Chief Sponsor: Gage Froerer

Senate Sponsor: Curtis S. Bramble


8     General Description:
9          This bill amends the Timeshare and Camp Resort Act.
10     Highlighted Provisions:
11          This bill:
12          ▸     defines terms;
13          ▸     addresses the process for obtaining a registration from the division for a
14     development or a salesperson;
15          ▸     modifies notice requirements related to a purchaser's right to cancel;
16          ▸     clarifies the process and standard for obtaining an exemption from the provisions of
17     this bill; and
18          ▸     makes technical and conforming changes.
19     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
20          None
21     Other Special Clauses:
22          None
23     Utah Code Sections Affected:
24     AMENDS:
25          57-8-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2015, Chapters 22, 34, 213, 325, and 387
26          57-8-27, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166
27          57-19-2, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166

28          57-19-4, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1987, Chapter 73
29          57-19-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 352
30          57-19-6, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166
31          57-19-7, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1987, Chapter 73
32          57-19-8, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166
33          57-19-9, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 86
34          57-19-10, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1987, Chapter 73
35          57-19-11, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1991, Chapter 165
36          57-19-12, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166
37          57-19-13, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166
38          57-19-14, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 379
39          57-19-15, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 352
40          57-19-16, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 352
41          57-19-21, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1987, Chapter 73
42          57-19-26, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 166

44     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
45          Section 1. Section 57-8-3 is amended to read:
46          57-8-3. Definitions.
47          As used in this chapter:
48          (1) "Assessment" means any charge imposed by the association, including:
49          (a) common expenses on or against a unit owner pursuant to the provisions of the
50     declaration, bylaws, or this chapter; and
51          (b) an amount that an association of unit owners assesses to a unit owner under
52     Subsection 57-8-43(9)(g).
53          (2) "Association of unit owners" means all of the unit owners:
54          (a) acting as a group in accordance with the declaration and bylaws; or
55          (b) organized as a legal entity in accordance with the declaration.
56          (3) "Building" means a building, containing units, and comprising a part of the
57     property.
58          (4) "Commercial condominium project" means a condominium project that has no

59     residential units within the project.
60          (5) "Common areas and facilities" unless otherwise provided in the declaration or
61     lawful amendments to the declaration means:
62          (a) the land included within the condominium project, whether leasehold or in fee
63     simple;
64          (b) the foundations, columns, girders, beams, supports, main walls, roofs, halls,
65     corridors, lobbies, stairs, stairways, fire escapes, entrances, and exits of the building;
66          (c) the basements, yards, gardens, parking areas, and storage spaces;
67          (d) the premises for lodging of janitors or persons in charge of the property;
68          (e) installations of central services such as power, light, gas, hot and cold water,
69     heating, refrigeration, air conditioning, and incinerating;
70          (f) the elevators, tanks, pumps, motors, fans, compressors, ducts, and in general all
71     apparatus and installations existing for common use;
72          (g) such community and commercial facilities as may be provided for in the
73     declaration; and
74          (h) all other parts of the property necessary or convenient to its existence, maintenance,
75     and safety, or normally in common use.
76          (6) "Common expenses" means:
77          (a) all sums lawfully assessed against the unit owners;
78          (b) expenses of administration, maintenance, repair, or replacement of the common
79     areas and facilities;
80          (c) expenses agreed upon as common expenses by the association of unit owners; and
81          (d) expenses declared common expenses by this chapter, or by the declaration or the
82     bylaws.
83          (7) "Common profits," unless otherwise provided in the declaration or lawful
84     amendments to the declaration, means the balance of all income, rents, profits, and revenues
85     from the common areas and facilities remaining after the deduction of the common expenses.
86          (8) "Condominium" means the ownership of a single unit in a multiunit project
87     together with an undivided interest in common in the common areas and facilities of the
88     property.
89          (9) "Condominium plat" means a plat or plats of survey of land and units prepared in

90     accordance with Section 57-8-13.
91          (10) "Condominium project" means a real estate condominium project; a plan or
92     project whereby two or more units, whether contained in existing or proposed apartments,
93     commercial or industrial buildings or structures, or otherwise, are separately offered or
94     proposed to be offered for sale. Condominium project also means the property when the
95     context so requires.
96          (11) "Condominium unit" means a unit together with the undivided interest in the
97     common areas and facilities appertaining to that unit. Any reference in this chapter to a
98     condominium unit includes both a physical unit together with its appurtenant undivided interest
99     in the common areas and facilities and a time period unit together with its appurtenant
100     undivided interest, unless the reference is specifically limited to a time period unit.
101          (12) "Contractible condominium" means a condominium project from which one or
102     more portions of the land within the project may be withdrawn in accordance with provisions
103     of the declaration and of this chapter. If the withdrawal can occur only by the expiration or
104     termination of one or more leases, then the condominium project is not a contractible
105     condominium within the meaning of this chapter.
106          (13) "Convertible land" means a building site which is a portion of the common areas
107     and facilities, described by metes and bounds, within which additional units or limited common
108     areas and facilities may be created in accordance with this chapter.
109          (14) "Convertible space" means a portion of the structure within the condominium
110     project, which portion may be converted into one or more units or common areas and facilities,
111     including limited common areas and facilities in accordance with this chapter.
112          (15) "Declarant" means all persons who execute the declaration or on whose behalf the
113     declaration is executed. From the time of the recordation of any amendment to the declaration
114     expanding an expandable condominium, all persons who execute that amendment or on whose
115     behalf that amendment is executed shall also come within this definition. Any successors of
116     the persons referred to in this subsection who come to stand in the same relation to the
117     condominium project as their predecessors also come within this definition.
118          (16) "Declaration" means the instrument by which the property is submitted to the
119     provisions of this act, as it from time to time may be lawfully amended.
120          (17) "Electrical corporation" means the same as that term is defined in Section 54-2-1.

121          (18) "Expandable condominium" means a condominium project to which additional
122     land or an interest in it may be added in accordance with the declaration and this chapter.
123          (19) "Gas corporation" means the same as that term is defined in Section 54-2-1.
124          (20) "Governing documents":
125          (a) means a written instrument by which an association of unit owners may:
126          (i) exercise powers; or
127          (ii) manage, maintain, or otherwise affect the property under the jurisdiction of the
128     association of unit owners; and
129          (b) includes:
130          (i) articles of incorporation;
131          (ii) bylaws;
132          (iii) a plat;
133          (iv) a declaration of covenants, conditions, and restrictions; and
134          (v) rules of the association of unit owners.
135          (21) "Independent third party" means a person that:
136          (a) is not related to the unit owner;
137          (b) shares no pecuniary interests with the unit owner; and
138          (c) purchases the unit in good faith and without the intent to defraud a current or future
139     lienholder.
140          (22) "Leasehold condominium" means a condominium project in all or any portion of
141     which each unit owner owns an estate for years in his unit, or in the land upon which that unit
142     is situated, or both, with all those leasehold interests to expire naturally at the same time. A
143     condominium project including leased land, or an interest in the land, upon which no units are
144     situated or to be situated is not a leasehold condominium within the meaning of this chapter.
145          (23) "Limited common areas and facilities" means those common areas and facilities
146     designated in the declaration as reserved for use of a certain unit or units to the exclusion of the
147     other units.
148          (24) "Majority" or "majority of the unit owners," unless otherwise provided in the
149     declaration or lawful amendments to the declaration, means the owners of more than 50% in
150     the aggregate in interest of the undivided ownership of the common areas and facilities.
151          (25) "Management committee" means the committee as provided in the declaration

152     charged with and having the responsibility and authority to make and to enforce all of the
153     reasonable rules covering the operation and maintenance of the property.
154          (26) (a) "Means of electronic communication" means an electronic system that allows
155     individuals to communicate orally in real time.
156          (b) "Means of electronic communication" includes:
157          (i) web conferencing;
158          (ii) video conferencing; and
159          (iii) telephone conferencing.
160          (27) "Meeting" means a gathering of a management committee, whether in person or
161     by means of electronic communication, at which the management committee can take binding
162     action.
163          (28) "Mixed-use condominium project" means a condominium project that has both
164     residential and commercial units in the condominium project.
165          (29) "Par value" means a number of dollars or points assigned to each unit by the
166     declaration. Substantially identical units shall be assigned the same par value, but units located
167     at substantially different heights above the ground, or having substantially different views, or
168     having substantially different amenities or other characteristics that might result in differences
169     in market value, may be considered substantially identical within the meaning of this
170     subsection. If par value is stated in terms of dollars, that statement may not be considered to
171     reflect or control the sales price or fair market value of any unit, and no opinion, appraisal, or
172     fair market transaction at a different figure may affect the par value of any unit, or any
173     undivided interest in the common areas and facilities, voting rights in the unit owners'
174     association, liability for common expenses, or right to common profits, assigned on the basis
175     thereof.
176          (30) "Period of administrative control" means the period of control described in
177     Subsection 57-8-16.5(1).
178          (31) "Person" means an individual, corporation, partnership, association, trustee, or
179     other legal entity.
180          (32) "Property" means the land, whether leasehold or in fee simple, the building, if any,
181     all improvements and structures thereon, all easements, rights, and appurtenances belonging
182     thereto, and all articles of personal property intended for use in connection therewith.

183          (33) "Record," "recording," "recorded," and "recorder" have the meaning stated in Title
184     57, Chapter 3, Recording of Documents.
185          (34) "Size" means the number of cubic feet, or the number of square feet of ground or
186     floor space, within each unit as computed by reference to the record of survey map and rounded
187     off to a whole number. Certain spaces within the units including attic, basement, or garage
188     space may be omitted from the calculation or be partially discounted by the use of a ratio, if the
189     same basis of calculation is employed for all units in the condominium project and if that basis
190     is described in the declaration.
191          (35) "Time period unit" means an annually recurring part or parts of a year specified in
192     the declaration as a period for which a unit is separately owned and includes a timeshare estate
193     as defined in [Subsection 57-19-2(19)] Section 57-19-2.
194          (36) "Unit" means either a separate physical part of the property intended for any type
195     of independent use, including one or more rooms or spaces located in one or more floors or
196     part or parts of floors in a building or a time period unit, as the context may require. A
197     convertible space shall be treated as a unit in accordance with Subsection 57-8-13.4(3). A
198     proposed condominium unit under an expandable condominium project, not constructed, is a
199     unit two years after the date the recording requirements of Section 57-8-13.6 are met.
200          (37) "Unit number" means the number, letter, or combination of numbers and letters
201     designating the unit in the declaration and in the record of survey map.
202          (38) "Unit owner" means the person or persons owning a unit in fee simple and an
203     undivided interest in the fee simple estate of the common areas and facilities in the percentage
204     specified and established in the declaration or, in the case of a leasehold condominium project,
205     the person or persons whose leasehold interest or interests in the condominium unit extend for
206     the entire balance of the unexpired term or terms.
207          Section 2. Section 57-8-27 is amended to read:
208          57-8-27. Separate taxation.
209          (1) Each unit and its percentage of undivided interest in the common or community
210     areas and facilities shall be considered to be a parcel and shall be subject to separate
211     assessment and taxation by each assessing unit, local district, and special service district for all
212     types of taxes authorized by law, including ad valorem levies and special assessments. Neither
213     the building or buildings, the property, nor any of the common areas and facilities may be

214     considered a parcel.
215          (2) In the event any of the interests in real property made subject to this chapter by the
216     declaration are leasehold interests, if the lease creating these interests is of record in the office
217     of the county recorder, if the balance of the term remaining under the lease is at least 40 years
218     at the time the leasehold interest is made subject to this chapter, if units are situated or are to be
219     situated on or within the real property covered by the lease, and if the lease provides that the
220     lessee shall pay all taxes and assessments imposed by governmental authority, then until 10
221     years prior to the date that the leasehold is to expire or until the lease is terminated, whichever
222     first occurs, all taxes and assessments on the real property covered by the lease shall be levied
223     against the owner of the lessee's interest. If the owner of the reversion under the lease has
224     executed the declaration and condominium plat, until 10 years prior to the date that the
225     leasehold is to expire, or until the lease is terminated, whichever first occurs, all taxes and
226     assessments on the real property covered by the lease shall be separately levied against the unit
227     owners having an interest in the lease, with each unit owner for taxation purposes being
228     considered the owner of a parcel consisting of his undivided condominium interest in the fee of
229     the real property affected by the lease.
230          (3) No forfeiture or sale of the improvements or the property as a whole for delinquent
231     real estate taxes, special assessments, or charges shall divest or in anywise affect the title to an
232     individual unit if the real estate taxes or duly levied share of the assessments and charges on the
233     individual unit are currently paid.
234          (4) Any exemption from taxes that may exist on real property or the ownership of the
235     property may not be denied by virtue of the submission of the property to this chapter.
236          (5) Timeshare interests and timeshare estates, as defined in [Subsection] Section
237     57-19-2[(19)], may not be separately taxed but shall be valued, assessed, and taxed at the unit
238     level. The value of timeshare interests and timeshare estates, for purposes of ad valorem
239     taxation, shall be determined by valuing the real property interest associated with the timeshare
240     interest or timeshare estate, exclusive of the value of any intangible property and rights
241     associated with the acquisition, operation, ownership, and use of the timeshare interest or
242     timeshare estate, including the fees and costs associated with the sale of timeshare interests and
243     timeshare estates that exceed those fees and costs normally incurred in the sale of other similar
244     properties, the fees and costs associated with the operation, ownership, and use of timeshare

245     interests and timeshare estates, vacation exchange rights, vacation conveniences and services,
246     club memberships, and any other intangible rights and benefits available to a timeshare unit
247     owner. Nothing in this section shall be construed as requiring the assessment of any real
248     property interest associated with a timeshare interest or timeshare estate at less than its fair
249     market value. Notice of assessment, delinquency, sale, or any other purpose required by law is
250     considered sufficient for all purposes if the notice is given to the management committee.
251          Section 3. Section 57-19-2 is amended to read:
252          57-19-2. Definitions.
253          As used in this chapter[, unless the context clearly requires otherwise]:
254          (1) ["Accommodations" includes] "Accommodation" means:
255          (a) a hotel or motel [rooms,] room;
256          (b) a condominium or cooperative [units, cabins, lodges, apartments, and] unit;
257          (c) a cabin;
258          (d) a lodge;
259          (e) an apartment; or
260          (f) a private or commercial [structures] structure designed for overnight occupancy by
261     one or more individuals.
262          (2) "Advertisement" means a written, printed, oral, audio, electronic, or visual offer
263     that:
264          (a) is made by direct or general solicitation[.] to one or more individuals; and
265          (b) (i) contains an offer to sell an interest; or
266          (ii) contains a solicitation to visit or obtain additional information about a
267     development.
268          (3) "Amendment" means a change to an approved registration that is required under
269     Section 57-19-9 or by a division rule made under this chapter.
270          [(3)] (4) "Association" means an organized body consisting solely of owners of
271     timeshare interests in a timeshare development [that has been registered with the division],
272     including developers or purchasers.
273          [(4)] (5) "Business day" means a day other than a Saturday, Sunday, or state or federal
274     holiday.
275          [(7)] (6) "Camping site" means a space designed or promoted for the purpose of

276     locating a trailer, tent, tent trailer, recreational vehicle, pickup camper, motor home, or other
277     similar device used for land-based portable housing.
278          [(5)] (7) "Camp resort" means [any] an enterprise that has as its primary purpose the
279     offering of a camp resort interest.
280          [(6)] (8) "Camp resort interest" means the right to use and occupy a camping site.
281          (9) "Consolidation" means the registration of one or more additional sites or interests
282     in a development after the division approves the development's registration.
283          [(8)] (10) "Developer" means a person [who] that:
284          (a) establishes, [promotes,] owns, offers, sells, or operates a timeshare development or
285     camp resort; or
286          (b) engages one or more other persons to establish, [promote] own, offer, sell, or
287     operate a timeshare development or camp resort on the person's behalf.
288          (11) (a) "Development" means an enterprise with the primary purpose of offering an
289     interest in a camp resort or timeshare development.
290          (b) "Development" includes:
291          (i) a single-site development; or
292          (ii) a multiple-site development.
293          [(9)] (12) "Director" means the director of the division.
294          (13) "Direct sales presentation" means an in-person, telephonic, or Internet-based
295     communication that presents an offer to purchase an interest in a development to one or more
296     prospective purchasers.
297          [(10)] (14) "Division" means the Division of Real Estate of the Department of
298     Commerce.
299          [(11)] (15) "Executive director" means the executive director of the Department of
300     Commerce.
301          [(12)] (16) (a) "Interest" means [a camp resort interest or a timeshare interest.] a right
302     that a purchaser receives in exchange for consideration to use and occupy a camping site or an
303     accommodation in a development:
304          (i) on a recurring basis; and
305          (ii) for a period of time that is less than one year during any given year, regardless of
306     whether the time is determined in advance.

307          (b) "Interest" includes a membership agreement, sale, lease, deed, license, or
308     right-to-use agreement.
309          [(13)] (17) "Offer" means a solicitation solely intended to result in a person purchasing
310     an interest in a [project] development.
311          [(14) "Project" means a camp resort or timeshare development.]
312          (18) "Property report" means the form of a written disclosure described in Section
313     57-19-11.
314          [(15)] (19) "Purchaser" means a person who purchases an interest in a [project]
315     development.
316          (20) "Registration" means:
317          (a) for a development, an approved application for registration described in Section
318     57-19-5; or
319          (b) for a salesperson, an approved application for registration described in Section
320     57-19-15.
321          (21) "Renewal" or "renew" means extending a development's or a salesperson's
322     registration for an additional period on or before the registration's expiration date.
323          [(16)] (22) (a) "Sale" or "sell" means selling an interest in a [project] development for
324     value. [It]
325          (b) "Sale" or "sell" does not include charging a reasonable fee to offset the
326     administrative costs of transferring an interest in a [project] development.
327          [(17)] (23) (a) "Salesperson" means an individual who, for compensation and as agent
328     for another, is engaged in obtaining commitments of persons to purchase an interest in a
329     [project] development by making direct sales presentations to those persons. [It]
330          (b) "Salesperson" does not include [purchasers] a purchaser or [members] an owner of
331     a timeshare interest engaged in the referral of persons without making a direct sales
332     presentation [to them].
333          (24) (a) "Site" means a geographic location where one or more camping sites or
334     accommodations are located.
335          (b) "Site" includes a geographic location where one or more camping sites or
336     accommodations are located that is constructed in phases and is under common management.
337          [(18)] (25) "Timeshare development" means [any] an enterprise [that has as its] with

338     the primary purpose [the] of offering [of] a timeshare interest, including [a project in which the
339     purchase of] an interest that gives the purchaser the right to use and occupy an accommodation
340     at [one specific site or more than one site] a single- or multiple-site development.
341          (26) "Timeshare estate" means a small, undivided fractional fee interest in real property
342     by which the purchaser does not receive any right to use an accommodation except as provided
343     by contract, declaration, or other instrument defining a legal right.
344          [(19)] (27) (a) "Timeshare interest" means a right to occupy fixed or variable
345     accommodations during three or more separate fixed or variable time periods over a period of
346     at least three years, including renewal options, whether or not coupled with an estate in land.
347     [It]
348          (b) "Timeshare interest" includes [what is commonly known as a "] a timeshare
349     estate[," which is a small undivided fractional fee interest in real property by which the
350     purchaser does not receive any right to use accommodations except as provided by contract,
351     declaration, or other instrument defining a legal right].
352          Section 4. Section 57-19-4 is amended to read:
353          57-19-4. Unregistered sales prohibited.
354          Except [for transactions exempt under] as provided in Section 57-19-26, it is unlawful
355     for [any] a person to offer or sell in this state an interest in a [project] development unless the
356     [project] development is registered under this chapter or the person holds a temporary permit
357     described in Section 57-19-6.
358          Section 5. Section 57-19-5 is amended to read:
359          57-19-5. Registration -- Filing application.
360          (1) A person may apply for registration of a [project] development by filing with the
361     [director] division:
362          (a) an application in the form prescribed by the director;
363          (b) the written disclosure [required to be furnished to prospective purchasers by]
364     described in Section 57-19-11; and
365          (c) financial statements and other information that the director may by rule made in
366     accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, require as being
367     reasonably necessary to determine whether the requirements of this chapter have been met and
368     whether any of the events specified in Subsection 57-19-13(1)(g) have occurred.

369          (2) [Interests] An interest in a [project which are] development that is encumbered by
370     [liens, mortgages, or other encumbrances] a lien, mortgage, or other encumbrance may not be
371     accepted for registration or offered [for disposition] to the public unless:
372          (a) adequate release or nondisturbance clauses are contained in the encumbering
373     instruments to reasonably assure that the purchaser's interest in the [project] development will
374     not be defeated; or
375          (b) the division [has accepted] accepts other equivalent assurances [which] that, in the
376     division's opinion [of the division], meet the purposes of this Subsection (2).
377          (3) (a) [Each application] A person who applies for a development registration [of a
378     project shall be accompanied by: (i)] shall include with the application a filing fee of $500 for
379     up to 100 interests, plus an additional $3 per interest for each interest over 100, up to a
380     maximum of $2,500 for each application[; and].
381          [(ii) subject to Subsection (3)(b), a deposit of $300 to cover all on-site inspection costs
382     and expenses incurred by the division.]
383          [(b) (i) If the $300 deposit is insufficient to meet the estimated costs and expenses of
384     the on-site inspection, the applicant shall make an additional deposit sufficient to cover the
385     estimated costs and expenses before the division will inspect the subdivided lands.]
386          [(ii) The deposit shall be refunded to the extent it is not used, together with an itemized
387     statement from the division of all amounts it has used.]
388          (b) If the division determines that an on-site inspection of the development is
389     necessary, the development shall pay the division the actual amount of the costs and expenses
390     incurred by the division in performing the on-site inspection.
391          [(4) If a person registers additional interests to be offered for disposition, the person
392     may consolidate the subsequent registration with any earlier registration offering interests for
393     disposition in the same project]
394          (4) A person may add an additional site or interest to an approved development
395     registration by:
396          (a) filing an application for consolidation accompanied by an additional fee of $200
397     plus $3 for each additional interest, up to a maximum of $1,250 for each application[, if at the
398     time the person makes the application all of]; and
399          (b) providing the information required [by] under Subsection (1) [has been brought

400     current and covers the additional interests] for each additional site or interest.
401          Section 6. Section 57-19-6 is amended to read:
402          57-19-6. Effective date of application.
403          (1) An application for registration filed pursuant to Section 57-19-5 is effective upon
404     the expiration of 30 business days following its filing with the director, unless:
405          (a) an order denying the application pursuant to Section 57-19-13 is in effect;
406          (b) a prior effective date has been ordered by the director; or
407          (c) the director has, [prior to] before that date, notified the applicant of a defect in the
408     registration application.
409          (2) An applicant [may] shall consent to the delay of effectiveness until the director by
410     order declares the registration to be effective.
411          (3) (a) Notwithstanding Section 57-19-4, the division may grant a developer a
412     temporary permit [allowing the developer to begin a sales and marketing program while the
413     registration is in process.] that allows a developer to advertise, offer, or sell an interest:
414          (i) before the developer's application for registration is approved; and
415          (ii) for a period of 30 days or less.
416          (b) To obtain a temporary permit, the developer shall:
417          (i) submit an application to the division for a temporary permit in the form required by
418     the division;
419          (ii) submit a substantially complete application for registration to the division,
420     including all appropriate fees and exhibits required under Section 57-19-5, plus a temporary
421     permit fee of $100;
422          (iii) provide evidence acceptable to the division that all funds received by the
423     developer or marketing agent will be placed into an independent escrow with instructions that
424     funds will not be released until a final registration has been granted;
425          (iv) give to each purchaser and potential purchaser a copy of the proposed property
426     report that the developer has submitted to the division with the initial application; and
427          (v) give to each purchaser the opportunity to cancel the purchase in accordance with
428     Section 57-19-12.
429          (c) [A] Upon the issuance of an approved registration, a purchaser shall have an
430     additional opportunity to cancel [upon the issuance of an approved registration] the purchase if

431     the division determines that there is a substantial difference in the disclosures contained in the
432     final property report and those given to the purchaser in the proposed property report.
433          (4) (a) Notwithstanding Section 57-19-4, a developer or a person acting on behalf of a
434     developer may market and accept a reservation and deposit from a prospective purchaser before
435     submitting to the division [a] an application for registration or a temporary permit [application
436     for a project] if:
437          (i) the deposit is placed in a non-interest bearing escrow account with a licensed real
438     estate broker, a title company, or another escrow that the division approves in advance; and
439          (ii) the deposit is guaranteed to be fully refundable at any time at the request of the
440     prospective purchaser.
441          (b) A deposit that a prospective purchaser tenders under Subsection (4)(a) may not be
442     released to the developer until after:
443          (i) the division approves the [project] development's registration; and
444          (ii) the prospective purchaser executes a written purchase contract creating a binding
445     obligation to purchase.
446          Section 7. Section 57-19-7 is amended to read:
447          57-19-7. Prior permits.
448          Any permit to market a [project] development issued by the division [prior to] before
449     April 27, 1987, is considered to be an effective registration, but is subject to the renewal
450     provisions of this chapter upon the anniversary date of the issuance of the original permit.
451          Section 8. Section 57-19-8 is amended to read:
452          57-19-8. Filing proposed documents.
453          (1) Every developer shall file with the director at least five business days [prior to]
454     before using any of the following in this state:
455          (a) the proposed form of [its] the developer's sales contracts; and
456          (b) [copies] a copy or the text of any supplements to the written disclosure required [to
457     be furnished to prospective purchasers pursuant to] under Section 57-19-11.
458          (2) If the text, rather than [copies] a copy, of the materials [specified] described in
459     Subsection (1) [are] is filed, [copies] the developer shall file the copy, including an electronic
460     version, of [these] the materials [shall be filed] with the director within five business days
461     [following the date] after the day on which the materials are first used.

462          (3) [The] A developer shall notify the division within five [working] business days if
463     [he] the developer is convicted in any court of a crime involving fraud, deception, false
464     pretenses, misrepresentation, false advertising, or dishonest dealing in real estate transactions,
465     or has been subject to any injunction or administrative order restraining a false or misleading
466     promotional plan involving land dispositions.
467          (4) [The] A developer [must] shall notify the division within five [working] business
468     days if the developer files a petition in bankruptcy or if any other event occurs [which may
469     have] that could result in a material adverse effect on the [subdivision] development.
470          (5) (a) If any suit by or against a developer [of a camp resort or timeshare
471     development] results in a court finding that the developer engaged in fraud, deception, false
472     pretenses, misrepresentation, false advertising, or dishonest dealing in a real estate transaction,
473     the developer shall promptly [furnish] give the division a copy of the final order, settlement
474     agreement, consent agreement, or other document evidencing resolution of the case at the trial
475     level, whether or not an appeal is anticipated.
476          (b) A developer's failure to comply with Subsection (5)(a) may, in the discretion of the
477     division, constitute grounds for the division withholding any approval [required by] under this
478     chapter.
479          Section 9. Section 57-19-9 is amended to read:
480          57-19-9. Duration of registration -- Amendment and renewal -- Supplemental
481     disclosure -- Notice of amendment.
482          (1) Registration of a [project] development is effective for a period of one year and
483     may, upon application, be renewed for successive periods of one year each.
484          (2) (a) A registration may be amended at any time, for any reason, by filing an
485     amended application for registration[, which].
486          (b) The amended registration shall become effective in [the manner provided in]
487     accordance with Section 57-19-6.
488          [(3) The written disclosure required to be furnished to prospective purchasers pursuant
489     to Section 57-19-11]
490          (3) (a) The developer shall [be supplemented] supplement the property report as often
491     as is necessary to keep the required information reasonably current. [These]
492          (b) The supplements described in Subsection (3)(a) shall be filed with the director [as

493     provided] in accordance with Section 57-19-8.
494          (4) [Every] (a) A developer shall provide timely notice [sent] to the director of any
495     event [which has occurred which may have] that occurs that could result in a material adverse
496     effect on the conduct of the operation of the [project] development.
497          (b) In addition to [this] the notification described in Subsection (4)(a), the developer
498     shall, within 30 days [of the occurrence of that] after the day on which an event described in
499     Subsection (4)(a) occurs, file an amendment to the registration disclosing the information
500     previously provided.
501          (5) Each application for renewal of a registration and each supplementary filing [as
502     provided] described in this section shall be accompanied by a fee of $200.
503          Section 10. Section 57-19-10 is amended to read:
504          57-19-10. Effect of application or registration -- Misleading statements to
505     prospective purchasers a misdemeanor.
506          (1) Neither the fact that an application for registration or the written disclosures
507     required by this chapter have been filed, nor the fact that a [project] development has been
508     effectively registered or exempted, constitutes a finding by the director that the offering or any
509     document filed under this chapter is true, complete, and not misleading, nor does either of these
510     facts mean that the director has determined in any way the merits or qualifications of, or
511     recommended or given approval to, any person, developer, or transaction involving an interest
512     in a [project] development.
513          (2) It is a class A misdemeanor to make or cause to be made to any purchaser or
514     prospective purchaser any offering or document filed under this chapter [which] that is untrue,
515     incomplete, or misleading.
516          Section 11. Section 57-19-11 is amended to read:
517          57-19-11. Disclosure required.
518          (1) Except [in a transaction exempt under] as provided in Section 57-19-26, any person
519     who sells or offers to sell an interest in a [project] development located in this state, or who
520     sells or offers to sell in this state an interest in a [project] development located outside of this
521     state, shall provide to [the] a prospective purchaser, before the prospective purchaser signs an
522     agreement to purchase an interest in [a project] the development or gives any item of value for
523     the purchase of an interest in [a project] the development, a written statement [which] that

524     provides a full and fair disclosure of information regarding the [project] development and the
525     purchaser's rights and obligations associated with the purchase of an interest in [a project] the
526     development.
527          (2) The written disclosure described in Subsection (1):
528          (a) may include electronic files; and
529          (b) shall:
530          (i) be on the property report form required by the division; and [shall]
531          (ii) include:
532          [(1)] (A) the name and address of the developer;
533          [(2)] (B) a statement regarding whether [or not] the developer has ever been[: (a)]
534     convicted of a felony[,] or any misdemeanor involving theft, fraud, or dishonesty[;], or [(b)]
535     enjoined from, assessed any civil penalty for, or found to have engaged in the violation of any
536     law designed to protect consumers;
537          [(3)] (C) a brief description of the developer's experience in timeshare, camp resort, or
538     any other real estate development;
539          [(4)] (D) a brief description of the interest [which] that is being offered in the [project]
540     development;
541          [(5)] (E) a description of any provisions to protect the purchaser's interest from loss
542     due to foreclosure on any underlying financial obligation of the [project] development;
543          [(6)] (F) a statement [of the maximum number of interests in the project to be
544     marketed, and a commitment that this maximum number will not be exceeded unless disclosed
545     by filing an amendment to the registration as provided in Section 57-19-9 prior to the
546     amendment becoming effective] that the development will not issue more interests during a
547     12-month period than the development can accommodate during the 12-month period;
548          [(7)] (G) any event [which] that has occurred [as of] since the date of the offer [which]
549     that may have a material adverse effect on the operation of the [project] development; and
550          [(8)] (H) any other information the director considers necessary for the protection of
551     purchasers.
552          Section 12. Section 57-19-12 is amended to read:
553          57-19-12. Purchaser's right to cancel.
554          (1) (a) An agreement to purchase an interest in a [project] development may be

555     cancelled, at the option of the purchaser, if:
556          (i) the purchaser [provides] delivers a written notice of cancellation to the developer[,]
557     at the developer's business address by:
558          (A) hand [delivery]; or
559          (B) certified mail, [written notice of the cancellation] return receipt requested, or a
560     delivery service that provides proof of delivery; and
561          (ii) the notice is delivered or postmarked not later than midnight of the fifth business
562     day [following] after the day on which the agreement is signed.
563          (b) In computing the number of business days for purposes of this section, the day on
564     which the agreement was signed is not included.
565          (c) Within 30 days after [receipt of] the day on which the developer receives a timely
566     notice of cancellation, the developer shall refund any money or other consideration paid by the
567     purchaser.
568          (2) Every agreement to purchase an interest in a [project which] development that is
569     subject to this chapter shall include the following statement in at least 10-point bold upper-case
570     type, immediately preceding the space for the purchaser's signature:
580          Section 13. Section 57-19-13 is amended to read:
581          57-19-13. Suspension, revocation, or denial of registration -- Fine.
582          (1) Subject to Section 57-19-17, [an application for registration of a project may be
583     denied, an existing registration may be suspended or revoked, or a fine of not more than $500
584     may be imposed by the director, if the director finds that:] if the director finds that an applicant
585     or developer has engaged in an act described in Subsection (2), the director may:

586          (a) deny an application for registration of a development;
587          (b) suspend or revoke an existing registration; or
588          (c) except as provided in Subsection (3), impose a fine of not more than $5,000.
589          (2) Subsection (1) applies if the director finds that:
590          (a) the developer's advertising or sales techniques or trade practices have been or are
591     deceptive, false, or misleading;
592          (b) the developer [has failed] fails to file [copies] a copy of [its] the developer's sales
593     contract forms as required [by] under Section 57-19-8;
594          (c) the developer [has failed] fails to comply with any provision of this chapter or [the
595     rules] any rule adopted under this chapter that materially [affect] affects or would affect the
596     rights of [purchasers or prospective purchasers] a purchaser or prospective purchaser of an
597     interest in a [project] development, or that materially [affect] affects the administration of this
598     chapter;
599          (d) the [developer's offering] developer makes a fraudulent offer of an interest in a
600     [project has worked or would work a fraud upon purchasers or prospective purchasers of such
601     an] development to a purchaser or prospective purchaser of the interest;
602          (e) the developer's application or any amendment to an application is incomplete in any
603     material respect;
604          (f) the developer's application or any amendment to an application contains material
605     misrepresentations or omissions of material fact [which] that are necessary to make the
606     statements contained in the application or amendment not misleading;
607          (g) the developer or any officer or director of the developer has been:
608          (i) convicted of a felony, or any misdemeanor involving theft, fraud, or dishonesty;
609          (ii) enjoined from, assessed a civil penalty for, or found to have engaged in [the] a
610     violation of any law designed to protect consumers; or
611          (iii) engaged in dishonest practices in any industry involving sales to consumers;
612          (h) the developer has represented or is representing to purchasers in connection with
613     the offer or sale of an interest in a [project] development that any accommodations, related
614     facilities, or amenities are planned, without reasonable grounds to believe that they will be
615     completed within a reasonable time;
616          (i) the developer [has disposed of, concealed, or diverted] disposes, conceals, or diverts

617     any funds or assets so as to defeat the rights of purchasers;
618          (j) the developer [has failed] fails to provide to [purchasers copies] a purchaser a copy
619     of the written disclosure required by Section 57-19-11; or
620          (k) the developer, the developer's successor in interest, or a managing association
621     discloses a purchaser's name, address, or email address to an unaffiliated entity without first
622     obtaining written consent from the purchaser, unless the disclosure is in response to a subpoena
623     or an order of a court or administrative tribunal.
624          [(2)] (3) The authority to impose [fines as provided in] a fine under this section does
625     not apply to Subsection [(1)] (2)(e).
626          [(3)] (4) Notwithstanding Subsection [(1)] (2)(k), a developer shall, upon request by
627     the division, provide the division a list of [all purchasers' names, addresses, and email
628     addresses] each purchaser's name, address, and email address.
629          Section 14. Section 57-19-14 is amended to read:
630          57-19-14. Registration of salesperson.
631          [(1) Unless the transaction is exempt under] Except as provided in Section 57-19-26, it
632     is unlawful for [any] a person to act as a salesperson [marketing] and market a [project]
633     development in this state without first registering under this chapter as a salesperson.
634          [(2) The fee for registration as a salesperson is waived by the division for persons
635     licensed by the division under Title 61, Chapter 2f, Real Estate Licensing and Practices Act.]
636          Section 15. Section 57-19-15 is amended to read:
637          57-19-15. Application for registration of salesperson.
638          (1) A person may apply for registration as a salesperson under this chapter by filing
639     with the director an application in the form prescribed by the director, including:
640          (a) a statement [of] regarding whether [or not] the applicant has ever been:
641          (i) convicted of:
642          (A) a felony; or
643          (B) a misdemeanor involving theft, fraud, or dishonesty; or
644          (ii) enjoined from, assessed a civil penalty for, or found to have engaged in the
645     violation of a law designed to protect a consumer;
646          (b) (i) a statement describing the applicant's employment history for the five years
647     immediately preceding the day on which the application is filed; and

648          (ii) a statement [of] regarding whether [or not] a termination of employment during the
649     period described in Subsection (1)(b)(i) is [as] a result of theft, fraud, or an act of dishonesty;
650     [and]
651          (c) evidence of the applicant's honesty, integrity, truthfulness, and reputation; and
652          [(c)] (d) any other information that the director, by rule made in accordance with Title
653     63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, considers necessary to protect [the
654     interests of a purchaser] a purchaser's interests.
655          (2) (a) Notwithstanding the requirements for a regulatory fee under Section 63J-1-504,
656     at the time an applicant files an application, the applicant shall pay to the division a fee of
657     $100.
658          (b) The fee for registration described in Subsection (2)(a) is waived for a person
659     licensed by the division under Title 61, Chapter 2f, Real Estate Licensing and Practices Act.
660          (3) (a) Registration as a salesperson is effective for [a period for] two years after the
661     day on which the registration is approved by the director, unless the director specifies
662     otherwise.
663          (b) To renew a registration, a salesperson shall:
664          (i) file a form prescribed by the director for that purpose; and
665          (ii) pay a renewal fee of $100.
666          Section 16. Section 57-19-16 is amended to read:
667          57-19-16. Denial, revocation, or suspension of registration of salesperson -- Fine.
668          (1) Subject to Section 57-19-17, if the [director] division finds that an applicant or
669     salesperson has engaged in an act described in Subsection (2), the [director] division may:
670          (a) deny an application for registration as a salesperson;
671          (b) suspend or revoke an existing registration; or
672          (c) impose a civil penalty not to exceed [$500] $5,000.
673          (2) Subsection (1) applies if the [director] division finds that the applicant or
674     salesperson:
675          (a) files, or causes to be filed, with the [director] division a document that contains [an]
676     untrue or misleading information;
677          (b) makes an untrue or misleading statement of material fact;
678          (c) fails to state a material fact that is necessary in order to make the statements made

679     not misleading in light of the circumstances under which the statements are made;
680          (d) employs a device, scheme, or artifice to defraud, or engages in an act, practice, or
681     course of business that operates or would operate as a fraud or deceit upon a person;
682          (e) subsequent to the effective date of registration as a salesperson, is:
683          (i) convicted of:
684          (A) a felony; or
685          (B) a misdemeanor involving theft, fraud, or dishonesty; or
686          (ii) enjoined from, assessed a civil penalty for, or found to have engaged in a violation
687     of any law designed to protect consumers;
688          (f) violates this chapter;
689          (g) engages in an activity that constitutes dishonest dealing; or
690          (h) engages in unprofessional conduct as defined by statute or rule made by the
691     director.
692          Section 17. Section 57-19-21 is amended to read:
693          57-19-21. Voidable agreements.
694          (1) Any agreement to purchase an interest in a [project entered into in violation of]
695     development that violates Section 57-19-4 or 57-19-14 may, at the option of the purchaser, be
696     voided and the purchaser's entire consideration recovered together with interest at the legal rate,
697     costs, and reasonable [attorney's] attorney fees. [However, no]
698          (2) No suit under this section may be brought more than two years after the later of:
699          [(1)] (a) the [date] day on which the agreement is signed; or
700          [(2)] (b) the [date] day on which the purchaser knew or reasonably should have known
701     of the violation.
702          Section 18. Section 57-19-26 is amended to read:
703          57-19-26. Exemptions.
704          (1) Unless entered into for the purpose of evading the provisions of this chapter, the
705     following transactions are exempt from registration:
706          (a) an isolated [transactions] transaction by an owner of an interest in a [project]
707     development or by a person holding [such an] the owner's executed power of attorney;
708          (b) an offer or sale by a governmental entity; and
709          (c) [the] a resale of an interest that is:

710          (i) acquired:
711          (A) by the developer who initially registered the [project] development or by the
712     managing association of the [project] development; and
713          (B) through a foreclosure, quitclaim deed, deed in lieu of foreclosure, or equivalent
714     [transfer] means;
715          (ii) not offered as part of a [project] development that includes one or more interests
716     that are unregistered or have been registered by a different developer or as part of a different
717     [project] development; and
718          (iii) closed after the developer or managing association provides a purchaser the
719     disclosures required by Section 57-19-11 and the right to rescind required by Section 57-19-12.
720          (2) After a resale by a developer or managing association that is claimed to be exempt
721     under Subsection (1)(c), the division retains jurisdiction to:
722          (a) investigate a complaint regarding the resale; and
723          (b) if applicable, take an administrative action against the developer or managing
724     association on the basis of unprofessional conduct, [as provided] described in Section
725     57-19-13.
726          (3) (a) The director may, by rule made in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
727     Administrative Rulemaking Act, or by order, exempt any person from any [or all requirements]
728     requirement of this chapter if the director finds that the offering of an interest in a [project]
729     development is essentially noncommercial.
730          (b) The offering of [one or more interests] an interest in a [project] development that
731     has [a maximum of] 10 or fewer interests is considered essentially noncommercial.
732          (c) A person who does not meet the requirements described in Subsection (3)(b), but
733     believes that a proposed offering of more than 10 interests in a development is essentially
734     noncommercial, may request an order of exemption from the director.
735          (d) To request an order of exemption under this section, a person shall submit to the
736     director a request for agency action in accordance with Section 63G-4-201.

Legislative Review Note
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel