Chief Sponsor: Lyle W. Hillyard

House Sponsor: Jack R. Draxler


8     General Description:
9          This bill modifies the Utah Administrative Services Code by amending provisions
10     relating to debt collection.
11     Highlighted Provisions:
12          This bill:
13          ▸     provides definitions;
14          ▸     provides that a political subdivision may proceed to collect certain delinquent
15     accounts receivable;
16          ▸     authorizes the Office of State Debt Collection to collect accounts receivable for a
17     political subdivision of the state in certain circumstances; and
18          ▸     makes technical changes.
19     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
20          None
21     Other Special Clauses:
22          None
23     Utah Code Sections Affected:
24     AMENDS:
25          63A-3-302, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1993, Chapter 212
26          63A-3-501, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 286
27          63A-3-502, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2015, Chapters 193 and 258

29     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:

30          Section 1. Section 63A-3-302 is amended to read:
31          63A-3-302. Unpaid accounts receivable due the state.
32          If any account receivable has been unpaid for more than 90 days, any agency,
33     department, division, commission, committee, board, council, institution, [or] any other
34     authority of state government, or any political subdivision, as defined in Section 63G-7-102, of
35     the state responsible for collection of the account may proceed under this part to collect the
36     delinquent amount.
37          Section 2. Section 63A-3-501 is amended to read:
38          63A-3-501. Definitions.
39          As used in this part:
40          (1) (a) "Accounts receivable" or "receivables" means any amount due to a state agency
41     from an entity for which payment has not been received by the state agency that is servicing the
42     debt.
43          (b) "Accounts receivable" includes unpaid fees, licenses, taxes, loans, overpayments,
44     fines, forfeitures, surcharges, costs, contracts, interest, penalties, restitution to victims,
45     third-party claims, sale of goods, sale of services, claims, and damages.
46          (2) "Administrative offset" means:
47          (a) a reduction of an individual's tax refund or other payments due to the individual to
48     reduce or eliminate accounts receivable that the individual owes to a state agency; and
49          (b) a reduction of an entity's tax refund or other payments due to the entity to reduce or
50     eliminate accounts receivable that the entity owes to a state agency.
51          (3) "Entity" means an individual, a corporation, partnership, or other organization that
52     pays taxes to or does business with the state.
53          (4) "Office" means the Office of State Debt Collection established by this part.
54          (5) "Past due" means any accounts receivable that the state has not received by the
55     payment due date.
56          (6) "Political subdivision" means the same as that term is defined in Section
57     63G-7-102.

58          [(6)] (7) "Restitution to victims" means restitution ordered by a court to be paid to a
59     victim of an offense in a criminal or juvenile proceeding.
60          [(7)] (8) (a) "State agency" includes:
61          (i) any department, division, commission, council, board, bureau, committee, office, or
62     other administrative subunit of Utah state government;
63          (ii) the legislative branch of state government; and
64          (iii) the judicial branches of state government, including justice courts.
65          (b) "State agency" does not include:
66          (i) any institution of higher education;
67          (ii) except in Subsection 63A-3-502(7)(g), the State Tax Commission; or
68          (iii) the administrator of the Uninsured Employers' Fund appointed by the Labor
69     Commissioner under Section 34A-2-704, solely for the purposes of collecting money required
70     to be deposited into the Uninsured Employers' Fund under:
71          (A) Section 34A-1-405;
72          (B) Title 34A, Chapter 2, Workers' Compensation Act; or
73          (C) Title 34A, Chapter 3, Utah Occupational Disease Act.
74          [(8)] (9) "Writing-off" means the removal of an accounts receivable from an agency's
75     accounts receivable records but does not necessarily eliminate further collection efforts.
76          Section 3. Section 63A-3-502 is amended to read:
77          63A-3-502. Office of State Debt Collection created -- Duties.
78          (1) The state and each state agency shall comply with the requirements of this chapter
79     and any rules established by the Office of State Debt Collection.
80          (2) There is created the Office of State Debt Collection in the Division of Finance.
81          (3) The office shall:
82          (a) have overall responsibility for collecting and managing state receivables;
83          (b) assist the Division of Finance to develop consistent policies governing the
84     collection and management of state receivables;
85          (c) oversee and monitor state receivables to ensure that state agencies are:

86          (i) implementing all appropriate collection methods;
87          (ii) following established receivables guidelines; and
88          (iii) accounting for and reporting receivables in the appropriate manner;
89          (d) assist the Division of Finance to develop policies, procedures, and guidelines for
90     accounting, reporting, and collecting money owed to the state;
91          (e) provide information, training, and technical assistance to each state agency on
92     various collection-related topics;
93          (f) write an inclusive receivables management and collection manual for use by each
94     state agency;
95          (g) prepare quarterly and annual reports of the state's receivables;
96          (h) create or coordinate a state accounts receivable database;
97          (i) develop reasonable criteria to gauge state agencies' efforts in maintaining an
98     effective accounts receivable program;
99          (j) identify any state agency that is not making satisfactory progress toward
100     implementing collection techniques and improving accounts receivable collections;
101          (k) coordinate information, systems, and procedures between each state agency to
102     maximize the collection of past-due accounts receivable;
103          (l) establish an automated cash receipt process between each state agency;
104          (m) assist the Division of Finance to establish procedures for writing off accounts
105     receivable for accounting and collection purposes;
106          (n) establish standard time limits after which an agency will delegate responsibility to
107     collect state receivables to the office or its designee;
108          (o) be a real party in interest for an account receivable referred to the office by any
109     state agency or for any restitution to victims referred to the office by a court; and
110          (p) allocate money collected for judgments registered under Section 77-18-6 in
111     accordance with Sections 51-9-402, 63A-3-506, and 78A-5-110.
112          (4) The office may:
113          (a) recommend to the Legislature new laws to enhance collection of past-due accounts

114     by state agencies;
115          (b) collect accounts receivables for higher education entities, if the higher education
116     entity agrees;
117          (c) prepare a request for proposal for consulting services to:
118          (i) analyze the state's receivable management and collection efforts; and
119          (ii) identify improvements needed to further enhance the state's effectiveness in
120     collecting its receivables;
121          (d) contract with private or state agencies to collect past-due accounts;
122          (e) perform other appropriate and cost-effective coordinating work directly related to
123     collection of state receivables;
124          (f) obtain access to records and databases of any state agency that are necessary to the
125     duties of the office by following the procedures and requirements of Section 63G-2-206,
126     including the financial disclosure form described in Section 77-38a-204;
127          (g) collect interest and fees related to the collection of receivables under this chapter,
128     and establish, by following the procedures and requirements of Section 63J-1-504:
129          (i) a fee to cover the administrative costs of collection, on accounts administered by the
130     office;
131          (ii) a late penalty fee that may not be more than 10% of the account receivable on
132     accounts administered by the office;
133          (iii) an interest charge that is:
134          (A) the postjudgment interest rate established by Section 15-1-4 in judgments
135     established by the courts; or
136          (B) not more than 2% above the prime rate as of July 1 of each fiscal year for accounts
137     receivable for which no court judgment has been entered; and
138          (iv) fees to collect accounts receivable for higher education;
139          (h) collect reasonable attorney fees and reasonable costs of collection that are related to
140     the collection of receivables under this chapter;
141          (i) make rules that allow accounts receivable to be collected over a reasonable period

142     of time and under certain conditions with credit cards;
143          (j) file a satisfaction of judgment in the court by following the procedures and
144     requirements of the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure;
145          (k) ensure that judgments for which the office is the judgment creditor are renewed, as
146     necessary;
147          (l) notwithstanding Section 63G-2-206, share records obtained under Subsection (4)(f)
148     with private sector vendors under contract with the state to assist state agencies in collecting
149     debts owed to the state agencies without changing the classification of any private, controlled,
150     or protected record into a public record; [and]
151          (m) enter into written agreements with other governmental agencies to obtain
152     information for the purpose of collecting state accounts receivable and restitution for victims;
153     and
154          (n) collect accounts receivable for a political subdivision of the state, if the political
155     subdivision enters into an agreement or contract with the office under Title 11, Chapter 13,
156     Interlocal Cooperation Act, for the office to collect the political subdivision's accounts
157     receivable.
158          (5) The office shall ensure that:
159          (a) a record obtained by the office or a private sector vendor as referred to in
160     Subsection (4)(l):
161          (i) is used only for the limited purpose of collecting accounts receivable; and
162          (ii) is subject to federal, state, and local agency records restrictions; and
163          (b) any person employed by, or formerly employed by, the office or a private sector
164     vendor as referred to in Subsection (4)(l) is subject to:
165          (i) the same duty of confidentiality with respect to the record imposed by law on
166     officers and employees of the state agency from which the record was obtained; and
167          (ii) any civil or criminal penalties imposed by law for violations of lawful access to a
168     private, controlled, or protected record.
169          (6) (a) The office shall collect accounts receivable ordered by a court as a result of

170     prosecution for a criminal offense that have been transferred to the office under Subsection
171     76-3-201.1(5)(h) or (8).
172          (b) The office may not assess the interest charge established by the office under
173     Subsection (4) on an account receivable subject to the postjudgment interest rate established by
174     Section 15-1-4.
175          (7) The office shall require a state agency to:
176          (a) transfer collection responsibilities to the office or its designee according to time
177     limits established by the office;
178          (b) make annual progress towards implementing collection techniques and improved
179     accounts receivable collections;
180          (c) use the state's accounts receivable system or develop systems that are adequate to
181     properly account for and report their receivables;
182          (d) develop and implement internal policies and procedures that comply with the
183     collections policies and guidelines established by the office;
184          (e) provide internal accounts receivable training to staff involved in the management
185     and collection of receivables as a supplement to statewide training;
186          (f) bill for and make initial collection efforts of its receivables up to the time the
187     accounts must be transferred; and
188          (g) submit quarterly receivable reports to the office that identify the age, collection
189     status, and funding source of each receivable.
190          (8) The office shall use the information provided by the agencies and any additional
191     information from the office's records to compile a one-page summary report of each agency.
192          (9) The summary shall include:
193          (a) the type of revenue that is owed to the agency;
194          (b) any attempted collection activity; and
195          (c) any costs incurred in the collection process.
196          (10) The office shall annually provide copies of each agency's summary to the governor
197     and to the Legislature.

198          (11) All interest, fees, and other amounts authorized to be charged by the office under
199     Subsection (4):
200          (a) are penalties that may be charged by the office; and
201          (b) are not compensation for actual pecuniary loss.