7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies general labor provisions.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ defines terms;
13 ▸ provides that a public employer may not require an applicant to disclose a past
14 criminal conviction before an initial interview for employment; and
15 ▸ provides exemptions for certain public employers.
16 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
18 Other Special Clauses:
20 Utah Code Sections Affected:
22 34-51-101, Utah Code Annotated 1953
23 34-51-102, Utah Code Annotated 1953
24 34-51-201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
26 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
27 Section 1. Section 34-51-101 is enacted to read:
30 34-51-101. Title.
31 This chapter is known as "Reducing Barriers to Employment for Individuals with
32 Criminal Records."
33 Section 2. Section 34-51-102 is enacted to read:
34 34-51-102. Definitions.
35 As used in this chapter:
36 (1) "Applicant" means an individual who provides information to a public employer for
37 the purpose of obtaining employment.
38 (2) "Criminal conviction" means a verdict or finding of guilt after a criminal trial or a
39 plea of guilty or nolo contendere to a criminal charge.
40 (3) "Public employer" means an employer that is:
41 (a) the state or any administrative subunit of the state, including a department, division,
42 board, council, committee, institution, office, bureau, or other similar administrative unit of
43 state government;
44 (b) a state institution of higher education; or
45 (c) a municipal corporation, county, municipality, school district, local district, special
46 service district, or other political subdivision of the state.
47 Section 3. Section 34-51-201 is enacted to read:
48 34-51-201. Employer requirements.
49 (1) A public employer may not exclude an applicant from an initial interview because
50 of a past criminal conviction.
51 (2) A public employer excludes an applicant from an initial interview if the public
53 (a) requires an applicant to disclose on an employment application a criminal
55 (b) requires an applicant to disclose, before an initial interview, a criminal conviction;
57 (c) if no interview is conducted, requires an applicant to disclose, before making a
58 conditional offer of employment, a criminal conviction.
59 (3) Subject to Subsections (1) and (2), nothing in this section prevents an employer
61 (a) asking an applicant for information about an applicant's criminal conviction history
62 during an initial interview or after an initial interview; or
63 (b) considering an applicant's conviction history when making a hiring decision.
64 (4) Subsections (1) and (2) do not apply:
65 (a) if federal, state, or local law, including corresponding administrative rules, requires
66 the consideration of an applicant's criminal conviction history;
67 (b) to a public employer that is a law enforcement agency;
68 (c) to a public employer that is part of the criminal justice system; or
69 (d) to a public employer seeking a nonemployee volunteer.
Legislative Review Note
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel