Chief Sponsor: LaVar Christensen

Senate Sponsor: Mark B. Madsen


8     General Description:
9          This bill requires that a summons be issued before an arrest warrant under certain
10     circumstances.
11     Highlighted Provisions:
12          This bill:
13          ▸     sets standards for a summons to be issued for a person accused of committing a
14     crime instead of a warrant; and
15          ▸     requires that the magistrate issue a summons if the magistrate finds that the accused
16     is likely to appear and is not:
17               •     a danger to the community;
18               •     a flight risk; or
19               •     a danger to other persons or property.
20     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
21          None
22     Other Special Clauses:
23          None
24     Utah Code Sections Affected:
25     AMENDS:
26          77-7-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 324

28     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
29          Section 1. Section 77-7-5 is amended to read:

30          77-7-5. Issuance of summons or warrant -- Time and place arrests may be made
31     -- Contents of warrant or summons -- Responsibility for transporting prisoners -- Court
32     clerk to dispense restitution for transportation.
33          (1) A magistrate may issue a warrant for arrest in lieu of a summons for the appearance
34     of the accused only upon finding:
35          (a) probable cause to believe that the person to be arrested has committed a public
36     offense[.]; and
37          (b) under the Utah Rules of Criminal Procedure, and this section that a warrant is
38     necessary to:
39          (i) prevent risk of injury to a person or property;
40          (ii) secure the appearance of the accused; or
41          (iii) protect the public safety and welfare of the community or an individual.
42          (2) If the offense charged is:
43          (a) a felony, the arrest upon a warrant may be made at any time of the day or night; or
44          (b) a misdemeanor, the arrest upon a warrant can be made at night only if:
45          (i) the magistrate has endorsed authorization to do so on the warrant;
46          (ii) the person to be arrested is upon a public highway, in a public place, or in a place
47     open to or accessible to the public; or
48          (iii) the person to be arrested is encountered by a peace officer in the regular course of
49     that peace officer's investigation of a criminal offense unrelated to the misdemeanor warrant for
50     arrest.
51          [(2)] (3) For the purpose of Subsection (1):
52          (a) daytime hours are the hours of 6 a.m. to 10 p.m.; and
53          (b) nighttime hours are the hours after 10 p.m. and before 6 a.m.
54          [(3)] (4) (a) If the magistrate determines that the accused must appear in court, the
55     magistrate shall include in the arrest warrant the name of the law enforcement agency in the
56     county or municipality with jurisdiction over the offense charged.
57          (b) (i) The law enforcement agency identified by the magistrate under Subsection [(3)]

58     (4)(a) is responsible for providing inter-county transportation of the defendant, if necessary,
59     from the arresting law enforcement agency to the court site.
60          (ii) The law enforcement agency named on the warrant may contract with another law
61     enforcement agency to have a defendant transported.
62          (c) (i) The law enforcement agency identified by the magistrate under Subsection [(3)]
63     (4)(a) as responsible for transporting the defendant shall provide to the court clerk of the court
64     in which the defendant is tried, an affidavit stating that the defendant was transported,
65     indicating the law enforcement agency responsible for the transportation, and stating the
66     number of miles the defendant was transported.
67          (ii) The court clerk shall account for restitution paid under Subsection 76-3-201(5) for
68     governmental transportation expenses and dispense restitution money collected by the court to
69     the law enforcement agency responsible for the transportation of a convicted defendant.