This document includes House Committee Amendments incorporated into the bill on Thu, Feb 18, 2016 at 12:21 PM by lsjones.



Chief Sponsor: Brian M. Greene

Senate Sponsor: Lincoln Fillmore


8     General Description:
9          This bill modifies provisions relating to the sale or offer of an undivided fractionalized
10     long-term estate.
11     Highlighted Provisions:
12          This bill:
13          ▸     enacts the Undivided Fractionalized Long-Term Estate Sales Practices Act;
14          ▸     defines terms;
15          ▸     provides licensing and disclosure requirements for the sale or offer of an undivided
16     fractionalized long-term estate;
17          ▸     addresses the Division of Real Estate's rulemaking, investigatory, and enforcement
18     powers;
19          ▸     provides procedures to enforce compliance with the provisions of this bill;
20          ▸     repeals certain disclosure requirements and rulemaking authority relating to the sale
21     or offer of an undivided fractionalized long-term estate; and
22          ▸     makes technical and conforming changes.
23     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
24          None
25     Other Special Clauses:
26          None
27     Utah Code Sections Affected:

28     AMENDS:
29          61-1-13, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapters 317, 319, and 354
30          61-2-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 289
31          61-2f-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166
32          61-2f-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 350
33     ENACTS:
34          57-29-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35          57-29-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35a      Ĥ→ 57-29-103, Utah Code Annotated 1953 ←Ĥ
36          57-29-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37          57-29-202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
38          57-29-203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39          57-29-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
40          57-29-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
41          57-29-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
42          57-29-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
43          57-29-305, Utah Code Annotated 1953
44     REPEALS:
45          61-2f-307, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 379

47     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
48          Section 1. Section 57-29-101 is enacted to read:


Part 1. General Provisions

52          57-29-101. Title.
53          (1) This chapter is known as the "Undivided Fractionalized Long-Term Estate Sales
54     Practices Act."
55          (2) This part is known as "General Provisions."
56          Section 2. Section 57-29-102 is enacted to read:
57          57-29-102. Definitions.
58          As used in this chapter:

59          (1) "Commission" means the Real Estate Commission created in Section 61-2f-103.
60          (2) "Director" means the director of the Division of Real Estate.
61          (3) "Division" means the Division of Real Estate created in Section 61-2-201.
62          (4) "Management agreement" means an agreement between a person and each owner of
63     an undivided fractionalized long-term estate in a piece of real property under which the person
64     agrees to manage the leasing or operations of the real property.
65          (5) "Master lease" means an agreement under which a person is granted a leasehold
66     interest in real property and may sublease all or a portion of the real property to one or more
67     persons.
68          (6) "Master lease tenant" means the lessee in a master lease.
69          (7) "Sponsor" means a person who is the Ĥ→ original ←Ĥ seller of an undivided
69a     fractionalized
70     long-term estate.
71          (8) (a) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" means an ownership interest in real
72     property by two or more persons that is:
73          (i) a tenancy in common; or
74          (ii) a fee estate.
75          (b) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" does not include a joint tenancy.
75a      Ĥ→ Section 3. Section 57-29-103 is enacted to read:
75b          57-29-103. Applicability.
75c          This chapter does not apply to property that is subject to Title 57, Chapter 19,
75d     Timeshare and Camp Resort Act. ←Ĥ
76          Section Ĥ→ [
3] 4 ←Ĥ . Section 57-29-201 is enacted to read:
Part 2. License and Disclosure Requirements

78          57-29-201. Title.
79          This part is known as "License and Disclosure Requirements."
80          Section Ĥ→ [
4] 5 ←Ĥ . Section 57-29-202 is enacted to read:
81          57-29-202. License required.
82          Except as provided by Section 61-2f-202, a person may not offer, sell, or otherwise
83     dispose of an undivided fractionalized long-term estate unless the person is licensed by the
84     division under Title 61, Chapter 2f, Real Estate Licensing and Practices Act, as a principal
85     broker, associate broker, or sales agent.
86          Section Ĥ→ [
5] 6 ←Ĥ . Section 57-29-203 is enacted to read:
87          57-29-203. Required disclosures.
88          (1) A Ĥ→ [
person] sponsor or licensee ←Ĥ who sells or offers to sell an undivided
88a     fractionalized long-term estate
89     shall provide each prospective purchaser a written disclosure, related to the real property in
90     which the undivided fractionalized long-term estate is offered, that:
91          (a) if applicable:
92          (i) includes a copy of any master lease agreement; and
93          (ii) states whether the sponsor is the master lease tenant or an affiliate of the master
94     lease tenant;
95          (b) includes any material information that relates to a current lease or sublease that
96     affects the real property in which the undivided fractionalized long-term estate is offered;
97          (c) includes a copy of:
98          (i) a tenants in common agreement; or
99          (ii) an agreement that forms the substance of the undivided fractionalized long-term
100     estate and includes a definition of the undivided fractionalized interest;
101          (d) describes any improvements to the real property in which the undivided
102     fractionalized long-term estate is offered;
103          (e) includes a copy of any management agreement;
104          (f) describes the relationship, if any, between each property manager and the sponsor;
105     and
106          (g) includes any additional information that an ordinarily prudent purchaser would
107     consider material to deciding whether to purchase the undivided fractionalized long-term
108     estate, as determined by the commission, with concurrence by the division, by rule in
109     accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act.
110          (2) A Ĥ→ [
person] sponsor or licensee ←Ĥ who sells or offers to sell an undivided
110a     fractionalized long-term estate
111     shall provide the written disclosure described in Subsection (1) to the prospective purchaser
112     before the prospective purchaser purchases the undivided fractionalized long-term estate.
113          Section Ĥ→ [
6] 7 ←Ĥ . Section 57-29-301 is enacted to read:
Part 3. Investigation and Enforcement

115          57-29-301. Title.
116          This part is known as "Investigation and Enforcement."
117          Section Ĥ→ [
7] 8 ←Ĥ . Section 57-29-302 is enacted to read:
118          57-29-302. Rulemaking.
119          In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, and
120     consistent with this chapter, the commission, with concurrence by the division, may make rules

121     governing:
122          (1) the form of the disclosures required under this chapter; and
123          (2) enforcement of the provisions of this chapter.
124          Section Ĥ→ [
8] 9 ←Ĥ . Section 57-29-303 is enacted to read:
125          57-29-303. Investigatory powers and proceedings of division.
126          (1) The division may:
127          (a) conduct a public or private investigation to determine whether a person has violated
128     or is about to violate a provision of this chapter; and
129          (b) require or allow a person to file a written statement with the division that relates to
130     the facts and circumstances concerning a matter to be investigated.
131          (2) For the purpose of an investigation or proceeding under this chapter, the division
132     may:
133          (a) administer oaths or affirmations; and
134          (b) upon the division's own initiative or upon the request of any party:
135          (i) subpoena a witness;
136          (ii) compel a witness's attendance;
137          (iii) take evidence; or
138          (iv) require the production, within 10 business days, of any information or item that is
139     relevant to the investigation, including:
140          (A) the existence, description, nature, custody, condition, and location of any books,
141     electronic records, documents, or other tangible records;
142          (B) the identity and location of any person who has knowledge of relevant facts; or
143          (C) any other information or item that is reasonably calculated to lead to the discovery
144     of material evidence.
145          (3) If a person fails to obey a subpoena or other request made in accordance with this
146     section, the division may file an action in district court for an order compelling compliance.
147          Section Ĥ→ [
9] 10 ←Ĥ . Section 57-29-304 is enacted to read:
148          57-29-304. Enforcement.
149          (1) (a) If the director believes that a person has been or is engaging in conduct that
150     violates this chapter, the director:
151          (i) shall issue and serve upon the person a cease and desist order; and

152          (ii) may order the person to take any action necessary to carry out the purposes of this
153     chapter.
154          (b) (i) A person served with an order under Subsection (1)(a) may request a hearing
155     within 10 days after the day on which the person is served.
156          (ii) (A) If a person requests a hearing in accordance with Subsection (1)(b)(i), the
157     director shall schedule a hearing to take place no more than 30 days after the day on which the
158     director receives the request.
159          (B) The cease and desist order remains in effect pending the hearing.
160          (iii) If the director fails to schedule a hearing in accordance with Subsection
161     (1)(b)(ii)(A), the cease and desist order is vacated.
162          (c) The division shall conduct a hearing described in Subsection (1)(b) in accordance
163     with Title 63G, Chapter 4, Administrative Procedures Act.
164          (2) After a hearing described in Subsection (1)(b):
165          (a) if the director finds that the person violated this chapter, the director may issue a
166     final order making the cease and desist order permanent; or
167          (b) if the director finds that the person did not violate this chapter, the director shall
168     vacate the cease and desist order.
169          (3) If a person served with an order under Subsection (1)(a) does not request a hearing
170     and the person fails to comply with the director's order, the director may file suit in district
171     court in the name of the Department of Commerce and the Division of Real Estate to enjoin the
172     person from violating this chapter.
173          (4) The remedies and action provided in this section are not exclusive but are in
174     addition to any other remedies or actions available under Section 57-29-305.
175          Section Ĥ→ [
10] 11 ←Ĥ . Section 57-29-305 is enacted to read:
176          57-29-305. Voidable agreements.
177          (1) (a) If a Ĥ→ [
seller] sponsor ←Ĥ violates a provision of this chapter in entering
177a     into an agreement to
178     purchase an undivided fractionalized long-term estate, the purchaser may rescind the
179     agreement.
180          (b) A purchaser may rescind an agreement under this Subsection (1) at any time before
181     the closing.
182          (2) A purchaser who rescinds an agreement in accordance with Subsection (1) is

183     entitled to all the consideration that the purchaser gave under the rescinded agreement.
184          (3) In an action to enforce a purchaser's right of rescission under Subsection (1), the
185     court shall award costs and reasonable attorney fees to the prevailing party.
186          Section Ĥ→ [
11] 12 ←Ĥ . Section 61-1-13 is amended to read:
187          61-1-13. Definitions.
188          (1) As used in this chapter:
189          (a) "Affiliate" means a person that, directly or indirectly, through one or more
190     intermediaries, controls or is controlled by, or is under common control with a person
191     specified.
192          (b) (i) "Agent" means an individual other than a broker-dealer who represents a
193     broker-dealer or issuer in effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities.
194          (ii) "Agent" does not include an individual who represents:
195          (A) an issuer, who receives no commission or other remuneration, directly or
196     indirectly, for effecting or attempting to effect purchases or sales of securities in this state, and
197     who effects transactions:
198          (I) in securities exempted by Subsection 61-1-14(1)(a), (b), (c), or (g);
199          (II) exempted by Subsection 61-1-14(2);
200          (III) in a covered security as described in Sections 18(b)(3) and 18(b)(4)(D) of the
201     Securities Act of 1933; or
202          (IV) with existing employees, partners, officers, or directors of the issuer; or
203          (B) a broker-dealer in effecting transactions in this state limited to those transactions
204     described in Section 15(h)(2) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
205          (iii) A partner, officer, or director of a broker-dealer or issuer, or a person occupying a
206     similar status or performing similar functions, is an agent only if the partner, officer, director,
207     or person otherwise comes within the definition of "agent."
208          (iv) "Agent" does not include a person described in Subsection (3).
209          (c) (i) "Broker-dealer" means a person engaged in the business of effecting transactions
210     in securities for the account of others or for the person's own account.
211          (ii) "Broker-dealer" does not include:
212          (A) an agent;
213          (B) an issuer;

214          (C) a depository institution or trust company;
215          (D) a person who has no place of business in this state if:
216          (I) the person effects transactions in this state exclusively with or through:
217          (Aa) the issuers of the securities involved in the transactions;
218          (Bb) other broker-dealers;
219          (Cc) a depository institution, whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
220          (Dd) a trust company, whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
221          (Ee) an insurance company, whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
222          (Ff) an investment company, as defined in the Investment Company Act of 1940,
223     whether acting for itself or as a trustee;
224          (Gg) a pension or profit-sharing trust, whether acting for itself or as a trustee; or
225          (Hh) another financial institution or institutional buyer, whether acting for itself or as a
226     trustee; or
227          (II) during any period of 12 consecutive months the person does not direct more than
228     15 offers to sell or buy into this state in any manner to persons other than those specified in
229     Subsection (1)(c)(ii)(D)(I), whether or not the offeror or an offeree is then present in this state;
230          (E) a general partner who organizes and effects transactions in securities of three or
231     fewer limited partnerships, of which the person is the general partner, in any period of 12
232     consecutive months;
233          (F) a person whose participation in transactions in securities is confined to those
234     transactions made by or through a broker-dealer licensed in this state;
235          (G) a person who is a principal broker or associate broker licensed in this state and
236     who effects transactions in a bond or other evidence of indebtedness secured by a real or chattel
237     mortgage or deed of trust, or by an agreement for the sale of real estate or chattels, if the entire
238     mortgage, deed of trust, or agreement, together with all the bonds or other evidences of
239     indebtedness secured thereby, is offered and sold as a unit;
240          (H) a person effecting transactions in commodity contracts or commodity options;
241          (I) a person described in Subsection (3); or
242          (J) other persons as the division, by rule or order, may designate, consistent with the
243     public interest and protection of investors, as not within the intent of this Subsection (1)(c).
244          (d) "Buy" or "purchase" means a contract for purchase of, contract to buy, or

245     acquisition of a security or interest in a security for value.
246          (e) "Commission" means the Securities Commission created in Section 61-1-18.5.
247          (f) "Commodity" means, except as otherwise specified by the division by rule:
248          (i) an agricultural, grain, or livestock product or byproduct, except real property or a
249     timber, agricultural, or livestock product grown or raised on real property and offered or sold
250     by the owner or lessee of the real property;
251          (ii) a metal or mineral, including a precious metal, except a numismatic coin whose fair
252     market value is at least 15% greater than the value of the metal it contains;
253          (iii) a gem or gemstone, whether characterized as precious, semi-precious, or
254     otherwise;
255          (iv) a fuel, whether liquid, gaseous, or otherwise;
256          (v) a foreign currency; and
257          (vi) all other goods, articles, products, or items of any kind, except a work of art
258     offered or sold by art dealers, at public auction or offered or sold through a private sale by the
259     owner of the work.
260          (g) (i) "Commodity contract" means an account, agreement, or contract for the
261     purchase or sale, primarily for speculation or investment purposes and not for use or
262     consumption by the offeree or purchaser, of one or more commodities, whether for immediate
263     or subsequent delivery or whether delivery is intended by the parties, and whether characterized
264     as a cash contract, deferred shipment or deferred delivery contract, forward contract, futures
265     contract, installment or margin contract, leverage contract, or otherwise.
266          (ii) A commodity contract offered or sold shall, in the absence of evidence to the
267     contrary, be presumed to be offered or sold for speculation or investment purposes.
268          (iii) (A) A commodity contract may not include a contract or agreement that requires,
269     and under which the purchaser receives, within 28 calendar days from the payment in good
270     funds any portion of the purchase price, physical delivery of the total amount of each
271     commodity to be purchased under the contract or agreement.
272          (B) A purchaser is not considered to have received physical delivery of the total
273     amount of each commodity to be purchased under the contract or agreement when the
274     commodity or commodities are held as collateral for a loan or are subject to a lien of any
275     person when the loan or lien arises in connection with the purchase of each commodity or

276     commodities.
277          (h) (i) "Commodity option" means an account, agreement, or contract giving a party to
278     the option the right but not the obligation to purchase or sell one or more commodities or one
279     or more commodity contracts, or both whether characterized as an option, privilege, indemnity,
280     bid, offer, put, call, advance guaranty, decline guaranty, or otherwise.
281          (ii) "Commodity option" does not include an option traded on a national securities
282     exchange registered:
283          (A) with the Securities and Exchange Commission; or
284          (B) on a board of trade designated as a contract market by the Commodity Futures
285     Trading Commission.
286          (i) "Depository institution" [is as] means the same as that term is defined in Section
287     7-1-103.
288          (j) "Director" means the director of the division appointed in accordance with Section
289     61-1-18.
290          (k) "Division" means the Division of Securities established by Section 61-1-18.
291          (l) "Executive director" means the executive director of the Department of Commerce.
292          (m) "Federal covered adviser" means a person who:
293          (i) is registered under Section 203 of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940; or
294          (ii) is excluded from the definition of "investment adviser" under Section 202(a)(11) of
295     the Investment Advisers Act of 1940.
296          (n) "Federal covered security" means a security that is a covered security under Section
297     18(b) of the Securities Act of 1933 or rules or regulations promulgated under Section 18(b) of
298     the Securities Act of 1933.
299          (o) "Fraud," "deceit," and "defraud" are not limited to their common-law meanings.
300          (p) "Guaranteed" means guaranteed as to payment of principal or interest as to debt
301     securities, or dividends as to equity securities.
302          (q) (i) "Investment adviser" means a person who:
303          (A) for compensation, engages in the business of advising others, either directly or
304     through publications or writings, as to the value of securities or as to the advisability of
305     investing in, purchasing, or selling securities; or
306          (B) for compensation and as a part of a regular business, issues or promulgates

307     analyses or reports concerning securities.
308          (ii) "Investment adviser" includes a financial planner or other person who:
309          (A) as an integral component of other financially related services, provides the
310     investment advisory services described in Subsection (1)(q)(i) to others for compensation and
311     as part of a business; or
312          (B) holds the person out as providing the investment advisory services described in
313     Subsection (1)(q)(i) to others for compensation.
314          (iii) "Investment adviser" does not include:
315          (A) an investment adviser representative;
316          (B) a depository institution or trust company;
317          (C) a lawyer, accountant, engineer, or teacher whose performance of these services is
318     solely incidental to the practice of the profession;
319          (D) a broker-dealer or its agent whose performance of these services is solely
320     incidental to the conduct of its business as a broker-dealer and who receives no special
321     compensation for the services;
322          (E) a publisher of a bona fide newspaper, news column, news letter, news magazine, or
323     business or financial publication or service, of general, regular, and paid circulation, whether
324     communicated in hard copy form, or by electronic means, or otherwise, that does not consist of
325     the rendering of advice on the basis of the specific investment situation of each client;
326          (F) a person who is a federal covered adviser;
327          (G) a person described in Subsection (3); or
328          (H) such other persons not within the intent of this Subsection (1)(q) as the division
329     may by rule or order designate.
330          (r) (i) "Investment adviser representative" means a partner, officer, director of, or a
331     person occupying a similar status or performing similar functions, or other individual, except
332     clerical or ministerial personnel, who:
333          (A) (I) is employed by or associated with an investment adviser who is licensed or
334     required to be licensed under this chapter; or
335          (II) has a place of business located in this state and is employed by or associated with a
336     federal covered adviser; and
337          (B) does any of the following:

338          (I) makes a recommendation or otherwise renders advice regarding securities;
339          (II) manages accounts or portfolios of clients;
340          (III) determines which recommendation or advice regarding securities should be given;
341          (IV) solicits, offers, or negotiates for the sale of or sells investment advisory services;
342     or
343          (V) supervises employees who perform any of the acts described in this Subsection
344     (1)(r)(i)(B).
345          (ii) "Investment adviser representative" does not include a person described in
346     Subsection (3).
347          (s) "Investment contract" includes:
348          (i) an investment in a common enterprise with the expectation of profit to be derived
349     through the essential managerial efforts of someone other than the investor; or
350          (ii) an investment by which:
351          (A) an offeree furnishes initial value to an offerer;
352          (B) a portion of the initial value is subjected to the risks of the enterprise;
353          (C) the furnishing of the initial value is induced by the offerer's promises or
354     representations that give rise to a reasonable understanding that a valuable benefit of some kind
355     over and above the initial value will accrue to the offeree as a result of the operation of the
356     enterprise; and
357          (D) the offeree does not receive the right to exercise practical and actual control over
358     the managerial decisions of the enterprise.
359          (t) "Isolated transaction" means not more than a total of two transactions that occur
360     anywhere during six consecutive months.
361          (u) (i) "Issuer" means a person who issues or proposes to issue a security or has
362     outstanding a security that it has issued.
363          (ii) With respect to a preorganization certificate or subscription, "issuer" means the one
364     or more promoters of the person to be organized.
365          (iii) "Issuer" means the one or more persons performing the acts and assuming duties
366     of a depositor or manager under the provisions of the trust or other agreement or instrument
367     under which the security is issued with respect to:
368          (A) interests in trusts, including collateral trust certificates, voting trust certificates, and

369     certificates of deposit for securities; or
370          (B) shares in an investment company without a board of directors.
371          (iv) With respect to an equipment trust certificate, a conditional sales contract, or
372     similar securities serving the same purpose, "issuer" means the person by whom the equipment
373     or property is to be used.
374          (v) With respect to interests in partnerships, general or limited, "issuer" means the
375     partnership itself and not the general partner or partners.
376          (vi) With respect to certificates of interest or participation in oil, gas, or mining titles or
377     leases or in payment out of production under the titles or leases, "issuer" means the owner of
378     the title or lease or right of production, whether whole or fractional, who creates fractional
379     interests therein for the purpose of sale.
380          (v) (i) "Life settlement interest" means the entire interest or a fractional interest in any
381     of the following that is the subject of a life settlement:
382          (A) a policy; or
383          (B) the death benefit under a policy.
384          (ii) "Life settlement interest" does not include the initial purchase from the owner by a
385     life settlement provider.
386          (w) "Nonissuer" means not directly or indirectly for the benefit of the issuer.
387          (x) "Person" means:
388          (i) an individual;
389          (ii) a corporation;
390          (iii) a partnership;
391          (iv) a limited liability company;
392          (v) an association;
393          (vi) a joint-stock company;
394          (vii) a joint venture;
395          (viii) a trust where the interests of the beneficiaries are evidenced by a security;
396          (ix) an unincorporated organization;
397          (x) a government; or
398          (xi) a political subdivision of a government.
399          (y) "Precious metal" means the following, whether in coin, bullion, or other form:

400          (i) silver;
401          (ii) gold;
402          (iii) platinum;
403          (iv) palladium;
404          (v) copper; and
405          (vi) such other substances as the division may specify by rule.
406          (z) "Promoter" means a person who, acting alone or in concert with one or more
407     persons, takes initiative in founding or organizing the business or enterprise of a person.
408          (aa) (i) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(aa)(ii), "record" means information that
409     is:
410          (A) inscribed in a tangible medium; or
411          (B) (I) stored in an electronic or other medium; and
412          (II) retrievable in perceivable form.
413          (ii) This Subsection (1)(aa) does not apply when the context requires otherwise,
414     including when "record" is used in the following phrases:
415          (A) "of record";
416          (B) "official record"; or
417          (C) "public record."
418          (bb) (i) "Sale" or "sell" includes a contract for sale of, contract to sell, or disposition of,
419     a security or interest in a security for value.
420          (ii) "Offer" or "offer to sell" includes an attempt or offer to dispose of, or solicitation of
421     an offer to buy, a security or interest in a security for value.
422          (iii) The following are examples of the definitions in Subsection (1)(bb)(i) or (ii):
423          (A) a security given or delivered with or as a bonus on account of a purchase of a
424     security or any other thing, is part of the subject of the purchase, and is offered and sold for
425     value;
426          (B) a purported gift of assessable stock is an offer or sale as is each assessment levied
427     on the stock;
428          (C) an offer or sale of a security that is convertible into, or entitles its holder to acquire
429     or subscribe to another security of the same or another issuer is an offer or sale of that security,
430     and also an offer of the other security, whether the right to convert or acquire is exercisable

431     immediately or in the future;
432          (D) a conversion or exchange of one security for another constitutes an offer or sale of
433     the security received in a conversion or exchange, and the offer to buy or the purchase of the
434     security converted or exchanged;
435          (E) securities distributed as a dividend wherein the person receiving the dividend
436     surrenders the right, or the alternative right, to receive a cash or property dividend is an offer or
437     sale;
438          (F) a dividend of a security of another issuer is an offer or sale; or
439          (G) the issuance of a security under a merger, consolidation, reorganization,
440     recapitalization, reclassification, or acquisition of assets constitutes the offer or sale of the
441     security issued as well as the offer to buy or the purchase of a security surrendered in
442     connection therewith, unless the sole purpose of the transaction is to change the issuer's
443     domicile.
444          (iv) The terms defined in Subsections (1)(bb)(i) and (ii) do not include:
445          (A) a good faith gift;
446          (B) a transfer by death;
447          (C) a transfer by termination of a trust or of a beneficial interest in a trust;
448          (D) a security dividend not within Subsection (1)(bb)(iii)(E) or (F); or
449          (E) a securities split or reverse split.
450          (cc) "Securities Act of 1933," "Securities Exchange Act of 1934," and "Investment
451     Company Act of 1940" mean the federal statutes of those names as amended before or after the
452     effective date of this chapter.
453          (dd) "Securities Exchange Commission" means the United States Securities Exchange
454     Commission created by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
455          (ee) (i) "Security" means a:
456          (A) note;
457          (B) stock;
458          (C) treasury stock;
459          (D) bond;
460          (E) debenture;
461          (F) evidence of indebtedness;

462          (G) certificate of interest or participation in a profit-sharing agreement;
463          (H) collateral-trust certificate;
464          (I) preorganization certificate or subscription;
465          (J) transferable share;
466          (K) investment contract;
467          (L) burial certificate or burial contract;
468          (M) voting-trust certificate;
469          (N) certificate of deposit for a security;
470          (O) certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas, or mining title or lease or in
471     payments out of production under such a title or lease;
472          (P) commodity contract or commodity option;
473          (Q) interest in a limited liability company;
474          (R) life settlement interest; or
475          (S) in general, an interest or instrument commonly known as a "security," or a
476     certificate of interest or participation in, temporary or interim certificate for, receipt for,
477     guarantee of, or warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase an item listed in Subsections
478     (1)(ee)(i)(A) through (R).
479          (ii) "Security" does not include:
480          (A) an insurance or endowment policy or annuity contract under which an insurance
481     company promises to pay money in a lump sum or periodically for life or some other specified
482     period;
483          (B) an interest in a limited liability company in which the limited liability company is
484     formed as part of an estate plan where all of the members are related by blood or marriage, or
485     the person claiming this exception can prove that all of the members are actively engaged in the
486     management of the limited liability company; or
487          (C) (I) a whole long-term estate in real property;
488          (II) an undivided fractionalized long-term estate in real property that consists of 10 or
489     fewer owners; or
490          (III) an undivided fractionalized long-term estate in real property that consists of more
491     than 10 owners if, when the real property estate is subject to a management agreement:
492          (Aa) the management agreement permits a simple majority of owners of the real

493     property estate to not renew or to terminate the management agreement at the earlier of the end
494     of the management agreement's current term, or 180 days after the day on which the owners
495     give notice of termination to the manager; and
496          (Bb) the management agreement prohibits, directly or indirectly, the lending of the
497     proceeds earned from the real property estate or the use or pledge of its assets to a person or
498     entity affiliated with or under common control of the manager[; and].
499          [(Cc) the management agreement complies with any other requirement imposed by rule
500     by the Real Estate Commission under Section 61-2f-103.]
501           (iii) For purposes of Subsection (1)(ee)(ii)(B), evidence that members vote or have the
502     right to vote, or the right to information concerning the business and affairs of the limited
503     liability company, or the right to participate in management, may not establish, without more,
504     that all members are actively engaged in the management of the limited liability company.
505          (ff) "State" means a state, territory, or possession of the United States, the District of
506     Columbia, and Puerto Rico.
507          (gg) (i) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" means [an ownership interest in
508     real property by two or more persons that is:] the same as that term is defined in Section
509     57-29-102.
510          [(A) a tenancy in common; or]
511          [(B) a fee estate.]
512          (ii) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" does not include a joint tenancy.
513          (hh) "Undue influence" means that a person uses a relationship or position of authority,
514     trust, or confidence:
515          (i) that is unrelated to a relationship created:
516          (A) in the ordinary course of making investments regulated under this chapter; or
517          (B) by a licensee providing services under this chapter;
518          (ii) that results in:
519          (A) an investor perceiving the person as having heightened credibility, personal
520     trustworthiness, or dependability; or
521          (B) the person having special access to or control of an investor's financial resources,
522     information, or circumstances; and
523          (iii) to:

524          (A) exploit the trust, dependence, or fear of the investor;
525          (B) knowingly assist or cause another to exploit the trust, dependence, or fear of the
526     investor; or
527          (C) gain control deceptively over the decision making of the investor.
528          (ii) "Vulnerable adult" means an individual whose age or mental or physical
529     impairment substantially affects that individual's ability to:
530          (i) manage the individual's resources; or
531          (ii) comprehend the nature and consequences of making an investment decision.
532          (jj) "Whole long-term estate" means a person owns or persons through joint tenancy
533     own real property through a fee estate.
534          (kk) "Working days" means 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday, exclusive of
535     legal holidays listed in Section 63G-1-301.
536          (2) A term not defined in this section shall have the meaning as established by division
537     rule. The meaning of a term neither defined in this section nor by rule of the division shall be
538     the meaning commonly accepted in the business community.
539          (3) (a) This Subsection (3) applies to the offer or sale of a real property estate
540     exempted from the definition of security under Subsection (1)(ee)(ii)(C).
541          (b) A person who, directly or indirectly receives compensation in connection with the
542     offer or sale as provided in this Subsection (3) of a real property estate is not an agent,
543     broker-dealer, investment adviser, or investment adviser representative under this chapter if
544     that person is licensed under Chapter 2f, Real Estate Licensing and Practices Act, as:
545          (i) a principal broker;
546          (ii) an associate broker; or
547          (iii) a sales agent.
548          Section Ĥ→ [
12] 13 ←Ĥ . Section 61-2-201 is amended to read:
549          61-2-201. Division of Real Estate created -- Director appointed -- Personnel.
550          (1) There is created within the department a Division of Real Estate. The division is
551     responsible for the administration and enforcement of:
552          (a) this chapter;
553          (b) Title 57, Chapter 11, Utah Uniform Land Sales Practices Act;
554          (c) Title 57, Chapter 19, Timeshare and Camp Resort Act;

555          (d) Title 57, Chapter 23, Real Estate Cooperative Marketing Act;
556          (e) Title 57, Chapter 29, Undivided Fractionalized Long-Term Estate Sales Practices
557     Act;
558          [(e)] (f) Chapter 2c, Utah Residential Mortgage Practices and Licensing Act;
559          [(f)] (g) Chapter 2e, Appraisal Management Company Registration and Regulation
560     Act;
561          [(g)] (h) Chapter 2f, Real Estate Licensing and Practices Act; and
562          [(h)] (i) Chapter 2g, Real Estate Appraiser Licensing and Certification Act.
563          (2) The division is under the direction and control of a director appointed by the
564     executive director of the department with the approval of the governor. The director holds the
565     office of director at the pleasure of the governor.
566          (3) The director, with the approval of the executive director, may employ personnel
567     necessary to discharge the duties of the division at salaries to be fixed by the director according
568     to standards established by the Department of Administrative Services.
569          Section Ĥ→ [
13] 14 ←Ĥ . Section 61-2f-102 is amended to read:
570          61-2f-102. Definitions.
571          As used in this chapter:
572          (1) "Associate broker" means an individual who is:
573          (a) employed or engaged as an independent contractor by or on behalf of a principal
574     broker to perform an act set out in Subsection (18) for valuable consideration; and
575          (b) licensed under this chapter as an associate broker.
576          (2) "Branch office" means a principal broker's real estate brokerage office that is not
577     the principal broker's main office.
578          (3) "Business day" means a day other than:
579          (a) a Saturday;
580          (b) a Sunday; or
581          (c) a federal or state holiday.
582          (4) "Business opportunity" means the sale, lease, or exchange of any business that
583     includes an interest in real estate.
584          (5) "Commission" means the Real Estate Commission established under this chapter.
585          (6) "Concurrence" means the entities given a concurring role must jointly agree for

586     action to be taken.
587          [(8)] (7) "Condominium homeowners' association" means the condominium unit
588     owners acting as a group in accordance with declarations and bylaws.
589          [(9)] (8) (a) "Condominium hotel" means one or more condominium units that are
590     operated as a hotel.
591          (b) "Condominium hotel" does not mean a hotel consisting of condominium units, all
592     of which are owned by a single entity.
593          [(7)] (9) "Condominium unit" [is as] means the same as that term is defined in Section
594     57-8-3.
595          (10) "Director" means the director of the Division of Real Estate.
596          (11) "Division" means the Division of Real Estate.
597          (12) "Entity" means:
598          (a) a corporation;
599          (b) a partnership;
600          (c) a limited liability company;
601          (d) a company;
602          (e) an association;
603          (f) a joint venture;
604          (g) a business trust;
605          (h) a trust; or
606          (i) any organization similar to an entity described in Subsections (12)(a) through (h).
607          (13) "Executive director" means the director of the Department of Commerce.
608          (14) "Foreclosure rescue" means, for compensation or with the expectation of receiving
609     valuable consideration, to:
610          (a) engage, or offer to engage, in an act that:
611          (i) the person represents will assist a borrower in preventing a foreclosure; and
612          (ii) relates to a transaction involving the transfer of title to residential real property; or
613          (b) as an employee or agent of another person:
614          (i) solicit, or offer that the other person will engage in an act described in Subsection
615     (14)(a); or
616          (ii) negotiate terms in relationship to an act described in Subsection (14)(a).

617          (15) "Loan modification assistance" means, for compensation or with the expectation
618     of receiving valuable consideration, to:
619          (a) act, or offer to act, on behalf of a person to:
620          (i) obtain a loan term of a residential mortgage loan that is different from an existing
621     loan term, including:
622          (A) an increase or decrease in an interest rate;
623          (B) a change to the type of interest rate;
624          (C) an increase or decrease in the principal amount of the residential mortgage loan;
625          (D) a change in the number of required period payments;
626          (E) an addition of collateral;
627          (F) a change to, or addition of, a prepayment penalty;
628          (G) an addition of a cosigner; or
629          (H) a change in persons obligated under the existing residential mortgage loan; or
630          (ii) substitute a new residential mortgage loan for an existing residential mortgage loan;
631     or
632          (b) as an employee or agent of another person:
633          (i) solicit, or offer that the other person will engage in an act described in Subsection
634     (15)(a); or
635          (ii) negotiate terms in relationship to an act described in Subsection (15)(a).
636          (16) "Main office" means the address which a principal broker designates with the
637     division as the principal broker's primary brokerage office.
638          (17) "Person" means an individual or entity.
639          (18) "Principal broker" means an individual who is licensed as a principal broker under
640     this chapter and who:
641          (a) (i) sells or lists for sale real estate, including real estate being sold as part of a
642     foreclosure rescue, or a business opportunity with the expectation of receiving valuable
643     consideration;
644          (ii) buys, exchanges, or auctions real estate, an option on real estate, a business
645     opportunity, or an improvement on real estate with the expectation of receiving valuable
646     consideration; or
647          (iii) advertises, offers, attempts, or otherwise holds the individual out to be engaged in

648     the business described in Subsection (18)(a)(i) or (ii);
649          (b) is employed by or on behalf of the owner of real estate or by a prospective
650     purchaser of real estate and performs an act described in Subsection (18)(a), whether the
651     individual's compensation is at a stated salary, a commission basis, upon a salary and
652     commission basis, or otherwise;
653          (c) (i) with the expectation of receiving valuable consideration, manages property
654     owned by another person; or
655          (ii) advertises or otherwise holds the individual out to be engaged in property
656     management;
657          (d) with the expectation of receiving valuable consideration, assists or directs in the
658     procurement of prospects for or the negotiation of a transaction listed in Subsections (18)(a)
659     and (c);
660          (e) except for a mortgage lender, title insurance producer, or an employee of a
661     mortgage lender or title insurance producer, assists or directs in the closing of a real estate
662     transaction with the expectation of receiving valuable consideration; or
663          (f) (i) engages in foreclosure rescue; or
664          (ii) advertises, offers, attempts, or otherwise holds the person out as being engaged in
665     foreclosure rescue.
666          (19) (a) "Property management" means engaging in, with the expectation of receiving
667     valuable consideration, the management of real estate owned by another person or advertising
668     or otherwise claiming to be engaged in property management by:
669          (i) advertising for, arranging, negotiating, offering, or otherwise attempting or
670     participating in a transaction calculated to secure the rental or leasing of real estate;
671          (ii) collecting, agreeing, offering, or otherwise attempting to collect rent for the real
672     estate and accounting for and disbursing the money collected; or
673          (iii) authorizing expenditures for repairs to the real estate.
674          (b) "Property management" does not include:
675          (i) hotel or motel management;
676          (ii) rental of tourist accommodations, including hotels, motels, tourist homes,
677     condominiums, condominium hotels, mobile home park accommodations, campgrounds, or
678     similar public accommodations for a period of less than 30 consecutive days, and the

679     management activities associated with these rentals; or
680          (iii) the leasing or management of surface or subsurface minerals or oil and gas
681     interests, if the leasing or management is separate from a sale or lease of the surface estate.
682          (20) "Real estate" includes leaseholds and business opportunities involving real
683     property.
684          (21) (a) "Regular salaried employee" means an individual who performs a service for
685     wages or other remuneration, whose employer withholds federal employment taxes under a
686     contract of hire, written or oral, express or implied.
687          (b) "Regular salaried employee" does not include an individual who performs services
688     on a project-by-project basis or on a commission basis.
689          (22) "Reinstatement" means restoring a license that has expired or has been suspended.
690          (23) "Reissuance" means the process by which a licensee may obtain a license
691     following revocation of the license.
692          (24) "Renewal" means extending a license for an additional licensing period on or
693     before the date the license expires.
694          (25) "Sales agent" means an individual who is:
695          (a) affiliated with a principal broker, either as an independent contractor or an
696     employee as provided in Section 61-2f-303, to perform for valuable consideration an act
697     described in Subsection (18); and
698          (b) licensed under this chapter as a sales agent.
699          [(26) (a) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" means an ownership interest in
700     real property by two or more persons that is:]
701          [(i) a tenancy in common; or]
702          [(ii) any other legal form of undivided estate in real property including:]
703          [(A) a fee estate;]
704          [(B) a life estate; or]
705          [(C) other long-term estate.]
706          [(b) "Undivided fractionalized long-term estate" does not include a joint tenancy.]
707          Section Ĥ→ [
14] 15 ←Ĥ . Section 61-2f-103 is amended to read:
708          61-2f-103. Real Estate Commission.
709          (1) There is created within the division a Real Estate Commission. The commission

710     shall:
711          (a) in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act,
712     make rules for the administration of this chapter that are not inconsistent with this chapter,
713     including:
714          (i) licensing of:
715          (A) a principal broker;
716          (B) an associate broker; and
717          (C) a sales agent;
718          (ii) registration of:
719          (A) an entity; and
720          (B) a branch office;
721          (iii) prelicensing and postlicensing education curricula;
722          (iv) examination procedures;
723          (v) the certification and conduct of:
724          (A) a real estate school;
725          (B) a course provider; or
726          (C) an instructor;
727          (vi) proper handling of money received by a licensee under this chapter;
728          (vii) brokerage office procedures and recordkeeping requirements;
729          (viii) property management;
730          (ix) standards of conduct for a licensee under this chapter; and
731          [(x) a rule made under Section 61-2f-307 regarding an undivided fractionalized
732     long-term estate; and]
733          [(xi)] (x) if the commission determines necessary, a rule as provided in Subsection
734     61-2f-306(3) regarding a legal form;
735          (b) establish, with the concurrence of the division, a fee provided for in this chapter,
736     except a fee imposed under Part 5, Real Estate Education, Research, and Recovery Fund Act;
737          (c) conduct an administrative hearing not delegated by the commission to an
738     administrative law judge or the division relating to the:
739          (i) licensing of an applicant;
740          (ii) conduct of a licensee;

741          (iii) the certification or conduct of a real estate school, course provider, or instructor
742     regulated under this chapter; or
743          (iv) violation of this chapter by any person;
744          (d) with the concurrence of the director, impose a sanction as provided in Section
745     61-2f-404;
746          (e) advise the director on the administration and enforcement of a matter affecting the
747     division and the real estate sales and property management industries;
748          (f) advise the director on matters affecting the division budget;
749          (g) advise and assist the director in conducting real estate seminars; and
750          (h) perform other duties as provided by this chapter.
751          (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b), a state entity may not, without the
752     concurrence of the commission, make a rule that changes the rights, duties, or obligations of
753     buyers, sellers, or persons licensed under this chapter in relation to a real estate transaction
754     between private parties.
755          (b) Subsection (2)(a) does not apply to a rule made:
756          (i) under Title 31A, Insurance Code, or Title 7, Financial Institutions Act; or
757          (ii) by the Department of Commerce or any division or other rulemaking body within
758     the Department of Commerce.
759          (3) (a) The commission shall be comprised of five members appointed by the governor
760     and approved by the Senate.
761          (b) Four of the commission members shall:
762          (i) have at least five years' experience in the real estate business; and
763          (ii) hold an active principal broker, associate broker, or sales agent license.
764          (c) One commission member shall be a member of the general public.
765          (d) The governor may not appoint a commission member described in Subsection
766     (3)(b) who, at the time of appointment, resides in the same county in the state as another
767     commission member.
768          (e) At least one commission member described in Subsection (3)(b) shall at the time of
769     an appointment reside in a county that is not a county of the first or second class.
770          (4) (a) Except as required by Subsection (4)(b), as terms of current commission
771     members expire, the governor shall appoint each new member or reappointed member to a

772     four-year term ending June 30.
773          (b) Notwithstanding the requirements of Subsection (4)(a), the governor shall, at the
774     time of appointment or reappointment, adjust the length of terms to ensure that the terms of
775     commission members are staggered so that approximately half of the commission is appointed
776     every two years.
777          (c) Upon the expiration of the term of a member of the commission, the member of the
778     commission shall continue to hold office until a successor is appointed and qualified.
779          (d) A commission member may not serve more than two consecutive terms.
780          (e) Members of the commission shall annually select one member to serve as chair.
781          (5) When a vacancy occurs in the membership for any reason, the governor, with the
782     consent of the Senate, shall appoint a replacement for the unexpired term.
783          (6) A member may not receive compensation or benefits for the member's service, but
784     may receive per diem and travel expenses in accordance with:
785          (a) Section 63A-3-106;
786          (b) Section 63A-3-107; and
787          (c) rules made by the Division of Finance pursuant to Sections 63A-3-106 and
788     63A-3-107.
789          (7) (a) The commission shall meet at least monthly.
790          (b) The director may call additional meetings:
791          (i) at the director's discretion;
792          (ii) upon the request of the chair; or
793          (iii) upon the written request of three or more commission members.
794          (8) Three members of the commission constitute a quorum for the transaction of
795     business.
796          Section Ĥ→ [
15] 16 ←Ĥ . Repealer.
797          This bill repeals:
798          Section 61-2f-307, Rulemaking required for offer or sale of an undivided
799     fractionalized long-term estate -- Disclosures -- Management agreement.

Legislative Review Note
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel