Chief Sponsor: LaVar Christensen

Senate Sponsor: J. Stuart Adams

6     Cosponsors:
7     Kay J. Christofferson
8     Kim F. Coleman
9     James A. Dunnigan
10     Gage Froerer
11     Francis D. Gibson
12     Gregory H. Hughes
Eric K. Hutchings
Karianne Lisonbee
A. Cory Maloy
Kelly B. Miles
Carol Spackman Moss
Michael E. Noel
Derrin R. Owens
Lee B. Perry
Dixon M. Pitcher
Tim Quinn
Edward H. Redd
Keven J. Stratton
R. Curt Webb

15     General Description:
16          This bill establishes a process for an individual suffering from a substance use disorder
17     to receive court-ordered essential treatment and intervention.
18     Highlighted Provisions:
19          This bill:
20          ▸     defines terms;
21          ▸     enacts the Essential Treatment and Intervention Act; and
22          ▸     establishes a system for court-ordered essential treatment and intervention for an
23     individual suffering from a substance use disorder.
24     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
25          None
26     Other Special Clauses:
27          None
28     Utah Code Sections Affected:

29     AMENDS:
30          62A-15-602, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2012, Chapter 248
31          62A-15-641, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2002, Fifth Special Session,
32     Chapter 8
33     ENACTS:
34          62A-15-1201, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35          62A-15-1202, Utah Code Annotated 1953
36          62A-15-1203, Utah Code Annotated 1953
37          62A-15-1204, Utah Code Annotated 1953
38          62A-15-1205, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39          62A-15-1206, Utah Code Annotated 1953
40          62A-15-1207, Utah Code Annotated 1953
41          62A-15-1208, Utah Code Annotated 1953
42          62A-15-1209, Utah Code Annotated 1953

44     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
45          Section 1. Section 62A-15-602 is amended to read:
46          62A-15-602. Definitions.
47          As used in this part, Part 7, Commitment of Persons Under Age 18 to Division of
48     Substance Abuse and Mental Health, Part 8, Interstate Compact on Mental Health, Part 9, Utah
49     Forensic Mental Health Facility, [and] Part 10, Declaration for Mental Health Treatment, and
50     Part 12, Essential Treatment and Intervention Act:
51          (1) "Adult" means a person 18 years of age or older.
52          (2) "Approved treatment facility or program" means a treatment provider that meets the
53     standards described in Subsection 62A-15-103(2)(a)(v).
54          [(2)] (3) "Commitment to the custody of a local mental health authority" means that an
55     adult is committed to the custody of the local mental health authority that governs the mental
56     health catchment area in which the proposed patient resides or is found.

57          [(3)] (4) "Designated examiner" means a licensed physician familiar with severe
58     mental illness, preferably a psychiatrist, designated by the division as specially qualified by
59     training or experience in the diagnosis of mental or related illness or another licensed mental
60     health professional designated by the division as specially qualified by training and at least five
61     years' continual experience in the treatment of mental or related illness. At least one
62     designated examiner in any case shall be a licensed physician. No person who is the applicant,
63     or who signs the certification, under Section 62A-15-631 may be a designated examiner in the
64     same case.
65          [(4)] (5) "Designee" means a physician who has responsibility for medical functions
66     including admission and discharge, an employee of a local mental health authority, or an
67     employee of an agency that has contracted with a local mental health authority to provide
68     mental health services under Section 17-43-304.
69          (6) "Essential treatment" and "essential treatment and intervention" mean court-ordered
70     treatment at a local substance abuse authority or an approved treatment facility or program for
71     the treatment of an adult's substance use disorder.
72          [(5)] (7) "Harmful sexual conduct" means any of the following conduct upon an
73     individual without the individual's consent, or upon an individual who cannot legally consent
74     to the conduct including under the circumstances described in Subsections 76-5-406(1) through
75     (12):
76          (a) sexual intercourse;
77          (b) penetration, however slight, of the genital or anal opening of the individual;
78          (c) any sexual act involving the genitals or anus of the actor or the individual and the
79     mouth or anus of either individual, regardless of the gender of either participant; or
80          (d) any sexual act causing substantial emotional injury or bodily pain.
81          [(6)] (8) "Institution" means a hospital, or a health facility licensed under the
82     provisions of Section 26-21-9.
83          [(7)] (9) "Licensed physician" means an individual licensed under the laws of this state
84     to practice medicine, or a medical officer of the United States government while in this state in

85     the performance of official duties.
86          [(8)] (10) "Local comprehensive community mental health center" means an agency or
87     organization that provides treatment and services to residents of a designated geographic area,
88     operated by or under contract with a local mental health authority, in compliance with state
89     standards for local comprehensive community mental health centers.
90          (11) "Local substance abuse authority" means the same as that term is defined in
91     Section 62A-15-102 and described in Section 17-43-201.
92          [(9)] (12) "Mental health facility" means the Utah State Hospital or other facility that
93     provides mental health services under contract with the division, a local mental health
94     authority, or organization that contracts with a local mental health authority.
95          [(10)] (13) "Mental health officer" means an individual who is designated by a local
96     mental health authority as qualified by training and experience in the recognition and
97     identification of mental illness, to interact with and transport persons to any mental health
98     facility.
99          [(11)] (14) "Mental illness" means a psychiatric disorder as defined by the current
100     edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the
101     American Psychiatric Association which substantially impairs a person's mental, emotional,
102     behavioral, or related functioning.
103          [(12)] (15) "Patient" means an individual who is:
104          (a) under commitment to the custody or to the treatment services of a local mental
105     health authority[.]; or
106          (b) undergoing essential treatment and intervention.
107          [(13)] (16) "Serious bodily injury" means bodily injury which involves a substantial
108     risk of death, unconsciousness, extreme physical pain, protracted and obvious disfigurement, or
109     protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member, organ, or mental faculty.
110          [(14)] (17) "Substantial danger" means the person, by his or her behavior, due to
111     mental illness:
112          (a) is at serious risk to:

113          (i) commit suicide;
114          (ii) inflict serious bodily injury on himself or herself; or
115          (iii) because of his or her actions or inaction, suffer serious bodily injury because he or
116     she is incapable of providing the basic necessities of life, such as food, clothing, and shelter; or
117          (b) is at serious risk to cause or attempt to cause serious bodily injury or engage in
118     harmful sexual conduct.
119          [(15)] (18) "Treatment" means psychotherapy, medication, including the administration
120     of psychotropic medication, and other medical treatments that are generally accepted medical
121     and psychosocial interventions for the purpose of restoring the patient to an optimal level of
122     functioning in the least restrictive environment.
123          Section 2. Section 62A-15-641 is amended to read:
124          62A-15-641. Restrictions and limitations -- Civil rights and privileges.
125          (1) Subject to the general rules of the division, and except to the extent that the director
126     or his designee determines that it is necessary for the welfare of the patient to impose
127     restrictions, every patient is entitled to:
128          (a) communicate, by sealed mail or otherwise, with persons, including official
129     agencies, inside or outside the facility;
130          (b) receive visitors; and
131          (c) exercise all civil rights, including the right to dispose of property, execute
132     instruments, make purchases, enter contractual relationships, and vote, unless the patient has
133     been adjudicated to be incompetent and has not been restored to legal capacity.
134          (2) When any right of a patient is limited or denied, the nature, extent, and reason for
135     that limitation or denial shall be entered in the patient's treatment record. Any continuing
136     denial or limitation shall be reviewed every 30 days and shall also be entered in that treatment
137     record. Notice of that continuing denial in excess of 30 days shall be sent to the division [or
138     to], the appropriate local mental health authority[.], the appropriate local substance abuse
139     authority, or an approved treatment facility or program, whichever is most applicable to the
140     patient.

141          (3) Notwithstanding any limitations authorized under this section on the right of
142     communication, each patient is entitled to communicate by sealed mail with the appropriate
143     local mental health authority, the appropriate local substance abuse authority, an approved
144     treatment facility or program, the division, [his] the patient's attorney, and the court, if any, that
145     ordered [his] the patient's commitment or essential treatment. In no case may the patient be
146     denied a visit with the legal counsel or clergy of the patient's choice.
147          (4) Local mental health authorities, local substance abuse authorities, and approved
148     treatment facilities or programs shall provide reasonable means and arrangements for
149     informing involuntary patients of their right to release as provided in this chapter, and for
150     assisting them in making and presenting requests for release.
151          (5) Mental health facilities, local substance abuse authorities, and approved treatment
152     facilities or programs shall post a statement, [promulgated] created by the division, describing a
153     patient's rights under Utah law.
154          (6) Notwithstanding Section 53B-17-303, [any person] an individual committed under
155     this chapter has the right to determine the final disposition of [his] that individual's body after
156     death.
157          Section 3. Section 62A-15-1201 is enacted to read:
Part 12. Essential Treatment and Intervention Act

159          62A-15-1201. Statement of legislative intent.
160          To address the serious public health crisis of substance use disorder related deaths and
161     life-threatening opioid addiction, and to allow and enable caring relatives to seek essential
162     treatment and intervention, as may be necessary, on behalf of a sufferer of a substance use
163     disorder, the Legislature enacts the Essential Treatment and Intervention Act.
164          Section 4. Section 62A-15-1202 is enacted to read:
165          62A-15-1202. Definitions.
166          As used in this part:
167          (1) "Essential treatment examiner" means:
168          (a) a licensed physician, preferably a psychiatrist, who is designated by the division as

169     specifically qualified by training or experience in the diagnosis of substance use disorder; or
170          (b) a licensed mental health professional designated by the division as specially
171     qualified by training and who has at least five years' continual experience in the treatment of
172     substance use disorder.
173          (2) "Relative" means an adult who is a spouse, parent, stepparent, grandparent, child,
174     or sibling of an individual.
175          (3) "Serious harm" means the individual, due to substance use disorder, is at serious
176     risk of:
177          (a) drug overdose;
178          (b) suicide;
179          (c) serious bodily self-injury;
180          (d) serious bodily injury because the individual is incapable of providing the basic
181     necessities of life, including food, clothing, or shelter; or
182          (e) causing or attempting to cause serious bodily injury to another individual.
183          (4) "Substance use disorder" means the same as that term is defined in the current
184     edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the
185     American Psychiatric Association.
186          Section 5. Section 62A-15-1203 is enacted to read:
187          62A-15-1203. Petition for essential treatment -- Contents -- Guarantee for costs.
188          (1) A relative seeking essential treatment and intervention for a sufferer of a substance
189     use disorder may file a petition with the district court of the county in which the sufferer of the
190     substance use disorder resides or is found.
191          (2) The petition shall include:
192          (a) the respondent's:
193          (i) legal name;
194          (ii) date of birth, if known;
195          (iii) social security number, if known; and
196          (iv) residence and current location, if known;

197          (b) the petitioner's relationship to the respondent;
198          (c) the name and residence of the respondent's legal guardian, if any and if known;
199          (d) a statement that the respondent:
200          (i) is suffering from a substance use disorder; and
201          (ii) if not treated for the substance use disorder presents a serious harm to self or
202     others;
203          (e) the factual basis for the statement described in Subsection (4)(d); and
204          (f) at least one specified local substance abuse authority or approved treatment facility
205     or program where the respondent may receive essential treatment.
206          (3) Any petition filed under this section:
207          (a) may be accompanied by proof of health insurance to provide for the respondent's
208     essential treatment; and
209          (b) shall be accompanied by a financial guarantee, signed by the petitioner or another
210     individual, obligating the petitioner or other individual to pay all treatment costs beyond those
211     covered by the respondent's health insurance policy for court-ordered essential treatment for the
212     respondent.
213          (4) Nothing in this section alters the contractual relationship between a health insurer
214     and an insured individual.
215          Section 6. Section 62A-15-1204 is enacted to read:
216          62A-15-1204. Criteria for essential treatment and intervention.
217          A district court shall order an individual to undergo essential treatment for a substance
218     use disorder when the district court determines by clear and convincing evidence that the
219     individual:
220          (1) suffers from a substance use disorder;
221          (2) can reasonably benefit from the essential treatment;
222          (3) is unlikely to substantially benefit from a less-restrictive alternative treatment; and
223          (4) presents a serious harm to self or others.
224          Section 7. Section 62A-15-1205 is enacted to read:

225          62A-15-1205. Proceeding for essential treatment -- Duties of court -- Disposition.
226          (1) A district court shall review the assertions contained in the verified petition
227     described in Section 62A-15-1203.
228          (2) If the court determines that the assertions, if true, are sufficient to order the
229     respondent to undergo essential treatment, the court shall:
230          (a) set an expedited date for a time-sensitive hearing to determine whether the court
231     should order the respondent to undergo essential treatment for a substance use disorder;
232          (b) provide notice of:
233          (i) the contents of the petition, including all assertions made;
234          (ii) a copy of any order for detention or examination;
235          (iii) the date of the hearing;
236          (iv) the purpose of the hearing;
237          (v) the right of the respondent to be represented by legal counsel; and
238          (vi) the right of the respondent to request a preliminary hearing before submitting to an
239     order for examination;
240          (c) provide notice to:
241          (i) the respondent;
242          (ii) the respondent's guardian, if any; and
243          (iii) the petitioner; and
244          (d) subject to the right described in Subsection (2)(b)(vi), order the respondent to be
245     examined before the hearing date by two essential treatment examiners.
246          (3) The essential treatment examiners shall examine the respondent to determine:
247          (a) whether the respondent meets each of the criteria described in Section
248     62A-15-1204;
249          (b) the severity of the respondent's substance use disorder, if any;
250          (c) what forms of treatment would substantially benefit the respondent, if the examiner
251     determines that the respondent has a substance use disorder; and
252          (d) the appropriate duration for essential treatment, if essential treatment is

253     recommended.
254          (4) An essential treatment examiner shall certify the examiner's findings to the court
255     within 24 hours after completion of the examination.
256          (5) The court may, based upon the findings of the essential treatment examiners,
257     terminate the proceedings and dismiss the petition.
258          (6) The parties may, at any time, make a binding stipulation to an essential treatment
259     plan and submit that plan to the court for court order.
260          (7) At the hearing, the petitioner and the respondent may testify and may
261     cross-examine witnesses.
262          (8) If, upon completion of the hearing, the court finds that the criteria in Section
263     62A-15-1204 are met, the court shall order essential treatment for an initial period that:
264          (a) does not exceed 360 days, subject to periodic review as provided in Section
265     62A-15-1206; and
266          (b) (i) is recommended by an essential treatment examiner; or
267          (ii) is otherwise agreed to at the hearing.
268          (9) The court shall designate the facility for the essential treatment, as:
269          (a) described in the petition;
270          (b) recommended by an essential treatment examiner; or
271          (c) agreed to at the hearing.
272          (10) The court shall issue an order that includes the court's findings and the reasons for
273     the court's determination.
274          (11) The court may order the petitioner to be the respondent's personal representative,
275     as described in 45 C.F.R. Sec. 164.502(g), for purposes of the respondent's essential treatment.
276          Section 8. Section 62A-15-1206 is enacted to read:
277          62A-15-1206. Periodic review -- Discharge.
278          A local substance abuse authority or an approved treatment facility or program that
279     provides essential treatment shall:
280          (1) at least every 90 days after the day on which a patient is admitted, unless a court

281     orders otherwise, examine or cause to be examined a patient who has been ordered to receive
282     essential treatment;
283          (2) notify the patient and the patient's personal representative or guardian, if any, of the
284     substance and results of the examination;
285          (3) discharge an essential treatment patient if the examination determines that the
286     conditions justifying essential treatment and intervention no longer exist; and
287          (4) after discharging an essential treatment patient, send a report describing the reasons
288     for discharge to the clerk of the court where the proceeding for essential treatment was held and
289     to the patient's personal representative or guardian, if any.
290          Section 9. Section 62A-15-1207 is enacted to read:
291          62A-15-1207. Seventy-two-hour emergency treatment.
292          (1) A court may order a respondent to be hospitalized for up to 72 hours if:
293          (a) an essential treatment examiner has examined the respondent and certified that the
294     respondent meets the criteria described in Section 62A-15-1204; and
295          (b) the court finds by clear and convincing evidence that the respondent presents an
296     imminent threat of serious harm to self or others as a result of a substance use disorder.
297          (2) An individual who is admitted to a hospital under this section shall be released
298     from the hospital within 72 hours after admittance, unless a treating physician or essential
299     treatment examiner determines that the individual continues to pose an imminent threat of
300     serious harm to self or others.
301          (3) If a treating physician or essential treatment examiner makes the determination
302     described in Subsection (2), the individual may be detained for as long as the threat of serious
303     harm remains imminent, but not more than 10 days after the day on which the individual was
304     hospitalized, unless a court orders otherwise.
305          (4) A treating physician or an essential treatment examiner shall, as frequently as
306     practicable, examine an individual hospitalized under this section and release the individual if
307     the examination determines that a threat of imminent serious harm no longer exists.
308          Section 10. Section 62A-15-1208 is enacted to read:

309          62A-15-1208. Confidentiality.
310          (1) The purpose of Title 62A, Chapter 15, Part 12, Essential Treatment and
311     Intervention Act, is to provide a process for essential treatment and intervention to save lives,
312     preserve families, and reduce substance use disorder, including opioid addiction.
313          (2) An essential treatment petition and any other document filed in connection with the
314     petition for essential treatment is confidential and protected.
315          (3) A hearing on an essential treatment petition is closed to the public, and only the
316     following individuals and their legal counsel may be admitted to the hearing:
317          (a) parties to the petition;
318          (b) the essential treatment examiners who completed the court-ordered examination
319     under Subsection 62A-15-1205(3);
320          (c) individuals who have been asked to give testimony; and
321          (d) individuals to whom notice of the hearing is required to be given under Subsection
322     62A-15-1205(2)(c).
323          (4) Testimony, medical evaluations, the petition, and other documents directly related
324     to the adjudication of the petition and presented to the court in the interest of the respondent
325     may not be construed or applied as an admission of guilt to a criminal offense.
326          (5) A court may, if applicable, enforce a previously existing warrant for a respondent or
327     a warrant for a charge that is unrelated to the essential treatment petition filed under this part.
328          Section 11. Section 62A-15-1209 is enacted to read:
329          62A-15-1209. Essential treatment for substance use disorder -- Rights of patient.
330          All applicable rights guaranteed to a patient by Sections 62A-15-641 and 62A-15-642
331     shall be guaranteed to an individual who is ordered to undergo essential treatment for a
332     substance use disorder.