7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies criminal procedure provisions regarding bail and bail security.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ revises specified terms, including adding the use of the terms "bail bond" and
13 "surety agency" to replace current terms;
14 ▸ changes specified licensure requirements;
15 ▸ modifies certain provisions regarding bail charges;
16 ▸ amends liability provisions regarding a bail bond producer and a bail bond agency;
18 ▸ amends record maintenance requirements.
19 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
21 Other Special Clauses:
23 Utah Code Sections Affected:
25 31A-35-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
26 31A-35-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2007, Chapter 309
27 31A-35-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 259
28 31A-35-201, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 286
29 31A-35-202, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 284
30 31A-35-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 183
31 31A-35-401, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 10
32 31A-35-401.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 253
33 31A-35-402, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
34 31A-35-404, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 259
35 31A-35-405, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 349
36 31A-35-406, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 284
37 31A-35-407, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 293
38 31A-35-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 259
39 31A-35-502, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
40 31A-35-503, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
41 31A-35-504, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 178
42 31A-35-601, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
43 31A-35-602, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 284
44 31A-35-603, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
45 31A-35-604, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
46 31A-35-605, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
47 31A-35-606, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
48 31A-35-607, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 253
49 31A-35-608, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
50 31A-35-701, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2004, Chapter 274
51 31A-35-702, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
52 31A-35-703, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
53 31A-35-704, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2003, Chapter 298
54 77-18a-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2009, Chapter 175
55 77-20-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2015, Chapter 99
56 77-20-3, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 293
57 77-20-4, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 170
58 77-20-7, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 179
59 77-20-8.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 245
60 77-20-9, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
61 77-20-10, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 380
62 77-20b-101, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 179
63 77-20b-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 259
64 77-20b-103, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2000, Chapter 259
65 77-20b-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 332
66 77-20b-105, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2006, Chapter 332
68 77-20b-100, Utah Code Annotated 1953
70 77-20-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1998, Chapter 293
72 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
73 Section 1. Section 31A-35-102 is amended to read:
74 31A-35-102. Definitions.
75 As used in this chapter:
76 (1) "Bail bond" means a bail bond insurance product for a specified monetary amount
77 that is:
78 (a) executed by a bail bond producer licensed in accordance with Section 31A-35-401;
80 (b) issued to a court, magistrate, or authorized officer [
83 (i) the release of a person from incarceration; and
84 (ii) the appearance of the released person at court hearings the person is required to
88 (a) is licensed under Subsection 31A-35-404(1) or (2);
90 with judicial proceedings;
91 (ii) pledges the assets of a letter of credit from a Utah depository institution for a bail
92 bond in connection with judicial proceedings; or
93 (iii) pledges personal or real property, or both, as security for a bail bond in connection
94 with judicial proceedings; and
96 in Subsection [
98 (a) is appointed by:
99 (i) a surety insurer that [
100 (ii) a bail bond [
101 (b) is appointed to execute or countersign undertakings of bail in connection with
102 judicial proceedings; and
103 (c) receives or is promised money or other things of value for engaging in an act
104 described in Subsection [
120 an insurer to operate as a surety insurer.
122 agreement with a bail bond [
123 loss incurred as a result of executing a bail bond.
125 timely manner without the loss of principal.
126 (9) "Premium" means the specified monetary amount used to purchase a bail bond.
127 (10) "Principal" means [
129 (a) guarantees the performance of a bail bond; or
130 (b) owns not less than 10% of the bail bond agency.
131 (11) "Surety insurer" means an insurer that:
132 (a) is licensed under Chapter 4, Insurers in General, Chapter 5, Domestic Stock and
133 Mutual Insurance Corporations, or Chapter 14, Foreign Insurers;
134 (b) receives a certificate under this title; and
135 (c) [
136 (12) "Utah depository institution" [
137 Section 7-1-103, that:
138 (a) has Utah as its home state; or
139 (b) operates a branch in Utah.
140 Section 2. Section 31A-35-103 is amended to read:
141 31A-35-103. Exemption from other provisions of this title.
142 Bail bond [
143 (1) Chapter 3, Department Funding, Fees, and Taxes, except Section 31A-3-103;
144 (2) Chapter 4, Insurers in General, except Sections 31A-4-102, 31A-4-103, 31A-4-104,
145 and 31A-4-107;
146 (3) Chapter 5, Domestic Stock and Mutual Insurance Corporations, except Section
148 (4) Chapter 6a, Service Contracts;
149 (5) Chapter 6b, Guaranteed Asset Protection Waiver Act;
152 (8) Chapter 8a, Health Discount Program Consumer Protection Act;
166 (21) Chapter 23b, Navigator License Act;
175 (29) Chapter 32a, Medical Care Savings Account Act;
178 (32) Chapter 36, Life Settlements Act;
179 (33) Chapter 37, Captive Insurance Companies Act;
180 (34) Chapter 37a, Special Purpose Financial Captive Insurance Company Act;
181 (35) Chapter 38, Federal Health Care Tax Credit Program Act;
182 (36) Chapter 39, Interstate Insurance Product Regulation Compact;
183 (37) Chapter 40, Professional Employer Organization Licensing Act;
184 (38) Chapter 41, Title Insurance Recovery, Education, and Research Fund Act;
185 (39) Chapter 42, Defined Contribution Risk Adjuster Act; and
186 (40) Chapter 43, Small Employer Stop-Loss Insurance Act.
187 Section 3. Section 31A-35-104 is amended to read:
188 31A-35-104. Rulemaking authority.
189 The commissioner shall by rule establish specific licensure and certification guidelines
190 and standards of conduct for the business of bail bond [
191 Section 4. Section 31A-35-201 is amended to read:
192 31A-35-201. Bail Bond Oversight Board.
193 (1) There is created a Bail Bond [
194 consisting of:
195 (a) the following seven voting members [
197 (i) one representative each from four licensed bail bond [
198 (ii) two members of the general public who do not have any financial interest in or
199 professional affiliation with any bail bond [
200 (iii) one attorney in good standing licensed to practice law in Utah; and
201 (b) a nonvoting member who is a staff member of the insurance department appointed
202 by the commissioner.
203 (2) (a) The appointments are for terms of four years. A board member may not serve
204 more than two consecutive terms.
205 (b) The [
206 a board member described in Subsection (1)(a), adjust the length of terms to ensure that the
207 terms of board members are staggered so approximately half of the board is appointed every
208 two years.
209 (3) A board member serves until:
210 (a) removed by the [
211 (b) the member's resignation; or
212 (c) for a member described in Subsection (1)(a), the expiration of the member's term
213 and the appointment of a successor.
214 (4) When a vacancy occurs in the membership of a board member described in
215 Subsection (1)(a) for any reason, the replacement shall be appointed for the remainder of the
216 unexpired term.
217 (5) The board shall annually elect one of its members as chair.
218 (6) Four voting members constitute a quorum for the transaction of business.
219 (7) A member may not receive compensation or benefits for the member's service, but
220 may receive per diem and travel expenses in accordance with:
221 (a) Section 63A-3-106;
222 (b) Section 63A-3-107; and
223 (c) rules made by the Division of Finance pursuant to Sections 63A-3-106 and
225 (8) (a) The commissioner, with a majority vote of the board, may remove any member
226 of the board described in Subsection (1)(a) for misconduct, incompetency, or neglect of duty.
227 (b) The board shall conduct a hearing if requested by the board member described in
228 Subsection (1)(a) that is to be removed.
229 (9) Members of the board are immune from suit with respect to all acts done and
230 actions taken in good faith in carrying out the purposes of this chapter.
231 Section 5. Section 31A-35-202 is amended to read:
232 31A-35-202. Board responsibilities.
233 (1) The board shall:
234 (a) meet:
235 (i) at least quarterly; and
236 (ii) at the call of the chair;
237 (b) make written recommendations to the commissioner for rules governing the
238 following aspects of the bail bond [
239 (i) qualifications, applications, and fees for obtaining:
240 (A) a license required by this Section 31A-35-401; or
241 (B) a certificate;
242 (ii) limits on the aggregate amounts of bail bonds;
243 (iii) unprofessional conduct;
244 (iv) procedures for hearing and resolving allegations of unprofessional conduct; and
245 (v) sanctions for unprofessional conduct;
246 (c) screen:
247 (i) bail bond [
248 (ii) persons applying for a bail bond [
249 (d) recommend to the commissioner action regarding the granting, renewing,
250 suspending, revoking, and reinstating of bail bond [
251 (2) The board may:
252 (a) conduct investigations of allegations of unprofessional conduct on the part of
253 persons or bail bond [
254 insurance; and
255 (b) provide the results of the investigations described in Subsection (2)(a) to the
256 commissioner with recommendations for:
257 (i) action; and
258 (ii) any appropriate sanctions.
259 Section 6. Section 31A-35-301 is amended to read:
260 31A-35-301. The commissioner's authority.
261 (1) The commissioner shall:
262 (a) make rules as necessary for the administration of this chapter;
263 (b) with information as provided by the board, issue or deny licensure under this
265 (c) take action regarding a license, including suspension or revocation; and
266 (d) maintain and publish a current list of licensed bail bond [
267 agencies and bail bond producers.
268 (2) The commissioner may establish fees for the issuance, renewal, and reinstatement
269 of a bail bond [
270 Section 7. Section 31A-35-401 is amended to read:
271 31A-35-401. Requirement for license or certificate of authority -- Process -- Fees
272 -- Limitations.
273 (1) (a) A person may not engage in the bail bond [
275 (i) is a bail bond [
276 (ii) is a surety insurer that is granted a certificate under this section in the same manner
277 as other insurers doing business in this state are granted certificates of authority under this title;
279 (iii) is a bail bond producer licensed in accordance with this section.
280 (b) A bail bond [
282 (c) A bail bond producer shall be licensed under Chapter 23a, Insurance Marketing -
283 Licensing Producers, Consultants, and Reinsurance Intermediaries, as a limited lines producer.
284 (2) A person applying for a bail bond [
285 chapter shall submit to the commissioner:
286 (a) a completed application form as prescribed by the commissioner;
287 (b) a fee as determined by the commissioner in accordance with Section 31A-3-103;
289 (c) any additional information required by rule.
290 (3) A fee required under this section is not refundable.
291 (4) A fee collected from a bail bond [
292 into a restricted account created in Section 31A-35-407.
293 (5) (a) A bail bond [
294 (b) A bail bond producer shall be a resident of Utah.
295 (c) A foreign surety insurer that is granted a certificate to [
296 only [
298 Section 8. Section 31A-35-401.5 is amended to read:
299 31A-35-401.5. Additional licensure requirements for a bail bond agency.
300 (1) A person applying for licensure or the reinstatement of a license as a bail bond
302 31A-35-401, provide proof that at least one principal of the bail bond [
303 have a minimum of 2,000 hours of experience working as an employee of a bail bond [
305 (2) The applicant shall provide proof of the experience claimed under Subsection (1),
306 including providing:
307 (a) the exact details of the character and nature of the experience on a form provided by
308 the department;
309 (b) a statement by each employer verifying the number of hours the applicant worked
310 for the employer; and
311 (c) (i) federal income reporting forms that account for the wages for hours claimed or
312 documented approval of the claimed hours by the insurance commissioner; and
313 (ii) the total of 2,000 hours may be proved in part by federal income reporting forms
314 and in part by approval by the insurance commissioner.
315 (3) The burden of proving the hours of experience as required in this section is upon
316 the applicant.
317 Section 9. Section 31A-35-402 is amended to read:
318 31A-35-402. Authority related to bail bonds.
319 (1) A bail bond [
320 (2) In accordance with Section 31A-23a-205, a bail bond producer may not execute or
321 issue a bail bond in this state without holding a current appointment from a [
322 insurer or a current designation from a bail bond [
323 (3) A bail bond surety agency or surety insurer may not allow any person who is not a
324 bail bond producer to engage in the bail bond [
326 (a) employed solely for the performance of clerical, stenographic, investigative, or
327 other administrative duties that do not require a license as:
328 (i) a bail bond [
329 (ii) a bail bond producer; and
330 (b) whose compensation is not related to or contingent upon the number of bail bonds
332 Section 10. Section 31A-35-404 is amended to read:
333 31A-35-404. Minimum financial requirements for bail bond agency license.
334 (1) (a) A bail bond [
335 from a Utah depository institution in connection with a judicial proceeding shall maintain an
336 irrevocable letter of credit with a minimum face value of $300,000 assigned to the state from a
337 Utah depository institution.
338 (b) Notwithstanding Subsection (1)(a), a bail bond [
339 in Subsection (1)(a) that is licensed under this chapter as of December 31, 1999, shall maintain
340 an irrevocable letter of credit with a minimum face value of $250,000 assigned to the state
341 from a Utah depository institution.
342 (2) (a) A bail bond [
343 both, as security for a bail bond in connection with a judicial proceeding shall maintain:
344 (i) (A) a [
345 (I) reviewed by a certified public accountant; and
346 (II) showing a net worth of at least $300,000, at least $100,000 of which is in liquid
347 assets; or
348 (B) notwithstanding Subsection (2)(a)(i), if the bail bond [
349 licensed under this chapter as of December 31, 1999, a current financial statement:
350 (I) reviewed by a certified public accountant; and
351 (II) showing a net worth of at least $250,000, at least $50,000 of which is in liquid
353 (ii) a copy of the applicant's federal and state income tax [
354 preceding two years, but only for an original application; and
355 (iii) for each parcel of real property owned by the applicant and included in net worth
357 (A) a title letter or report, or a current abstract of title from the office of the county
358 recorder; and
359 (B) [
361 that is current as of the date of licensure, if the bail bond agency is in its first year of licensure
362 and has pledged real property owned by the applicant; or
363 (II) a certified appraisal report or a current tax notice and a title letter or report, or a
364 current abstract of title from the county recorder if the bail bond agency is in its second or
365 subsequent year of licensure and has pledged real property owned by the applicant.
366 (b) For purposes of this Subsection (2), only real or personal property located in Utah
367 may be included in the net worth of the bail bond [
368 (3) A bail bond [
369 issued by a surety insurer if:
370 (a) [
371 (b) the surety insurer:
372 (i) [
373 (ii) is in good standing in its state of domicile; and
374 (iii) is granted a certificate to write bail bonds in Utah.
375 (4) The commissioner may revoke the license of a bail bond [
376 that fails to maintain the minimum financial requirements required under this section.
377 (5) The commissioner may set by rule the limits on the aggregate amounts of bail
378 bonds issued by a bail bond [
379 Section 11. Section 31A-35-405 is amended to read:
380 31A-35-405. Issuance of license -- Denial -- Right of appeal.
381 (1) Upon a determination by the board that a person applying for a bail bond [
383 the commissioner shall issue to that person a bail bond [
384 (2) (a) If the commissioner denies an application for a bail bond [
385 agency license under this chapter, the commissioner shall provide prompt written notification
386 to the person applying for licensure:
387 (i) stating the grounds for denial; and
388 (ii) notifying the person applying for licensure as a bail bond [
390 (A) the person is entitled to a hearing if that person wants to contest the denial; and
391 (B) if the person wants a hearing, the person shall submit the request in writing to the
392 commissioner within 15 days after the issuance of the denial.
393 (b) The department shall schedule a hearing described in Subsection (2)(a) no later
394 than 60 days after the commissioner's receipt of the request.
395 (c) The department shall hear the appeal, and may:
396 (i) return the case to the commissioner for reconsideration;
397 (ii) modify the commissioner's decision; or
398 (iii) reverse the commissioner's decision.
399 (3) A decision under this section is subject to review under Title 63G, Chapter 4,
400 Administrative Procedures Act.
401 Section 12. Section 31A-35-406 is amended to read:
402 31A-35-406. Renewal and reinstatement.
403 (1) (a) A license under this chapter expires annually on August 14. To renew its
404 license under this chapter, on or before July 15 a bail bond [
405 (i) complete and submit a renewal application to the department; [
406 (ii) require that a principal of the agency attends at least one board meeting each year;
409 Section 31A-3-103.
410 (b) A bail bond [
411 annually as established by department rule, regardless of when the license is issued.
412 (2) A bail bond [
413 bail bond [
414 license under Subsection (1) by:
415 (a) submitting the renewal application required by Subsection (1); and
416 (b) paying a license reinstatement fee established in accordance with Section
418 (3) If a bail bond [
419 year, the person applying for reinstatement of the bail bond [
420 (a) submit a new application form to the commissioner; and
421 (b) pay the application fee established in accordance with Section 31A-3-103.
422 (4) If a bail bond [
423 submit an application for a bail bond [
424 period of suspension.
425 (5) A fee collected under this section shall be deposited in the restricted account
426 created in Section 31A-35-407.
427 Section 13. Section 31A-35-407 is amended to read:
428 31A-35-407. Restricted account.
429 (1) There is created within the General Fund a restricted account known as the "Bail
430 Bond [
431 (2) (a) The account shall be funded from the fees imposed under this chapter.
432 (b) The department shall deposit all fees collected under this part [
433 (c) The funds in the account shall be used by the department to administer this chapter.
434 (d) The account shall earn interest, which shall be deposited [
435 (3) The department shall, at the end of each quarter, provide to the board an itemized
436 accounting that includes the balances at the beginning and the end of the quarter. The
437 department shall provide the report no later than the 30th day of the month subsequent to the
438 last month of the required quarterly report.
439 Section 14. Section 31A-35-501 is amended to read:
440 31A-35-501. Emergency action regarding a license.
441 (1) If the commissioner determines, based on an investigation, that the public health,
442 safety, or welfare requires emergency action, the commissioner may order a summary
443 suspension of a bail bond [
444 or other action.
445 (2) The order described in Subsection (1) shall:
446 (a) state the grounds upon which the summary suspension is issued, including the
447 charges made against the licensee; and
448 (b) advise the licensee of the right to an administrative hearing before the commissioner
449 within 60 days after the summary suspension is ordered.
450 Section 15. Section 31A-35-502 is amended to read:
451 31A-35-502. Notification of violation of chapter.
452 If the commissioner has reason to believe a person licensed as a bail bond [
454 notice shall be sent to that person, advising the person of:
455 (1) the alleged violation;
456 (2) the commissioner's authority to take action against the person's license;
457 (3) the person's right to an administrative hearing under Title 63G, Chapter 4,
458 Administrative Procedures Act; and
459 (4) the period of time within which the hearing described in Subsection (3) shall be
460 requested if the person requests a hearing.
461 Section 16. Section 31A-35-503 is amended to read:
462 31A-35-503. Disciplinary action -- Hearing -- Appeal.
463 (1) Based on information the commissioner receives during a hearing described in
464 Section 31A-35-502 regarding a person licensed as a bail bond [
465 bond producer, the commissioner may:
466 (a) dismiss the complaint if the commissioner finds it is without merit;
467 (b) fix a period and terms of probation best adopted to educate the person;
468 (c) place the license on suspension for a period of not more than 12 months; [
469 (d) impose a forfeiture pursuant to Section 31A-2-308; or
471 (2) The commissioner shall advise the person described in Subsection (1) in writing of:
472 (a) the commissioner's findings based on the hearing; and
473 (b) the person's rights of appeal under this chapter.
474 (3) (a) Unless the conditions of Subsection (3)(b) are met, if a bail bond [
476 officer, or director of that corporation may not:
477 (i) be licensed as a bail bond [
478 (ii) be designated in any license to exercise authority under this chapter during the
479 period of the suspension or revocation.
480 (b) Subsection (3)(a) does not apply if the commissioner determines upon substantial
481 evidence that the member, employee, officer, or director:
482 (i) was not personally at fault; and
483 (ii) did not acquiesce in the matter on account of which the license was suspended or
485 Section 17. Section 31A-35-504 is amended to read:
486 31A-35-504. Failure to pay bail bond forfeiture -- Grounds for suspension and
487 revocation of bail bond agency license.
488 (1) As used in this section:
489 (a) [
490 (b) "Judgment" means a judgment of bail bond forfeiture issued under Section
492 (2) (a) (i) [
493 following service of notice upon the [
495 (ii) [
497 (b) (i) A prosecutor who does not receive proof of or notice of payment of the
498 judgment within 15 days after the service of notice to the [
499 shall notify the commissioner of the failure to pay the judgment.
500 (ii) The commissioner shall notify the [
501 means available, of the nonpayment of the judgment.
502 (iii) The [
503 receiving notice under Subsection (2)(b)(ii). If the judgment is not satisfied at the end of the
504 five days, the commissioner may suspend the [
506 (c) If notice of entry of judgment is served upon the [
507 additional days are added to the 15 days provided in Subsections (2)(a), (2)(b), and (2)(d).
508 (d) A prosecutor may not proceed under Subsection (2)(b) if [
509 within 15 days after service of notice of the entry of judgment is served:
510 (i) files a motion to set aside the judgment or files an application for an extraordinary
511 writ; and
512 (ii) provides proof that the [
513 court in the form of cash, a cashier's check, or certified funds.
514 (e) As used in this section, the filing of the following tolls the time within which [
516 15 days after the day on which service of notice of the entry of a judgment is served:
517 (i) a motion to set aside a judgment; or
518 (ii) an application for extraordinary writ.
519 (3) The commissioner shall suspend the license of the [
520 five days following the [
521 Subsection (2)(b).
522 (4) If the prosecutor receives proof of or notice of payment of the judgment during the
523 suspension period under Subsection (3), the prosecutor shall immediately notify the
524 commissioner of the payment. The notice shall be in writing and by the most expeditious
525 means possible, including facsimile or other electronic means.
526 (5) The commissioner shall lift a suspension under Subsection (3) within five days of
527 the day on which all of the following conditions are met:
528 (a) the suspension has been in place for no fewer than 14 days;
529 (b) the commissioner has received written notice of payment of the unpaid forfeiture
530 from the prosecutor; and
531 (c) the commissioner has received:
532 (i) no other notice of any unpaid forfeiture from a prosecutor; or
533 (ii) if a notice of unpaid forfeiture is received, written notice from the prosecutor that
534 the unpaid forfeiture has been paid.
535 (6) The commissioner shall commence an administrative proceeding and revoke the
536 license of [
537 60 days following the initial date of suspension.
538 (7) This section does not restrict or otherwise affect the rights of a prosecutor to
539 commence collection proceedings under Subsection 77-20b-104(5).
540 Section 18. Section 31A-35-601 is amended to read:
541 31A-35-601. Acts of producer or agent.
556 delegated to [
557 considered to be the acts or conduct of the bail bond agency or surety insurer for which the bail
558 bond producer [
560 (2) The acts or conduct of any bail bond agency that acts within the scope of the
561 authority delegated to the bail bond agency by the surety insurer are considered to be the acts or
562 conduct of the surety insurer.
567 (3) (a) Bail bond agencies and surety insurers are not liable for the actions of bail
568 enforcement agents, bail recovery agents, or bail recovery apprentices.
569 (b) Bail enforcement agent, bail recovery agent, and bail recovery apprentice mean the
570 same as those terms are defined in Section 53-11-102.
571 Section 19. Section 31A-35-602 is amended to read:
572 31A-35-602. Place of business -- Records to be kept at place of business.
573 (1) (a) A bail bond [
574 place of business:
575 (i) accessible to the public; and
576 (ii) where the bail bond [
577 authorized by its bail bond [
578 (b) The address of the place of business described in Subsection (1)(a) shall appear
580 (i) the application for a bail bond [
581 (ii) a bail bond [
582 (c) In addition to complying with Subsection (1)(b), a bail bond [
583 agency shall register and maintain with the commissioner the following at which the
584 commissioner may contact the bail bond [
585 (i) a telephone number; and
586 (ii) a business email address.
587 (d) A bail bond [
588 of a change in the bail bond [
589 (i) place of business address;
590 (ii) telephone number; [
591 (iii) business email address.
592 (e) This section does not prohibit a bail bond [
593 maintaining the place of business required under this section in the licensee's residence, if the
594 residence is in Utah.
595 (2) The bail bond [
596 described in Subsection (1)(a) the records required under Section 31A-35-604.
597 Section 20. Section 31A-35-603 is amended to read:
598 31A-35-603. Collateral security.
599 (1) A bail bond producer may accept collateral security in connection with a bail
600 transaction, if the collateral security is reasonable in relation to the face amount of the bail
602 (2) (a) The collateral security described in Subsection (1) shall be received by the bail
603 bond producer in the bail bond producer's fiduciary capacity.
604 (b) Before any judgment of forfeiture of bail, the bail bond producer shall keep the
605 collateral separate and apart from any other funds or assets of the licensee.
606 (c) All cash collateral shall be recorded and deposited into the bail bond agency's trust
607 account within three business days after receipt of the cash.
608 (d) All personal property and merchandise collateral shall be recorded in the bail bond
609 agency's merchandise log within three business days after receipt of the merchandise.
610 (3) (a) Any collateral that is deposited with a bail bond producer or bail bond [
611 agency shall be returned to the person who deposited it within 10 days after the return is
612 requested by the person who deposited it if:
613 (i) the bail bond has been exonerated; and
614 (ii) all fees owed to the bail bond producer or bail bond [
615 (b) A certified copy of the minute order from the court stating the bail or undertaking
616 was ordered exonerated is prima facie evidence of exoneration or termination of liability.
617 (4) (a) If a bail bond producer accepts collateral, the bail bond producer shall give a
618 written receipt for the collateral.
619 (b) The receipt required by Subsection (4)(a) shall include a fully detailed account of
620 the collateral received.
621 (5) Upon return of collateral to the person who posted it, if any amount has been
622 deducted by the bail bond [
624 (a) include with the returned collateral an itemized statement of all expenses deducted
625 from the collateral; and
626 (b) maintain a copy of the statement required by Subsection (5)(a) in the records of the
627 bail bond [
628 (6) If the bail bond secured by the collateral is forfeited and the bail bond producer or
629 bail bond [
630 otherwise disposes of the collateral, the person retaining possession or disposing of the
631 property shall maintain a written record of the collateral, including any disposition.
632 (7) (a) If a document that conveys title to real property is used as collateral in a bail
633 bond transaction, the document shall state on its face that it is executed as part of a security
635 (b) If the document described in Subsection (7)(a) is recorded, the bail bond producer
636 or the bail bond [
637 (i) execute a reconveyance of the property, executed so that the reconveyance can be
638 recorded; and
639 (ii) promptly deliver the reconveyance document to:
640 (A) the person executing the original conveyance; or
641 (B) the heirs, legal representative, or successor in interest of the person described in
642 Subsection (7)(b)(ii)(A).
643 (8) The bail bond agency shall maintain an itemized list of all merchandise collateral,
644 which shall include:
645 (a) the date of the bail bond;
646 (b) the full name of the defendant;
647 (c) the full name of each cosigner;
648 (d) a detailed description of the collateral;
649 (e) the amount of bail;
650 (f) the approximate value of the merchandise; and
651 (g) the final disposition of the merchandise.
652 Section 21. Section 31A-35-604 is amended to read:
653 31A-35-604. Records.
654 (1) A bail bond producer shall maintain at the bail bond producer's place of business:
655 (a) records of all bail bonds the bail bond producer executes or countersigns, so the
656 public may obtain all necessary information concerning those bail bonds for [
657 less than the current calendar year plus the three prior years after the liability of the bail bond
658 agency or surety insurer has been terminated; and
659 (b) any additional information the commissioner may reasonably require by rule.
660 (2) Records required to be maintained under Subsection (1) shall be available for
661 examination by the commissioner or the commissioner's representatives during regular
662 business hours.
663 (3) The bail bond [
664 calendar year and the three years after receipt all records of any bail bond executed or
665 countersigned by a bail bond producer appointed by the bail bond [
666 Section 22. Section 31A-35-605 is amended to read:
667 31A-35-605. Guarantors -- Agreement and enforcement.
668 (1) All agreements of persons to act as guarantor for a bail bond shall be in writing or
669 reduced to writing as soon as possible after completion.
670 (2) When a person executes an agreement to act as a guarantor, the bail bond [
672 promptly upon that person's execution of the agreement.
673 (3) A bail bond producer may not enforce any guarantor agreement without disclosing
674 to the guarantor all collateral held by the bail bond producer indemnifying the bail bond to
675 which the agreement relates, and the identity of each other guarantor.
676 Section 23. Section 31A-35-606 is amended to read:
677 31A-35-606. Bail agreement prior to commission of offense prohibited.
678 A bail bond [
679 arrangement with any person, guaranteeing or assuring in advance of the commission of any
680 offense that bail will be furnished to that person or any other party if arrested.
681 Section 24. Section 31A-35-607 is amended to read:
682 31A-35-607. Filing of forms -- Commissioner maintains files.
683 (1) (a) In accordance with Section 31A-21-201, [
684 agency that meets the financial capacity requirements through the use of a letter of credit,
685 personal property, [
686 of each form the bail bond [
688 (b) A surety insurer filing shall comply with the following:
689 (i) a form shall be identified by a unique form number;
690 (ii) a form shall include the address, telephone number, and business email address of
691 the bail bond agency and the surety insurer;
695 surety insurer to verify that the bail bond [
696 the correct form;
698 prohibited from using a form that has not been filed by the surety insurer; and
700 prohibited from making changes to a form that is filed by the surety insurer.
701 (c) A bail bond [
702 agency that meets the financial capacity requirements through the use of a letter of credit,
703 personal property, or real estate, shall comply with the following:
704 (i) a form shall be identified by a unique form number;
705 (ii) a form shall include the address, telephone number, and business email address of
706 the bail bond agency;
708 bond [
710 by the bail bond [
712 by the bail bond [
713 (2) A form described in Subsection (1) shall be filed 30 days before the form:
714 (a) is first used by the bail bond [
715 (b) is changed after it is filed under Subsection (2)(a).
716 (3) (a) The commissioner shall maintain and make available for public inspection a file
717 regarding each bail bond [
718 (b) A bail bond [
719 required to be filed under this section in the office of the bail bond [
720 surety insurer.
721 Section 25. Section 31A-35-608 is amended to read:
722 31A-35-608. Premiums and authorized charges.
723 (1) A bail bond [
724 or in connection with that transaction, directly or indirectly, charge or collect money or other
725 valuable consideration from any person except to:
726 (a) pay the premium on the bail at the rates established by the bail bond agency or
727 surety insurer;
728 (b) provide collateral;
729 (c) reimburse [
730 as described in Subsection (2), incurred in connection with the bail bond transaction; or
731 (d) [
732 a right of action against the principal or any indemnitor, for actual expenses the bail bond
734 (i) in good faith; and
735 (ii) which were by reason of breach by the defendant of any of the terms of the written
736 agreement under which the undertaking of bail or bail bond was written.
737 (2) (a) A bail bond [
738 law to enforce its equitable rights against the principal and the principal's indemnitors in
739 exoneration if:
740 (i) a bail bond producer did not establish a written agreement; or
741 (ii) there is only an incomplete writing.
742 (b) Reimbursement claimed under this Subsection (2) may not exceed the sum of:
743 (i) the principal sum of the bail bond or undertaking; and
744 (ii) any reasonable expenses that:
745 (A) are verified by receipt;
746 (B) in total do not amount to more than the principal sum of the bail bond or
747 undertaking; and
748 (C) are incurred in good faith by the bail bond [
749 and the bail bond agency's employees by reason of the principal's breach.
750 (3) This section does not affect or impede the right of a bail bond producer to execute
751 undertaking of bail on behalf of a nonresident producer of the bail bond agency or surety
752 insurer the bail bond producer represents.
753 (4) A bail bond agency or surety insurer shall maintain complete records of all current
754 and closed accounts receivable regarding financed premiums for the current calendar year and
755 the three prior years.
756 (5) If the bail amount on the original charge is increased by the court, the bail premium
757 paid on the original bond may be applied to the bail premium due on the increased bail amount
758 for that charge.
759 Section 26. Section 31A-35-701 is amended to read:
760 31A-35-701. Prohibited acts.
761 (1) A bail bond producer or bail bond [
762 (a) solicit business in or about:
763 (i) any place where persons in the custody of the state or any local law enforcement or
764 correctional agency are confined; or
765 (ii) any court;
766 (b) pay a fee or rebate or give or promise anything of value to any person in order to
767 secure a settlement, compromise, remission, or reduction of the amount of any undertaking or
768 bail bond;
769 (c) pay a fee or rebate or give anything of value to an attorney in regard to any bail
770 bond matter, except payment for legal services actually rendered for the bail bond producer or
771 bail bond [
772 (d) pay a fee or rebate or give or promise anything of value to the principal or anyone
773 in the principal's behalf; or
774 (e) engage in any other act prohibited by the commissioner by rule.
775 (2) The following persons may not act as bail bond producers and may not, directly or
776 indirectly, receive any benefits from the execution of any bail bond:
777 (a) a person employed at any jail, correctional facility, or other facility used for the
778 incarceration of persons;
779 (b) a peace officer;
780 (c) a judge; and
781 (d) [
782 other facility used for the incarceration of persons.
783 (3) A bail bond producer may not:
784 (a) sign or countersign in blank any bail bond; [
785 (b) give the power of attorney to, or otherwise authorize anyone to, countersign in the
786 bail bond producer's name to a bail bond[
787 (c) submit a bail bond to a jail or court in Utah without having completed a written
788 agreement that:
789 (i) states the terms of the bail agreement, contract, or undertaking;
790 (ii) is signed by the bail bond producer; and
791 (iii) is filed with the department.
792 (4) A bail bond producer may not advertise or hold himself or herself out to be a bail
793 bond agency or surety insurer.
794 (5) The following persons or members of their immediate families may not solicit
795 business on behalf of a bail bond [
796 (a) a person employed at any jail, correctional facility, or other facility used for the
797 incarceration of persons;
798 (b) a peace officer;
799 (c) a judge; [
800 (d) [
801 other facility used for the incarceration of persons.
802 Section 27. Section 31A-35-702 is amended to read:
803 31A-35-702. Early surrender without cause.
804 (1) The bail or bail bond premium shall be returned in full if a bail bond producer
805 without good cause surrenders a defendant to custody before:
806 (a) the time specified in the undertaking of bail or the bail bond for the appearance of
807 the defendant; or
808 (b) any other occasion where the presence of the defendant in court is lawfully
810 (2) As used in this section, "good cause" includes:
811 (a) the defendant providing materially false information on the application for bail or a
812 bail bond;
813 (b) the court's increasing the amount of bail beyond sound underwriting criteria
814 employed by:
815 (i) the bail bond producer; or
816 (ii) the bail bond [
817 (c) a material and detrimental change in the collateral posted by:
818 (i) the defendant; or
819 (ii) a person acting on the defendant's behalf;
820 (d) the defendant changing the defendant's address or telephone number without giving
821 reasonable notice to:
822 (i) the bail bond producer; or
823 (ii) the bail bond [
824 (e) the defendant commits another crime, other than a minor traffic violation, as
825 defined by department rule, while on bail;
826 (f) failure by the defendant to appear in court at the appointed time; or
827 (g) a finding of guilt against the defendant by a court of competent jurisdiction.
828 Section 28. Section 31A-35-703 is amended to read:
829 31A-35-703. Disciplinary action.
830 (1) A person found to be in violation of the statutes or rules governing the conduct of
831 bail bond producers and bail bond [
832 (a) disciplinary action by the commissioner against that person's:
833 (i) license, if the person is a bail bond [
835 (ii) certificate, if the person is a surety insurer; and
836 (b) imposition of civil penalties, as authorized under Title 31A, Chapter 2,
837 Administration of the Insurance Laws.
838 (2) Penalties collected under this section shall be deposited in the restricted account
839 created in Section 31A-35-407.
840 Section 29. Section 31A-35-704 is amended to read:
841 31A-35-704. Submission of bail bond agencies and producers to jurisdiction of
843 By applying for and receiving a license or certificate to engage in the bail bond [
844 insurance business in accordance with this chapter, a bail bond [
846 (1) submits to the jurisdiction of the court;
847 (2) irrevocably appoints the clerk of the court as agent upon whom any papers affecting
848 the bail bond [
849 served; and
850 (3) acknowledges that liability may be enforced on motion and upon notice as the court
851 may require, without the necessity of an independent action.
852 Section 30. Section 77-18a-1 is amended to read:
853 77-18a-1. Appeals -- When proper.
854 (1) A defendant may, as a matter of right, appeal from:
855 (a) a final judgment of conviction, whether by verdict or plea;
856 (b) an order made after judgment that affects the substantial rights of the defendant;
857 (c) an order adjudicating the defendant's competency to proceed further in a pending
858 prosecution; or
859 (d) an order denying bail, as provided in Subsection 77-20-1[
860 (2) In addition to any appeal permitted by Subsection (1), a defendant may seek
861 discretionary appellate review of any interlocutory order.
862 (3) The prosecution may, as a matter of right, appeal from:
863 (a) a final judgment of dismissal, including a dismissal of a felony information
864 following a refusal to bind the defendant over for trial;
865 (b) a pretrial order dismissing a charge on the ground that the court's suppression of
866 evidence has substantially impaired the prosecution's case;
867 (c) an order granting a motion to withdraw a plea of guilty or no contest;
868 (d) an order arresting judgment or granting a motion for merger;
869 (e) an order terminating the prosecution because of a finding of double jeopardy or
870 denial of a speedy trial;
871 (f) an order granting a new trial;
872 (g) an order holding a statute or any part of it invalid;
873 (h) an order adjudicating the defendant's competency to proceed further in a pending
875 (i) an order finding, pursuant to Title 77, Chapter 19, Part 2, Competency for
876 Execution, that an inmate sentenced to death is incompetent to be executed;
877 (j) an order reducing the degree of offense pursuant to Section 76-3-402; or
878 (k) an illegal sentence.
879 (4) In addition to any appeal permitted by Subsection (3), the prosecution may seek
880 discretionary appellate review of any interlocutory order entered before jeopardy attaches.
881 Section 31. Section 77-20-1 is amended to read:
882 77-20-1. Right to bail -- Denial of bail -- Hearing.
883 (1) As used in this chapter:
884 (a) "Bail bond agency" means the same as that term is defined in Section 31A-35-102.
885 (b) "Surety" and "sureties" mean a surety insurer or a bail bond agency.
886 (c) "Surety insurer" means the same as that term is defined in Section 31A-35-102.
888 bail as a matter of right, except if the person is charged with a:
889 (a) capital felony, when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the
891 (b) felony committed while on probation or parole, or while free on bail awaiting trial
892 on a previous felony charge, when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the
893 current felony charge;
894 (c) felony when there is substantial evidence to support the charge and the court finds
895 by clear and convincing evidence that the person would constitute a substantial danger to any
896 other person or to the community, or is likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, if released on
897 bail; or
898 (d) felony when the court finds there is substantial evidence to support the charge and
899 it finds by clear and convincing evidence that the person violated a material condition of
900 release while previously on bail.
902 person's own recognizance or upon posting bail, on condition that the person appear in court
903 for future court proceedings in the case, and on any other conditions imposed in the discretion
904 of the magistrate or court that will reasonably:
905 (a) ensure the appearance of the accused;
906 (b) ensure the integrity of the court process;
907 (c) prevent direct or indirect contact with witnesses or victims by the accused, if
908 appropriate; and
909 (d) ensure the safety of the public.
911 amount of bail shall be issued by the magistrate or court issuing the warrant of arrest.
912 (b) A magistrate may set bail upon determining that there was probable cause for a
913 warrantless arrest.
914 (c) A bail commissioner may set bail in a misdemeanor case in accordance with
915 Sections 10-3-920 and 17-32-1.
916 (d) A person arrested for a violation of a jail release agreement or jail release order
917 issued pursuant to Section 77-36-2.5:
918 (i) may not be released before the accused's first judicial appearance; and
919 (ii) may be denied bail by the court under Subsection 77-36-2.5(8) or (12).
921 (a) the indictment or information;
922 (b) any sworn probable cause statement;
923 (c) information provided by any pretrial services agency; or
924 (d) any other reliable record or source.
926 upon notice to the opposing party sufficient to permit the opposing party to prepare for hearing
927 and to permit any victim to be notified and be present.
928 (b) Hearing on a motion to modify may be held in conjunction with a preliminary
929 hearing or any other pretrial hearing.
930 (c) The magistrate or court may rely on information as provided in Subsection [
931 and may base its ruling on evidence provided at the hearing so long as each party is provided
932 an opportunity to present additional evidence or information relevant to bail.
934 that there has been a material change in circumstances.
936 Supreme Court, which shall review the determination under Subsection [
938 76-5-202, Aggravated murder, is a capital felony unless:
939 (a) the prosecutor files a notice of intent to not seek the death penalty; or
940 (b) the time for filing a notice to seek the death penalty has expired and the prosecutor
941 has not filed a notice to seek the death penalty.
942 Section 32. Section 77-20-3 is amended to read:
943 77-20-3. Release on own recognizance -- Changing amount of bail or conditions
944 of release.
945 (1) Any person who may be admitted to bail may likewise be released on [
946 person's own recognizance in the discretion of the magistrate or court.
947 (2) After releasing the defendant on [
948 admitting the defendant to bail, the magistrate or court may:
949 (a) impose bail or increase or decrease the amount of the bail; and
950 (b) impose or change the conditions of release under Subsection 77-20-1[
951 Section 33. Section 77-20-4 is amended to read:
952 77-20-4. Bail to be posted in cash, by credit or debit card, or by written
954 (1) Bail may be posted:
955 (a) in cash;
956 (b) by written undertaking with or without sureties at the discretion of the magistrate;
958 (c) by credit or debit card, at the discretion of the judge or bail commissioner.
959 (2) Bail may not be accepted without receiving in writing at the time the bail is posted
960 the current mailing address [
961 (3) Bail posted by debit or credit card, less the fee charged by the financial institution,
962 shall be tendered to the courts.
963 (4) Bail refunded by the court may be refunded by credit to the debit or credit card, or
964 cash. The amount refunded shall be the full amount received by the court under Subsection
965 (3), which may be less than the full amount of the bail set by the court.
966 (5) Before refunding bail that is posted by the defendant in cash, by credit card, or by
967 debit card, the court may apply the amount posted toward accounts receivable, as defined in
968 Section 76-3-201.1, that are owed by the defendant in the priority set forth in Section
970 Section 34. Section 77-20-7 is amended to read:
971 77-20-7. Duration of liability on undertaking -- Notices to sureties -- Exoneration
972 if charges not filed.
973 (1) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(b), the principal and the sureties on the
974 written undertaking are liable on the undertaking during all proceedings and for all court
975 appearances required of the defendant up to and including the surrender of the defendant for
976 sentencing, irrespective of any contrary provision in the undertaking. Any failure of the
977 defendant to appear when required is a breach of the conditions of the undertaking or bail and
978 subjects it to forfeiture, regardless of whether or not notice of appearance was given to the
979 sureties. Upon sentencing the bail bond shall be exonerated without motion.
980 (b) If the sentence includes a commitment to a jail or prison, the bail bond shall be
981 exonerated when the defendant appears at the appropriate jail or prison, unless the judge
983 case the bail bond is exonerated upon sentencing.
984 (c) For purposes of this section, an order of the court accepting a plea in abeyance
985 agreement and holding that plea in abeyance pursuant to Title 77, Chapter 2a, Pleas in
986 Abeyance, is considered to be the same as a sentencing upon a guilty plea.
987 (d) Any suspended or deferred sentencing is not the responsibility of the surety and the
988 bail bond is exonerated without any motion, upon acceptance of the court and the defendant of
989 a plea in abeyance, probation, fine payments, post sentencing reviews, or any other deferred
990 sentencing reviews or any other deferred sentencing agreement.
991 (e) If a surety issues a bail bond after the sentencing, the surety is liable on the
992 undertaking during all proceedings and for all court appearances required of the defendant up
993 to and including the defendant's appearance to commence serving the sentence imposed under
994 Subsection (1).
995 (2) If no information or indictment charging a person with an offense is filed in court
996 within 120 days after the date of the bail undertaking or cash receipt, the court may relieve a
997 person from conditions of release at the person's request, and the bail bond or undertaking is
998 exonerated without further order of the court unless the prosecutor requests an extension of
999 time before the end of the 120-day period by:
1000 (a) filing a notice for extension with the court; and
1001 (b) serving the notice for extension upon the sureties and the person or his attorney.
1002 (3) A court may extend bail and conditions of release for good cause.
1003 (4) Subsection (2) does not prohibit the filing of charges against a person at any time.
1004 (5) If the court does not set on a calendar any hearings on a case within 18 months of
1005 the last court docket activity on a case, the undertaking of bail is exonerated without motion.
1006 Section 35. Section 77-20-8.5 is amended to read:
1007 77-20-8.5. Sureties -- Surrender of defendant -- Arrest of defendant.
1008 (1) (a) Sureties may at any time prior to a defendant's failure to appear surrender the
1009 defendant and obtain exoneration of bail, by notifying the clerk of the court in which the bail
1010 was posted of the defendant's surrender and requesting exoneration. Notification shall be made
1011 immediately following the surrender by surface mail, electronic mail, or fax.
1012 (b) To effect surrender, a certified copy of the surety's undertaking from the court in
1013 which it was posted or a copy of the bail agreement with the defendant shall be delivered to the
1014 on-duty jailer, who shall detain the defendant in the on-duty jailer's custody as upon a
1015 commitment, and shall in writing acknowledge the surrender upon the copy of the undertaking
1016 or bail agreement. The certified copy of the undertaking or copy of the bail agreement upon
1017 which the acknowledgment of surrender is endorsed shall be filed with the court. The court
1018 may then, upon proper application, order the undertaking exonerated and may order a refund of
1019 any paid premium, or part of a premium, as it finds just.
1020 (2) For the purpose of surrendering the defendant, the sureties may:
1021 (a) arrest the defendant:
1022 (i) at any time before the defendant is finally exonerated; and
1023 (ii) at any place within the state; and
1024 (b) surrender the defendant to any county jail booking facility in Utah.
1025 (3) An arrest under this section is not a basis for exoneration of the bail bond under
1026 Section 77-20b-101.
1027 (4) A surety acting under this section is subject to Title 53, Chapter 11, Bail Bond
1028 Recovery Act.
1029 Section 36. Section 77-20-9 is amended to read:
1030 77-20-9. Disposition of forfeitures.
1031 If by reason of the neglect of the defendant to appear, money deposited instead of bail
1032 or money paid by sureties on [
1033 or remitted, the clerk with whom it is deposited or paid shall, immediately after final
1034 adjournment of the court, pay over the money forfeited as follows:
1035 (1) the forfeited bail cases in or appealed from district courts shall be distributed as
1036 provided in Section 78A-5-110;
1037 (2) the forfeited bail in cases in precinct justice courts or in municipal justice courts
1038 shall be distributed as provided in Sections 78A-7-120 and 78A-7-121;
1039 (3) the forfeited bail in cases in justice courts where the offense is not triable in that
1040 court shall be paid into the General Fund; and
1041 (4) the forfeited bail in cases not provided for in this section shall be paid 50% to the
1042 state treasurer and the remaining 50% to the county treasurer in the county in which the
1043 violation occurred or the forfeited bail is collected.
1044 Section 37. Section 77-20-10 is amended to read:
1045 77-20-10. Grounds for detaining defendant while appealing the defendant's
1046 conviction -- Conditions for release while on appeal.
1047 (1) The court shall order that a defendant who has been found guilty of an offense in a
1048 court of record and sentenced to a term of imprisonment in jail or prison, and who has filed an
1049 appeal or a petition for a writ of certiorari, be detained, unless the court finds:
1050 (a) the appeal raises a substantial question of law or fact likely to result in:
1051 (i) reversal;
1052 (ii) an order for a new trial; or
1053 (iii) a sentence that does not include a term of imprisonment in jail or prison;
1054 (b) the appeal is not for the purpose of delay; and
1055 (c) by clear and convincing evidence presented by the defendant that the defendant is
1056 not likely to flee the jurisdiction of the court, and will not pose a danger to the physical,
1057 psychological, or financial and economic safety or well-being of any other person or the
1058 community if released.
1059 (2) If the court makes a finding under Subsection (1) that justifies not detaining the
1060 defendant, the court shall order the release of the defendant, subject to conditions that result in
1061 the least restrictive condition or combination of conditions that the court determines will
1062 reasonably assure the appearance of the person as required and the safety of any other person
1063 and the community. The conditions may include that the defendant:
1064 (a) post appropriate bail;
1065 (b) execute a bail bond with a [
1066 Bond Act, in an amount necessary to assure the appearance of the defendant as required;
1067 (c) (i) execute a written agreement to forfeit, upon failing to appear as required,
1068 designated property, including money, as is reasonably necessary to assure the appearance of
1069 the defendant; and
1070 (ii) post with the court indicia of ownership of the property or a percentage of the
1071 money as the court may specify;
1072 (d) not commit a federal, state, or local crime during the period of release;
1073 (e) remain in the custody of a designated person who agrees to assume supervision of
1074 the defendant and who agrees to report any violation of a release condition to the court, if the
1075 designated person is reasonably able to assure the court that the defendant will appear as
1076 required and will not pose a danger to the safety of any other person or the community;
1077 (f) maintain employment, or if unemployed, actively seek employment;
1078 (g) maintain or commence an educational program;
1079 (h) abide by specified restrictions on personal associations, place of abode, or travel;
1080 (i) avoid all contact with the victims of the offense and with any witnesses who
1081 testified against the defendant or potential witnesses who may testify concerning the offense if
1082 the appeal results in a reversal or an order for a new trial;
1083 (j) report on a regular basis to a designated law enforcement agency, pretrial services
1084 agency, or other designated agency;
1085 (k) comply with a specified curfew;
1086 (l) not possess a firearm, destructive device, or other dangerous weapon;
1087 (m) not use alcohol, or any narcotic drug or other controlled substances except as
1088 prescribed by a licensed medical practitioner;
1089 (n) undergo available medical, psychological, or psychiatric treatment, including
1090 treatment for drug or alcohol dependency, and remain under the supervision of or in a specified
1091 institution if required for that purpose;
1092 (o) return to custody for specified hours following release for employment, schooling,
1093 or other limited purposes;
1094 (p) satisfy any other condition that is reasonably necessary to assure the appearance of
1095 the defendant as required and to assure the safety of any other person and the community; and
1096 (q) if convicted of committing a sexual offense or an assault or other offense involving
1097 violence against a child 17 years of age or younger, is limited or denied access to any location
1098 or occupation where children are, including but not limited to:
1099 (i) any residence where children are on the premises;
1100 (ii) activities, including organized activities, in which children are involved; and
1101 (iii) locations where children congregate, or where a reasonable person should know
1102 that children congregate.
1103 (3) The court may, in its discretion, amend an order granting release to impose
1104 additional or different conditions of release.
1105 (4) If defendant has been found guilty of an offense in a court not of record and files a
1106 timely notice of appeal pursuant to Subsection 78A-7-118(1) for a trial de novo, the court shall
1107 stay all terms of a sentence, unless at the time of sentencing the judge finds by a preponderance
1108 of the evidence that the defendant poses a danger to another person or the community.
1109 (5) If a stay is ordered, the court may order post-conviction restrictions on the
1110 defendant's conduct as appropriate, including:
1111 (a) continuation of any pre-trial restrictions or orders;
1112 (b) sentencing protective orders under Section 77-36-5.1;
1113 (c) drug and alcohol use;
1114 (d) use of an ignition interlock; and
1115 (e) posting appropriate bail.
1116 (6) The provisions of Subsections (4) and (5) do not apply to convictions for an offense
1117 under Title 41, Chapter 6a, Part 5, Driving Under the Influence and Reckless Driving.
1118 (7) Any stay authorized by Subsection (4) is lifted upon the dismissal of the appeal by
1119 the district court.
1120 Section 38. Section 77-20b-100 is enacted to read:
1121 77-20b-100. Definitions.
1122 As used in this chapter:
1123 (1) "Bail bond agency" means the same as that term is defined in Section 31A-35-102.
1124 (2) "Surety" and "sureties" mean a surety insurer or a bail bond agency.
1125 (3) "Surety insurer" means the same as that term is defined in Section 31A-35-102.
1126 Section 39. Section 77-20b-101 is amended to read:
1127 77-20b-101. Entry of nonappearance -- Notice to surety -- Release of surety on
1128 failure of timely notice.
1129 (1) If a defendant who has posted bail fails to appear before the appropriate court as
1130 required, the court shall within 30 days of the failure to appear issue a bench warrant that
1131 includes the original case number. The court shall also direct that the surety be given notice of
1132 the nonappearance. The clerk of the court shall:
1133 (a) mail notice of nonappearance by certified mail, return receipt requested, within 30
1134 days to the address of the surety;
1135 (b) notify the surety as listed on the bail bond of the name, address, and telephone
1136 number of the prosecutor;
1137 (c) deliver a copy of the notice sent under Subsection (1)(a) to the prosecutor's office at
1138 the same time notice is sent under Subsection (1)(a); [
1139 (d) ensure that the name, address, business email address, and telephone number of the
1140 surety or its agent as listed on the bail bond is stated on the bench warrant[
1141 (e) mail notice of the failure to appear to the bail [
1143 (2) The prosecutor may mail notice of nonappearance by certified mail, return receipt
1144 requested, to the address of the surety as listed on the bail bond within 37 days after the date of
1145 the defendant's failure to appear.
1146 (3) If notice of nonappearance is not mailed to a surety as listed on the bail bond, other
1147 than the defendant, in accordance with Subsection (1) or (2), the surety and its [
1148 bond producer are relieved of further obligation under the bail bond if the surety's current name
1149 and address or the current name and address of the [
1150 bail bond in the court's file.
1151 (4) (a) (i) If a defendant appears in court within seven days after a missed, scheduled
1152 court appearance, the court may reinstate the bail bond without further notice to the [
1154 (ii) If the defendant, while in custody, appears on the case for which the bail bond was
1155 posted, the court may not reinstate the bail bond without the consent of the bond company.
1156 (b) If a defendant fails to appear within seven days after a scheduled court appearance,
1157 the court may not reinstate the bail bond without the consent of the surety.
1158 (c) If the defendant is arrested and booked into a county jail booking facility pursuant
1159 to a warrant for failure to appear on the original charges and the court is notified of the arrest,
1160 or the court recalls the warrant due to the defendant's having paid the fine and prior to entry of
1161 judgment of forfeiture, the court shall exonerate the bail bond.
1162 (d) Unless the court makes a finding of good cause why the bond should not be
1163 exonerated, it shall exonerate the bail bond if:
1164 (i) the surety has delivered the defendant to the county jail booking facility in the
1165 county where the original charge [
1166 (ii) the defendant has been released on a bond secured from a subsequent surety for the
1167 original charge and the failure to appear;
1168 (iii) after an arrest, the defendant has escaped from jail or has been released on the
1169 defendant's own recognizance, pursuant to a pretrial release, under a court order regulating jail
1170 capacity, or by a sheriff's release under Section 17-22-5.5;
1171 (iv) the surety has transported or agreed to pay for the transportation of the defendant
1172 from a location outside of the county back to the county where the original charge is pending,
1173 and the payment is in an amount equal to government transportation expenses listed in Section
1174 76-3-201; or
1175 (v) the surety demonstrates by a preponderance of the evidence that:
1176 (A) at the time the surety issued the bail bond, it had made reasonable efforts to
1177 determine that the defendant was legally present in the United States;
1178 (B) a reasonable person would have concluded, based on the surety's determination,
1179 that the defendant was legally present in the United States; and
1180 (C) the surety has failed to bring the defendant before the court because the defendant
1181 is in federal custody or has been deported.
1182 (e) Under circumstances not otherwise provided for in this section, the court may
1183 exonerate the bail bond if it finds that the prosecutor has been given reasonable notice of a
1184 surety's motion and there is good cause for the bail bond to be exonerated.
1185 (f) If a surety's bail bond has been exonerated under this section and the surety remains
1186 liable for the cost of transportation of the defendant, the surety may take custody of the
1187 defendant for the purpose of transporting the defendant to the jurisdiction where the charge is
1189 Section 40. Section 77-20b-102 is amended to read:
1190 77-20b-102. Time for bringing defendant to court.
1191 (1) If notice of nonappearance has been mailed to a surety under Section 77-20b-101,
1192 the surety may bring the defendant before the court or surrender the defendant into the custody
1193 of a county sheriff within the state within six months of the date of nonappearance, during
1194 which time a forfeiture action on the bail bond may not be brought.
1195 (2) A surety may request an extension of the six-month time period in Subsection (1),
1196 if the surety within that time:
1197 (a) files a motion for extension with the court; and
1198 (b) mails the motion for extension and a notice of hearing on the motion to the
1200 (3) The court may extend the six-month time in Subsection (1) for not more than 60
1201 days, if the surety has complied with Subsection (2) and the court finds good cause.
1202 Section 41. Section 77-20b-103 is amended to read:
1203 77-20b-103. Defendant in custody -- Notice to prosecutor.
1204 (1) If a surety is unable to bring a defendant to the court because the defendant is and
1205 will be in the custody of authorities of another jurisdiction, the surety shall notify the court and
1206 the prosecutor and provide the name, address, and telephone number of the custodial authority.
1207 (2) If the defendant is subject to extradition or other means by which the state can
1208 return the defendant to the court's custody, and the surety gives notice under Subsection (1), the
1209 surety's bail bond shall be exonerated:
1210 (a) if the prosecutor elects in writing not to extradite the defendant immediately; and
1211 (b) if the prosecutor elects in writing to extradite the defendant, to the extent the bail
1212 bond exceeds the reasonable, actual, or estimated costs to extradite and return the defendant to
1213 the court's custody, upon the occurrence of the earlier of:
1214 (i) the prosecuting attorney's lodging a detainer on the defendant; or
1215 (ii) 60 days after the surety gives notice to the prosecutor under Subsection (1), if the
1216 defendant remains in custody of the same authority during that 60-day period.
1217 Section 42. Section 77-20b-104 is amended to read:
1218 77-20b-104. Forfeiture of bail.
1219 (1) If a surety fails to bring the defendant before the court within the time provided in
1220 Section 77-20b-102, the prosecuting attorney may request the forfeiture of the bail by:
1221 (a) filing a motion for bail forfeiture with the court, supported by proof of notice to the
1222 surety of the defendant's nonappearance; and
1223 (b) mailing a copy of the motion to the surety.
1224 (2) A court shall enter judgment of bail forfeiture without further notice if it finds by a
1225 preponderance of the evidence:
1226 (a) the defendant failed to appear as required;
1227 (b) the surety was given notice of the defendant's nonappearance in accordance with
1228 Section 77-20b-101;
1229 (c) the surety failed to bring the defendant to the court within the six-month period
1230 under Section 77-20b-102; and
1231 (d) the prosecutor has complied with the notice requirements under Subsection (1).
1232 (3) If the surety shows by a preponderance of the evidence that it has failed to bring the
1233 defendant before the court because the defendant is deceased through no act of the surety, the
1234 court may not enter judgment of bail forfeiture and the bail bond is exonerated.
1235 (4) The amount of bail forfeited is the face amount of the bail bond, but if the
1236 defendant is in the custody of another jurisdiction and the state extradites or intends to extradite
1237 the defendant, the court may reduce the amount forfeited to the actual or estimated costs of
1238 returning the defendant to the court's jurisdiction. A judgment under Subsection (5) shall:
1239 (a) identify the surety against whom judgment is granted;
1240 (b) specify the amount of bail forfeited;
1241 (c) grant the forfeiture of the bail; and
1242 (d) be docketed by the clerk of the court in the civil judgment docket.
1243 (5) A prosecutor may immediately commence collection proceedings to execute a
1244 judgment of bail bond forfeiture against the assets of the surety.
1245 Section 43. Section 77-20b-105 is amended to read:
1246 77-20b-105. Revocation of bail bond.
1247 The surety is entitled to obtain the exoneration of its bail bond prior to judgment by
1248 providing written proof to the court and the prosecutor that:
1249 (1) the defendant has been booked for failure to appear regarding the charge for which
1250 the bail bond was issued; or
1251 (2) the defendant is in custody and the surety has served the defendant's bail bond
1252 revocation on the custodial authority.
1253 Section 44. Repealer.
1254 This bill repeals:
1255 Section 77-20-5, Qualifications of sureties -- Justification -- Requirements of