7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends provisions relating to air quality.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ amends definitions;
13 ▸ modifies the powers and duties of the Air Quality Board;
14 ▸ modifies the powers and duties of the director of the Division of Air Quality;
15 ▸ modifies provisions relating to asbestos worker certifications;
16 ▸ modifies fee provisions;
17 ▸ modifies provisions relating to asbestos testing;
18 ▸ removes outdated provisions;
19 ▸ repeals private sector air quality permitting professionals certification;
20 ▸ modifies provisions relating to controlled burning by fire departments;
21 ▸ modifies provisions relating to tax exemptions for environmental controls; and
22 ▸ makes technical and conforming changes.
23 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
25 Other Special Clauses:
27 Utah Code Sections Affected:
29 19-2-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 24
30 19-2-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 360
31 19-2-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 230
32 19-2-105.3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 236
33 19-2-107, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 230
34 19-2-108, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapters 333 and 360
35 19-2-109.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapters 360 and 369
36 19-2-109.2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 360
37 19-2-112, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 333
38 19-2-113, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 297
39 19-2-114, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1991, Chapter 86
40 19-2-117, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 360
41 19-2-119, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1991, Chapter 112
42 19-2-120, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 360
43 19-2-122, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 1991, Chapter 112
44 19-12-102, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 24
45 19-12-201, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 24
47 19-2-109.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapters 183 and 377
49 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
50 Section 1. Section 19-2-102 is amended to read:
51 19-2-102. Definitions.
52 As used in this chapter:
57 (1) "Air pollutant" means a substance that qualifies as an air pollutant as defined in 42
58 U.S.C. Sec. 7602.
59 (2) "Air pollutant source" means private and public sources of emissions of air
61 (3) "Air pollution" means the presence [
63 under the conditions and circumstances [
64 or welfare, animal or plant life, or property, or would unreasonably interfere with the
65 enjoyment of life or use of property, as determined by the rules adopted by the board.
66 (4) "Ambient air" means [
67 atmosphere, external to buildings, to which the general public has access.
68 (5) "Asbestos" means the asbestiform varieties of serpentine (chrysotile), riebeckite
69 (crocidolite), cummingtonite-grunerite, anthophyllite, [
71 (6) "Asbestos-containing material" means [
72 asbestos, as determined using the method adopted in 40 [
73 National Emission Standard for Asbestos.
74 (7) "Asbestos inspection" means an activity undertaken to determine the presence or
75 location, or to assess the condition of, asbestos-containing material or suspected
76 asbestos-containing material, whether by visual or physical examination, or by taking samples
77 of the material.
78 (8) "Board" means the Air Quality Board.
79 (9) "Clean school bus" [
80 U.S.C. Sec. 16091.
81 (10) "Director" means the director of the Division of Air Quality.
82 (11) "Division" means the Division of Air Quality created in Section 19-1-105.
83 (12) "Friable asbestos-containing material" means [
84 than 1% asbestos, as determined using the method adopted in 40 [
85 M, National Emission Standard for Asbestos, that hand pressure can crumble, pulverize, or
86 reduce to powder when dry.
87 (13) "Indirect source" means a facility, building, structure, or installation which attracts
88 or may attract mobile source activity that results in emissions of a pollutant for which there is a
89 national standard.
90 Section 2. Section 19-2-103 is amended to read:
91 19-2-103. Members of board -- Appointment -- Terms -- Organization -- Per diem
92 and expenses.
93 (1) The board consists of the following nine members:
94 (a) the following non-voting member, except that the member may vote to break a tie
95 vote between the voting members:
96 (i) the executive director; or
97 (ii) an employee of the department designated by the executive director; and
98 (b) the following eight voting members, who shall be appointed by the governor with
99 the consent of the Senate:
100 (i) one representative who:
101 (A) is not connected with industry;
102 (B) is an expert in air quality matters; and
103 (C) is a Utah-licensed physician, a Utah-licensed professional engineer, or a scientist
104 with relevant training and experience;
105 (ii) two government representatives who do not represent the federal government;
106 (iii) one representative from the mining industry;
107 (iv) one representative from the fuels industry;
108 (v) one representative from the manufacturing industry;
109 (vi) one representative from the public who represents:
110 (A) an environmental nongovernmental organization; or
111 (B) a nongovernmental organization that represents community interests and does not
112 represent industry interests; and
113 (vii) one representative from the public who is trained and experienced in public
115 (2) A member of the board shall:
116 (a) be knowledgeable about air pollution matters, as evidenced by a professional
117 degree, a professional accreditation, or documented experience;
118 (b) be a resident of Utah;
119 (c) attend board meetings in accordance with the attendance rules made by the
120 department under Subsection 19-1-201(1)(d)(i)(A); and
121 (d) comply with all applicable statutes, rules, and policies, including the conflict of
122 interest rules made by the department under Subsection 19-1-201(1)(d)(i)(B).
123 (3) No more than five of the appointed members of the board shall belong to the same
124 political party.
125 (4) A majority of the members of the board may not derive any significant portion of
126 their income from persons subject to permits or orders under this chapter.
127 (5) (a) Members shall be appointed for a term of four years.
128 (b) Notwithstanding the requirements of Subsection (5)(a), the governor shall, at the
129 time of appointment or reappointment, adjust the length of terms to ensure that the terms of
130 board members are staggered so that half of the appointed board is appointed every two years.
135 (6) A member may serve more than one term.
136 (7) A member shall hold office until the expiration of the member's term and until the
137 member's successor is appointed, but not more than 90 days after the expiration of the
138 member's term.
139 (8) When a vacancy occurs in the membership for any reason, the replacement shall be
140 appointed for the unexpired term.
141 (9) The board shall elect annually a chair and a vice chair from its members.
142 (10) (a) The board shall meet at least quarterly.
143 (b) Special meetings may be called by the chair upon the chair's own initiative, upon
144 the request of the director, or upon the request of three members of the board.
145 (c) Three days' notice shall be given to each member of the board before [
147 (11) Five members constitute a quorum at [
148 of members present is the action of the board.
149 (12) A member may not receive compensation or benefits for the member's service, but
150 may receive per diem and travel expenses in accordance with:
151 (a) Section 63A-3-106;
152 (b) Section 63A-3-107; and
153 (c) rules made by the Division of Finance pursuant to Sections 63A-3-106 and
155 Section 3. Section 19-2-104 is amended to read:
156 19-2-104. Powers of board.
157 (1) The board may make rules in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
158 Administrative Rulemaking Act:
159 (a) regarding the control, abatement, and prevention of air pollution from all sources
160 and the establishment of the maximum quantity of air [
161 emitted by [
162 (b) establishing air quality standards;
163 (c) requiring persons engaged in operations [
164 (i) install, maintain, and use emission monitoring devices, as the board finds necessary;
165 (ii) file periodic reports containing information relating to the rate, period of emission,
166 and composition of the air [
167 (iii) provide access to records relating to emissions which cause or contribute to air
169 (d) (i) implementing:
170 (A) Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter II, Asbestos Hazard Emergency
171 Response, 15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.;
172 (B) 40 C.F.R. Part 763, Asbestos; and
173 (C) 40 C.F.R. Part 61, National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants,
174 Subpart M, National Emission Standard for Asbestos; and
175 (ii) reviewing and approving asbestos management plans submitted by local education
176 agencies under the Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter II, Asbestos Hazard Emergency
177 Response, 15 U.S.C. 2601 et seq.;
178 (e) establishing a requirement for a diesel emission opacity inspection and maintenance
179 program for diesel-powered motor vehicles;
180 (f) implementing an operating permit program as required by and in conformity with
181 Titles IV and V of the federal Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990;
182 (g) establishing requirements for county emissions inspection and maintenance
183 programs after obtaining agreement from the counties that would be affected by the
185 (h) with the approval of the governor, implementing in air quality nonattainment areas
186 employer-based trip reduction programs applicable to businesses having more than 100
187 employees at a single location and applicable to federal, state, and local governments to the
188 extent necessary to attain and maintain ambient air quality standards consistent with the state
189 implementation plan and federal requirements under the standards set forth in Subsection (2);
190 (i) implementing lead-based paint [
191 performance requirements in accordance with 15 U.S.C.[
192 Control Act, Subchapter IV -- Lead Exposure Reduction, Sections 402 and 406; and
193 (j) to implement the requirements of Section 19-2-107.5.
194 (2) When implementing Subsection (1)(h) the board shall take into consideration:
195 (a) the impact of the business on overall air quality; and
196 (b) the need of the business to use automobiles in order to carry out its business
198 (3) (a) The board may:
199 (i) hold a hearing that is not an adjudicative proceeding relating to any aspect of, or
200 matter in, the administration of this chapter;
201 (ii) [
202 (A) issue orders necessary to enforce the provisions of this chapter;
203 (B) enforce the orders by appropriate administrative and judicial proceedings; [
204 (C) institute judicial proceedings to secure compliance with this chapter; or
206 governments, industries, other states, interstate or interlocal agencies, the federal government,
207 or interested persons or groups[
208 (iii) establish certification requirements for asbestos project monitors, which shall
209 provide for experience-based certification of a person who:
210 (A) receives relevant asbestos training, as defined by rule; and
211 (B) has acquired a minimum of 1,000 hours of asbestos project monitoring related
212 work experience.
213 (b) The board shall:
214 (i) to ensure compliance with applicable statutes and regulations:
215 (A) review a settlement negotiated by the director in accordance with Subsection
216 19-2-107(2)(b)(viii) that requires a civil penalty of $25,000 or more; and
217 (B) approve or disapprove the settlement;
218 (ii) encourage voluntary cooperation by persons and affected groups to achieve the
219 purposes of this chapter;
231 Rulemaking Act, establish work practice[
232 requirements for persons who:
233 (A) contract for hire to conduct demolition, renovation, salvage, encapsulation work
234 involving friable asbestos-containing materials, or asbestos inspections if:
235 (I) the contract work is done on a site other than a residential property with four or
236 fewer units; or
237 (II) the contract work is done on a residential property with four or fewer units where a
238 tested sample contained greater than 1% of asbestos;
239 (B) conduct work described in Subsection (3)(b)[
240 general public has unrestrained access or in school buildings that are subject to the federal
241 Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response Act of 1986;
242 (C) conduct asbestos inspections in facilities subject to 15 U.S.C.[
243 Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter II - Asbestos Hazard Emergency Response; or
244 (D) conduct lead-based paint inspections in facilities subject to 15 U.S.C.[
245 seq., Toxic Substances Control Act, Subchapter IV -- Lead Exposure Reduction;
248 Emergency Response, to be accredited as [
250 inspector, management planner, abatement project designer, asbestos abatement contractor and
251 supervisor, or an asbestos abatement worker;
257 conversion of a motor vehicle to a clean-fuel vehicle, certifying the vehicle is eligible for the
258 tax credit granted in Section 59-7-605 or 59-10-1009;
263 accredited as [
264 an inspector, risk assessor, supervisor, project designer, abatement worker, renovator, or dust
265 sampling technician; and
267 standards and implementing an idling reduction program in accordance with Section
269 (4) [
270 federal laws, if any, relating to control of motor vehicles or motor vehicle emissions.
271 (5) Nothing in this chapter authorizes the board to require installation of or payment for
272 any monitoring equipment by the owner or operator of a source if the owner or operator has
273 installed or is operating monitoring equipment that is equivalent to equipment which the board
274 would require under this section.
275 (6) (a) The board may not require testing for asbestos or related materials on a
276 residential property with four or fewer units, unless:
277 (i) the property's construction was completed before January 1, 1981; or
278 (ii) the testing is for:
282 (A) a sprayed-on or painted on ceiling treatment that contained or may contain asbestos
284 (B) asbestos cement siding or roofing materials;
285 (C) resilient flooring products including vinyl asbestos tile, sheet vinyl products,
286 resilient flooring backing material, whether attached or unattached, and mastic;
287 (D) thermal-system insulation or tape on a duct or furnace; or
288 (E) vermiculite type insulation materials.
289 (b) A residential property with four or fewer units is subject to an abatement rule made
290 under Subsection (1) or (3)(b)[
291 (i) a sample from the property is tested for asbestos; and
292 (ii) the sample contains asbestos measuring greater than 1%.
293 (7) The board may not issue, amend, renew, modify, revoke, or terminate any of the
294 following that are subject to the authority granted to the director under Section 19-2-107 or
296 (a) a permit;
297 (b) a license;
298 (c) a registration;
299 (d) a certification; or
300 (e) another administrative authorization made by the director.
301 (8) A board member may not speak or act for the board unless the board member is
302 authorized by a majority of a quorum of the board in a vote taken at a meeting of the board.
303 (9) Notwithstanding Subsection (7), the board may exercise all authority granted to the
304 board by a federally enforceable state implementation plan.
305 Section 4. Section 19-2-105.3 is amended to read:
306 19-2-105.3. Clean fuel requirements for fleets.
307 (1) As used in this section:
308 (a) "1990 Clean Air Act" means the federal Clean Air Act as amended in 1990.
309 (b) "Clean fuel" means:
310 (i) propane, compressed natural gas, or electricity;
311 (ii) other fuel the [
313 Subsection (1)(b)(i) in reducing air pollution; and
314 (iii) other fuel that meets the clean fuel vehicle standards in the 1990 Clean Air Act.
315 (c) "Fleet" means 10 or more vehicles:
316 (i) owned or operated by a single entity as defined by board rule; and
317 (ii) capable of being fueled or that are fueled at a central location.
318 (d) "Fleet" does not include motor vehicles that are:
319 (i) held for lease or rental to the general public;
320 (ii) held for sale or used as demonstration vehicles by motor vehicle dealers;
321 (iii) used by motor vehicle manufacturers for product evaluations or tests;
322 (iv) authorized emergency vehicles as defined in Section 41-6a-102;
323 (v) registered under Title 41, Chapter 1a, Part 2, Registration, as farm vehicles;
324 (vi) special mobile equipment as defined in Section 41-1a-102;
325 (vii) heavy duty trucks with a gross vehicle weight rating of more than 26,000 pounds;
326 (viii) regularly used by employees to drive to and from work, parked at the employees'
327 personal residences when they are not at their employment, and not practicably fueled at a
328 central location;
329 (ix) owned, operated, or leased by public transit districts; or
330 (x) exempted by board rule.
331 (2) (a) After evaluation of reasonably available pollution control strategies, and as part
332 of the state implementation plan demonstrating attainment of the national ambient air quality
333 standards, the board may by rule[
334 geographical areas to use clean fuels if the board determines fleet use of clean fuels is:
335 (i) necessary to demonstrate attainment of the national ambient air quality standards in
337 (ii) reasonably cost effective when compared to other similarly beneficial control
338 strategies for demonstrating attainment of the national ambient air quality standards.
347 Section 19-1-406 qualifies as a clean fuel vehicle under this section.
348 (3) [
349 part of a state implementation plan demonstrating only maintenance of the national ambient air
350 quality standards, the board may by rule[
351 specified geographical areas to use clean fuels if the board determines fleet use of clean fuels
354 standards in [
356 strategies for demonstrating maintenance of the national ambient air quality standards.
364 (4) Rules the board makes under this section may include:
365 (a) dates by which fleets are required to convert to clean fuels under the provisions of
366 this section;
367 (b) definitions of fleet owners or operators;
368 (c) definitions of vehicles exempted from this section by rule;
369 (d) certification requirements for persons who install clean fuel conversion equipment,
370 including testing and certification standards regarding installers; and
371 (e) certification fees for installers, established under Section 63J-1-504.
372 (5) Implementation of this section and rules made under this section are subject to the
373 reasonable availability of clean fuel in the local market as determined by the board.
374 Section 5. Section 19-2-107 is amended to read:
375 19-2-107. Director -- Appointment -- Powers.
376 (1) The executive director shall appoint the director. The director shall serve under the
377 administrative direction of the executive director.
378 (2) (a) The director shall:
379 (i) prepare and develop comprehensive plans for the prevention, abatement, and control
380 of air pollution in Utah;
381 (ii) advise, consult, and cooperate with other agencies of the state, the federal
382 government, other states and interstate agencies, and affected groups, political subdivisions,
383 and industries in furtherance of the purposes of this chapter;
384 (iii) review plans, specifications, or other data relative to air pollution control [
385 equipment or any part of the [
386 (iv) under the direction of the executive director, represent the state in all matters
387 relating to interstate air pollution, including interstate compacts and similar agreements;
388 (v) secure necessary scientific, technical, administrative, and operational services,
389 including laboratory facilities, by contract or otherwise;
390 (vi) encourage voluntary cooperation by persons and affected groups to achieve the
391 purposes of this chapter;
392 (vii) encourage local units of government to handle air pollution within their respective
393 jurisdictions on a cooperative basis and provide technical and consulting assistance to them;
394 (viii) determine by means of field studies and sampling the degree of air contamination
395 and air pollution in all parts of the state;
396 (ix) monitor the effects of the emission of air [
397 vehicles on the quality of the outdoor atmosphere in all parts of Utah and take appropriate
398 responsive action;
399 (x) collect and disseminate information relating to air contamination and air pollution
400 and conduct educational and training programs relating to air contamination and air pollution;
401 (xi) assess and collect noncompliance penalties as required in Section 120 of the
402 federal Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. Section 7420;
403 (xii) comply with the requirements of federal air pollution laws;
404 (xiii) subject to the provisions of this chapter, enforce rules through the issuance of
405 orders, including:
406 (A) prohibiting or abating discharges of wastes affecting ambient air;
407 (B) requiring the construction of new control facilities or any parts of new control
408 facilities or the modification, extension, or alteration of existing control facilities or any parts
409 of new control facilities; or
410 (C) adopting other remedial measures to prevent, control, or abate air pollution; and
411 (xiv) as authorized by the board and subject to the provisions of this chapter, act as
412 executive secretary of the board under the direction of the chairman of the board.
413 (b) The director may:
414 (i) employ full-time, temporary, part-time, and contract employees necessary to carry
415 out this chapter;
416 (ii) subject to the provisions of this chapter, authorize [
417 representative of the department to enter at reasonable time and upon reasonable notice in or
418 upon public or private property for the purposes of inspecting and investigating conditions and
419 plant records concerning possible air pollution;
420 (iii) encourage, participate in, or conduct studies, investigations, research, and
421 demonstrations relating to air pollution and its causes, effects, prevention, abatement, and
422 control, as advisable and necessary for the discharge of duties assigned under this chapter,
423 including the establishment of inventories of pollution sources;
424 (iv) collect and disseminate information relating to air pollution and the prevention,
425 control, and abatement of it;
426 (v) cooperate with studies and research relating to air pollution and its control,
427 abatement, and prevention;
428 (vi) subject to Subsection (3), upon request, consult concerning the following with
430 pollutant source in Utah:
431 (A) the efficacy of [
432 pollution control equipment for the source; or
433 (B) the air pollution problem that may be related to the source[
434 (vii) accept, receive, and administer grants or other funds or gifts from public and
435 private agencies, including the federal government, for the purpose of carrying out any of the
436 functions of this chapter;
437 (viii) subject to Subsection 19-2-104(3)(b)(i), settle or compromise [
438 initiated by the division to compel compliance with this chapter or the rules made under this
439 chapter; or
440 (ix) [
441 all incidental powers necessary to carry out the purposes of this chapter, including certification
442 to [
445 conformity with Title 19, Chapter 12, Pollution Control Act.
446 (3) A consultation described in Subsection (2)(b)(vi) does not relieve a person from the
447 requirements of this chapter, the rules adopted under this chapter, or any other provision of
449 Section 6. Section 19-2-108 is amended to read:
450 19-2-108. Notice of construction or modification of installations required --
451 Authority of director to prohibit construction -- Hearings -- Limitations on authority of
452 director -- Inspections authorized.
453 (1) Notice shall be given to the director by [
454 installation which will or might reasonably be expected to be a source or indirect source of air
455 pollution or to make modifications to an existing installation which will or might reasonably be
456 expected to increase the amount of or change the character or effect of air [
457 pollutants discharged, so that the installation may be expected to be a source or indirect source
458 of air pollution, or by [
459 equipment intended to control emission of air [
460 (2) (a) [
461 modification, installation, or establishment of the air [
462 source, the submission of plans, specifications, and other information as he finds necessary to
463 determine whether the proposed construction, modification, installation, or establishment will
464 be in accord with applicable rules in force under this chapter.
469 (b) If within 90 days after the receipt of plans, specifications, or other information
470 required under this subsection, the director determines that the proposed construction,
471 installation, or establishment or any part of it will not be in accord with the requirements of this
472 chapter or applicable rules or that further time, not exceeding three extensions of 30 days each,
473 is required by the director to adequately review the plans, specifications, or other information,
474 he shall issue an order prohibiting the construction, installation, or establishment of the air
476 (3) In addition to any other remedies, [
477 order either granting or denying a request for the construction of a new installation, and prior to
478 invoking any such other remedies shall, upon request, in accordance with the rules of the
479 department, be entitled to a permit review adjudicative proceeding conducted by an
480 administrative law judge as provided by Section 19-1-301.5.
481 (4) Any features, machines, and devices constituting parts of or called for by plans,
482 specifications, or other information submitted under Subsection (1) shall be maintained in good
483 working order.
484 (5) This section does not authorize the director to require the use of machinery,
485 devices, or equipment from a particular supplier or produced by a particular manufacturer if the
486 required performance standards may be met by machinery, devices, or equipment otherwise
488 (6) (a) [
489 enter and inspect any property, premise, or place on or at which an air [
490 source is located or is being constructed, modified, installed, or established at any reasonable
491 time for the purpose of ascertaining the state of compliance with this chapter and the rules
492 adopted under it.
493 (b) (i) A person may not refuse entry or access to [
494 the director who requests entry for purposes of inspection and who presents appropriate
496 (ii) A person may not obstruct, hamper, or interfere with [
497 (c) If requested, the owner or operator of the premises shall receive a report setting
498 forth all facts found which relate to compliance status.
499 Section 7. Section 19-2-109.1 is amended to read:
500 19-2-109.1. Operating permit required -- Emissions fee -- Implementation.
501 (1) As used in this section and Sections 19-2-109.2 and 19-2-109.3:
504 (a) "1990 Clean Air Act" means the federal Clean Air Act as amended in 1990.
505 (b) "EPA" means the federal Environmental Protection Agency.
506 (c) "Operating permit" means a permit issued by the director to sources of air pollution
507 that meet the requirements of Titles IV and V of the 1990 Clean Air Act.
508 (d) "Program" means the air pollution operating permit program established under this
509 section to comply with Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act.
510 (e) "Regulated pollutant" [
511 defined in Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act and implementing federal regulations.
512 (2) [
513 permit under Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act without having obtained an operating permit
514 from the director under procedures the board establishes by rule.
520 (3) (a) Operating permits issued under this section shall be for a period of five years
521 unless the director makes a written finding, after public comment and hearing, and based on
522 substantial evidence in the record, that an operating permit term of less than five years is
523 necessary to protect the public health and the environment of the state.
524 (b) The director may issue, modify, or renew an operating permit only after providing
525 public notice, an opportunity for public comment, and an opportunity for a public hearing.
526 (c) The director shall, in conformity with the 1990 Clean Air Act and implementing
527 federal regulations, revise the conditions of issued operating permits to incorporate applicable
528 federal regulations in conformity with Section 502(b)(9) of the 1990 Clean Air Act, if the
529 remaining period of the permit is three or more years.
530 (d) The director may terminate, modify, revoke, or reissue an operating permit for
532 (4) (a) The board shall establish a proposed annual emissions fee that conforms with
533 Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act for each ton of regulated pollutant, applicable to all sources
534 required to obtain a permit. The emissions fee established under this section is in addition to
535 fees assessed under Section 19-2-108 for issuance of an approval order.
536 (b) In establishing the fee the board shall comply with the provisions of Section
537 63J-1-504 that require a public hearing and require the established fee to be submitted to the
538 Legislature for its approval as part of the department's annual appropriations request.
539 (c) The fee shall cover all reasonable direct and indirect costs required to develop and
540 administer the program and the small business assistance program established under Section
541 19-2-109.2. The director shall prepare an annual report of the emissions fees collected and the
542 costs covered by those fees under this Subsection (4).
543 (d) The fee shall be established uniformly for all sources required to obtain an
544 operating permit under the program and for all regulated pollutants.
545 (e) The fee may not be assessed for emissions of any regulated pollutant if the
546 emissions are already accounted for within the emissions of another regulated pollutant.
547 (f) An emissions fee may not be assessed for any amount of a regulated pollutant
548 emitted by any source in excess of 4,000 tons per year of that regulated pollutant.
549 (5) Emissions fees [
553 emissions for a regulated pollutant unless a source elects, prior to the issuance or renewal of a
554 permit, to base the fee during the period of the permit on allowable emissions for that regulated
557 an annual emissions fee, the director may:
558 (a) impose a penalty of not more than 50% of the fee, in addition to the fee, plus
559 interest on the fee computed at 12% annually; or
560 (b) revoke the operating permit.
562 emissions fee assessment or associated penalty in an adjudicative hearing under the Title 63G,
563 Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act, and Section 19-1-301, as provided in this
564 Subsection [
565 (a) The owner or operator shall pay the fee under protest prior to being entitled to a
566 hearing. Payment of an emissions fee or penalty under protest is not a waiver of the right to
567 contest the fee or penalty under this section.
568 (b) A request for a hearing under this Subsection [
569 of the emissions fee and within six months after the emissions fee was due.
571 or operator shall pay all outstanding emissions fees, a penalty of not more than 50% of all
572 outstanding fees, and interest on the outstanding emissions fees computed at 12% annually.
574 section shall be deposited in the General Fund as the Air Pollution Operating Permit Program
575 dedicated credit to be used solely to pay for the reasonable direct and indirect costs incurred by
576 the department in developing and administering the program and the small business assistance
577 program under Section 19-2-109.2.
579 renewal is a final administrative action only for the purpose of obtaining judicial review by any
580 of the following persons to require the director to take action on the permit or its renewal
581 without additional delay:
582 (a) the applicant;
583 (b) [
584 (c) [
585 applicable law.
586 Section 8. Section 19-2-109.2 is amended to read:
587 19-2-109.2. Small business assistance program.
588 (1) The [
589 environmental compliance assistance program that conforms with Title V of the 1990 Clean
590 Air Act to assist small businesses to comply with state and federal air pollution laws.
591 (2) There is created the Compliance Advisory Panel to advise and monitor the program
592 created in Subsection (1). The seven panel members are:
593 (a) two members who are not owners or representatives of owners of small business
594 stationary air pollution sources, selected by the governor to represent the general public;
595 (b) four members who are owners or who represent owners of small business stationary
596 sources selected by leadership of the Utah Legislature as follows:
597 (i) one member selected by the majority leader of the Senate;
598 (ii) one member selected by the minority leader of the Senate;
599 (iii) one member selected by the majority leader of the House of Representatives; and
600 (iv) one member selected by the minority leader of the House of Representatives; and
601 (c) one member selected by the executive director to represent the Division of Air
602 Quality, Department of Environmental Quality.
603 (3) (a) Except as required by Subsection (3)(b), as terms of current panel members
604 expire, the department shall appoint each new member or reappointed member to a four-year
606 (b) Notwithstanding the requirements of Subsection (3)(a), the department shall, at the
607 time of appointment or reappointment, adjust the length of terms to ensure that the terms of
608 panel members are staggered so that approximately half of the panel is appointed every two
610 (4) Members may serve more than one term.
611 (5) Members shall hold office until the expiration of their terms and until their
612 successors are appointed, but not more than 90 days after the expiration of their terms.
613 (6) When a vacancy occurs in the membership for any reason, the replacement shall be
614 appointed for the unexpired term.
615 (7) Every two years, the panel shall elect a chair from its members.
616 (8) (a) The panel shall meet as necessary to carry out its duties. Meetings may be
617 called by the chair, the director, or upon written request of three of the members of the panel.
618 (b) Three days' notice shall be given to each member of the panel prior to a meeting.
619 (9) Four members constitute a quorum at [
620 majority of members present is the action of the panel.
621 (10) A member may not receive compensation or benefits for the member's service, but
622 may receive per diem and travel expenses in accordance with:
623 (a) Section 63A-3-106;
624 (b) Section 63A-3-107; and
625 (c) rules made by the Division of Finance pursuant to Sections 63A-3-106 and
627 Section 9. Section 19-2-112 is amended to read:
628 19-2-112. Generalized condition of air pollution creating emergency -- Sources
629 causing imminent danger to health -- Powers of executive director -- Declaration of
631 (1) (a) Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act, and any other provision of
632 law to the contrary notwithstanding, if the executive director finds that a generalized condition
633 of air pollution exists and that it creates an emergency requiring immediate action to protect
634 human health or safety, the executive director, with the concurrence of the governor, shall
635 order persons causing or contributing to the air pollution to reduce or discontinue immediately
636 the emission of air [
637 (b) The order shall fix a place and time, not later than 24 hours after its issuance, for a
638 hearing to be held before the governor.
639 (c) Not more than 24 hours after the commencement of this hearing, and without
640 adjournment of it, the governor shall affirm, modify, or set aside the order of the executive
642 (2) (a) In the absence of a generalized condition of air pollution referred to in
643 Subsection (1), but if the executive director finds that emissions from the operation of one or
644 more air [
645 the executive director may commence adjudicative proceedings under Section 63G-4-502.
646 (b) Notwithstanding Section 19-1-301 or 19-1-301.5, the executive director may
647 conduct the emergency adjudicative proceeding in place of an administrative law judge.
648 (3) Nothing in this section limits any power that the governor or any other officer has
649 to declare an emergency and act on the basis of that declaration.
650 Section 10. Section 19-2-113 is amended to read:
651 19-2-113. Variances -- Judicial review.
652 (1) (a) [
653 establishment, process, or equipment may apply to the board for a variance from its rules.
654 (b) The board may grant the requested variance following an announced public
655 meeting, if it finds, after considering the endangerment to human health and safety and other
656 relevant factors, that compliance with the rules from which variance is sought would produce
657 serious hardship without equal or greater benefits to the public.
658 (2) A variance may not be granted under this section until the board has considered the
659 relative interests of the applicant, other owners of property likely to be affected by the
660 discharges, and the general public.
661 (3) [
662 of Subsection (1) and for time periods and under conditions consistent with the reasons for it,
663 and within the following limitations:
664 (a) if the variance is granted on the grounds that there are no practicable means known
665 or available for the adequate prevention, abatement, or control of the air pollution involved, it
666 shall be only until the necessary means for prevention, abatement, or control become known
667 and available, and subject to the taking of any substitute or alternate measures that the board
668 may prescribe;
669 (b) (i) if the variance is granted on the grounds that compliance with the requirements
670 from which variance is sought will require that measures, because of their extent or cost, must
671 be spread over a long period of time, the variance shall be granted for a reasonable time that, in
672 the view of the board, is required for implementation of the necessary measures; and
673 (ii) a variance granted on this ground shall contain a timetable for the implementation
674 of remedial measures in an expeditious manner and shall be conditioned on adherence to the
675 timetable; or
676 (c) if the variance is granted on the ground that it is necessary to relieve or prevent
677 hardship of a kind other than that provided for in Subsection (3)(a) or (b), it may not be granted
678 for more than one year.
679 (4) (a) [
680 conditions and for periods that would be appropriate for initially granting a variance.
681 (b) If a complaint is made to the board because of the variance, a renewal may not be
682 granted unless, following an announced public meeting, the board finds that renewal is
684 (c) To receive a renewal, an applicant shall submit a request for agency action to the
685 board requesting a renewal.
686 (d) Immediately upon receipt of an application for renewal, the board shall give public
687 notice of the application as required by its rules.
688 (5) (a) A variance or renewal is not a right of the applicant or holder but may be
689 granted at the board's discretion.
690 (b) A person aggrieved by the board's decision may obtain judicial review.
691 (c) Venue for judicial review of informal adjudicative proceedings is in the district
692 court in which the air [
693 (6) (a) The board may review [
694 (b) The review procedure is the same as that for an original application.
695 (c) The variance may be revoked upon a finding that:
696 (i) the nature or amount of emission has changed or increased; or
697 (ii) if facts existing at the date of the review had existed at the time of the original
698 application, the variance would not have been granted.
699 (7) Nothing in this section and no variance or renewal granted pursuant to it shall be
700 construed to prevent or limit the application of the emergency provisions and procedures of
701 Section 19-2-112 to [
702 Section 11. Section 19-2-114 is amended to read:
703 19-2-114. Activities not in violation of chapter or rules.
704 The following are not a violation of this chapter or of [
705 (1) burning incident to horticultural or agricultural operations of:
706 (a) prunings from trees, bushes, and plants; or
707 (b) dead or diseased trees, bushes, and plants, including stubble;
708 (2) burning of weed growth along ditch banks incident to clearing these ditches for
709 irrigation purposes;
710 (3) controlled heating of orchards or other crops to lessen the chances of their being
711 frozen so long as the emissions from this heating do not violate minimum standards set by the
712 board; and
713 (4) the controlled burning of not more than two structures per year by an organized and
714 operating fire department for the purpose of training fire service personnel when the United
715 States Weather Service clearing index for the area where the burn is to occur is above 500.
716 Section 12. Section 19-2-117 is amended to read:
717 19-2-117. Attorney general as legal advisor to board -- Duties of attorney general
718 and county attorneys.
719 (1) [
720 advisor to the board and the director and shall defend them or any of them in all actions or
721 proceedings brought against them or any of them.
722 (2) The county attorney in the county in which a cause of action arises may, upon
723 request of the board or the director, bring [
724 which exists in violation of, or to prosecute for the violation of or to enforce, this chapter or the
725 standards, orders, or rules of the board or the director issued under this chapter.
726 (3) The director may bring [
727 (4) In the event [
728 board or the director that is not subject to a stay pending administrative or judicial review, the
729 director may initiate an action for, and is entitled to, injunctive relief to prevent any further or
730 continued violation of the order.
731 Section 13. Section 19-2-119 is amended to read:
732 19-2-119. Civil or criminal remedies not excluded -- Actionable rights under
733 chapter -- No liability for acts of God or other catastrophes.
734 (1) Existing civil or criminal remedies for [
735 violation of [
736 (2) [
737 implementing those provisions, persons other than the state or the board do not acquire
738 actionable rights by virtue of this chapter.
739 (3) The liabilities imposed for violation of this chapter are not imposed for [
740 violation caused by an act of God, war, strike, riot, or other catastrophe.
741 Section 14. Section 19-2-120 is amended to read:
742 19-2-120. Information required of owners or operators of air pollutant sources.
743 The owner or operator of [
744 state shall furnish to the director the reports required by rules made in accordance with Section
745 19-2-104 and any other information the director finds necessary to determine whether the
746 source is in compliance with state and federal regulations and standards. The information shall
747 be correlated with applicable emission standards or limitations and shall be available to the
748 public during normal business hours at the office of the division.
749 Section 15. Section 19-2-122 is amended to read:
750 19-2-122. Cooperative agreements between political subdivisions and
752 (1) [
753 political subdivisions of the state or with the department, contracts and agreements as they find
754 proper for establishing, planning, operating, and financing air pollution programs.
755 (2) The agreements may provide for an agency to:
756 (a) supervise and operate an air pollution program;
757 (b) prescribe[
759 (c) fix the compensation of the agency's members and employees.
760 Section 16. Section 19-12-102 is amended to read:
761 19-12-102. Definitions.
762 As used in this chapter:
763 (1) "Air [
764 Section 19-2-102.
765 (2) "Air [
766 in Section 19-2-102.
767 (3) "Air pollution" [
768 (4) "Director" means:
769 (a) for purposes of an application or certification under this chapter related to air
770 pollution, the director of the Division of Air Quality; or
771 (b) for purposes of an application or certification under this chapter related to water
772 pollution, the director of the Division of Water Quality.
773 (5) (a) "Freestanding pollution control property" means tangible personal property
774 located in the state, regardless of whether a purchaser purchases the tangible personal property
775 voluntarily or to comply with a requirement of a governmental entity, if:
776 (i) the primary purpose of the tangible personal property is the prevention, control, or
777 reduction of air or water pollution by:
778 (A) the disposal or elimination of, or redesign to eliminate, waste, and the use of
779 treatment works for industrial waste; or
780 (B) the disposal, elimination, or reduction of, or redesign to eliminate or reduce, air
782 more air cleaning devices; and
783 (ii) the tangible personal property is not used at, in the construction of, or incorporated
784 into a pollution control facility.
785 (b) "Freestanding pollution control property" does not include:
786 (i) a consumable:
787 (A) chemical that is not reusable;
788 (B) cleaning material that is not reusable; or
789 (C) supply that is not reusable;
790 (ii) the following used for human waste:
791 (A) a septic tank; or
792 (B) other property;
793 (iii) property installed, constructed, or used for the moving of sewage to a collection
794 facility of a public or quasi-public sewerage system;
795 (iv) the following used for the comfort of personnel:
796 (A) an air conditioner;
797 (B) a fan; or
798 (C) an item similar to Subsection (5)(b)(iv)(A) or (B); or
799 (v) office equipment or an office supply if the primary purpose of the office equipment
800 or office supply is not the prevention, control, or reduction of air or water pollution by:
801 (A) the disposal or elimination of, or redesign to eliminate, waste, and the use of
802 treatment works for industrial waste; or
803 (B) the disposal, elimination, or reduction of, or redesign to eliminate or reduce, air
805 more air cleaning devices.
806 (6) (a) "Pollution control facility" means real property in the state, regardless of
807 whether a purchaser purchases the real property voluntarily or to comply with a requirement of
808 a governmental entity, if the primary purpose of the real property is the prevention, control, or
809 reduction of air pollution or water pollution by:
810 (i) the disposal or elimination of, or redesign to eliminate:
811 (A) waste; and
812 (B) the use of treatment works for industrial waste; or
813 (ii) (A) the disposal, elimination, or reduction of, or redesign to eliminate or reduce, air
815 (B) the use of one or more air cleaning devices.
816 (b) "Pollution control facility" includes:
817 (i) an addition to real property described in Subsection (6)(a);
818 (ii) the reconstruction of real property described in Subsection (6)(a); or
819 (iii) an improvement to real property described in Subsection (6)(a).
820 (c) "Pollution control facility" does not include:
821 (i) a consumable:
822 (A) chemical that is not reusable;
823 (B) cleaning material that is not reusable; or
824 (C) supply that is not reusable;
825 (ii) the following used for human waste:
826 (A) a septic tank; or
827 (B) another facility;
828 (iii) property installed, constructed, or used for the moving of sewage to a collection
829 facility of a public or quasi-public sewerage system;
830 (iv) the following used for the comfort of personnel:
831 (A) an air conditioner;
832 (B) a fan; or
833 (C) an item similar to Subsection (6)(c)(iv)(A) or (B); or
834 (v) office equipment or an office supply if the primary purpose of the office equipment
835 or office supply is not the prevention, control, or reduction of air or water pollution by:
836 (A) the disposal or elimination of, or redesign to eliminate[
837 treatment works for industrial waste; or
838 (B) the disposal, elimination, or reduction of, or redesign to eliminate[
840 more air cleaning devices.
841 (7) "Treatment works" [
843 (8) "Waste" [
844 (9) "Water pollution" has the same meaning as "pollution" under Section 19-5-102.
845 Section 17. Section 19-12-201 is amended to read:
846 19-12-201. Sales and use tax exemption for certain purchases or leases related to
847 pollution control.
848 (1) Except as provided in Subsection (2), a purchase or lease of the following is
849 exempt from a tax imposed under Title 59, Chapter 12, Sales and Use Tax Act:
850 (a) freestanding pollution control property;
851 (b) tangible personal property if the tangible personal property is:
852 (i) incorporated into freestanding pollution control property; or
853 (ii) used at, used in the construction of, or incorporated into a pollution control facility;
854 (c) a part, if the part is used in the repair or replacement of property described in
855 Subsection (1)(a) or (b);
856 (d) a product transferred electronically, if the property transferred electronically is:
857 (i) incorporated into freestanding pollution control property; or
858 (ii) used at, used in the construction of, or incorporated into a pollution control facility;
860 (e) a service, if the service is performed on:
861 (i) freestanding pollution control property;
862 (ii) a pollution control facility; or
863 (iii) property described in Subsection (1)(b), a part described in Subsection (1)(c), or a
864 product described in Subsection (1)(d).
865 (2) A purchase or lease of the following is not exempt under this section:
866 (a) a consumable chemical that is not reusable;
867 (b) a consumable cleaning material that is not reusable; or
868 (c) a consumable supply that is not reusable.
869 (3) A purchase or lease of office equipment or an office supply is not exempt under this
870 section if the primary purpose of the office equipment or office supply is not the prevention,
871 control, or reduction of air or water pollution by:
872 (a) the disposal or elimination of, or redesign to eliminate, waste, and the use of
873 treatment works for industrial waste; or
874 (b) the disposal, elimination, or reduction of, or redesign to eliminate or reduce, air
876 one or more air cleaning devices.
877 Section 18. Repealer.
878 This bill repeals:
879 Section 19-2-109.5, Private sector air quality permitting professionals certification