7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends, enacts, and repeals provisions related to non-judicial foreclosure.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ amends provisions related to the appointment or resignation of a trustee;
13 ▸ enacts provisions related to joinder of a trustee in a legal action against a beneficiary
14 that does not involve the obligations of the trustee under the law or the trust deed;
15 ▸ amends provisions related to notice of default;
16 ▸ provides that a trustee in a trustee's sale may require a successful bidder to make a
18 ▸ provides that a successful bidder in a trustee's sale who fails to pay the bid amount
19 forfeits the bidder's deposit;
20 ▸ provides that a trustee shall provide an unrecorded copy of a signed trustee's deed to
21 a purchaser upon the purchaser's request;
22 ▸ amends a provision limiting the time within which a person may bring a
23 non-judicial foreclosure action;
24 ▸ amends a provision related to notice of a foreclosure proceeding on a reverse
25 mortgage; and
26 ▸ repeals a provision related to notice to a trustor of intent not to defer notice of sale.
27 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
29 Other Special Clauses:
31 Utah Code Sections Affected:
33 57-1-22, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2013, Chapter 395
34 57-1-26, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Chapter 209
35 57-1-27, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2001, Chapter 236
36 57-1-28, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 381
37 57-1-34, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1961, Chapter 181
38 57-28-304, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2015, Chapter 290
40 57-1-22.1, Utah Code Annotated 1953
42 57-1-24.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 228
44 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
45 Section 1. Section 57-1-22 is amended to read:
46 57-1-22. Successor trustees -- Appointment by beneficiary -- Effect -- Substitution
47 of trustee -- Recording -- Form.
48 (1) (a) The beneficiary may appoint a successor trustee at any time by filing an
49 appointment of trustee or a substitution of trustee for record in the office of the county recorder
50 of each county in which the trust property or [
52 (b) The [
53 the power, duties, authority, and title [
55 (c) The beneficiary may, by express provision in the appointment of trustee or
56 substitution of trustee, ratify and confirm an action taken on the beneficiary's behalf by the new
57 trustee prior to the recording of the substitution of trustee.
58 (2) [
59 (a) identify the trust deed by stating:
60 (i) the names of the original parties to the trust deed;
61 (ii) the date of recordation; and
62 (iii) (A) the book and page where the trust deed is recorded; or
63 (B) the entry number;
64 (b) include the legal description of the trust property;
65 (c) state the name and address of the new trustee; and
66 (d) be executed and acknowledged by all of the beneficiaries under the trust deed or
67 their successors in interest.
68 (3) (a) If not previously recorded at the time of recording a notice of default, the
69 successor trustee shall file for record, in the office of the county recorder of each county in
70 which the trust property or some part of it is situated, the appointment of trustee or substitution
71 of trustee.
72 (b) A copy of the appointment of trustee or the substitution of trustee shall be sent in
73 the manner provided in Subsection 57-1-26(2) to any:
74 (i) person who requests a copy of any notice of default or notice of sale under
75 Subsection 57-1-26(1)(a); and
76 (ii) person who is a party to the trust deed to whom a copy of a notice of default would
77 be required to be mailed by Subsection 57-1-26(3).
78 (4) [
79 the following form:
84 is hereby appointed [
85 trustor, in which ____ is named beneficiary and ____ as trustee, and filed for record
86 __________(month\day\year), and recorded in Book ____, Page ____, Records of ____
87 County, [
88 ____, ____ County), Utah.
92 (5) (a) A trustee of a trust deed may, in accordance with this Subsection (5), resign as
93 trustee by filing for record in the office of the recorder of each county in which the trust
94 property is located, a resignation of trustee.
95 (b) A trustee's resignation under this Subsection (5) takes effect upon the recording of a
96 resignation of trustee.
97 (c) A resignation of trustee shall be in substantially the following form:
98 "Resignation of Trustee
100 hereby resigns as trustee under the trust deed executed by (insert name of trustor) as trustor, in
101 which (insert name of the beneficiary) is named beneficiary and (insert name of trustee) as
102 trustee, and filed for record (insert the month, day, and year the trust deed was recorded), and
103 recorded in Book ___, Page ___, Records of ______________ County, [
104 recorder's entry no.____, ______________ County[
105 (Insert legal description)
106 Signature ________________________
107 (Certificate of acknowledgment)"
108 (d) (i) Within three days after the day on which a trustee resigns under this Subsection
109 (5), the trustee shall [
110 any legal action pending against the trustee that is related to or arises from the trustee's
111 performance of a duty of a trustee.
112 (ii) (A) Except as provided in Subsection (5)(d)(iv), within 10 days after the day on
113 which a party [
114 move the court to substitute the beneficiary of the trust deed as defendant in the action in the
115 place of the trustee until a successor trustee is appointed. [
117 (B) If a court substitutes a beneficiary of a trust deed as a defendant in an action under
118 Subsection (5)(d)(ii)(A), the court shall, once a successor trustee is appointed, substitute a
119 successor trustee [
120 (iii) Except as provided in Subsection (5)(d)(iv), if, after the expiration of the time
121 described in Subsection (5)(d)(ii)(A), a party does not move the court to substitute the
122 beneficiary or the successor trustee in place of the trustee as defendant, the court shall dismiss
123 with prejudice all claims against the withdrawn trustee.
124 (iv) Subsection (5)(d)(ii) and (5)(d)(iii) do not apply to a cause of action against a
125 trustee that alleges negligent or intentional misconduct by the withdrawn trustee.
126 (e) (i) The withdrawal of a trustee of a trust deed under this section does not affect the
127 validity or the priority of the trust deed.
128 (ii) After a trustee withdraws under this part, only a qualified successor trustee
129 appointed by the beneficiary under Section 57-1-22 may exercise trustee powers, including the
130 power of sale.
131 Section 2. Section 57-1-22.1 is enacted to read:
132 57-1-22.1. Effect on trustee of a legal action involving a trust.
133 (1) A party in a legal action that involves a trust deed is not required to join the trustee
134 as a party in the action unless the legal action pertains to a breach of the trustee's obligations
135 under this chapter or under the trust deed.
136 (2) A trustee of a trust deed is required to act pursuant to a court order against the trust
137 deed beneficiary to the extent the order requires an action that the trustee is authorized to take
138 under this chapter or under the trust deed.
139 (3) If a party in a legal action that involves a trust deed joins the trustee in an action
140 that does not pertain to the trustee's obligations under this chapter or under the trust deed, the
141 court shall dismiss the action against the trustee and award the trustee reasonable attorney fees
142 arising from the trustee being joined in the legal action.
143 Section 3. Section 57-1-26 is amended to read:
144 57-1-26. Requests for copies of notice of default and notice of sale -- Mailing by
145 trustee or beneficiary -- Publication of notice of default -- Notice to parties of trust deed.
146 (1) (a) Any person desiring a copy of any notice of default and of any notice of sale
147 under any trust deed shall file for record a duly acknowledged request for a copy of any notice
148 of default and notice of sale:
149 (i) in the office of the county recorder of any county in which the trust property or any
150 part of the trust property is situated; and
151 (ii) at any time:
152 (A) subsequent to the filing for record of the trust deed; and
153 (B) prior to the filing for record of a notice of default.
154 (b) Except as provided in Subsection (3), the request described in Subsection (1)(a)
155 may not be included in any other recorded instrument.
156 (c) The request described in Subsection (1)(a) shall:
157 (i) set forth the name and address of the one or more persons requesting copies of the
158 notice of default and the notice of sale; and
159 (ii) identify the trust deed by stating:
160 (A) the names of the original parties to the trust deed;
161 (B) the date of filing for record of the trust deed;
162 (C) (I) the book and page where the trust deed is recorded; or
163 (II) the recorder's entry number; and
164 (D) the legal description of the trust property.
165 (d) The request described in Subsection (1)(a) shall be in substantially the following
168 The undersigned requests that a copy of any notice of default and a copy of notice of
169 sale under the trust deed filed for record __________(month\day\year), and recorded in Book
170 ____, Page ____, Records of ____ County, (or filed for record __________(month\day\year),
171 with recorder's entry number ____, _______ County), Utah, executed by ____ and
172 _________________ as trustors, in which ____ is named as beneficiary and ____ as trustee, be
173 mailed to ____ (insert name) ____ at ____ (insert address) __________.
177 (e) If a request for a copy of a notice of default and notice of sale is filed for record
178 under this section, the recorder shall index the request in:
179 (i) the mortgagor's index;
180 (ii) mortgagee's index; and
181 (iii) abstract record.
182 (f) Except as provided in Subsection (3), the trustee under any deed of trust is not
183 required to send notice of default or notice of sale to any person not filing a request for notice
184 as described in this Subsection (1).
185 (2) (a) Not later than 10 days after [
186 is recorded, the trustee or beneficiary shall mail a signed copy of the notice of default:
187 (i) by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, with postage prepaid;
188 (ii) with the recording date shown;
189 (iii) addressed to each person whose name and address are set forth in a request that
190 has been recorded prior to the filing for record of the notice of default; and
191 (iv) directed to the address designated in the request.
192 (b) At least 20 days before the date of sale, the trustee shall mail a signed copy of the
193 notice of the time and place of sale:
194 (i) by certified or registered mail, return receipt requested, with postage prepaid;
195 (ii) addressed to each person whose name and address are set forth in a request that has
196 been recorded prior to the filing for record of the notice of default; and
197 (iii) directed to the address designated in the request.
198 (3) (a) Any trust deed may contain a request that a copy of any notice of default and a
199 copy of any notice of sale under the trust deed be mailed to any person who is a party to the
200 trust deed at the address of the person set forth in the trust deed.
201 (b) A copy of any notice of default and of any notice of sale shall be mailed to any
202 person requesting the notice who is a party to the trust deed at the same time and in the same
203 manner required in Subsection (2) as though a separate request had been filed by each person
204 as provided in Subsection (1) except that a trustee shall include with a signed copy of a notice
205 of default and the signed copy of a notice of sale the following information current as of the
206 time the notice of default and the notice of sale is provided:
207 (i) the name of the trustee;
208 (ii) the mailing address of the trustee;
209 (iii) if the trustee maintains a bona fide office in the state meeting the requirements of
210 Subsection 57-1-21(1)(b), the address of a bona fide office of the trustee meeting the
211 requirements of Subsection 57-1-21(1)(b);
212 (iv) the hours during which the trustee can be contacted regarding the notice of default
213 and notice of sale, which hours shall include the period during regular business hours in a
214 regular business day; and
215 (v) a telephone number that the person may use to contact the trustee during the hours
216 described in Subsection (3)(b)(iv).
217 (4) If no address of the trustor is set forth in the trust deed and if no request for notice
218 by the trustor has been recorded as provided in this section, no later than 15 days after the filing
219 for record of the notice of default, a copy of the notice of default shall be:
220 (a) mailed to the address of the property described in the notice of default; or
221 (b) posted on the property.
222 (5) The following shall not affect the title to trust property or be considered notice to
223 any person that any person requesting copies of notice of default or of notice of sale has or
224 claims any right, title or interest in, or lien or claim upon, the trust property:
225 (a) a request for a copy of any notice filed for record under Subsection (1) or (3);
226 (b) any statement or allegation in any request described in Subsection (5)(a); or
227 (c) any record of a request described in Subsection (5)(a).
228 Section 4. Section 57-1-27 is amended to read:
229 57-1-27. Sale of trust property by public auction -- Postponement of sale.
230 (1) (a) On the date and at the time and place designated in the notice of sale, the trustee
231 or the attorney for the trustee shall sell the property at public auction to the highest bidder.
232 (b) The trustee, or the attorney for the trustee, [
233 the auctioneer.
234 (c) The trustor, or the trustor's successor in interest, if present at the sale, may direct the
235 order in which the trust property shall be sold, if the property consists of several known lots or
236 parcels which can be sold separately.
237 (d) The trustee or attorney for the trustee shall follow [
238 described in Subsection (1)(c).
239 (e) Any person, including the beneficiary or trustee, may bid at the sale.
240 (f) The trustee may bid for the beneficiary. [
241 (g) A bid is considered an irrevocable offer.
242 (h) The trustee may, in the trustee's discretion, require a successful bidder to make a
243 deposit in an amount set forth in the notice of trustee's sale described in Section 57-1-25.
244 (i) If the highest bidder refuses to pay the amount bid by the highest bidder for the
245 property, the trustee, or the attorney for the trustee, shall either:
246 (i) renotice the sale in the same manner as notice of the original sale is required to be
247 given; or
248 (ii) sell the property to the next highest bidder.
250 (i) the bidder is liable for any loss occasioned by the refusal, including interest, costs,
251 and trustee's and reasonable [
252 (ii) the trustee or the attorney for the trustee may [
253 reject any other bid of that person for the property[
254 (iii) the bidder forfeits the bidder's deposit; and
255 (iv) the bidder's deposit is treated as additional sale proceeds applied in accordance
256 with Section 57-1-29.
257 (2) (a) The person conducting the sale may, for any cause [
258 expedient, postpone the sale.
259 (b) The person conducting the sale shall give notice of each postponement by public
261 the sale.
262 (c) No [
263 Subsection (2)(b) is required, unless the postponement [
264 longer than 45 days after the date designated in the original notice of sale.
265 (d) If the person conducting the sale postpones a sale for longer than the time period
266 described in Subsection (2)(c), the person conducting the sale shall [
267 sale in the same manner [
268 Section 5. Section 57-1-28 is amended to read:
269 57-1-28. Sale of trust property by trustee -- Payment of bid -- Trustee's deed
270 delivered to purchaser -- Recitals -- Effect.
271 (1) (a) The purchaser at the sale shall pay the price bid as directed by the trustee.
272 (b) The beneficiary shall receive a credit on the beneficiary's bid in an amount not to
273 exceed the amount representing:
274 (i) the unpaid principal owed;
275 (ii) accrued interest as of the date of the sale;
276 (iii) advances for the payment of:
277 (A) taxes;
278 (B) insurance; and
279 (C) maintenance and protection of the trust property;
280 (iv) the beneficiary's lien on the trust property; and
281 (v) costs of sale, including reasonable trustee's and attorney's fees.
282 (2) (a) (i) Within [
283 the price bid, the trustee shall [
284 (A) execute and submit the trustee's deed to the county recorder for recording; and
285 (B) upon the purchaser's request, provide an unrecorded copy of the signed trustee's
286 deed to the purchaser.
287 (ii) If the trustee does not comply with this Subsection (2)(a), the trustee is liable for
288 any loss incurred by the purchaser because of the trustee's failure to comply with this
289 Subsection (2)(a).
290 (b) The trustee's deed may contain recitals of compliance with the requirements of
291 Sections 57-1-19 through 57-1-36 relating to the exercise of the power of sale and sale of the
292 property described in the trustee's deed, including recitals concerning:
293 (i) any mailing, personal delivery, and publication of the notice of default;
294 (ii) any mailing and the publication and posting of the notice of sale; and
295 (iii) the conduct of sale.
296 (c) The recitals described in Subsection (2)(b):
297 (i) constitute prima facie evidence of compliance with Sections 57-1-19 through
298 57-1-36; and
299 (ii) are conclusive evidence in favor of bona fide purchasers and encumbrancers for
300 value and without notice.
301 (3) The trustee's deed shall operate to convey to the purchaser, without right of
302 redemption, the trustee's title and all right, title, interest, and claim of the trustor and the
303 trustor's successors in interest and of all persons claiming by, through, or under them, in and to
304 the property sold, including all right, title, interest, and claim in and to the property acquired by
305 the trustor or the trustor's successors in interest subsequent to the execution of the trust deed,
306 which trustee's deed shall be considered effective and relate back to the time of the sale.
307 (4) In accordance with Section 57-3-106, an interest of a purchaser in a trustee's deed
308 that is recorded with the county recorder may not be divested if a person records an affidavit or
309 other document purporting to rescind or cancel the trustee's deed.
310 Section 6. Section 57-1-34 is amended to read:
311 57-1-34. Sale of trust property by trustee -- Foreclosure of trust deed --
312 Limitation of actions.
316 action on [
317 (1) commence an action to foreclose the trust deed; or
318 (2) file for record a notice of default under Section 57-1-24.
319 Section 7. Section 57-28-304 is amended to read:
320 57-28-304. Foreclosure.
321 Before a person initiates foreclosure proceedings on a reverse mortgage, the person
323 (1) [
324 that states the grounds for default and foreclosure; and
325 (2) provide the borrower at least 30 days after the day on which the [
326 person sends the notice described in Subsection (1) to cure the borrower's default.
327 Section 8. Repealer.
328 This bill repeals:
329 Section 57-1-24.5, Notice to trustor of intent not to defer notice of sale.