7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill amends the vaccination requirements for school attendance.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ defines terms;
13 ▸ amends the Utah Health Code regarding vaccinations and records of student
15 ▸ subject to certain exceptions, continues the requirement that a student receive
16 certain vaccinations in order to attend school;
17 ▸ requires the renewal of a student's vaccination exemption before the student begins
18 grade 7;
19 ▸ continues the practice of preventing a local education agency from receiving
20 weighted pupil unit money for a student who does not comply with vaccination
22 ▸ amends rulemaking authority of the Department of Health;
23 ▸ addresses policies and procedures relating to vaccinations, recordkeeping, and
24 disease outbreaks;
25 ▸ continues the practice of allowing local health departments to vaccinate students
26 and recover costs; and
27 ▸ makes technical changes.
28 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
30 Other Special Clauses:
31 This bill provides a special effective date.
32 Utah Code Sections Affected:
34 26-1-17.5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 382
35 26-10-9, as enacted by Laws of Utah 2011, Chapter 147
36 26-39-402, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 111
38 53A-11-300.5, Utah Code Annotated 1953
39 53A-11-307, Utah Code Annotated 1953
40 REPEALS AND REENACTS:
41 53A-11-301, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1992, Chapter 53
42 53A-11-302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2010, Chapter 395
43 53A-11-302.5, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1992, Chapter 129
44 53A-11-303, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1988, Chapter 2
45 53A-11-304, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1988, Chapter 2
46 53A-11-305, as last amended by Laws of Utah 1988, Chapter 202
47 53A-11-306, as enacted by Laws of Utah 1988, Chapter 2
49 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
50 Section 1. Section 26-1-17.5 is amended to read:
51 26-1-17.5. Confidential records.
52 (1) A record classified as confidential under this title shall remain confidential, and be
53 released according to the provisions of this title, notwithstanding Section 63G-2-310.
54 (2) In addition to those persons granted access to [
55 Subsection 63G-2-302(1)(b), [
56 districts, and local and state health departments and the state Department of Human Services
57 may share an immunization record as defined in Section 53A-11-300.5 or any other record
58 relating to a vaccination or immunization as necessary to [
60 investigate, and control the causes of epidemic, infectious, communicable, and other diseases
61 affecting the public health.
62 Section 2. Section 26-10-9 is amended to read:
63 26-10-9. Vaccinations -- Consent of minor to treatment.
64 (1) This section:
65 (a) is not intended to interfere with the integrity of the family or to minimize the rights
66 of parents or children; and
67 (b) applies to a minor, who at the time care is sought is:
68 (i) married or has been married;
69 (ii) emancipated as provided for in Section 78A-6-805;
70 (iii) a parent with custody of a minor child; or
71 (iv) pregnant.
72 (2) (a) A minor described in Subsections (1)(b)(i) and (ii) may consent to:
73 (i) [
74 diseases as defined in Section 26-6-2; and
75 (ii) examinations and [
76 provided in Title 53A, Chapter 11, Students in Public Schools.
77 (b) A minor described in Subsections (1)(b)(iii) and (iv) may consent to the
79 human papillomavirus only if:
80 (i) the minor represents to the health care provider that the minor is an abandoned
81 minor as defined in Section 76-5-109; and
82 (ii) the health care provider makes a notation in the minor's chart that the minor
83 represented to the health care provider that the minor is an abandoned minor under Section
85 (c) Nothing in Subsection (2)(a) or (b) requires a health care provider to immunize a
87 (3) The consent of the minor pursuant to this section:
88 (a) is not subject to later disaffirmance because of the minority of the person receiving
89 the medical services;
90 (b) is not voidable because of minority at the time the medical services were provided;
91 (c) has the same legal effect upon the minor and the same legal obligations with regard
92 to the giving of consent as consent given by a person of full age and capacity; and
93 (d) does not require the consent of any other person or persons to authorize the medical
94 services described in Subsections (2)(a) and (b).
95 (4) A health care provider who provides medical services to a minor in accordance
96 with the provisions of this section is not subject to civil or criminal liability for providing the
97 services described in Subsections (2)(a) and (b) without obtaining the consent of another
98 person prior to rendering the medical services.
99 (5) This section does not remove the requirement for parental consent or notice when
100 required by Section 76-7-304 or 76-7-304.5.
101 (6) The parents, parent, or legal guardian of a minor who receives medical services
102 pursuant to Subsections (2)(a) and (b) are not liable for the payment for those services unless
103 the parents, parent, or legal guardian consented to the medical services.
104 Section 3. Section 26-39-402 is amended to read:
105 26-39-402. Residential child care certificate.
106 (1) [
107 obtain a Residential Child Care Certificate from the department, unless Section 26-39-403
113 Section 26-1-6; and
115 person and each juvenile age 12 through 17 years of age who resides in the provider's home:
117 such person has been convicted of a crime;
119 court; and
121 described in Section 62A-4a-1006;
123 sending an intent to inspect notice to:
125 qualifying child who receives child care in the provider's home;
129 specified by the department by administrative rule, including a current department-approved
130 CPR and first aid course.
132 inspection conducted pursuant to Subsection [
133 corrective action for the serious hazards found and make an unannounced follow up inspection
134 to determine compliance.
136 (2)(b), the department may inspect the home of a residential care provider of five to eight
137 qualifying children in response to a complaint of:
142 (a) a license under Section 26-39-401 is required of a residential child care provider
143 who cares for nine or more qualifying children;
144 (b) a certified residential child care provider may not provide care to more than two
145 qualifying children under the age of two; and
146 (c) an inspection may be required of a residential child care provider in connection
147 with a federal child care program.
149 enforce rules necessary to implement this section.
150 Section 4. Section 53A-11-300.5 is enacted to read:
151 53A-11-300.5. Definitions.
152 As used in this part:
153 (1) "Department" means the Department of Health, created in Section 26-1-4.
154 (2) "Health official" means an individual designated by a local health department from
155 within the local health department to consult and counsel parents and licensed health care
156 providers, in accordance with Subsection 53A-11-302.5(2)(a).
157 (3) "Health official designee" means a licensed health care provider designated by a
158 local health department, in accordance with Subsection 53A-11-302.5(2)(b), to consult with
159 parents, licensed health care professionals, and school officials.
160 (4) "Immunization" or "immunize" means a process through which an individual
161 develops an immunity to a disease, through vaccination or natural exposure to the disease.
162 (5) "Immunization record" means a record relating to a student that includes:
163 (a) information regarding each required vaccination that the student has received,
164 including the date each vaccine was administered, verified by:
165 (i) a licensed health care provider;
166 (ii) an authorized representative of a local health department;
167 (iii) an authorized representative of the department;
168 (iv) a registered nurse; or
169 (v) a pharmacist;
170 (b) information regarding each disease against which the student has been immunized
171 by previously contracting the disease; and
172 (c) an exemption form identifying each required vaccination from which the student is
173 exempt, including all required supporting documentation described in Section 53A-11-302.
174 (6) "Legally responsible individual" means:
175 (a) a student's parent;
176 (b) the student's legal guardian;
177 (c) an adult brother or sister of a student who has no legal guardian; or
178 (d) the student, if the student:
179 (i) is an adult; or
180 (ii) is a minor who may consent to treatment under Section 26-10-9.
181 (7) "Licensed health care provider" means a health care provider who is licensed under
182 Title 58, Occupations and Professions, as:
183 (a) a medical doctor;
184 (b) an osteopathic doctor;
185 (c) a physician assistant; or
186 (d) an advanced practice registered nurse.
187 (8) "Local education agency" or "LEA" means:
188 (a) a school district;
189 (b) a charter school; or
190 (c) the Utah Schools for the Deaf and the Blind.
191 (9) "Local health department" means the same as that term is defined in Section
193 (10) "Required vaccines" means vaccines required by department rule described in
194 Section 53A-11-303.
195 (11) "School" means any public or private:
196 (a) elementary or secondary school;
197 (b) preschool;
198 (c) child care center or program;
199 (d) nursery school; or
200 (e) business that receives compensation for supervising or educating a child.
201 (12) "Student" means an individual who attends a school.
202 (13) "Vaccinating" or "vaccination" means the administration of a vaccine.
203 (14) "Vaccination exemption form" means a form, described in Section 53A-11-302.5,
204 that documents and verifies that a student is exempt from the requirement to receive one or
205 more required vaccines.
206 (15) "Vaccine" means the substance licensed for use by the United States Food and
207 Drug Administration that is injected into or otherwise administered to an individual to
208 immunize the individual against a communicable disease.
209 Section 5. Section 53A-11-301 is repealed and reenacted to read:
210 53A-11-301. Immunization required -- Exception -- Weighted pupil unit funding.
211 (1) A student may not attend a school unless:
212 (a) the school receives an immunization record from the legally responsible individual
213 of the student, the student's former school, or a statewide registry that shows:
214 (i) that the student has received each vaccination required by the department under
215 Section 53A-11-303; or
216 (ii) for any required vaccination that the student has not received, that the student:
217 (A) has immunity against the disease for which the vaccination is required, because the
218 student previously contracted the disease as documented by a health care provider, as that term
219 is defined in Section 78B-3-103; or
220 (B) is exempt from receiving the vaccination under Section 53A-11-302;
221 (b) the student qualifies for conditional enrollment under Section 53A-11-306; or
222 (c) the student:
223 (i) is a student, as defined in Section 53A-1-1001; and
224 (ii) complies with the immunization requirements for military children under Section
226 (2) An LEA may not receive weighted pupil unit money for a student who is not
227 permitted to attend school under Subsection (1).
228 Section 6. Section 53A-11-302 is repealed and reenacted to read:
229 53A-11-302. Grounds for exemption from required vaccines -- Renewal.
230 (1) A student is exempt from the requirement to receive a vaccine required under
231 Section 53A-11-303 if the student qualifies for a medical or personal exemption from the
232 vaccination under Subsection (2) or (3).
233 (2) A student qualifies for a medical exemption from a vaccination required under
234 Section 53A-11-303 if the student's legally responsible individual provides to the student's
236 (a) a completed vaccination exemption form; and
237 (b) a written notice signed by a licensed health care provider stating that, due to the
238 physical condition of the student, administration of the vaccine would endanger the student's
239 life or health.
240 (3) A student qualifies for a personal exemption from a vaccination required under
241 Section 53A-11-303 if the student's legally responsible individual provides to the student's
242 school a completed vaccination exemption form, stating that the student is exempt from the
243 vaccination because of a personal or religious belief.
244 (4) (a) A vaccination exemption form submitted under this section is valid for as long
245 as the student remains at the school to which the form first is presented.
246 (b) If the student changes schools before the student is old enough to enroll in
247 kindergarten, the vaccination exemption form accepted as valid at the student's previous school
248 is valid until the earlier of the day on which:
249 (i) the student enrolls in kindergarten; or
250 (ii) the student turns six years old.
251 (c) If the student changes schools after the student is old enough to enroll in
252 kindergarten but before the student is eligible to enroll in grade 7, the vaccination exemption
253 form accepted as valid at the student's previous school is valid until the earlier of the day on
255 (i) the student enrolls in grade 7; or
256 (ii) the student turns 12 years old.
257 (d) If the student changes schools after the student is old enough to enroll in grade 7,
258 the vaccination exemption form accepted as valid at the student's previous school is valid until
259 the student completes grade 12.
260 Section 7. Section 53A-11-302.5 is repealed and reenacted to read:
261 53A-11-302.5. Vaccination exemption form.
262 (1) The department shall:
263 (a) develop a vaccination exemption form that includes only the following information:
264 (i) identifying information regarding:
265 (A) the student to whom an exemption applies; and
266 (B) the legally responsible individual who claims the exemption for the student and
267 signs the vaccination exemption form;
268 (ii) an indication regarding the vaccines to which the exemption relates;
269 (iii) a statement that the claimed exemption is for:
270 (A) a medical reason; or
271 (B) a personal or religious belief; and
272 (iv) an explanation of the requirements, in the event of an outbreak of a disease for
273 which a required vaccine exists, for a student who:
274 (A) has not received the required vaccine; and
275 (B) is not otherwise immune from the disease;
276 (b) provide the vaccination exemption form created in this Subsection (1) to local
277 health departments; and
278 (c) make the vaccination exemption form created in this Subsection (1) available to the
279 public upon request.
280 (2) (a) Each local health department shall designate one or more individuals from
281 within the local health department as a health official to consult, regarding the requirements of
282 this part, with:
283 (i) parents, upon the request of parents;
284 (ii) school principals and administrators; and
285 (iii) licensed health care providers.
286 (b) A local health department may designate a licensed health care provider as a health
287 official designee to provide the services described in Subsection (2)(a).
288 Section 8. Section 53A-11-303 is repealed and reenacted to read:
289 53A-11-303. Regulations of department.
290 (1) In accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah Administrative Rulemaking Act, the
291 department shall make rules regarding:
292 (a) which vaccines are required as a condition of attending school;
293 (b) the manner and frequency of the vaccinations; and
294 (c) the vaccination exemption form described in Section 53A-11-302.5.
295 (2) The department shall ensure that the rules described in Subsection (1):
296 (a) conform to recognized standard medical practices; and
297 (b) require schools to report to the department statistical information and names of
298 students who are not in compliance with Section 53A-11-301.
299 Section 9. Section 53A-11-304 is repealed and reenacted to read:
300 53A-11-304. Immunization record part of student's record -- School review
301 process at enrollment -- Transfer.
302 (1) Each school:
303 (a) shall request an immunization record for each student at the time the student enrolls
304 in the school;
305 (b) may not charge a fee related to receiving or reviewing an immunization record or a
306 vaccination exemption form; and
307 (c) shall retain an immunization record for each enrolled student as part of the student's
308 permanent school record.
309 (2) (a) Within five business days after the day on which a student enrolls in a school,
310 an individual designated by the school principal or administrator shall:
311 (i) determine whether the school has received an immunization record for the student;
312 (ii) review the student's immunization record to determine whether the record complies
313 with Subsection 53A-11-301(1); and
314 (iii) identify any deficiencies in the student's immunization record.
315 (b) If the school has not received a student's immunization record or there are
316 deficiencies in the immunization record, the school shall:
317 (i) place the student on conditional enrollment, in accordance with Section
318 53A-11-306; and
319 (ii) within five days after the day on which the school places the student on conditional
320 enrollment, provide the written notice described in Subsection 53A-11-306(2).
321 (3) A school from which a student transfers shall provide the student's immunization
322 record to the student's new school upon request of the student's legally responsible individual.
323 Section 10. Section 53A-11-305 is repealed and reenacted to read:
324 53A-11-305. Immunization by local health departments -- Fees.
325 (1) (a) If a student has not been immunized against a disease specified by the
326 department, the local health department may vaccinate the student upon the request of the
327 student's legally responsible individual.
328 (b) The local health department may charge a fee to cover the cost of the vaccine and
329 administration of the vaccine described in Subsection (1)(a).
330 (2) (a) The department shall provide to each local health department the vaccines
331 necessary for vaccinations required under Sections 53A-11-301 and 53A-11-303.
332 (b) The department may recover all or part of the cost of vaccines purchased with state
333 funds by charging local health departments a fee for those vaccines.
334 (c) A local health department may not refuse to vaccinate a student who resides in the
335 jurisdiction of the local health department because of the inability of the student or another
336 legally responsible individual party to pay for the vaccine or the administration of the vaccine.
337 (3) In accordance with Section 63J-1-504, the department shall establish fees for the
338 vaccines and for the administration of vaccines described in this section.
339 Section 11. Section 53A-11-306 is repealed and reenacted to read:
340 53A-11-306. Conditional enrollment -- Suspension for noncompliance --
342 (1) A student for whom a school has not received a complete immunization record may
343 attend the school on a conditional enrollment:
344 (a) during the period in which the student's immunization record is under review by the
345 school; or
346 (b) for 21 calendar days after the day on which the school provides the notice described
347 in Subsection (2).
348 (2) (a) Within five days after the day on which a school places a student on conditional
349 enrollment, the school shall provide written notice to the student's legally responsible
350 individual, in person or by mail, that:
351 (i) the school has placed the student on conditional enrollment for failure to
352 comply with the requirements of Subsection 53A-11-301(1);
353 (ii) describes the identified deficiencies in the student's immunization record or states
354 that the school has not received an immunization record for the student;
355 (iii) gives notice that the student will not be allowed to attend school unless the legally
356 responsible individual cures the deficiencies, or provides an immunization record that complies
357 with Subsection 53A-11-301(1), within the conditional enrollment period described in
358 Subsection (1)(b); and
359 (iv) describes the process for obtaining a required vaccination.
360 (b) A school shall remove the conditional enrollment status from a student after the
361 school receives an immunization record for the student that complies with Subsection
363 (c) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(d), at the end of the conditional enrollment
364 period, a school shall prohibit a student who does not comply with Subsection 53A-11-301(1)
365 from attending the school until the student complies with Subsection 53A-11-301(1).
366 (d) A school principal or administrator:
367 (i) shall grant an additional extension of the conditional enrollment period, if the
368 extension is necessary to complete all required vaccination dosages, for a time period medically
369 recommended to complete all required vaccination dosages; and
370 (ii) may grant an additional extension of the conditional enrollment period in cases of
371 extenuating circumstances, if the school principal or administrator and a school nurse, a health
372 official, or a health official designee agree that an additional extension will likely lead to
373 compliance with Subsection 53A-11-301(1) during the additional extension period.
374 Section 12. Section 53A-11-307 is enacted to read:
375 53A-11-307. School record of students' immunization status -- Confidentiality.
376 (1) Each school shall maintain a current list of all enrolled students, noting each
378 (a) for whom the school has received a valid and complete immunization record;
379 (b) who is exempt from receiving a required vaccine; and
380 (c) who is allowed to attend school under Section 53A-11-306.
381 (2) Each school shall ensure that the list described in Subsection (1) specifically
382 identifies each disease against which a student is not immunized.
383 (3) Upon the request of an official from a local health department in the case of a
384 disease outbreak, a school principal or administrator shall:
385 (a) notify the legally responsible individual of any student who is not immune to the
386 outbreak disease, providing information regarding steps the legally responsible individual may
387 take to protect students;
388 (b) identify each student who is not immune to the outbreak disease; and
389 (c) for a period determined by the local health department not to exceed the duration of
390 the disease outbreak, do one of the following at the discretion of the school principal or
392 (i) provide a separate educational environment for the students described in Subsection
393 (3)(b) that ensures protection of the remainder of the student body; or
394 (ii) prevent each student described in Subsection (3)(b) from attending school.
395 (4) A name appearing on the list described in Subsection (1) is subject to
396 confidentiality requirements described in Section 26-1-17.5 and Section 53A-13-301.
397 Section 13. Effective date.
398 This bill takes effect on July 1, 2018.
Legislative Review Note
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel