7 Kay J. Christofferson
8 Kim F. Coleman
9 James A. Dunnigan
10 Gage Froerer
11 Francis D. Gibson
12 Gregory H. Hughes
Eric K. Hutchings
A. Cory Maloy
Kelly B. Miles
Carol Spackman Moss
Michael E. Noel
Derrin R. Owens
Lee B. Perry
Dixon M. Pitcher
Edward H. Redd
Keven J. Stratton
R. Curt Webb
14 LONG TITLE
15 General Description:
16 This bill establishes a process for an individual suffering from a substance use disorder
17 to receive court-ordered essential treatment and intervention.
18 Highlighted Provisions:
19 This bill:
20 ▸ defines terms;
21 ▸ enacts the Essential Treatment and Intervention Act; and
22 ▸ establishes a system for court-ordered essential treatment and intervention for an
23 individual suffering from a substance use disorder.
24 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
26 Other Special Clauses:
28 Utah Code Sections Affected:
30 62A-15-602, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 248
31 62A-15-641, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Fifth Special Session,
32 Chapter 8
34 62A-15-1201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 62A-15-1202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36 62A-15-1203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37 62A-15-1204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
38 62A-15-1205, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39 62A-15-1206, Utah Code Annotated 1953
40 62A-15-1207, Utah Code Annotated 1953
41 62A-15-1208, Utah Code Annotated 1953
42 62A-15-1209, Utah Code Annotated 1953
44 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
45 Section 1. Section 62A-15-602 is amended to read:
46 62A-15-602. Definitions.
47 As used in this part, Part 7, Commitment of Persons Under Age 18 to Division of
48 Substance Abuse and Mental Health, Part 8, Interstate Compact on Mental Health, Part 9, Utah
49 Forensic Mental Health Facility, [
50 Part 12, Essential Treatment and Intervention Act:
51 (1) "Adult" means a person 18 years of age or older.
52 (2) "Approved treatment facility or program" means a treatment provider that meets the
53 standards described in Subsection 62A-15-103(2)(a)(v).
55 adult is committed to the custody of the local mental health authority that governs the mental
56 health catchment area in which the proposed patient resides or is found.
58 mental illness, preferably a psychiatrist, designated by the division as specially qualified by
59 training or experience in the diagnosis of mental or related illness or another licensed mental
60 health professional designated by the division as specially qualified by training and at least five
61 years' continual experience in the treatment of mental or related illness. At least one
62 designated examiner in any case shall be a licensed physician. No person who is the applicant,
63 or who signs the certification, under Section 62A-15-631 may be a designated examiner in the
64 same case.
66 including admission and discharge, an employee of a local mental health authority, or an
67 employee of an agency that has contracted with a local mental health authority to provide
68 mental health services under Section 17-43-304.
69 (6) "Essential treatment" and "essential treatment and intervention" mean court-ordered
70 treatment at a local substance abuse authority or an approved treatment facility or program for
71 the treatment of an adult's substance use disorder.
73 individual without the individual's consent, or upon an individual who cannot legally consent
74 to the conduct including under the circumstances described in Subsections 76-5-406(1) through
76 (a) sexual intercourse;
77 (b) penetration, however slight, of the genital or anal opening of the individual;
78 (c) any sexual act involving the genitals or anus of the actor or the individual and the
79 mouth or anus of either individual, regardless of the gender of either participant; or
80 (d) any sexual act causing substantial emotional injury or bodily pain.
82 provisions of Section 26-21-9.
84 to practice medicine, or a medical officer of the United States government while in this state in
85 the performance of official duties.
87 organization that provides treatment and services to residents of a designated geographic area,
88 operated by or under contract with a local mental health authority, in compliance with state
89 standards for local comprehensive community mental health centers.
90 (11) "Local substance abuse authority" means the same as that term is defined in
91 Section 62A-15-102 and described in Section 17-43-201.
93 provides mental health services under contract with the division, a local mental health
94 authority, or organization that contracts with a local mental health authority.
96 mental health authority as qualified by training and experience in the recognition and
97 identification of mental illness, to interact with and transport persons to any mental health
100 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the
101 American Psychiatric Association which substantially impairs a person's mental, emotional,
102 behavioral, or related functioning.
104 (a) under commitment to the custody or to the treatment services of a local mental
105 health authority[
106 (b) undergoing essential treatment and intervention.
108 risk of death, unconsciousness, extreme physical pain, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or
109 protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.
111 mental illness:
112 (a) is at serious risk to:
113 (i) commit suicide;
114 (ii) inflict serious bodily injury on himself or herself; or
115 (iii) because of his or her actions or inaction, suffer serious bodily injury because he or
116 she is incapable of providing the basic necessities of life, such as food, clothing, and shelter; or
117 (b) is at serious risk to cause or attempt to cause serious bodily injury or engage in
118 harmful sexual conduct.
120 of psychotropic medication, and other medical treatments that are generally accepted medical
121 and psychosocial interventions for the purpose of restoring the patient to an optimal level of
122 functioning in the least restrictive environment.
123 Section 2. Section 62A-15-641 is amended to read:
124 62A-15-641. Restrictions and limitations -- Civil rights and privileges.
125 (1) Subject to the general rules of the division, and except to the extent that the director
126 or his designee determines that it is necessary for the welfare of the patient to impose
127 restrictions, every patient is entitled to:
128 (a) communicate, by sealed mail or otherwise, with persons, including official
129 agencies, inside or outside the facility;
130 (b) receive visitors; and
131 (c) exercise all civil rights, including the right to dispose of property, execute
132 instruments, make purchases, enter contractual relationships, and vote, unless the patient has
133 been adjudicated to be incompetent and has not been restored to legal capacity.
134 (2) When any right of a patient is limited or denied, the nature, extent, and reason for
135 that limitation or denial shall be entered in the patient's treatment record. Any continuing
136 denial or limitation shall be reviewed every 30 days and shall also be entered in that treatment
137 record. Notice of that continuing denial in excess of 30 days shall be sent to the division [
139 authority, or an approved treatment facility or program, whichever is most applicable to the
141 (3) Notwithstanding any limitations authorized under this section on the right of
142 communication, each patient is entitled to communicate by sealed mail with the appropriate
143 local mental health authority, the appropriate local substance abuse authority, an approved
144 treatment facility or program, the division, [
145 ordered [
146 denied a visit with the legal counsel or clergy of the patient's choice.
147 (4) Local mental health authorities, local substance abuse authorities, and approved
148 treatment facilities or programs shall provide reasonable means and arrangements for
149 informing involuntary patients of their right to release as provided in this chapter, and for
150 assisting them in making and presenting requests for release.
151 (5) Mental health facilities, local substance abuse authorities, and approved treatment
152 facilities or programs shall post a statement, [
153 patient's rights under Utah law.
154 (6) Notwithstanding Section 53B-17-303, [
155 this chapter has the right to determine the final disposition of [
157 Section 3. Section 62A-15-1201 is enacted to read:
159 62A-15-1201. Statement of legislative intent.
160 To address the serious public health crisis of substance use disorder related deaths and
161 life-threatening opioid addiction, and to allow and enable caring relatives to seek essential
162 treatment and intervention, as may be necessary, on behalf of a sufferer of a substance use
163 disorder, the Legislature enacts the Essential Treatment and Intervention Act.
164 Section 4. Section 62A-15-1202 is enacted to read:
165 62A-15-1202. Definitions.
166 As used in this part:
167 (1) "Essential treatment examiner" means:
168 (a) a licensed physician, preferably a psychiatrist, who is designated by the division as
169 specifically qualified by training or experience in the diagnosis of substance use disorder; or
170 (b) a licensed mental health professional designated by the division as specially
171 qualified by training and who has at least five years' continual experience in the treatment of
172 substance use disorder.
173 (2) "Relative" means an adult who is a spouse, parent, stepparent, grandparent, child,
174 or sibling of an individual.
175 (3) "Serious harm" means the individual, due to substance use disorder, is at serious
176 risk of:
177 (a) drug overdose;
178 (b) suicide;
179 (c) serious bodily self-injury;
180 (d) serious bodily injury because the individual is incapable of providing the basic
181 necessities of life, including food, clothing, or shelter; or
182 (e) causing or attempting to cause serious bodily injury to another individual.
183 (4) "Substance use disorder" means the same as that term is defined in the current
184 edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the
185 American Psychiatric Association.
186 Section 5. Section 62A-15-1203 is enacted to read:
187 62A-15-1203. Petition for essential treatment -- Contents -- Guarantee for costs.
188 (1) A relative seeking essential treatment and intervention for a sufferer of a substance
189 use disorder may file a petition with the district court of the county in which the sufferer of the
190 substance use disorder resides or is found.
191 (2) The petition shall include:
192 (a) the respondent's:
193 (i) legal name;
194 (ii) date of birth, if known;
195 (iii) social security number, if known; and
196 (iv) residence and current location, if known;
197 (b) the petitioner's relationship to the respondent;
198 (c) the name and residence of the respondent's legal guardian, if any and if known;
199 (d) a statement that the respondent:
200 (i) is suffering from a substance use disorder; and
201 (ii) if not treated for the substance use disorder presents a serious harm to self or
203 (e) the factual basis for the statement described in Subsection (4)(d); and
204 (f) at least one specified local substance abuse authority or approved treatment facility
205 or program where the respondent may receive essential treatment.
206 (3) Any petition filed under this section:
207 (a) may be accompanied by proof of health insurance to provide for the respondent's
208 essential treatment; and
209 (b) shall be accompanied by a financial guarantee, signed by the petitioner or another
210 individual, obligating the petitioner or other individual to pay all treatment costs beyond those
211 covered by the respondent's health insurance policy for court-ordered essential treatment for the
213 (4) Nothing in this section alters the contractual relationship between a health insurer
214 and an insured individual.
215 Section 6. Section 62A-15-1204 is enacted to read:
216 62A-15-1204. Criteria for essential treatment and intervention.
217 A district court shall order an individual to undergo essential treatment for a substance
218 use disorder when the district court determines by clear and convincing evidence that the
220 (1) suffers from a substance use disorder;
221 (2) can reasonably benefit from the essential treatment;
222 (3) is unlikely to substantially benefit from a less-restrictive alternative treatment; and
223 (4) presents a serious harm to self or others.
224 Section 7. Section 62A-15-1205 is enacted to read:
225 62A-15-1205. Proceeding for essential treatment -- Duties of court -- Disposition.
226 (1) A district court shall review the assertions contained in the verified petition
227 described in Section 62A-15-1203.
228 (2) If the court determines that the assertions, if true, are sufficient to order the
229 respondent to undergo essential treatment, the court shall:
230 (a) set an expedited date for a time-sensitive hearing to determine whether the court
231 should order the respondent to undergo essential treatment for a substance use disorder;
232 (b) provide notice of:
233 (i) the contents of the petition, including all assertions made;
234 (ii) a copy of any order for detention or examination;
235 (iii) the date of the hearing;
236 (iv) the purpose of the hearing;
237 (v) the right of the respondent to be represented by legal counsel; and
238 (vi) the right of the respondent to request a preliminary hearing before submitting to an
239 order for examination;
240 (c) provide notice to:
241 (i) the respondent;
242 (ii) the respondent's guardian, if any; and
243 (iii) the petitioner; and
244 (d) subject to the right described in Subsection (2)(b)(vi), order the respondent to be
245 examined before the hearing date by two essential treatment examiners.
246 (3) The essential treatment examiners shall examine the respondent to determine:
247 (a) whether the respondent meets each of the criteria described in Section
249 (b) the severity of the respondent's substance use disorder, if any;
250 (c) what forms of treatment would substantially benefit the respondent, if the examiner
251 determines that the respondent has a substance use disorder; and
252 (d) the appropriate duration for essential treatment, if essential treatment is
254 (4) An essential treatment examiner shall certify the examiner's findings to the court
255 within 24 hours after completion of the examination.
256 (5) The court may, based upon the findings of the essential treatment examiners,
257 terminate the proceedings and dismiss the petition.
258 (6) The parties may, at any time, make a binding stipulation to an essential treatment
259 plan and submit that plan to the court for court order.
260 (7) At the hearing, the petitioner and the respondent may testify and may
261 cross-examine witnesses.
262 (8) If, upon completion of the hearing, the court finds that the criteria in Section
263 62A-15-1204 are met, the court shall order essential treatment for an initial period that:
264 (a) does not exceed 360 days, subject to periodic review as provided in Section
265 62A-15-1206; and
266 (b) (i) is recommended by an essential treatment examiner; or
267 (ii) is otherwise agreed to at the hearing.
268 (9) The court shall designate the facility for the essential treatment, as:
269 (a) described in the petition;
270 (b) recommended by an essential treatment examiner; or
271 (c) agreed to at the hearing.
272 (10) The court shall issue an order that includes the court's findings and the reasons for
273 the court's determination.
274 (11) The court may order the petitioner to be the respondent's personal representative,
275 as described in 45 C.F.R. Sec. 164.502(g), for purposes of the respondent's essential treatment.
276 Section 8. Section 62A-15-1206 is enacted to read:
277 62A-15-1206. Periodic review -- Discharge.
278 A local substance abuse authority or an approved treatment facility or program that
279 provides essential treatment shall:
280 (1) at least every 90 days after the day on which a patient is admitted, unless a court
281 orders otherwise, examine or cause to be examined a patient who has been ordered to receive
282 essential treatment;
283 (2) notify the patient and the patient's personal representative or guardian, if any, of the
284 substance and results of the examination;
285 (3) discharge an essential treatment patient if the examination determines that the
286 conditions justifying essential treatment and intervention no longer exist; and
287 (4) after discharging an essential treatment patient, send a report describing the reasons
288 for discharge to the clerk of the court where the proceeding for essential treatment was held and
289 to the patient's personal representative or guardian, if any.
290 Section 9. Section 62A-15-1207 is enacted to read:
291 62A-15-1207. Seventy-two-hour emergency treatment.
292 (1) A court may order a respondent to be hospitalized for up to 72 hours if:
293 (a) an essential treatment examiner has examined the respondent and certified that the
294 respondent meets the criteria described in Section 62A-15-1204; and
295 (b) the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the respondent presents an
296 imminent threat of serious harm to self or others as a result of a substance use disorder.
297 (2) An individual who is admitted to a hospital under this section shall be released
298 from the hospital within 72 hours after admittance, unless a treating physician or essential
299 treatment examiner determines that the individual continues to pose an imminent threat of
300 serious harm to self or others.
301 (3) If a treating physician or essential treatment examiner makes the determination
302 described in Subsection (2), the individual may be detained for as long as the threat of serious
303 harm remains imminent, but not more than 10 days after the day on which the individual was
304 hospitalized, unless a court orders otherwise.
305 (4) A treating physician or an essential treatment examiner shall, as frequently as
306 practicable, examine an individual hospitalized under this section and release the individual if
307 the examination determines that a threat of imminent serious harm no longer exists.
308 Section 10. Section 62A-15-1208 is enacted to read:
309 62A-15-1208. Confidentiality.
310 (1) The purpose of Title 62A, Chapter 15, Part 12, Essential Treatment and
311 Intervention Act, is to provide a process for essential treatment and intervention to save lives,
312 preserve families, and reduce substance use disorder, including opioid addiction.
313 (2) An essential treatment petition and any other document filed in connection with the
314 petition for essential treatment is confidential and protected.
315 (3) A hearing on an essential treatment petition is closed to the public, and only the
316 following individuals and their legal counsel may be admitted to the hearing:
317 (a) parties to the petition;
318 (b) the essential treatment examiners who completed the court-ordered examination
319 under Subsection 62A-15-1205(3);
320 (c) individuals who have been asked to give testimony; and
321 (d) individuals to whom notice of the hearing is required to be given under Subsection
323 (4) Testimony, medical evaluations, the petition, and other documents directly related
324 to the adjudication of the petition and presented to the court in the interest of the respondent
325 may not be construed or applied as an admission of guilt to a criminal offense.
326 (5) A court may, if applicable, enforce a previously existing warrant for a respondent or
327 a warrant for a charge that is unrelated to the essential treatment petition filed under this part.
328 Section 11. Section 62A-15-1209 is enacted to read:
329 62A-15-1209. Essential treatment for substance use disorder -- Rights of patient.
330 All applicable rights guaranteed to a patient by Sections 62A-15-641 and 62A-15-642
331 shall be guaranteed to an individual who is ordered to undergo essential treatment for a
332 substance use disorder.