Chief Sponsor: Edward H. Redd

Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble


8     General Description:
9          This bill allows an emergency service provider to request a blood sample if
10     significantly exposed to a person's bodily fluids in the course of performing the
11     provider's duties.
12     Highlighted Provisions:
13          This bill:
14          ▸     allows an emergency service provider to request a court order authorizing a blood
15     sample from an individual if, during the course of performing the provider's duties,
16     the provider is significantly exposed to the individual's bodily fluids.
17     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
18          None
19     Other Special Clauses:
20          None
21     Utah Code Sections Affected:
22     AMENDS:
23          78B-8-402, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 114

25     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
26          Section 1. Section 78B-8-402 is amended to read:
27          78B-8-402. Petition -- Disease testing -- Notice -- Payment for testing.

28          (1) An emergency services provider or first aid volunteer who is significantly exposed
29     during the course of performing the emergency services provider's duties or during the course
30     of performing emergency assistance or first aid may:
31          (a) request that the person to whom the emergency services provider or first aid
32     volunteer was significantly exposed voluntarily submit to testing; or
33          (b) petition the district court or a magistrate for an order requiring that the person to
34     whom the emergency services provider or first aid volunteer was significantly exposed submit
35     to testing to determine the presence of a disease, as defined in Section 78B-8-401, and that the
36     results of that test be disclosed to the petitioner by the Department of Health.
37          (2) (a) The petitioner may submit by electronic or other means an ex parte request for
38     an order authorizing a blood draw from the respondent.
39          (b) If the court finds that, on the basis of the information in the ex parte request, the
40     petitioner was significantly exposed during the course of performing the petitioner's duties as
41     an emergency provider and that there is a reasonable likelihood that there will not be an
42     opportunity to obtain a sample at a later date, the court shall issue an order authorizing the
43     petitioner to obtain a specimen of the person's blood, and that reasonable force may be used, if
44     necessary.
45          (c) Depending upon the location of the respondent, the petitioner shall request a person
46     authorized under Section 41-6a-523 perform the blood draw.
47          (d) A sample drawn in accordance with an order following an ex parte request shall be
48     sent to the Department of Health for testing.
49          [(2)] (3) (a) [The] If a petitioner does not seek or obtain authorization pursuant to
50     Subsection (2), the petitioner [shall] may file a petition with the district court seeking an order
51     to submit to testing and to disclose the results in accordance with the provisions of this section.
52          (b) The petition shall be sealed upon filing and made accessible only to the petitioner,
53     the subject of the petition, and their attorneys, upon court order.
54          [(3)] (4) (a) The petition described in Subsection [(2)] (3) shall be accompanied by an
55     affidavit in which the petitioner certifies that the petitioner has been significantly exposed to
56     the individual who is the subject of the petition and describes that exposure.
57          (b) The petitioner shall submit to testing to determine the presence of a disease, when
58     the petition is filed or within three days after the petition is filed.

59          [(4)] (5) The petitioner shall cause the petition required under this section to be served
60     on the person who the petitioner is requesting to be tested in a manner that will best preserve
61     the confidentiality of that person.
62          [(5)] (6) (a) The court shall set a time for a hearing on the matter within 10 days after
63     the petition is filed and shall give the petitioner and the individual who is the subject of the
64     petition notice of the hearing at least 72 hours prior to the hearing.
65          (b) The individual who is the subject of the petition shall also be notified that the
66     individual may have an attorney present at the hearing and that the individual's attorney may
67     examine and cross-examine witnesses.
68          (c) The hearing shall be conducted in camera.
69          [(6)] (7) The district court may enter an order requiring that an individual submit to
70     testing, including blood testing, for a disease if the court finds probable cause to believe:
71          (a) the petitioner was significantly exposed; and
72          (b) the exposure occurred during the course of the emergency services provider's
73     duties, or the provision of emergency assistance or first aid by a first aid volunteer.
74          [(7)] (8) The court may order that the blood specimen be obtained by the use of
75     reasonable force if the individual who is the subject of the petition is a prisoner.
76          [(8)] (9) The court may order that additional, follow-up testing be conducted and that
77     the individual submit to that testing, as it determines to be necessary and appropriate.
78          [(9)] (10) The court is not required to order an individual to submit to a test under this
79     section if it finds that there is a substantial reason, relating to the life or health of the
80     individual, not to enter the order.
81          [(10)] (11) (a) Upon order of the district court that a person submit to testing for a
82     disease, that person shall report to the designated local health department to have the person's
83     blood drawn within 10 days from the issuance of the order, and thereafter as designated by the
84     court, or be held in contempt of court.
85          (b) The court shall send the order to the Department of Health and to the local health
86     department ordered to draw the blood.
87          (c) Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 26-6-27, the Department of Health and a
88     local health department may disclose the test results pursuant to a court order as provided in
89     this section.

90          (d) Under this section, anonymous testing as provided under Section 26-6-3.5 [shall]
91     may not satisfy the requirements of the court order.
92          [(11)] (12) The local health department or the Department of Health shall inform the
93     subject of the petition and the petitioner of the results of the test and advise both parties that the
94     test results are confidential. That information shall be maintained as confidential by all parties
95     to the action.
96          [(12)] (13) The court, its personnel, the process server, the Department of Health, local
97     health department, and petitioner shall maintain confidentiality of the name and any other
98     identifying information regarding the individual tested and the results of the test as they relate
99     to that individual, except as specifically authorized by this chapter.
100          [(13)] (14) (a) Except as provided in Subsection [(13)] (14)(b), the petitioner shall
101     remit payment for the drawing of the blood specimen and the analysis of the specimen for the
102     mandatory disease testing to the entity that draws the blood.
103          (b) If the petitioner is an emergency services provider, the agency that employs the
104     emergency services provider shall remit payment for the drawing of the blood specimen and
105     the analysis of the specimen for the mandatory disease testing to the entity that draws the
106     blood.
107          [(14)] (15) The entity that draws the blood shall cause the blood and the payment for
108     the analysis of the specimen to be delivered to the Department of Health for analysis.
109          [(15)] (16) If the individual is incarcerated, the incarcerating authority shall either draw
110     the blood specimen or shall pay the expenses of having the individual's blood drawn.

Legislative Review Note
     as of 2-25-15 4:19 PM

Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel