Chief Sponsor: Karen Mayne

House Sponsor: Val L. Peterson


8     General Description:
9          This bill modifies the Workers' Compensation Act to address volunteers.
10     Highlighted Provisions:
11          This bill:
12          ▸     defines terms;
13          ▸     provides that volunteers are not employees for purposes of workers' compensation
14     unless the nongovernment entity for which the volunteer provides services elects to
15     cover the volunteer with workers' compensation coverage;
16          ▸     clarifies the application of the exclusive remedy;
17          ▸     provides how disability compensation is to be determined;
18          ▸     addresses how premiums are calculated;
19          ▸     addresses affect of the failure or refusal of a nongovernment entity to elect workers'
20     compensation coverage for volunteers;
21          ▸     addresses insurance obtained by a volunteer; and
22          ▸     addresses notice to volunteers.
23     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
24          None
25     Other Special Clauses:
26          None
27     Utah Code Sections Affected:
28     ENACTS:
29          34A-2-104.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953


31     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
32          Section 1. Section 34A-2-104.5 is enacted to read:
33          34A-2-104.5. Nongovernment entity volunteers.
34          (1) As used in this section:
35          (a) (i) "Intern" means a student or trainee who works without pay at a trade or
36     occupation in order to gain work experience.
37          (ii) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(a)(i), "intern" does not include an intern described
38     in Section 53A-29-103 or 53B-16-403.
39          (b) "Nongovernment entity" means an entity or individual that:
40          (i) is an employer as provided in Section 34A-2-103; and
41          (ii) is not a government entity.
42          (c) "Utah minimum wage" means the highest wage designated as Utah's minimum
43     wage under Title 34, Chapter 40, Utah Minimum Wage Act.
44          (d) (i) "Volunteer" means an individual who donates service without pay or other
45     compensation except expenses actually and reasonably incurred as approved by the supervising
46     nongovernment entity.
47          (ii) "Volunteer" includes an intern of a nongovernment entity.
48          (iii) "Volunteer" does not include an individual participating in human subjects
49     research to the extent that the participation is governed by federal law or regulation inconsistent
50     with this chapter.
51          (2) A volunteer for a nongovernment entity is not an employee of the nongovernment
52     entity for purposes of this chapter and Chapter 3, Utah Occupational Disease Act, unless the
53     nongovernment entity elects in accordance with this section to provide coverage under this
54     chapter and Chapter 3, Utah Occupational Disease Act.
55          (3) (a) A nongovernment entity may elect to secure coverage for all of the
56     nongovernment entity's volunteers by obtaining coverage for the volunteers in accordance with
57     Section 34A-2-201 under the same policy it uses to cover the nongovernment entity's

58     employees.
59          (b) If a nongovernment entity obtains coverage under Section 34A-2-201 for the
60     nongovernment entity's volunteers, for purposes of receiving benefits under this chapter and
61     Chapter 3, Utah Occupational Disease Act:
62          (i) a volunteer is considered an employee of the nongovernment entity; and
63          (ii) these benefits are the exclusive remedy of the volunteer in accordance with Section
64     34A-2-105 for an industrial injury or disease covered by this chapter and Chapter 3, Utah
65     Occupational Disease Act.
66          (4) A nongovernment entity shall keep sufficient records of the nongovernment entity's
67     volunteers and the volunteers' duties to determine compliance with this section.
68          (5) To compute the disability compensation benefits under Subsection (3), the
69     disability compensation shall be calculated in accordance with Part 4, Compensation and
70     Benefits, with the average weekly wage of the nongovernment volunteer assumed to be the
71     Utah minimum wage at the time of the industrial accident or occupational disease that is the
72     basis for the volunteer's workers' compensation claim.
73          (6) A workers' compensation insurer shall calculate the premium for a nongovernment
74     entity's volunteer on the basis of the Utah minimum wage on the actual hours the volunteer
75     provides service to the nongovernment entity, except that a workers' compensation insurer may
76     assume 30 hours worked per week if the nongovernment entity does not provide a record of
77     actual hours worked. The imputed wages shall be assigned to the class code on the policy that
78     best describes the volunteer's duties.
79          (7) The failure or refusal of a nongovernment entity to make an election under this
80     section in regard to volunteers does not alter, have an effect on, or give rise to any implication
81     or presumption regarding:
82          (a) the nongovernment entity's duties or liabilities with respect to volunteers; or
83          (b) the rights of volunteers.
84          (8) Subject to Subsection (3)(b)(ii), nothing in this section affects a volunteer's right to
85     seek remedies available to the volunteer through a personal insurance policy that the volunteer

86     obtains for the volunteer in addition to any workers' compensation benefits obtained under this
87     section.
88          (9) A nongovernment entity shall notify a volunteer of an election under Subsection
89     (3)(a) by posting:
90          (a) printed notices where volunteers are likely to see the notices in conspicuous places
91     about the nongovernment entity's place of business; and
92          (b) notices on a website that the nongovernment entity uses to recruit or provide
93     information to volunteers.