8 LONG TITLE
9 General Description:
10 This bill modifies the Utah Criminal Code regarding the investigation of peace officer
11 use of force.
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 ▸ requires the chief executive of a law enforcement agency to work with the district or
15 county attorney to designate an agency to investigate instances of a peace officer use
16 of force;
17 ▸ requires that the investigating agency not be the agency where the officer is
18 employed; and
19 ▸ requires each law enforcement agency to adopt and post by December 31, 2015:
20 • the policies and procedures the agency has adopted to select the investigating
21 agency if an officer-involved critical incident occurs in its jurisdiction; and
22 • the protocols the agency has adopted to ensure that any investigation of
23 officer-involved incidents occurring in its jurisdiction are conducted
24 professionally, thoroughly, and impartially.
25 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
27 Other Special Clauses:
29 Utah Code Sections Affected:
31 76-2-408, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
34 Section 1. Section 76-2-408 is enacted to read:
35 76-2-408. Peace officer use of force -- Investigations.
36 (1) As used in this section:
37 (a) "Dangerous weapon" is a firearm or an object that in the manner of its use or
38 intended use is capable of causing death or serious bodily injury.
39 (b) "Investigating agency" is a law enforcement agency, the county or district attorney's
40 office, or an interagency task force composed of officers from multiple law enforcement
42 (c) "Officer" is a law enforcement officer as defined in Section 53-13-103.
43 (d) "Officer-involved critical incident" is any of the following:
44 (i) the use of a dangerous weapon by an officer against a person that causes injury to
45 any person;
46 (ii) a fatal injury to any person except the officer, resulting from the use of a motor
47 vehicle by an officer;
48 (iii) the death of a person who is in law enforcement custody, but not including deaths
49 that are the result of disease, natural causes, or conditions that have been medically diagnosed
50 prior to the person's death; or
51 (iv) a fatal injury to a person resulting from the efforts of an officer attempting to
52 prevent a person's escape from custody, make an arrest, or otherwise gain physical control of a
54 (2) When an officer-involved critical incident occurs:
55 (a) upon receiving notice of the officer-involved critical incident, the law enforcement
56 agency having jurisdiction where the incident occurred shall, as soon as practical, notify the
57 county or district attorney having jurisdiction where the incident occurred; and
58 (b) the chief executive of the law enforcement agency and the county or district
59 attorney having jurisdiction where the incident occurred shall:
60 (i) jointly designate an investigating agency for the officer-involved critical incident;
62 (ii) designate which agency is the lead investigative agency if the officer-involved
63 critical incident involves multiple investigations.
64 (3) The investigating agency under Subsection (2) may not be the law enforcement
65 agency employing the officer who is alleged to have caused or contributed to the
66 officer-involved critical incident.
67 (4) This section does not preclude the law enforcement agency employing an officer
68 alleged to have caused or contributed to the officer-involved critical incident from conducting
69 an internal administrative investigation.
70 (5) Each law enforcement agency that is part of or administered by the state or any of
71 its political subdivisions shall, by December 31, 2015, adopt and post on its publicly accessible
73 (a) the policies and procedures the agency has adopted to select the investigating
74 agency if an officer-involved critical incident occurs in its jurisdiction and one of its officers is
75 alleged to have caused or contributed to the officer-involved incident; and
76 (b) the protocols the agency has adopted to ensure that any investigation of
77 officer-involved incidents occurring in its jurisdiction are conducted professionally,
78 thoroughly, and impartially.