7 Patrice M. Arent
8 Joel K. Briscoe
9 Rebecca Chavez-Houck
10 Steve Eliason
11 Craig Hall
12 Lynn N. Hemingway
Brian S. King
Carol Spackman Moss
Michael E. Noel
Derrin R. Owens
Lee B. Perry
Val K. Potter
Marie H. Poulson
Edward H. Redd
V. Lowry Snow
Mark A. Wheatley
14 LONG TITLE
15 General Description:
16 This bill modifies provisions of the criminal code regarding the testing of sexual assault
18 Highlighted Provisions:
19 This bill:
20 ▸ requires that all sexual assault kits, except for those classified as restricted kits, be
21 tested to obtain DNA profiles;
22 ▸ provides that testing of a sexual assault kit be completed within a specified amount
23 of time;
24 ▸ provides the process by which sexual assault kits shall be stored and transmitted for
26 ▸ provides that a sexual assault kit shall be classified as a restricted kit if the victim
27 chooses not to interview with law enforcement about the sexual assault or sexual
29 ▸ provides the guidelines and process for the retention and disposal of sexual assault
31 ▸ requires medical personnel who conduct sexual assault examinations to inform each
32 victim of specified rights, available treatments, and services;
33 ▸ authorizes the Department of Public Safety to develop and implement a statewide
34 sexual assault kit tracking system;
35 ▸ requires the Department of Public Safety and the Utah Prosecution Council to
36 develop and offer training to law enforcement officers on responding to cases of
37 sexual assault or sexual abuse;
38 ▸ requires the Peace Officers Standards and Training division to provide training to
39 persons seeking certification as a peace officer on sexual assault and sexual abuse;
40 ▸ provides rulemaking authority for the Department of Public Safety to implement the
41 tracking system, establish the timelines for processing sexual assault kits, and the
42 submission of information for each sexual assault kit; and
43 ▸ requires the Department of Public Safety to report to the Law Enforcement and
44 Criminal Justice Interim Committee each year regarding the processing of sexual
45 assault kits.
46 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
48 Other Special Clauses:
50 Utah Code Sections Affected:
52 76-5-601, Utah Code Annotated 1953
53 76-5-602, Utah Code Annotated 1953
54 76-5-603, Utah Code Annotated 1953
55 76-5-604, Utah Code Annotated 1953
56 76-5-605, Utah Code Annotated 1953
57 76-5-606, Utah Code Annotated 1953
58 76-5-607, Utah Code Annotated 1953
59 76-5-608, Utah Code Annotated 1953
60 76-5-609, Utah Code Annotated 1953
61 76-5-610, Utah Code Annotated 1953
63 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
64 Section 1. Section 76-5-601 is enacted to read:
66 76-5-601. Title.
67 This part is known as the "Sexual Assault Kit Processing Act".
68 Section 2. Section 76-5-602 is enacted to read:
69 76-5-602. Definitions.
70 For purposes of this part:
71 (1) "Collecting facility" means a hospital, health care facility, or other facility that
72 performs sexual assault examinations.
73 (2) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
74 (3) "Evidence-based, trauma-informed, victim-centered" means policies, procedures,
75 programs, and practices that:
76 (a) have demonstrated an ability to minimize retraumatization associated with the
77 criminal justice process by recognizing the presence of trauma symptoms and acknowledging
78 the role that trauma has played in the life of a victim of sexual assault or sexual abuse; and
79 (b) encourage law enforcement officers to interact with victims of sexual assault or
80 sexual abuse with compassion and sensitivity in a nonjudgmental manner.
81 (4) "Restricted kit" means a sexual assault kit:
82 (a) that is collected by a collecting facility; and
83 (b) for which a victim who is 18 years of age or older chooses not to provide a personal
84 statement about the sexual assault to law enforcement, as provided in Subsection
86 (5) "Sexual assault kit" means a package of items that is used by medical personnel to
87 gather and preserve biological and physical evidence following an allegation of sexual assault.
88 Section 3. Section 76-5-603 is enacted to read:
89 76-5-603. All sexual assault kits to be submitted.
90 (1) Except as provided in Subsection 76-5-604(4), beginning July 1, 2018, all sexual
91 assault kits received by law enforcement agencies shall be submitted to the Utah Bureau of
92 Forensic Services in accordance with the provisions of this part.
93 (2) The Utah Bureau of Forensic Services shall test all sexual assault kits that the
94 bureau receives with the goal of developing autosomal DNA profiles that are eligible for entry
95 into the Combined DNA Index System.
96 (3) (a) The testing of all sexual assault kits shall be completed within a specified
97 amount of time, as determined by administrative rule consistent with the provisions of this part.
98 (b) The ability of the Utah Bureau of Forensic Services to meet the established time
99 frames may be dependent upon the following factors:
100 (i) the number of sexual assault kits that the Utah Bureau of Forensic Services
102 (ii) the technology available and improved testing methods;
103 (iii) fully trained and dedicated staff to meet the full workload needs of the Utah
104 Bureau of Forensic Services; and
105 (iv) the number of lab requests received relating to other crime categories.
106 Section 4. Section 76-5-604 is enacted to read:
107 76-5-604. Sexual assault kit processing -- Restricted kits.
108 (1) The collecting facility shall enter the required victim information into the statewide
109 sexual assault kit tracking system, defined in Section 76-5-607, within 24 hours of performing
110 a sexual assault examination.
111 (2) Each sexual assault kit collected by medical personnel shall be taken into custody
112 by a law enforcement agency as soon as possible and within one business day of notice from
113 the collecting facility.
114 (3) The law enforcement agency that receives a sexual assault kit shall enter the
115 required information into the statewide sexual assault kit tracking system, provided in Section
116 76-5-607, within five business days of receiving a sexual assault kit from a collecting facility.
117 (4) Each sexual assault kit received by a law enforcement agency from a collecting
118 facility that relates to an incident that occurred outside of the jurisdiction of the law
119 enforcement agency shall be transferred to the law enforcement agency with jurisdiction over
120 the incident within 10 days of learning that another law enforcement agency has jurisdiction.
121 (5) (a) Except for restricted kits, each sexual assault kit shall be submitted to the Utah
122 Bureau of Forensic Services as soon as possible, but no later than 30 days after receipt by a law
123 enforcement agency.
124 (b) Restricted kits may not be submitted to the Utah Bureau of Forensic Services.
125 (c) Restricted kits shall be maintained by the law enforcement agency with jurisdiction,
126 in accordance with the provisions of this part.
127 (d) If a victim chooses to provide a personal statement about the sexual assault or
128 sexual abuse to law enforcement at any time after declining to provide a statement:
129 (i) the restricted kit shall no longer be classified as restricted; and
130 (ii) the sexual assault kit shall be transmitted to the Utah Bureau of Forensic Services
131 as soon as possible, but no later than 30 days after the victim chooses to provide a statement to
132 law enforcement.
133 (6) If available, a suspect standard or a consensual partner elimination standard shall be
134 submitted to the Utah Bureau of Forensic Services:
135 (a) with the sexual assault kit, if available, at the time the sexual assault kit is
136 submitted; or
137 (b) as soon as possible, but no later than 30 days from the date the kit was obtained by
138 the law enforcement agency, if not obtained until after the sexual assault kit is submitted.
139 (7) Failure to meet a deadline established in this part or as part of any rules established
140 by the department is not a basis for dismissal of a criminal action or a bar to the admissibility
141 of the evidence in a criminal action.
142 Section 5. Section 76-5-605 is enacted to read:
143 76-5-605. Sexual assault kit retention and disposal.
144 Any item of evidence gathered by collecting facility personnel, law enforcement,
145 prosecutorial, or defense authorities that may be subject to deoxyribonucleic acid evidence
146 testing and analysis in order to confirm the guilt or innocence of a criminal defendant may not
147 be disposed of before trial of a criminal defendant unless:
148 (1) 50 years have passed from the date of evidence collection for sexual assault kits
149 relating to an uncharged or unresolved crime; or
150 (2) 20 years have passed from the date of evidence collection for restricted kits, and:
151 (a) the prosecution has determined that the defendant will not be tried for the criminal
153 (b) the prosecution has filed a motion with the court to destroy the evidence; and
154 (c) an attempt has been made to notify the victim as required in Subsections
155 77-37-3(3)(b)(i) and (ii).
156 Section 6. Section 76-5-606 is enacted to read:
157 76-5-606. Victim notification of rights -- Notification of law enforcement.
158 (1) Collecting facility personnel who conduct sexual assault examinations shall inform
159 each victim of a sexual assault of:
160 (a) available services for treatment of sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy, and
161 other medical and psychiatric conditions;
162 (b) available crisis intervention or other mental health services provided;
163 (c) the option to receive prophylactic medication to prevent sexually transmitted
164 infections and pregnancy;
165 (d) the right to determine:
166 (i) whether to provide a personal statement about the sexual assault to law
167 enforcement; and
168 (ii) if law enforcement should have access to any paperwork from the forensic
169 examination; and
170 (e) the victim's rights as provided in Section 77-37-3.
171 (2) The collecting facility shall notify law enforcement as soon as practicable if the
172 victim of a sexual assault decides to interview and discuss the assault with law enforcement.
173 (3) If a victim of a sexual assault declines to provide a personal statement about the
174 sexual assault to law enforcement, the collecting facility shall provide a written notice to the
175 victim that contains the following information:
176 (a) where the sexual assault kit will be stored;
177 (b) notice that the victim may choose to contact law enforcement any time after
178 declining to provide a personal statement;
179 (c) the name, phone number, and email address of the law enforcement agency having
180 jurisdiction; and
181 (d) the name and phone number of a local rape crisis center.
182 Section 7. Section 76-5-607 is enacted to read:
183 76-5-607. Statewide sexual assault kit tracking system.
184 (1) The department shall develop and implement a statewide tracking system by July 1,
185 2018, that contains the following information for all sexual assault kits collected by law
187 (a) the submission status of sexual assault kits by law enforcement to the Utah Bureau
188 of Forensic Services;
189 (b) notification by the Utah Bureau of Forensic Services to law enforcement of DNA
190 analysis findings; and
191 (c) the storage location of sexual assault kits.
192 (2) The tracking system shall include a secure electronic access that allows the
193 submitting agency, collecting facility, department, and a victim, or his or her designee, to
194 access or receive information, provided that the disclosure does not impede or compromise an
195 active investigation, about the:
196 (a) lab submission status;
197 (b) DNA analysis findings provided to law enforcement; and
198 (c) storage location of a sexual assault kit that was gathered from that victim.
199 Section 8. Section 76-5-608 is enacted to read:
200 76-5-608. Law enforcement -- Training -- Sexual assault and sexual abuse.
201 (1) The department and the Utah Prosecution Council shall develop training in
202 trauma-informed responses and investigations of sexual assault and sexual abuse, which
203 include, but are not limited to, the following:
204 (a) recognizing the symptoms of trauma;
205 (b) understanding the impact of trauma on a victim;
206 (c) responding to the needs and concerns of a victim of sexual assault or sexual abuse;
207 (d) delivering services to victims of sexual assault or sexual abuse in a compassionate,
208 sensitive, and nonjudgmental manner;
209 (e) understanding cultural perceptions and common myths of sexual assault and sexual
210 abuse; and
211 (f) techniques of writing reports in accordance with Subsection (5).
212 (2) (a) The department and the Utah Prosecution Council shall offer the training in
213 Subsection (1) to all certified law enforcement officers in the state of Utah by July 1, 2018.
214 (b) The training for all law enforcement officers may be offered through an online
215 course, developed by the department and the Utah Prosecution Council.
216 (3) The training listed in Subsection (1) shall be offered by the Peace Officer Standards
217 and Training division to all persons seeking certification as a peace officer, beginning July 1,
219 (4) (a) The department and the Utah Prosecution Council shall develop and offer an
220 advanced training course by July 1, 2018, for officers who investigate cases of sexual assault or
221 sexual abuse.
222 (b) The advanced training course shall include:
223 (i) all criteria listed in Subsection (1); and
224 (ii) interviewing techniques in accordance with the curriculum standards in Subsection
226 (5) The department shall consult with the Utah Prosecution Council to develop the
227 specific training requirements of this section, including evidence-based curriculum standards
228 for report writing and response to sexual assault and sexual abuse, including trauma-informed
229 and victim-centered interview techniques, which have been demonstrated to minimize
230 retraumatizing victims.
231 Section 9. Section 76-5-609 is enacted to read:
232 76-5-609. Rulemaking authority.
233 After consultation with the Utah Bureau of Forensic Services and in accordance with
234 Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the department shall make rules,
235 consistent with this part, regarding:
236 (1) the procedures for the submission and testing of all sexual assault kits collected by
237 law enforcement and prosecutorial agencies in the state;
238 (2) the information and evidence that is required to be submitted as part of each sexual
239 assault kit submission; and
240 (3) goals for the completion of analysis and classification of all sexual assault kit
242 Section 10. Section 76-5-610 is enacted to read:
243 76-5-610. Reporting requirement.
244 The Department of Public Safety and the Utah Bureau of Forensic Services shall report
245 by July 31 of each year to the Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice Interim Committee and
246 the Executive Offices and Criminal Justice Appropriations Subcommittee regarding:
247 (1) the timelines set for testing all sexual assault kits submitted to the Utah Bureau of
248 Forensic Services as provided in Subsection 76-5-603(2);
249 (2) the goals established in Section 76-5-609;
250 (3) the status of meeting those goals;
251 (4) the number of sexual assault kits that are sent to the Utah Bureau of Forensic
252 Services for testing;
253 (5) the number of restricted kits held by law enforcement;
254 (6) the number of sexual assault kits that are not processed in accordance with the
255 timelines established in this part; and
256 (7) future appropriations requests that will ensure that all DNA cases can be processed
257 according to the timelines established by this part.