Chief Sponsor: Jacob L. Anderegg

Senate Sponsor: Margaret Dayton


8     General Description:
9          This bill modifies provisions governing the sale of raw milk.
10     Highlighted Provisions:
11          This bill:
12          ▸     allows a producer who sells raw milk at a self-owned retail store to also offer
13     pasteurized milk for sale at the same location; and
14          ▸     makes technical changes.
15     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
16          None
17     Other Special Clauses:
18          None
19     Utah Code Sections Affected:
20     AMENDS:
21          4-3-14, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapters 167 and 461

23     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
24          Section 1. Section 4-3-14 is amended to read:
25          4-3-14. Sale of raw milk -- Suspension of producer's permit -- Severability not
26     permitted.
27          (1) As used in this section:

28          (a) "Batch" means all the milk emptied from one bulk tank and bottled in a single day.
29          (b) "Self-owned retail store" means a retail store:
30          (i) of which the producer owns at least 51% of the value of the real property and
31     tangible personal property used in the operations of the retail store; or
32          (ii) for which the producer has the power to vote at least 51% of any class of voting
33     shares or ownership interest in the business entity that operates the retail store.
34          (2) Raw milk may be manufactured, distributed, sold, delivered, held, stored, or offered
35     for sale if:
36          (a) the producer obtains a permit from the department to produce milk under
37     Subsection 4-3-8(5);
38          (b) the sale and delivery of the milk is made upon the premises where the milk is
39     produced, except as provided by Subsection (3);
40          (c) the raw milk is sold to consumers for household use and not for resale;
41          (d) the raw milk is bottled or packaged under sanitary conditions and in sanitary
42     containers on the premises where the raw milk is produced;
43          (e) the raw milk is labeled "raw milk" and meets the labeling requirements under 21
44     C.F.R. Parts 101 and 131 and rules established by the department;
45          (f) the raw milk is:
46          (i) cooled to 50 degrees Fahrenheit or a lower temperature within one hour after being
47     drawn from the animal;
48          (ii) further cooled to 41 degrees Fahrenheit within two hours of being drawn from the
49     animal; and
50          (iii) maintained at 41 degrees Fahrenheit or a lower temperature until the raw milk is
51     delivered to the consumer;
52          (g) the bacterial count of the raw milk does not exceed 20,000 colony forming units per
53     milliliter;
54          (h) the coliform count of the raw milk does not exceed 10 colony forming units per
55     milliliter;
56          (i) the production of the raw milk conforms to departmental rules for the production of
57     grade A milk;
58          (j) all dairy animals on the premises are:

59          (i) permanently and individually identifiable; and
60          (ii) free of tuberculosis, brucellosis, and other diseases carried through milk; and
61          (k) any person on the premises performing any work in connection with the production,
62     bottling, handling, or sale of the raw milk is free from communicable disease.
63          (3) A producer may distribute, sell, deliver, hold, store, or offer for sale raw milk at a
64     self-owned retail store, which is properly staffed, if, in addition to the requirements of
65     Subsection (2), the producer:
66          (a) transports the raw milk from the premises where the raw milk is produced to the
67     self-owned retail store in a refrigerated truck where the raw milk is maintained at 41 degrees
68     Fahrenheit or a lower temperature;
69          (b) retains ownership of the raw milk until it is sold to the final consumer, including
70     transporting the raw milk from the premises where the raw milk is produced to the self-owned
71     retail store without any:
72          (i) intervening storage;
73          (ii) change of ownership; or
74          (iii) loss of physical control;
75          (c) stores the raw milk at 41 degrees Fahrenheit or a lower temperature in a display
76     case equipped with a properly calibrated thermometer at the self-owned retail store;
77          (d) places a sign above [the] each display case that contains raw milk at the self-owned
78     retail store that [reads, "Raw Unpasteurized Milk";]:
79          (i) is prominent;
80          (ii) is easily readable by a consumer;
81          (iii) reads in print that is no smaller than .5 inches in bold type, "This milk is raw and
82     unpasteurized. Please keep refrigerated"; and
83          (iv) meets any other requirement established by the department by rule;
84          (e) labels the raw milk with:
85          (i) a date, no more than nine days after the raw milk is produced, by which the raw
86     milk should be sold;
87          (ii) the statement "Raw milk, no matter how carefully produced, may be unsafe.";
88          (iii) handling instructions to preserve quality and avoid contamination or spoilage;
89     [and]

90          (iv) by January 1, 2017, a specific colored label as determined by the department by
91     rule; and
92          [(iv)] (v) any other information required by rule;
93          (f) refrains from offering the raw milk for sale until:
94          (i) the department or a third party certified by the department tests each batch of raw
95     milk for standard plate count and coliform count; and
96          (ii) the test results meet the minimum standards established for those tests;
97          (g) (i) maintains a database of the raw milk sales; and
98          (ii) makes the database available to the Department of Health during the self-owned
99     retail store's business hours for purposes of epidemiological investigation;
100          [(h) refrains from offering any pasteurized milk at the self-owned retail store;]
101          [(i)] (h) ensures that the plant and retail store complies with Title 4, Chapter 5, Utah
102     Wholesome Food Act, and the rules governing food establishments enacted under Section
103     4-5-9; and
104          [(j)] (i) complies with all applicable rules adopted as authorized by this chapter.
105          (4) A producer may distribute, sell, deliver, hold, store, or offer for sale raw milk and
106     pasteurized milk at the same self-owned retail store if:
107          (a) the self-owned retail store is properly staffed; and
108          (b) the producer:
109          (i) meets the requirements of Subsections (2) and (3);
110          (ii) operates the self-owned retail store on the same property where the raw milk is
111     produced; and
112          (iii) maintains separate, labeled, refrigerated display cases for raw milk and pasteurized
113     milk.
114          [(4)] (5) A person who conducts a test required by Subsection (3) shall send a copy of
115     the test results to the department as soon as the test results are available.
116          [(5)] (6) (a) The department shall adopt rules, as authorized by Section 4-3-2,
117     governing the sale of raw milk at a self-owned retail store.
118          (b) The rules adopted by the department shall include rules regarding:
119          (i) permits;
120          (ii) building and premises requirements;

121          (iii) sanitation and operating requirements, including bulk milk tanks requirements;
122          (iv) additional tests;
123          (v) frequency of inspections, including random cooler checks;
124          (vi) recordkeeping; and
125          (vii) packaging and labeling.
126          (c) (i) The department shall establish and collect a fee for the tests and inspections
127     required by this section and by rule in accordance with Section 63J-1-504.
128          (ii) Notwithstanding Section 63J-1-504, the department shall retain the fees as
129     dedicated credits and may only use the fees to administer and enforce this section.
130          [(6)] (7) (a) The department shall suspend a permit issued under Section 4-3-8 if:
131          (i) two out of four consecutive samples or two samples in a 30-day period violate
132     sample limits established under this section; or
133          (ii) a producer violates a provision of this section or a rule adopted as authorized by
134     this section.
135          (b) The department may reissue a permit that has been suspended under Subsection
136     [(6)] (7)(a) if the producer has complied with all of the requirements of this section and rules
137     adopted as authorized by this section.
138          [(7)] (8) For 2014 and 2015, the Department of Health and the Department of
139     Agriculture and Food shall report on or before November 30th to the Natural Resources,
140     Agriculture, and Environment Interim Committee on any health problems resulting from the
141     sale of raw whole milk at self-owned retail stores.
142          [(8)] (9) (a) If any subsection of this section or the application of any subsection to any
143     person or circumstance is held invalid by a final decision of a court of competent jurisdiction,
144     the remainder of the section may not be given effect without the invalid subsection or
145     application.
146          (b) The provisions of this section may not be severed.

Legislative Review Note
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel