8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill amends provisions related to municipal candidate campaign finance
11 disclosures and personal use expenditures.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 ▸ defines terms;
15 ▸ authorizes a municipality to adopt more stringent campaign finance disclosure
16 requirements and definitions;
17 ▸ clarifies campaign finance filing deadlines;
18 ▸ authorizes a municipality to adopt more stringent personal use expenditure
19 requirements and definitions;
20 ▸ prohibits a municipal candidate from making a personal use expenditure;
21 ▸ provides that a municipality may adopt an ordinance to identify personal use
22 expenditure violations and enforce prohibitions; and
23 ▸ makes technical and conforming amendments.
24 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
26 Other Special Clauses:
28 Utah Code Sections Affected:
30 10-3-208, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapters 190, 190, 230, and 230
32 10-3-209, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
35 Section 1. Section 10-3-208 is amended to read:
36 10-3-208. Campaign finance disclosure in municipal election.
37 (1) [
38 the following are defined terms for purposes of this section:
44 (a) "Agent of a candidate" means:
45 (i) a person acting on behalf of a candidate at the direction of the reporting entity;
46 (ii) a person employed by a candidate in the candidate's capacity as a candidate;
47 (iii) the personal campaign committee of a candidate;
48 (iv) a member of the personal campaign committee of a candidate in the member's
49 capacity as a member of the personal campaign committee of the candidate; or
50 (v) a political consultant of a candidate.
51 (b) (i) "Candidate" means a person who:
52 (A) files a declaration of candidacy for municipal office; or
53 (B) receives contributions, makes expenditures, or gives consent for any other person
54 to receive contributions or make expenditures to bring about the person's nomination or
55 election to a municipal office.
56 (ii) "Candidate" does not mean a person who files for the office of judge.
57 (c) (i) "Contribution" means any of the following when done for political purposes:
58 (A) a gift, subscription, donation, loan, advance, or deposit of money or anything of
59 value given to a candidate;
60 (B) an express, legally enforceable contract, promise, or agreement to make a gift,
61 subscription, donation, unpaid or partially unpaid loan, advance, or deposit of money or
62 anything of value to the candidate;
63 (C) any transfer of funds from another reporting entity to the candidate;
64 (D) compensation paid by any person or reporting entity other than the candidate for
65 personal services provided without charge to the candidate;
66 (E) a loan made by a candidate deposited to the candidate's own campaign; and
67 (F) an in-kind contribution.
68 (ii) "Contribution" does not include:
69 (A) services provided by an individual volunteering a portion or all of the individual's
70 time on behalf of the candidate if the services are provided without compensation by the
71 candidate or any other person;
72 (B) money lent to the candidate by a financial institution in the ordinary course of
73 business; or
74 (C) goods or services provided for the benefit of a candidate at less than fair market
75 value that are not authorized by or coordinated with the candidate.
76 (d) "Coordinated with" means that goods or services provided for the benefit of a
77 candidate are provided:
78 (i) with the candidate's prior knowledge, if the candidate does not object;
79 (ii) by agreement with the candidate;
80 (iii) in coordination with the candidate; or
81 (iv) using official logos, slogans, and similar elements belonging to a candidate.
82 (e) (i) "Expenditure" means any of the following made by a candidate or an agent of
83 the candidate on behalf of the candidate:
84 (A) any disbursement from contributions, receipts, or from an account described in
85 Subsection (3)(a)(i);
86 (B) a purchase, payment, donation, distribution, loan, advance, deposit, gift of money,
87 or anything of value made for political purposes;
88 (C) an express, legally enforceable contract, promise, or agreement to make any
89 purchase, payment, donation, distribution, loan, advance, deposit, gift of money, or anything of
90 value for a political purpose;
91 (D) compensation paid by a candidate for personal services rendered by a person
92 without charge to a reporting entity;
93 (E) a transfer of funds between the candidate and a candidate's personal campaign
94 committee as defined in Section 20A-11-101; or
95 (F) goods or services provided by a reporting entity to or for the benefit of the
96 candidate for political purposes at less than fair market value.
97 (ii) "Expenditure" does not include:
98 (A) services provided without compensation by an individual volunteering a portion or
99 all of the individual's time on behalf of a candidate; or
100 (B) money lent to a candidate by a financial institution in the ordinary course of
102 (f) "In-kind contribution" means anything of value other than money, that is accepted
103 by or coordinated with a candidate.
104 (g) (i) "Political consultant" means a person who is paid by a candidate, or paid by
105 another person on behalf of and with the knowledge of the candidate, to provide political
106 advice to the candidate.
107 (ii) "Political consultant" includes a circumstance described in Subsection (1)(g)(i),
108 where the person:
109 (A) has already been paid, with money or other consideration;
110 (B) expects to be paid in the future, with money or other consideration; or
111 (C) understands that the person may, in the discretion of the candidate or another
112 person on behalf of and with the knowledge of the candidate, be paid in the future, with money
113 or other consideration.
114 (h) "Political purposes" means an act done with the intent or in a way to influence or
115 tend to influence, directly or indirectly, any person to refrain from voting or to vote for or
116 against any candidate or a person seeking a municipal office at any caucus, political
117 convention, or election.
118 (i) "Reporting entity" means:
119 (i) a candidate;
120 (ii) a committee appointed by a candidate to act for the candidate;
121 (iii) a person who holds an elected municipal office;
122 (iv) a party committee as defined in Section 20A-11-101;
123 (v) a political action committee as defined in Section 20A-11-101;
124 (vi) a political issues committee as defined in Section 20A-11-101;
125 (vii) a corporation as defined in Section 20A-11-101; or
126 (viii) a labor organization as defined in Section 20A-11-1501.
128 (i) $50; or
129 (ii) an amount lower than $50 that is specified in an ordinance of the municipality.
130 (2) (a) A municipality may adopt an ordinance establishing campaign finance
131 disclosure requirements for a candidate that are more stringent than the requirements provided
132 in Subsections (3) and (4).
133 (b) The municipality may adopt definitions that are more stringent than those provided
134 in Subsection (1).
135 (c) If a municipality fails to adopt a campaign finance disclosure ordinance described
136 in Subsection (2)(a), a candidate shall comply with financial reporting requirements contained
137 in Subsections (3) and (4).
140 financial institution; and
142 personal or business account.
144 primary election shall file with the municipal clerk or recorder a campaign finance statement:
146 general election is held; and
148 election is held.
150 election shall file with the municipal clerk or recorder a campaign finance statement [
156 contributions, received [
157 before the campaign finance statement is due, excluding a contribution previously reported;
160 and including five days before the campaign finance statement is due, excluding an expenditure
161 previously reported; and
164 contribution and the name of the donor;
166 reporting limit; and
168 name of the recipient of the expenditure; or
170 candidate receives $500 or less in [
171 candidate's campaign.
189 (i) provide a reporting limit lower than $50;
190 (ii) require greater disclosure of [
191 required in this section; and
192 (iii) impose additional penalties on candidates who fail to comply with the applicable
193 requirements beyond those imposed by this section.
194 (b) A candidate [
195 not the provisions of an ordinance adopted by the municipality under Subsection [
196 (i) the municipal ordinance establishes requirements or penalties that differ from those
197 established in this section; and
198 (ii) the municipal clerk or recorder fails to notify the candidate of the provisions of the
199 ordinance as required in Subsection [
201 office files a declaration of candidacy, and again 14 days before each municipal general
202 election, notify the candidate in writing of:
203 (a) the provisions of statute or municipal ordinance governing the disclosure of
205 (b) the dates when the candidate's campaign finance statement is required to be filed;
207 (c) the penalties that apply for failure to file a timely campaign finance statement,
208 including the statutory provision that requires removal of the candidate's name from the ballot
209 for failure to file the required campaign finance statement when required.
211 Access and Management Act, the municipal clerk or recorder shall:
212 (a) make each campaign finance statement filed by a candidate available for public
213 inspection and copying no later than one business day after the statement is filed; and
214 (b) make the campaign finance statement filed by a candidate available for public
215 inspection by:
216 (i) (A) posting an electronic copy or the contents of the statement on the municipality's
217 website no later than seven business days after the statement is filed; and
218 (B) verifying that the address of the municipality's website has been provided to the
219 lieutenant governor in order to meet the requirements of Subsection 20A-11-103(5); or
220 (ii) submitting a copy of the statement to the lieutenant governor for posting on the
221 website established by the lieutenant governor under Section 20A-11-103 no later than two
222 business days after the statement is filed.
224 municipal general election by the deadline specified in Subsection [
225 municipal clerk or recorder shall inform the appropriate election official who:
226 (i) shall:
227 (A) if practicable, remove the candidate's name from the ballot by blacking out the
228 candidate's name before the ballots are delivered to voters; or
229 (B) if removing the candidate's name from the ballot is not practicable, inform the
230 voters by any practicable method that the candidate has been disqualified and that votes cast for
231 the candidate will not be counted; and
232 (ii) may not count any votes for that candidate.
233 (b) Notwithstanding Subsection [
234 statement seven days before a municipal general election is not disqualified if:
235 (i) the statement details accurately and completely the information required under
236 Subsection [
238 (ii) the omissions, errors, or inaccuracies are corrected in an amended report or in the
239 next scheduled report.
241 it is received in the municipal clerk or recorder's office by 5 p.m. on the date that [
244 enforce the provisions of this section or an ordinance adopted under this section.
245 (b) In a civil action under Subsection [
246 attorney fees to the prevailing party.
247 Section 2. Section 10-3-209 is enacted to read:
248 10-3-209. Personal use expenditure -- Authorized and prohibited uses of
249 campaign funds -- Enforcement -- Penalties.
250 (1) Unless a municipality adopts by ordinance more stringent definitions, the following
251 are defined terms for the purposes of this section:
252 (a) "Candidate" means a person who:
253 (i) files a declaration of candidacy for municipal office; or
254 (ii) receives contributions, makes expenditures, or gives consent for any other person to
255 receive contributions or make expenditures to bring about the person's nomination or election
256 to a public office.
257 (b) "Officeholder" means a person who is elected to and currently holds a municipal
259 (c) (i) "Personal use expenditure" means an expenditure that:
260 (A) is not excluded from the definition of personal use expenditure by Subsection (2)
261 and primarily furthers a personal interest of a candidate or officeholder or a candidate's or
262 officeholder's family, which interest is not connected with the performance of an activity as a
263 candidate or an activity or duty of an officeholder; or
264 (B) would cause the candidate or officeholder to recognize the expenditure as taxable
265 income under federal law.
266 (ii) "Personal use expenditure" includes:
267 (A) a mortgage, rent, utility, or vehicle payment;
268 (B) a household food item or supply;
269 (C) clothing, except for clothing bearing the candidate's name or campaign slogan or
270 logo and that is used in the candidate's campaign;
271 (D) an admission to a sporting, artistic, or recreational event or other form of
273 (E) dues, fees, or gratuities at a country club, health club, or recreational facility;
274 (F) a salary payment made to a candidate, officeholder, or a person who has not
275 provided a bona fide service to a candidate or officeholder;
276 (G) a vacation;
277 (H) a vehicle expense;
278 (I) a meal expense;
279 (J) a travel expense;
280 (K) a payment of an administrative, civil, or criminal penalty;
281 (L) a satisfaction of a personal debt;
282 (M) a personal service, including the service of an attorney, accountant, physician, or
283 other professional person;
284 (N) a membership fee for a professional or service organization; and
285 (O) a payment in excess of the fair market value of the item or service purchased.
286 (2) As used in this section, "personal use expenditure" does not mean an expenditure
288 (a) for a political purpose;
289 (b) for candidacy for public office;
290 (c) to fulfill a duty or activity of an officeholder;
291 (d) for a donation to a registered political party;
292 (e) for a contribution to another candidate's campaign account, including sponsorship
293 of or attendance at an event, the primary purpose of which is to solicit a contribution for
294 another candidate's campaign account;
295 (f) to return all or a portion of a contribution to a donor;
296 (g) for the following items, if made in connection with the candidacy for public office
297 or an activity or duty of an officeholder:
298 (i) (A) a mileage allowance at the rate established by the Division of Finance under
299 Section 63A-3-107; or
300 (B) for motor fuel or special fuel, as defined in Section 59-13-102;
301 (ii) a meal expense;
302 (iii) a travel expense, including an expense incurred for airfare or a rental vehicle;
303 (iv) a payment for a service provided by an attorney or accountant;
304 (v) a tuition payment or registration fee for participation in a meeting or conference;
305 (vi) a gift;
306 (vii) a payment for the following items in connection with an office space:
307 (A) rent;
308 (B) utilities;
309 (C) a supply; or
310 (D) furnishing;
311 (viii) a booth at a meeting or event; or
312 (ix) educational material;
313 (h) to purchase or mail informational material, a survey, or a greeting card;
314 (i) for a donation to a charitable organization, as defined by Section 13-22-2, including
315 admission to or sponsorship of an event, the primary purpose of which is charitable solicitation,
316 as defined in Section 13-22-2;
317 (j) to repay a loan a candidate makes from the candidate's personal account to the
318 candidate's campaign account;
319 (k) to pay membership dues to a national organization whose primary purpose is to
320 address general public policy;
321 (l) for admission to or sponsorship of an event, the primary purpose of which is to
322 promote the social, educational, or economic well-being of the state or the candidate's or
323 officeholder's community; or
324 (m) for one or more guests of an officeholder or candidate to attend an event, meeting,
325 or conference described in this Subsection (2).
326 (3) (a) A municipality may adopt an ordinance prohibiting a personal use expenditure
327 by a candidate with requirements that are more stringent than the requirements provided in
328 Subsection (4).
329 (b) The municipality may adopt definitions that are more stringent than those provided
330 in Subsection (1) or (2).
331 (c) If a municipality fails to adopt a personal use expenditure ordinance described in
332 Subsection (3)(a), a candidate shall comply with the requirements contained in Subsection (4).
333 (4) A candidate or an officeholder may not use money deposited into a campaign
334 account for:
335 (a) a personal use expenditure; or
336 (b) an expenditure prohibited by law.
337 (5) A municipality may enforce this section by adopting an ordinance:
338 (a) to provide for the evaluation of a campaign finance statement to identify a personal
339 use expenditure; and
340 (b) to commence informal adjudicative proceedings if, after an evaluation described in
341 Subsection (5)(a), there is probable cause to believe that a candidate or officeholder has made a
342 personal use expenditure.
343 (6) If, in accordance with the proceedings described in Subsection (5)(b) established in
344 municipal ordinance, a municipality determines that a candidate or officeholder has made a
345 personal use expenditure, the municipality:
346 (a) may require the candidate or officeholder to:
347 (i) remit an administrative penalty of an amount equal to 50% of the personal use
348 expenditure to the municipality; and
349 (ii) deposit the amount of the personal use expenditure into the campaign account from
350 which the personal use expenditure was disbursed; and
351 (b) shall deposit the money received under Subsection (6)(a)(i) into the municipal
352 general fund.