Representative Keven J. Stratton proposes the following substitute bill:





Chief Sponsor: Keven J. Stratton

Senate Sponsor: David P. Hinkins


9     General Description:
10           This concurrent resolution of the Legislature and the Governor expresses strong
11     opposition to the designation of a new national monument in the state.
12     Highlighted Provisions:
13          This resolution:
14          ▸      expresses strong opposition to the President of the United States establishing a new
15     national monument in the state under the Antiquities Act; and
16          ▸     states that the disparate impact the federal land takeover has on Utah is
17     unconstitutional and violates the equal sovereignty principle.
18     Special Clauses:
19          None

21     Be it resolved by the Legislature of the state of Utah, the Governor concurring therein:
22           WHEREAS, the Legislature has a legitimate basis to believe that President Obama is
23     considering issuing a proclamation under the Antiquities Act designating one or more national
24     monuments within the borders of the state of Utah before the end of his term as President of the
25     United States;

26          WHEREAS, the Legislature has a legitimate basis to believe that one of the national
27     monuments being considered may be nearly 1.9 million acres in size;
28           WHEREAS, the state of Utah is already home to the Grand Staircase-Escalante
29     National Monument designated by President Clinton, which placed 1,880,461 acres, or 2,938
30     square miles, of land within the borders of Utah under protected status, greatly restricting its
31     use by local individuals, all without the consent of the Legislature of the state of Utah;
32          WHEREAS, the Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument is over two times the
33     size of the state of Rhode Island;
34          WHEREAS, an additional national monument designation within the borders of the
35     state will have the effect of further restricting the public's access and enjoyment of lands in
36     Utah without the consent of the Governor or the Legislature;
37          WHEREAS, it is unlikely that our Framers, as evidenced by their inspired and carefully
38     crafted constitutional design to balance power and responsibilities between branches of
39     government and between the national and state governments, ever intended to grant the
40     executive branch unilateral authority to set aside vast swaths of land within the borders of a
41     state without input from Congress or locally elected representatives;
42          WHEREAS, on March 7, 2013 in her confirmation hearing to be Secretary of the
43     Interior, Sally Jewell committed to Senator Mike Lee that gaining local support for a national
44     monument should be a pre-requisite for national monument designations under the Antiquities
45     Act;
46          WHEREAS, over the past three years, Secretary Jewell has repeatedly made reference
47     to the importance of local buy-in, including local meetings, input, and public hearings before a
48     monument designation;
49          WHEREAS, on Wednesday, February 24, 2016 in a House Natural Resources
50     Committee discussion with Secretary Jewell, Chairman Rob Bishop noted that during each of
51     President Obama's previous monument declarations, at least one member of that state's
52     congressional delegation supported a monument declaration;
53          WHEREAS, Chairman Bishop went on to note that not one single member of Utah's
54     congressional delegation supports another national monument declaration in Utah under the
55     Antiquities Act;
56          WHEREAS, on February 23, 2016, in her response to Senator Lee in a hearing before

57     the Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, Secretary Jewell remained
58     non-committal regarding working with Utah's Governor, federal delegation, and local elected
59     officials, and stated in reference to concerns about a potential new monument designation in
60     southeastern Utah: "Well, to be clear, I can't commit to anything with regard to the Antiquities
61     Act because that is a tool of the president of the United States. I will commit that we will go
62     out and spend time within the community and take input from the community. That is
63     something that we have done every time and we will continue to do that.";
64          WHEREAS, as of March 2016, that process of taking input from local communities has
65     not occurred in Utah;
66          WHEREAS, the Legislature of the state of Utah hereby goes on record as not only
67     withholding its consent to the establishment of any proposed new national monuments without
68     state legislative approval, but emphatically objecting to the establishment of the same;
69           WHEREAS, Governor Gary R. Herbert has written to the President of the United States
70     twice -- once in August 2015 and once in February 2016 -- urging him not to use the
71     Antiquities Act to designate another national monument in Utah;
72          WHEREAS, Governor Herbert noted that another monument designation in Utah
73     would "inflame passion, spur divisiveness, and ensure perpetual opposition;"
74          WHEREAS, the system of having federal bureaucrats over a thousand miles away
75     govern land in Utah is contrary to the duel sovereignty design of our federal republic, which
76     protects individual liberty by diffusing sovereign power so that no single sovereign can become
77     tyrannical, controlling all aspects of our lives;
78          WHEREAS, decisions regarding the health, safety, and welfare -- the "police power" --
79     of citizens are, under our federal system, properly placed with local governments more
80     accountable to the citizens, not with unelected, unaccountable federal bureaucrats;
81          WHEREAS, over 66.5% of the land within the sovereign state of Utah is already
82     controlled by the federal government, unlike 38 states in the Union which enjoy dominion over
83     almost all the land within their borders;
84          WHEREAS, the sovereignty of the state of Utah is already negatively impacted by this
85     vast federal control and territory -- larger than the entire state of New York -- within its
86     borders, placing its citizens' rights and liberties at jeopardy;
87          WHEREAS, the use of the Antiquities Act in recent years by presidents to designate

88     millions of acres of land as national monuments disparately impacts western states, including
89     Utah, because only western states have large areas of federal land remaining within their
90     borders;
91          WHEREAS, this disparate impact on Utah and other western states is unconstitutional
92     and violates the equal sovereignty principle, and equal footing doctrine;
93           WHEREAS, two western states -- Wyoming and Alaska -- received special exemptions
94     from the Antiquities Act in 1950 and 1980, respectively, after the Act was used extensively
95     within the boundaries of those two states; and
96          WHEREAS, Utah is already the home to seven national monuments and should be
97     considered for an exemption from the Antiquities Act, like Wyoming and Alaska:
98          NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED that the Legislature of the state of Utah, the
99     Governor concurring therein, expresses strong opposition to the creation of any new national
100     monuments within the state by the President of the United States without state legislative
101     approval.
102          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature and Governor encourage Congress
103     to amend the Antiquities Act to prevent President Obama and future presidents from
104     unilaterally designating enormous amounts of land within a sovereign state, Utah in particular,
105     as a national monument without state legislative approval.
106          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature and Governor encourage Attorney
107     General Sean Reyes to research the authority of the President of the United States to designate
108     a proposed national monument within the borders of the state of Utah without state legislative
109     approval.
110          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that the Legislature and the Governor encourage the
111     Attorney General to research and explore all legal options available to the state regarding
112     unilateral national monument designations.
113          BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED that a copy of this resolution be sent to the President of
114     the United States, the members of Utah's congressional delegation, and Attorney General Sean
115     Reyes.