7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill enacts and modifies provisions relating to reverse mortgages.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ enacts the Utah Reverse Mortgage Act;
13 ▸ defines terms;
14 ▸ provides requirements for a reverse mortgage in the state;
15 ▸ addresses the treatment of loan proceeds, priority, foreclosure, and lender default in
16 the context of a reverse mortgage; and
17 ▸ addresses the enforcement of the provisions of this bill.
18 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
20 Other Special Clauses:
22 Utah Code Sections Affected:
24 61-2c-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166
25 70D-3-402, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 342
27 57-28-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
28 57-28-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
29 57-28-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
30 57-28-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
31 57-28-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
32 57-28-204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 57-28-205, Utah Code Annotated 1953
34 57-28-206, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 57-28-207, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36 57-28-208, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37 57-28-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
38 57-28-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39 57-28-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
40 57-28-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
41 57-28-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
43 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
44 Section 1. Section 57-28-101 is enacted to read:
47 57-28-101. Title.
48 (1) This chapter is known as the "Utah Reverse Mortgage Act."
49 (2) This part is known as "General Provisions."
50 Section 2. Section 57-28-102 is enacted to read:
51 57-28-102. Definitions.
52 (1) "Borrower" means an individual who executes an agreement for a reverse
54 (2) "Dwelling" means:
55 (a) a one- to four-family residence in which the borrower occupies at least one unit;
56 (b) a condominium project approved by the United States Department of Housing and
57 Urban Development; or
58 (c) a manufactured home built after June 1976.
59 (3) "Independent housing counselor" means a person who is listed on the United States
60 Department of Housing and Urban Development's Home Equity Conversion Mortgage
61 Counselor Roster described in 24 C.F.R. Part 206.
62 (4) "Lender" means a person who makes a reverse mortgage.
63 (5) "Line of credit payment option" means a loan disbursement plan for a reverse
64 mortgage under which the lender pays the loan proceeds to the borrower at times and in
65 amounts determined by the borrower.
66 (6) "Means-test program of aid to individuals" means any law or program that relates
67 payments, allowances, benefits, or services that are provided on a means-tested basis by the
69 (7) "Principal residence" means the dwelling:
70 (a) that an individual maintains as the individual's permanent place of abode; and
71 (b) where the individual typically spends the majority of the calendar year.
72 (8) "Reverse mortgage" means a nonrecourse loan that:
73 (a) is secured by the borrower's principal residence;
74 (b) provides cash advances to the borrower based on the borrower's equity in the
75 borrower's principal residence; and
76 (c) does not require payment of principal or interest until:
77 (i) each borrower dies;
78 (ii) the borrower's principal residence is transferred;
79 (iii) the dwelling that secures the loan is no longer the borrower's principal residence;
80 (iv) (A) the borrower fails to occupy the property that secures the loan for more than 12
81 months because of physical or mental illness; and
82 (B) no other borrower maintains the property as a principal residence; or
83 (v) the borrower defaults.
84 (9) "Tenure payment option" means a loan disbursement plan for a reverse mortgage
85 under which the lender pays the loan proceeds to the borrower in equal monthly installments
86 for as long as the dwelling that secures the reverse mortgage remains the borrower's principal
88 (10) "Term payment option" means a loan disbursement plan for a reverse mortgage
89 under which the lender pays the loan proceeds to the borrower in equal monthly installments
90 for a fixed term that is chosen by the lender.
91 Section 3. Section 57-28-201 is enacted to read:
93 57-28-201. Title.
94 This part is known as "Reverse Mortgage Requirements."
95 Section 4. Section 57-28-202 is enacted to read:
96 57-28-202. Borrower requirements.
97 A borrower shall:
98 (1) be 62 years of age or older; and
99 (2) occupy the dwelling that secures the reverse mortgage as a principal residence.
100 Section 5. Section 57-28-203 is enacted to read:
101 57-28-203. Disclosures to borrower.
102 A lender shall give a prospective borrower or a borrower the following written
104 (1) at the time the lender provides an application for a reverse mortgage to a
105 prospective borrower:
106 (a) a disclosure that explains any adjustable interest rate feature of the reverse
107 mortgage, including:
108 (i) the circumstances under which the interest rate may increase;
109 (ii) any limitation on the amount that the interest rate may increase; and
110 (iii) the effect of an increase in the interest rate; and
111 (b) a list of at least five independent housing counselors that includes each independent
112 housing counselor's name, address, and telephone number;
113 (2) at least 10 days before the day on which a reverse mortgage closes, a disclosure that
115 (a) that the prospective borrower's liability under the reverse mortgage is limited;
116 (b) the prospective borrower's rights, obligations, and remedies that relate to:
117 (i) temporary absences, late payments, and payment default by the lender; and
118 (ii) each condition that requires satisfaction of the reverse mortgage; and
119 (c) the projected total cost of the reverse mortgage to the prospective borrower, based
120 on the projected total future loan balance;
121 (3) on an annual basis, on or before January 31 of each year, a statement that
123 (a) the total principal amount paid to the borrower under the reverse mortgage;
124 (b) the total amount of deferred interest added to the principal; and
125 (c) the outstanding loan balance at the end of the preceding year; and
126 (4) if applicable, at least 25 days before the day on which the lender adjusts the interest
127 rate on a reverse mortgage, a disclosure that states:
128 (a) the current index amount;
129 (b) the publication date of the index; and
130 (c) the new interest rate.
131 Section 6. Section 57-28-204 is enacted to read:
132 57-28-204. Independent counseling.
133 (1) Before a prospective borrower signs a reverse mortgage application, the prospective
134 borrower shall meet with an independent housing counselor.
135 (2) During the meeting described in Subsection (1):
136 (a) the prospective borrower and the independent housing counselor shall discuss the
137 financial impacts of a reverse mortgage, including:
138 (i) options other than a reverse mortgage that are or may become available to the
139 prospective borrower;
140 (ii) other home equity conversion options that are or may become available to the
141 prospective borrower, including sale-leaseback financing, a deferred payment loan, and a
142 property tax deferral; and
143 (iii) the financial implications, specific to the prospective borrower, of entering into a
144 reverse mortgage; and
145 (b) the independent housing counselor shall give the prospective borrower a written
146 disclosure that states that a reverse mortgage may:
147 (i) have tax consequences;
148 (ii) affect the prospective borrower's eligibility for assistance under certain state and
149 federal programs; and
150 (iii) impact the prospective borrower's estate and heirs.
151 Section 7. Section 57-28-205 is enacted to read:
152 57-28-205. Costs and repayment.
153 A lender may collect the following charges and fees in connection with the origination
154 of a reverse mortgage:
155 (1) the actual expenses that the lender incurs in originating and closing the reverse
156 mortgage, including a mortgage broker's fee if the mortgage broker and the lender do not share
157 any pecuniary interests; and
158 (2) the actual amount that the lender paid for:
159 (a) a recording fee;
160 (b) a credit report;
161 (c) a survey, if required by the lender or the borrower;
162 (d) a title examination;
163 (e) the lender's title insurance; and
164 (f) an initial appraisal of the real property that secures the reverse mortgage.
165 Section 8. Section 57-28-206 is enacted to read:
166 57-28-206. Disbursement.
167 (1) Subject to Subsection (2) and except as provided in Subsection (3), a lender shall
168 pay the loan proceeds of a reverse mortgage under a term payment option, a tenure payment
169 option, or a line of credit payment option.
170 (2) Under a term payment option or a tenure payment option, upon a borrower's
171 request, the lender shall disburse a portion of the loan proceeds under a line of credit payment
173 (3) If a reverse mortgage is a fixed interest rate loan, the lender may pay the loan
174 proceeds in a lump sum.
175 Section 9. Section 57-28-207 is enacted to read:
176 57-28-207. Cooling off period -- Closing.
177 (1) After a prospective borrower accepts, in writing, a lender's written commitment to
178 make a reverse mortgage, the lender may not bind the prospective borrower to the reverse
179 mortgage earlier than seven days after the day on which the prospective borrower gives the
180 written acceptance to the lender.
181 (2) During the seven-day period described in Subsection (1), the lender may not require
182 the prospective borrower to close or otherwise proceed with the reverse mortgage.
183 (3) A prospective borrower may not waive the provisions of this section.
184 Section 10. Section 57-28-208 is enacted to read:
185 57-28-208. Federally insured reverse mortgages.
186 When a lender makes a reverse mortgage that is federally insured by the United States
187 Department of Housing and Urban Development, the lender satisfies the requirements
188 described in Sections 57-28-202 though 57-28-206 if the lender complies with the federal
189 requirements described in 12 U.S.C. Sec. 1715z-20 and 24 C.F.R. Part 206.
190 Section 11. Section 57-28-301 is enacted to read:
192 57-28-301. Title.
193 This part is known as "Reverse Mortgage Proceeds, Priority, Foreclosure, and Lender
195 Section 12. Section 57-28-302 is enacted to read:
196 57-28-302. Treatment of loan proceeds -- Effect on assistance eligibility.
197 For purposes of determining a borrower's eligibility and benefits for a means-tested
198 program of aid to individuals:
199 (1) a reverse mortgage loan payment made to a borrower shall be treated as proceeds
200 from a loan and not as income; and
201 (2) undisbursed funds under a reverse mortgage shall be treated as equity in the
202 borrower's home and not as proceeds from a loan.
203 Section 13. Section 57-28-303 is enacted to read:
204 57-28-303. Priority.
205 (1) Ŝ→ [
206 the real property that secures the reverse mortgage as of the date of the first disbursement
206a amounts secured by a reverse mortgage have the same lien priority as the first disbursement
206b under the reverse mortgage ←Ŝ .
207 (2) For purposes of Subsection (1), the amount secured by the reverse mortgage
208 includes any payment to the borrower from the loan proceeds, regardless of the purpose of the
210 Section 14. Section 57-28-304 is enacted to read:
211 57-28-304. Foreclosure.
212 Before a person initiates foreclosure proceedings on a reverse mortgage, the person
214 (1) give the borrower written notice that states the grounds for default and foreclosure;
216 (2) provide the borrower at least 30 days after the day on which the borrower receives
217 the notice described in Subsection (1) to cure the borrower's default.
218 Section 15. Section 57-28-305 is enacted to read:
219 57-28-305. Lender default.
220 (1) A lender who fails to make a loan advance on a non-federally insured reverse
221 mortgage in accordance with the reverse mortgage agreement shall forfeit any right to
222 repayment of the outstanding loan balance.
223 (2) After a lender forfeits the lender's right to repayment under Subsection (1), the
224 reverse mortgage loan agreement is void.
225 Section 16. Section 61-2c-301 is amended to read:
226 61-2c-301. Prohibited conduct -- Violations of the chapter.
227 (1) A person transacting the business of residential mortgage loans in this state may
229 (a) give or receive a referral fee, other compensation, or anything of value in exchange
230 for a referral of residential mortgage loan business;
231 (b) charge a fee in connection with a residential mortgage loan transaction:
232 (i) that is excessive; or
233 (ii) without providing to the loan applicant a written statement signed by the loan
235 (A) stating whether or not the fee or deposit is refundable; and
236 (B) describing the conditions, if any, under which all or a portion of the fee or deposit
237 will be refunded to the applicant;
238 (c) give or receive compensation or anything of value in exchange for a referral of
239 settlement or loan closing services related to a residential mortgage loan transaction;
240 (d) do any of the following to induce a lender to extend credit as part of a residential
241 mortgage loan transaction:
242 (i) make a false statement or representation;
243 (ii) cause false documents to be generated; or
244 (iii) knowingly permit false information to be submitted by any party;
245 (e) give or receive compensation or anything of value, or withhold or threaten to
246 withhold payment of an appraiser fee, to influence the independent judgment of an appraiser in
247 reaching a value conclusion in a residential mortgage loan transaction, except that it is not a
248 violation of this section for a licensee to withhold payment because of a bona fide dispute
249 regarding a failure of the appraiser to comply with the licensing law or the Uniform Standards
250 of Professional Appraisal Practice;
251 (f) violate or not comply with:
252 (i) this chapter;
253 (ii) an order of the commission or division; or
254 (iii) a rule made by the division;
255 (g) fail to respond within the required time period to:
256 (i) a notice or complaint of the division; or
257 (ii) a request for information from the division;
258 (h) make false representations to the division, including in a licensure statement;
259 (i) for a residential mortgage loan transaction beginning on or after January 1, 2004,
260 engage in the business of residential mortgage loans with respect to the transaction if the
261 person also acts in any of the following capacities with respect to the same residential mortgage
262 loan transaction:
263 (i) appraiser;
264 (ii) escrow agent;
265 (iii) real estate agent;
266 (iv) general contractor; or
267 (v) title insurance producer;
268 (j) order a title insurance report or hold a title insurance policy unless the person
269 provides to the title insurer a copy of a valid, current license under this chapter;
270 (k) engage in unprofessional conduct as defined by rule;
271 (l) engage in an act or omission in transacting the business of residential mortgage
272 loans that constitutes dishonesty, fraud, or misrepresentation;
273 (m) engage in false or misleading advertising;
274 (n) (i) fail to account for money received in connection with a residential mortgage
276 (ii) use money for a different purpose from the purpose for which the money is
277 received; or
278 (iii) except as provided in Subsection (4), retain money paid for services if the services
279 are not performed;
280 (o) fail, within 90 calendar days of a request from a borrower who has paid for an
281 appraisal, to give a copy of an appraisal ordered and used for a transaction to the borrower;
282 (p) engage in an act that is performed to:
283 (i) evade this chapter; or
284 (ii) assist another person to evade this chapter;
285 (q) recommend or encourage default, delinquency, or continuation of an existing
286 default or delinquency, by a mortgage applicant on an existing indebtedness before the closing
287 of a residential mortgage loan that will refinance all or part of the indebtedness;
288 (r) in the case of the lending manager of an entity or a branch office of an entity, fail to
289 exercise reasonable supervision over the activities of:
290 (i) unlicensed staff; and
291 (ii) a mortgage loan originator who is affiliated with the lending manager;
292 (s) pay or offer to pay an individual who does not hold a license under this chapter for
293 work that requires the individual to hold a license under this chapter;
294 (t) in the case of a dual licensed title licensee as defined in Section 31A-2-402:
295 (i) provide a title insurance product or service without the approval required by Section
296 31A-2-405; or
297 (ii) knowingly provide false or misleading information in the statement required by
298 Subsection 31A-2-405(2);
299 (u) represent to the public that the person can or will perform any act of a mortgage
300 loan originator if that person is not licensed under this chapter because the person is exempt
301 under Subsection 61-2c-102(1)(h)(ii)(A), including through:
302 (i) advertising;
303 (ii) a business card;
304 (iii) stationery;
305 (iv) a brochure;
306 (v) a sign;
307 (vi) a rate list; or
308 (vii) other promotional item; [
309 (v) (i) engage in an act of loan modification assistance without being licensed under
310 this chapter;
311 (ii) engage in an act of foreclosure rescue that requires licensure as a real estate agent
312 or real estate broker under Chapter 2, Division of Real Estate, without being licensed under
313 that chapter;
314 (iii) engage in an act of loan modification assistance without entering into a written
315 agreement specifying which one or more acts of loan modification assistance will be
317 (iv) request or require a person to pay a fee before obtaining:
318 (A) a written offer for a loan modification from the person's lender or servicer; and
319 (B) the person's written acceptance of the offer from the lender or servicer;
320 (v) induce a person seeking a loan modification to hire the licensee to engage in an act
321 of loan modification assistance by:
322 (A) suggesting to the person that the licensee has a special relationship with the
323 person's lender or loan servicer; or
324 (B) falsely representing or advertising that the licensee is acting on behalf of:
325 (I) a government agency;
326 (II) the person's lender or loan servicer; or
327 (III) a nonprofit or charitable institution;
328 (vi) recommend or participate in a loan modification that requires a person to:
329 (A) transfer title to real property to the licensee or to a third-party with whom the
330 licensee has a business relationship or financial interest;
331 (B) make a mortgage payment to a person other than the person's loan servicer; or
332 (C) refrain from contacting the person's:
333 (I) lender;
334 (II) loan servicer;
335 (III) attorney;
336 (IV) credit counselor; or
337 (V) housing counselor; or
338 (vii) for an agreement for loan modification assistance entered into on or after May 11,
339 2010, engage in an act of loan modification assistance without offering in writing to the person
340 entering into the agreement for loan modification assistance a right to cancel the agreement
341 within three business days after the day on which the person enters the agreement[
342 (w) violate or fail to comply with a provision of Title 57, Chapter 28, Utah Reverse
343 Mortgage Act.
344 (2) Whether or not the crime is related to the business of residential mortgage loans, it
345 is a violation of this chapter for a licensee or a person who is a certified education provider to
346 do any of the following with respect to a criminal offense that involves moral turpitude:
347 (a) be convicted;
348 (b) plead guilty or nolo contendere;
349 (c) enter a plea in abeyance; or
350 (d) be subjected to a criminal disposition similar to the ones described in Subsections
351 (2)(a) through (c).
352 (3) A lending manager does not violate Subsection (1)(r) if:
353 (a) in contravention of the lending manager's written policies and instructions, an
354 affiliated licensee of the lending manager violates:
355 (i) this chapter; or
356 (ii) rules made by the division under this chapter;
357 (b) the lending manager established and followed reasonable procedures to ensure that
358 affiliated licensees receive adequate supervision;
359 (c) upon learning of a violation by an affiliated licensee, the lending manager
360 attempted to prevent or mitigate the damage;
361 (d) the lending manager did not participate in or ratify the violation by an affiliated
362 licensee; and
363 (e) the lending manager did not attempt to avoid learning of the violation.
364 (4) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(n)(iii), a licensee may, upon compliance with
365 Section 70D-2-305, charge a reasonable cancellation fee for work done originating a mortgage
366 if the mortgage is not closed.
367 Section 17. Section 70D-3-402 is amended to read:
368 70D-3-402. Prohibited acts.
369 (1) An individual transacting the business of a loan originator in this state may not:
370 (a) violate or not comply with:
371 (i) this chapter;
372 (ii) an order of the commissioner under this chapter;
373 (iii) a rule made by the commissioner under this chapter;
374 (iv) Title 70C, Utah Consumer Credit Code, if subject to that title; or
375 (v) Chapter 2, Mortgage Lending and Servicing Act, if subject to that chapter;
376 (b) engage in an act that is performed to:
377 (i) evade this chapter; or
378 (ii) assist another person to evade this chapter;
379 (c) do any of the following to induce a lender to extend credit as part of a residential
380 mortgage loan transaction:
381 (i) make a false statement or representation;
382 (ii) cause a false document to be generated; or
383 (iii) knowingly permit false information to be submitted by a person in a transaction;
384 (d) fail to respond within the required time period to:
385 (i) a notice or complaint of the commissioner; or
386 (ii) a request for information from the commissioner;
387 (e) make a false representation to the commissioner, including in a licensure
389 (f) engage in the business of a loan originator with respect to a residential mortgage
390 loan transaction if the individual also acts in any of the following capacities with respect to the
391 same residential mortgage loan transaction:
392 (i) appraiser;
393 (ii) escrow agent;
394 (iii) real estate agent;
395 (iv) general contractor; or
396 (v) title insurance agent;
397 (g) engage in an act or omission in transacting the business of a loan originator that
398 constitutes dishonesty, fraud, or misrepresentation;
399 (h) engage in false or misleading advertising;
400 (i) (i) fail to account for money received in connection with a residential mortgage
402 (ii) use money for a different purpose than the purpose for which the money is
403 received; or
404 (iii) subject to Subsection (3), retain money paid for services if the services are not
406 (j) fail, within 90 calendar days of a request from a borrower who has paid for an
407 appraisal, to give a copy of an appraisal ordered and used for a residential mortgage loan to the
409 (k) recommend or encourage default, delinquency, or continuation of an existing
410 default or delinquency, by a mortgage applicant on an existing indebtedness before the closing
411 of a residential mortgage loan that will refinance all or part of the indebtedness; [
412 (l) pay or offer to pay an individual who does not hold a license under this chapter for
413 services that require the individual to hold a license under this chapter[
414 (m) violate or fail to comply with a provision of Title 57, Chapter 28, Utah Reverse
415 Mortgage Act.
416 (2) (a) An individual engaging solely in loan processor or underwriter activities, may
417 not represent to the public that the individual can or will perform any act of a loan originator.
418 (b) A representation prohibited under this Subsection (2) includes an advertisement or
419 other means of communicating or providing information including the use of:
420 (i) a business card;
421 (ii) stationery;
422 (iii) a brochure;
423 (iv) a sign;
424 (v) a rate list; or
425 (vi) another promotional item.
426 (3) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(i)(iii), if a licensee complies with Section
427 70D-2-305, the licensee may charge a reasonable cancellation fee for services completed to
428 originate a residential mortgage loan if the residential mortgage loan is not closed.
Legislative Review Note
as of 1-28-15 12:18 PM
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel