enforcement.
149 (1) (a) If the director believes that a person has been or is engaging in conduct that
150 violates this chapter, the director:
151 (i) shall issue and serve upon the person a cease and desist order; and
152 (ii) may order the person to take any action necessary to carry out the purposes of this
154 (b) (i) A person served with an order under Subsection (1)(a) may request a hearing
155 within 10 days after the day on which the person is served.
156 (ii) (A) If a person requests a hearing in accordance with Subsection (1)(b)(i) the
157 director shall schedule a hearing to take place no more than 30 days after the day on which the
158 director receives the request.
159 (B) The cease and desist order remains in effect pending the hearing.
160 (iii) If the director fails to schedule a hearing in accordance with Subsection
161 (1)(b)(ii)(A), the cease and desist order is vacated.
162 (c) The division shall conduct a hearing described in Subsection (1)(b) in accordance
163 with Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act.
164 (2) After a hearing described in Subsection (1)(b):
165 (a) if the director finds that the person violated this chapter, the director may issue a
166 final order making the cease and desist order permanent; or
167 (b) if the director finds that the person did not violate this chapter, the director shall
168 vacate the cease and desist order.
169 (3) If a person served with an order under subsection (1)(a) does not request a hearing
170 and the person fails to comply with the director's order, the director may file suit in district
171 court in the name of the Department of Commerce and the Division of Real Estate to enjoin the
172 person from violating this chapter.
173 (4) The remedies and action provided in this section are not exclusive but are in
174 addition to any other remedies or actions available under Section 57-28-306.
175 Section 10. Section 57-28-305 is enacted to read:
176 57-28-305. Voidable agreements.
177 (1) (a) If a seller violates a provision of this chapter in entering into an agreement to
178 purchase an undivided fractionalized long-term estate, the purchaser may rescind the
180 (b) A purchaser may rescind an agreement under Subsection (1) at any time before the
182 (2) A purchaser who rescinds an agreement in accordance with Subsection (1) is
183 entitled to all the consideration that the purchaser gave under the rescinded agreement.
184 (3) In an action to enforce a purchaser's right of rescission under Subsection (1), the
185 court shall award costs and reasonable attorney fees to the prevailing party.
186 Section 11. Section 61-1-13 is amended to read:
187 61-1-13. Definitions.
188 (1) As used in this chapter:
189 (a) "Affiliate" means a person that, directly or indirectly, through one or more
190 intermediaries, controls or is controlled by, or is under common control with a person
192 (b) (i) "Agent" means an individual other than a broker-dealer who represents a
193 broker-dealer or issuer in effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities.
194 (ii) "Agent" does not include an individual who represents:
195 (A) an issuer, who receives no commission or other remuneration, directly or
196 indirectly, for effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities in this state, and
197 who effects transactions:
198 (I) in securities exempted by Subsection 61-1-14(1)(a), (b), (c), or (g);
199 (II) exempted by Subsection 61-1-14(2);
200 (III) in a covered security as described in Sections 18(b)(3) and 18(b)(4)(D) of the
201 Securities Act of 1933; or
202 (IV) with existing employees, partners, officers, or directors of the issuer; or
203 (B) a broker-dealer in effecting transactions in this state limited to those transactions
204 described in Section 15(h)(2) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
205 (iii) A partner, officer, or director of a broker-dealer or issuer, or a person occupying a
206 similar status or performing similar functions, is an agent only if the partner, officer, director,
207 or person otherwise comes within the definition of "agent."
208 (iv) "Agent" does not include a person described in Subsection (3).
209 (c) (i) "Broker-dealer" means a person engaged in the business of effecting transactions
210 in securities for the account of others or for the person's own account.
211 (ii) "Broker-dealer" does not include:
212 (A) an agent;
213 (B) an issuer;
214 (C) a depository institution or trust company;
215 (D) a person who has no place of business in this state if:
216 (I) the person effects transactions in this state exclusively with or through:
217 (Aa) the issuers of the securities involved in the transactions;
218 (Bb) other broker-dealers;
219 (Cc) a depository institution, whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
220 (Dd) a trust company, whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
221 (Ee) an insurance company, whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
222 (Ff) an investment company, as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940,
223 whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
224 (Gg) a pension or profit-sharing trust, whether acting for itself or as a trustee; or
225 (Hh) another financial institution or institutional buyer, whether acting for itself or as a
226 trustee; or
227 (II) during any period of 12 consecutive months the person does not direct more than
228 15 offers to sell or buy into this state in any manner to persons other than those specified in
229 Subsection (1)(c)(ii)(D)(I), whether or not the offeror or an offeree is then present in this state;
230 (E) a general partner who organizes and effects transactions in securities of three or
231 fewer limited partnerships, of which the person is the general partner, in any period of 12
232 consecutive months;
233 (F) a person whose participation in transactions in securities is confined to those
234 transactions made by or through a broker-dealer licensed in this state;
235 (G) a person who is a principal broker or associate broker licensed in this state and
236 who effects transactions in a bond or other evidence of indebtedness secured by a real or chattel
237 mortgage or deed of trust, or by an agreement for the sale of real estate or chattels, if the entire
238 mortgage, deed of trust, or agreement, together with all the bonds or other evidences of
239 indebtedness secured thereby, is offered and sold as a unit;
240 (H) a person effecting transactions in commodity contracts or commodity options;
241 (I) a person described in Subsection (3); or
242 (J) other persons as the division, by rule or order, may designate, consistent with the
243 public interest and protection of investors, as not within the intent of this Subsection (1)(c).
244 (d) "Buy" or "purchase" means a contract for purchase of, contract to buy, or
245 acquisition of a security or interest in a security for value.
246 (e) "Commission" means the Securities Commission created in Section 61-1-18.5.
247 (f) "Commodity" means, except as otherwise specified by the division by rule:
248 (i) an agricultural, grain, or livestock product or byproduct, except real property or a
249 timber, agricultural, or livestock product grown or raised on real property and offered or sold
250 by the owner or lessee of the real property;
251 (ii) a metal or mineral, including a precious metal, except a numismatic coin whose fair
252 market value is at least 15% greater than the value of the metal it contains;
253 (iii) a gem or gemstone, whether characterized as precious, semi-precious, or
255 (iv) a fuel, whether liquid, gaseous, or otherwise;
256 (v) a foreign currency; and
257 (vi) all other goods, articles, products, or items of any kind, except a work of art
258 offered or sold by art dealers, at public auction or offered or sold through a private sale by the
259 owner of the work.
260 (g) (i) "Commodity contract" means an account, agreement, or contract for the
261 purchase or sale, primarily for speculation or investment purposes and not for use or
262 consumption by the offeree or purchaser, of one or more commodities, whether for immediate
263 or subsequent delivery or whether delivery is intended by the parties, and whether characterized
264 as a cash contract, deferred shipment or deferred delivery contract, forward contract, futures
265 contract, installment or margin contract, leverage contract, or otherwise.
266 (ii) A commodity contract offered or sold shall, in the absence of evidence to the
267 contrary, be presumed to be offered or sold for speculation or investment purposes.
268 (iii) (A) A commodity contract may not include a contract or agreement that requires,
269 and under which the purchaser receives, within 28 calendar days from the payment in good
270 funds any portion of the purchase price, physical delivery of the total amount of each
271 commodity to be purchased under the contract or agreement.
272 (B) A purchaser is not considered to have received physical delivery of the total
273 amount of each commodity to be purchased under the contract or agreement when the
274 commodity or commodities are held as collateral for a loan or are subject to a lien of any
275 person when the loan or lien arises in connection with the purchase of each commodity or
277 (h) (i) "Commodity option" means an account, agreement, or contract giving a party to
278 the option the right but not the obligation to purchase or sell one or more commodities or one
279 or more commodity contracts, or both whether characterized as an option, privilege, indemnity,
280 bid, offer, put, call, advance guaranty, decline guaranty, or otherwise.
281 (ii) "Commodity option" does not include an option traded on a national securities
282 exchange registered:
283 (A) with the Securities and Exchange Commission; or
284 (B) on a board of trade designated as a contract market by the Commodity Futures
285 Trading Commission.
286 (i) "Depository institution" is as defined in Section 7-1-103.
287 (j) "Director" means the director of the division appointed in accordance with Section
289 (k) "Division" means the Division of Securities established by Section 61-1-18.
290 (l) "Executive director" means the executive director of the Department of Commerce.
291 (m) "Federal covered adviser" means a person who:
292 (i) is registered under Section 203 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940; or
293 (ii) is excluded from the definition of "investment adviser" under Section 202(a)(11) of
294 the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
295 (n) "Federal covered security" means a security that is a covered security under Section
296 18(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 or rules or regulations promulgated under Section 18(b) of
297 the Securities Act of 1933.
298 (o) "Fraud," "deceit," and "defraud" are not limited to their common-law meanings.
299 (p) "Guaranteed" means guaranteed as to payment of principal or interest as to debt
300 securities, or dividends as to equity securities.
301 (q) (i) "Investment adviser" means a person who:
302 (A) for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or
303 through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of
304 investing in, purchasing, or selling securities; or
305 (B) for compensation and as a part of a regular business, issues or promulgates
306 analyses or reports concerning securities.
307 (ii) "Investment adviser" includes a financial planner or other person who:
308 (A) as an integral component of other financially related services, provides the
309 investment advisory services described in Subsection (1)(q)(i) to others for compensation and
310 as part of a business; or
311 (B) holds the person out as providing the investment advisory services described in
312 Subsection (1)(q)(i) to others for compensation.
313 (iii) "Investment adviser" does not include:
314 (A) an investment adviser representative;
315 (B) a depository institution or trust company;
316 (C) a lawyer, accountant, engineer, or teacher whose performance of these services is
317 solely incidental to the practice of the profession;
318 (D) a broker-dealer or its agent whose performance of these services is solely
319 incidental to the conduct of its business as a broker-dealer and who receives no special
320 compensation for the services;
321 (E) a publisher of a bona fide newspaper, news column, news letter, news magazine, or
322 business or financial publication or service, of general, regular, and paid circulation, whether
323 communicated in hard copy form, or by electronic means, or otherwise, that does not consist of
324 the rendering of advice on the basis of the specific investment situation of each client;
325 (F) a person who is a federal covered adviser;
326 (G) a person described in Subsection (3); or
327 (H) such other persons not within the intent of this Subsection (1)(q) as the division
328 may by rule or order designate.
329 (r) (i) "Investment adviser representative" means a partner, officer, director of, or a
330 person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, or other individual, except
331 clerical or ministerial personnel, who:
332 (A) (I) is employed by or associated with an investment adviser who is licensed or
333 required to be licensed under this chapter; or
334 (II) has a place of business located in this state and is employed by or associated with a
335 federal covered adviser; and
336 (B) does any of the following:
337 (I) makes a recommendation or otherwise renders advice regarding securities;
338 (II) manages accounts or portfolios of clients;
339 (III) determines which recommendation or advice regarding securities should be given;
340 (IV) solicits, offers, or negotiates for the sale of or sells investment advisory services;
342 (V) supervises employees who perform any of the acts described in this Subsection
344 (ii) "Investment adviser representative" does not include a person described in
345 Subsection (3).
346 (s) "Investment contract" includes:
347 (i) an investment in a common enterprise with the expectation of profit to be derived
348 through the essential managerial efforts of someone other than the investor; or
349 (ii) an investment by which:
350 (A) an offeree furnishes initial value to an offerer;
351 (B) a portion of the initial value is subjected to the risks of the enterprise;
352 (C) the furnishing of the initial value is induced by the offerer's promises or
353 representations that give rise to a reasonable understanding that a valuable benefit of some kind
354 over and above the initial value will accrue to the offeree as a result of the operation of the
355 enterprise; and
356 (D) the offeree does not receive the right to exercise practical and actual control over
357 the managerial decisions of the enterprise.
358 (t) "Isolated transaction" means not more than a total of two transactions that occur
359 anywhere during six consecutive months.
360 (u) (i) "Issuer" means a person who issues or proposes to issue a security or has
361 outstanding a security that it has issued.
362 (ii) With respect to a preorganization certificate or subscription, "issuer" means the one
363 or more promoters of the person to be organized.
364 (iii) "Issuer" means the one or more persons performing the acts and assuming duties
365 of a depositor or manager under the provisions of the trust or other agreement or instrument
366 under which the security is issued with respect to:
367 (A) interests in trusts, including collateral trust certificates, voting trust certificates, and
368 certificates of deposit for securities; or
369 (B) shares in an investment company without a board of directors.
370 (iv) With respect to an equipment trust certificate, a conditional sales contract, or
371 similar securities serving the same purpose, "issuer" means the person by whom the equipment
372 or property is to be used.
373 (v) With respect to interests in partnerships, general or limited, "issuer" means the
374 partnership itself and not the general partner or partners.
375 (vi) With respect to certificates of interest or participation in oil, gas, or mining titles or
376 leases or in payment out of production under the titles or leases, "issuer" means the owner of
377 the title or lease or right of production, whether whole or fractional, who creates fractional
378 interests therein for the purpose of sale.
379 (v) (i) "Life settlement interest" means the entire interest or a fractional interest in any
380 of the following that is the subject of a life settlement:
381 (A) a policy; or
382 (B) the death benefit under a policy.
383 (ii) "Life settlement interest" does not include the initial purchase from the owner by a
384 life settlement provider.
385 (w) "Nonissuer" means not directly or indirectly for the benefit of the issuer.
386 (x) "Person" means:
387 (i) an individual;
388 (ii) a corporation;
389 (iii) a partnership;
390 (iv) a limited liability company;
391 (v) an association;
392 (vi) a joint-stock company;
393 (vii) a joint venture;
394 (viii) a trust where the interests of the beneficiaries are evidenced by a security;
395 (ix) an unincorporated organization;
396 (x) a government; or
397 (xi) a political subdivision of a government.
398 (y) "Precious metal" means the following, whether in coin, bullion, or other form:
399 (i) silver;
400 (ii) gold;
401 (iii) platinum;
402 (iv) palladium;
403 (v) copper; and
404 (vi) such other substances as the division may specify by rule.
405 (z) "Promoter" means a person who, acting alone or in concert with one or more
406 persons, takes initiative in founding or organizing the business or enterprise of a person.
407 (aa) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(aa)(ii), "record" means information that
409 (A) inscribed in a tangible medium; or
410 (B) (I) stored in an electronic or other medium; and
411 (II) retrievable in perceivable form.
412 (ii) This Subsection (1)(aa) does not apply when the context requires otherwise,
413 including when "record" is used in the following phrases:
414 (A) "of record";
415 (B) "official record"; or
416 (C) "public record."
417 (bb) (i) "Sale" or "sell" includes a contract for sale of, contract to sell, or disposition of,
418 a security or interest in a security for value.
419 (ii) "Offer" or "offer to sell" includes an attempt or offer to dispose of, or solicitation of
420 an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value.
421 (iii) The following are examples of the definitions in Subsection (1)(bb)(i) or (ii):
422 (A) a security given or delivered with or as a bonus on account of a purchase of a
423 security or any other thing, is part of the subject of the purchase, and is offered and sold for
425 (B) a purported gift of assessable stock is an offer or sale as is each assessment levied
426 on the stock;
427 (C) an offer or sale of a security that is convertible into, or entitles its holder to acquire
428 or subscribe to another security of the same or another issuer is an offer or sale of that security,
429 and also an offer of the other security, whether the right to convert or acquire is exercisable
430 immediately or in the future;
431 (D) a conversion or exchange of one security for another constitutes an offer or sale of
432 the security received in a conversion or exchange, and the offer to buy or the purchase of the
433 security converted or exchanged;
434 (E) securities distributed as a dividend wherein the person receiving the dividend
435 surrenders the right, or the alternative right, to receive a cash or property dividend is an offer or
437 (F) a dividend of a security of another issuer is an offer or sale; or
438 (G) the issuance of a security under a merger, consolidation, reorganization,
439 recapitalization, reclassification, or acquisition of assets constitutes the offer or sale of the
440 security issued as well as the offer to buy or the purchase of a security surrendered in
441 connection therewith, unless the sole purpose of the transaction is to change the issuer's
443 (iv) The terms defined in Subsections (1)(bb)(i) and (ii) do not include:
444 (A) a good faith gift;
445 (B) a transfer by death;
446 (C) a transfer by termination of a trust or of a beneficial interest in a trust;
447 (D) a security dividend not within Subsection (1)(bb)(iii)(E) or (F); or
448 (E) a securities split or reverse split.
449 (cc) "Securities Act of 1933," "Securities Exchange Act of 1934," and "Investment
450 Company Act of 1940" mean the federal statutes of those names as amended before or after the
451 effective date of this chapter.
452 (dd) "Securities Exchange Commission" means the United States Securities Exchange
453 Commission created by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
454 (ee) (i) "Security" means a:
455 (A) note;
456 (B) stock;
457 (C) treasury stock;
458 (D) bond;
459 (E) debenture;
460 (F) evidence of indebtedness;
461 (G) certificate of interest or participation in a profit-sharing agreement;
462 (H) collateral-trust certificate;
463 (I) preorganization certificate or subscription;
464 (J) transferable share;
465 (K) investment contract;
466 (L) burial certificate or burial contract;
467 (M) voting-trust certificate;
468 (N) certificate of deposit for a security;
469 (O) certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in
470 payments out of production under such a title or lease;
471 (P) commodity contract or commodity option;
472 (Q) interest in a limited liability company;
473 (R) life settlement interest; or
474 (S) in general, an interest or instrument commonly known as a "security," or a
475 certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for,
476 guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase an item listed in Subsections
477 (1)(ee)(i)(A) through (R).
478 (ii) "Security" does not include:
479 (A) an insurance or endowment policy or annuity contract under which an insurance
480 company promises to pay money in a lump sum or periodically for life or some other specified
482 (B) an interest in a limited liability company in which the limited liability company is
483 formed as part of an estate plan where all of the members are related by blood or marriage, or
484 the person claiming this exception can prove that all of the members are actively engaged in the
485 management of the limited liability company; or
486 (C) (I) a whole long-term estate in real property;
487 (II) an undivided fractionalized long-term estate in real property that consists of 10 or
488 fewer owners; or
489 (III) an undivided fractionalized long-term estate in real property that consists of more
490 than 10 owners if, when the real property estate is subject to a management agreement:
491 (Aa) the management agreement permits a simple majority of owners of the real
492 property estate to not renew or to terminate the management agreement at the earlier of the end
493 of the management agreement's current term, or 180 days after the day on which the owners
494 give notice of termination to the manager; and
495 (Bb) the management agreement prohibits, directly or indirectly, the lending of the
496 proceeds earned from the real property estate or the use or pledge of its assets to a person or
497 entity affiliated with or under common control of the manager[
500 (iii) For purposes of Subsection (1)(ee)(ii)(B), evidence that members vote or have the
501 right to vote, or the right to information concerning the business and affairs of the limited
502 liability company, or the right to participate in management, may not establish, without more,
503 that all members are actively engaged in the management of the limited liability company.
504 (ff) "State" means a state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of
505 Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
506 (gg) [
511 (ii) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" does not include a joint tenancy.
512 (hh) "Undue influence" means that a person uses a relationship or position of authority,
513 trust, or confidence:
514 (i) that is unrelated to a relationship created:
515 (A) in the ordinary course of making investments regulated under this chapter; or
516 (B) by a licensee providing services under this chapter;
517 (ii) that results in:
518 (A) an investor perceiving the person as having heightened credibility, personal
519 trustworthiness, or dependability; or
520 (B) the person having special access to or control of an investor's financial resources,
521 information, or circumstances; and
522 (iii) to:
523 (A) exploit the trust, dependence, or fear of the investor;
524 (B) knowingly assist or cause another to exploit the trust, dependence, or fear of the
525 investor; or
526 (C) gain control deceptively over the decision making of the investor.
527 (ii) "Vulnerable adult" means an individual whose age or mental or physical
528 impairment substantially affects that individual's ability to:
529 (i) manage the individual's resources; or
530 (ii) comprehend the nature and consequences of making an investment decision.
531 (jj) "Whole long-term estate" means a person owns or persons through joint tenancy
532 own real property through a fee estate.
533 (kk) "Working days" means 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, exclusive of
534 legal holidays listed in Section 63G-1-301.
535 (2) A term not defined in this section shall have the meaning as established by division
536 rule. The meaning of a term neither defined in this section nor by rule of the division shall be
537 the meaning commonly accepted in the business community.
538 (3) (a) This Subsection (3) applies to the offer or sale of a real property estate
539 exempted from the definition of security under Subsection (1)(ee)(ii)(C).
540 (b) A person who, directly or indirectly receives compensation in connection with the
541 offer or sale as provided in this Subsection (3) of a real property estate is not an agent,
542 broker-dealer, investment adviser, or investment adviser representative under this chapter if
543 that person is licensed under Chapter 2f, Real Estate Licensing and Practices Act, as:
544 (i) a principal broker;
545 (ii) an associate broker; or
546 (iii) a sales agent.
547 Section 12. Section 61-2-201 is amended to read:
548 61-2-201. Division of Real Estate created -- Director appointed -- Personnel.
549 (1) There is created within the department a Division of Real Estate. The division is
550 responsible for the administration and enforcement of:
551 (a) this chapter;
552 (b) Title 57, Chapter 11, Utah Uniform Land Sales Practices Act;
553 (c) Title 57, Chapter 19, Timeshare and Camp Resort Act;
554 (d) Title 57, Chapter 23, Real Estate Cooperative Marketing Act;
555 (e) Title 57, Chapter 28, Undivided Fractionalized Long-Term Estate Sales Practices
562 (2) The division is under the direction and control of a director appointed by the
563 executive director of the department with the approval of the governor. The director holds the
564 office of director at the pleasure of the governor.
565 (3) The director, with the approval of the executive director, may employ personnel
566 necessary to discharge the duties of the division at salaries to be fixed by the director according
567 to standards established by the Department of Administrative Services.
568 Section 13. Section 61-2f-102 is amended to read:
569 61-2f-102. Definitions.
570 As used in this chapter:
571 (1) "Associate broker" means an individual who is:
572 (a) employed or engaged as an independent contractor by or on behalf of a principal
573 broker to perform an act set out in Subsection (18) for valuable consideration; and
574 (b) licensed under this chapter as an associate broker.
575 (2) "Branch office" means a principal broker's real estate brokerage office that is not
576 the principal broker's main office.
577 (3) "Business day" means a day other than:
578 (a) a Saturday;
579 (b) a Sunday; or
580 (c) a federal or state holiday.
581 (4) "Business opportunity" means the sale, lease, or exchange of any business that
582 includes an interest in real estate.
583 (5) "Commission" means the Real Estate Commission established under this chapter.
584 (6) "Concurrence" means the entities given a concurring role must jointly agree for
585 action to be taken.
587 owners acting as a group in accordance with declarations and bylaws.
589 operated as a hotel.
590 (b) "Condominium hotel" does not mean a hotel consisting of condominium units, all
591 of which are owned by a single entity.
594 (10) "Director" means the director of the Division of Real Estate.
595 (11) "Division" means the Division of Real Estate.
596 (12) "Entity" means:
597 (a) a corporation;
598 (b) a partnership;
599 (c) a limited liability company;
600 (d) a company;
601 (e) an association;
602 (f) a joint venture;
603 (g) a business trust;
604 (h) a trust; or
605 (i) any organization similar to an entity described in Subsections (12)(a) through (h).
606 (13) "Executive director" means the director of the Department of Commerce.
607 (14) "Foreclosure rescue" means, for compensation or with the expectation of receiving
608 valuable consideration, to:
609 (a) engage, or offer to engage, in an act that:
610 (i) the person represents will assist a borrower in preventing a foreclosure; and
611 (ii) relates to a transaction involving the transfer of title to residential real property; or
612 (b) as an employee or agent of another person:
613 (i) solicit, or offer that the other person will engage in an act described in Subsection
614 (14)(a); or
615 (ii) negotiate terms in relationship to an act described in Subsection (14)(a).
616 (15) "Loan modification assistance" means, for compensation or with the expectation
617 of receiving valuable consideration, to:
618 (a) act, or offer to act, on behalf of a person to:
619 (i) obtain a loan term of a residential mortgage loan that is different from an existing
620 loan term, including:
621 (A) an increase or decrease in an interest rate;
622 (B) a change to the type of interest rate;
623 (C) an increase or decrease in the principal amount of the residential mortgage loan;
624 (D) a change in the number of required period payments;
625 (E) an addition of collateral;
626 (F) a change to, or addition of, a prepayment penalty;
627 (G) an addition of a cosigner; or
628 (H) a change in persons obligated under the existing residential mortgage loan; or
629 (ii) substitute a new residential mortgage loan for an existing residential mortgage loan;
631 (b) as an employee or agent of another person:
632 (i) solicit, or offer that the other person will engage in an act described in Subsection
633 (15)(a); or
634 (ii) negotiate terms in relationship to an act described in Subsection (15)(a).
635 (16) "Main office" means the address which a principal broker designates with the
636 division as the principal broker's primary brokerage office.
637 (17) "Person" means an individual or entity.
638 (18) "Principal broker" means an individual who is licensed as a principal broker under
639 this chapter and who:
640 (a) (i) sells or lists for sale real estate, including real estate being sold as part of a
641 foreclosure rescue, or a business opportunity with the expectation of receiving valuable
643 (ii) buys, exchanges, or auctions real estate, an option on real estate, a business
644 opportunity, or an improvement on real estate with the expectation of receiving valuable
645 consideration; or
646 (iii) advertises, offers, attempts, or otherwise holds the individual out to be engaged in
647 the business described in Subsection (18)(a)(i) or (ii);
648 (b) is employed by or on behalf of the owner of real estate or by a prospective
649 purchaser of real estate and performs an act described in Subsection (18)(a), whether the
650 individual's compensation is at a stated salary, a commission basis, upon a salary and
651 commission basis, or otherwise;
652 (c) (i) with the expectation of receiving valuable consideration, manages property
653 owned by another person; or
654 (ii) advertises or otherwise holds the individual out to be engaged in property
656 (d) with the expectation of receiving valuable consideration, assists or directs in the
657 procurement of prospects for or the negotiation of a transaction listed in Subsections (18)(a)
658 and (c);
659 (e) except for a mortgage lender, title insurance producer, or an employee of a
660 mortgage lender or title insurance producer, assists or directs in the closing of a real estate
661 transaction with the expectation of receiving valuable consideration; or
662 (f) (i) engages in foreclosure rescue; or
663 (ii) advertises, offers, attempts, or otherwise holds the person out as being engaged in
664 foreclosure rescue.
665 (19) (a) "Property management" means engaging in, with the expectation of receiving
666 valuable consideration, the management of real estate owned by another person or advertising
667 or otherwise claiming to be engaged in property management by:
668 (i) advertising for, arranging, negotiating, offering, or otherwise attempting or
669 participating in a transaction calculated to secure the rental or leasing of real estate;
670 (ii) collecting, agreeing, offering, or otherwise attempting to collect rent for the real
671 estate and accounting for and disbursing the money collected; or
672 (iii) authorizing expenditures for repairs to the real estate.
673 (b) "Property management" does not include:
674 (i) hotel or motel management;
675 (ii) rental of tourist accommodations, including hotels, motels, tourist homes,
676 condominiums, condominium hotels, mobile home park accommodations, campgrounds, or
677 similar public accommodations for a period of less than 30 consecutive days, and the
678 management activities associated with these rentals; or
679 (iii) the leasing or management of surface or subsurface minerals or oil and gas
680 interests, if the leasing or management is separate from a sale or lease of the surface estate.
681 (20) "Real estate" includes leaseholds and business opportunities involving real
683 (21) (a) "Regular salaried employee" means an individual who performs a service for
684 wages or other remuneration, whose employer withholds federal employment taxes under a
685 contract of hire, written or oral, express or implied.
686 (b) "Regular salaried employee" does not include an individual who performs services
687 on a project-by-project basis or on a commission basis.
688 (22) "Reinstatement" means restoring a license that has expired or has been suspended.
689 (23) "Reissuance" means the process by which a licensee may obtain a license
690 following revocation of the license.
691 (24) "Renewal" means extending a license for an additional licensing period on or
692 before the date the license expires.
693 (25) "Sales agent" means an individual who is:
694 (a) affiliated with a principal broker, either as an independent contractor or an
695 employee as provided in Section 61-2f-303, to perform for valuable consideration an act
696 described in Subsection (18); and
697 (b) licensed under this chapter as a sales agent.
706 Section 14. Section 61-2f-103 is amended to read:
707 61-2f-103. Real Estate Commission.
708 (1) There is created within the division a Real Estate Commission. The commission
710 (a) in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act,
711 make rules for the administration of this chapter that are not inconsistent with this chapter,
713 (i) licensing of:
714 (A) a principal broker;
715 (B) an associate broker; and
716 (C) a sales agent;
717 (ii) registration of:
718 (A) an entity; and
719 (B) a branch office;
720 (iii) prelicensing and postlicensing education curricula;
721 (iv) examination procedures;
722 (v) the certification and conduct of:
723 (A) a real estate school;
724 (B) a course provider; or
725 (C) an instructor;
726 (vi) proper handling of money received by a licensee under this chapter;
727 (vii) brokerage office procedures and recordkeeping requirements;
728 (viii) property management;
729 (ix) standards of conduct for a licensee under this chapter; and
733 61-2f-306(3) regarding a legal form;
734 (b) establish, with the concurrence of the division, a fee provided for in this chapter,
735 except a fee imposed under Part 5, Real Estate Education, Research, and Recovery Fund Act;
736 (c) conduct an administrative hearing not delegated by the commission to an
737 administrative law judge or the division relating to the:
738 (i) licensing of an applicant;
739 (ii) conduct of a licensee;
740 (iii) the certification or conduct of a real estate school, course provider, or instructor
741 regulated under this chapter; or
742 (iv) violation of this chapter by any person;
743 (d) with the concurrence of the director, impose a sanction as provided in Section
745 (e) advise the director on the administration and enforcement of a matter affecting the
746 division and the real estate sales and property management industries;
747 (f) advise the director on matters affecting the division budget;
748 (g) advise and assist the director in conducting real estate seminars; and
749 (h) perform other duties as provided by this chapter.
750 (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b), a state entity may not, without the
751 concurrence of the commission, make a rule that changes the rights, duties, or obligations of
752 buyers, sellers, or persons licensed under this chapter in relation to a real estate transaction
753 between private parties.
754 (b) Subsection (2)(a) does not apply to a rule made:
755 (i) under Title 31A, Insurance Code, or Title 7, Financial Institutions Act; or
756 (ii) by the Department of Commerce or any division or other rulemaking body within
757 the Department of Commerce.
758 (3) (a) The commission shall be comprised of five members appointed by the governor
759 and approved by the Senate.
760 (b) Four of the commission members shall:
761 (i) have at least five years' experience in the real estate business; and
762 (ii) hold an active principal broker, associate broker, or sales agent license.
763 (c) One commission member shall be a member of the general public.
764 (d) The governor may not appoint a commission member described in Subsection
765 (3)(b) who, at the time of appointment, resides in the same county in the state as another
766 commission member.
767 (e) At least one commission member described in Subsection (3)(b) shall at the time of
768 an appointment reside in a county that is not a county of the first or second class.
769 (4) (a) Except as required by Subsection (4)(b), as terms of current commission
770 members expire, the governor shall appoint each new member or reappointed member to a
771 four-year term ending June 30.
772 (b) Notwithstanding the requirements of Subsection (4)(a), the governor shall, at the
773 time of appointment or reappointment, adjust the length of terms to ensure that the terms of
774 commission members are staggered so that approximately half of the commission is appointed
775 every two years.
776 (c) Upon the expiration of the term of a member of the commission, the member of the
777 commission shall continue to hold office until a successor is appointed and qualified.
778 (d) A commission member may not serve more than two consecutive terms.
779 (e) Members of the commission shall annually select one member to serve as chair.
780 (5) When a vacancy occurs in the membership for any reason, the governor, with the
781 consent of the Senate, shall appoint a replacement for the unexpired term.
782 (6) A member may not receive compensation or benefits for the member's service, but
783 may receive per diem and travel expenses in accordance with:
784 (a) Section 63A-3-106;
785 (b) Section 63A-3-107; and
786 (c) rules made by the Division of Finance pursuant to Sections 63A-3-106 and
788 (7) (a) The commission shall meet at least monthly.
789 (b) The director may call additional meetings:
790 (i) at the director's discretion;
791 (ii) upon the request of the chair; or
792 (iii) upon the written request of three or more commission members.
793 (8) Three members of the commission constitute a quorum for the transaction of
795 Section 15. Repealer.
796 This bill repeals:
797 Section 61-2f-307, Rulemaking required for offer or sale of an undivided
798 fractionalized long-term estate -- Disclosures -- Management agreement.