Chief Sponsor: Rebecca P. Edwards

Senate Sponsor: Deidre M. Henderson


8     General Description:
9          This bill modifies the Pawnshop and Secondhand Merchandise Transaction Information
10     Act.
11     Highlighted Provisions:
12          This bill:
13          ▸     defines "children's product" and "children's product resale business"; and
14          ▸     exempts children's product resale businesses from the reporting and holding period
15     requirements regarding secondhand merchandise dealers.
16     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
17          None
18     Other Special Clauses:
19          None
20     Utah Code Sections Affected:
21     AMENDS:
22          13-32a-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2016, Chapter 421
23          13-32a-104, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 189

25     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
26          Section 1. Section 13-32a-102 is amended to read:
27          13-32a-102. Definitions.

28          As used in this chapter:
29          (1) "Account" means the Pawnbroker and Secondhand Merchandise Operations
30     Restricted Account created in Section 13-32a-113.
31          (2) "Antique item" means an item:
32          (a) that is generally older than 25 years;
33          (b) whose value is based on age, rarity, condition, craftsmanship, or collectability;
34          (c) that is furniture or other decorative objects produced in a previous time period, as
35     distinguished from new items of a similar nature; and
36          (d) obtained from auctions, estate sales, other antique shops, and individuals.
37          (3) "Antique shop" means a business operating at an established location and that
38     offers for sale antique items.
39          (4) "Board" means the Secondhand Merchandise Advisory Board created by this
40     chapter.
41          (5) "Central database" or "database" means the electronic database created and
42     operated under Section 13-32a-105.
43          (6) "Children's product" means used items that are for the exclusive use of children, or
44     for the care of children, including clothing and toys.
45          (7) "Children's product resale business" means a business operating at a commercial
46     location and primarily selling children's products.
47          [(6)] (8) "Coin" means a piece of currency, usually metallic and usually in the shape of
48     a disc that is:
49          (a) stamped metal, and issued by a government as monetary currency; or
50          (b) (i) worth more than its current value as currency; and
51          (ii) worth more than its metal content value.
52          [(7)] (9) "Coin dealer" means a person or business whose sole business activity is the
53     selling and purchasing of coins and precious metals.
54          [(8)] (10) "Commercial grade precious metals" or "precious metals" means ingots,
55     monetized bullion, art bars, medallions, medals, tokens, and currency that are marked by the
56     refiner or fabricator indicating their fineness and include:
57          (a) .99 fine or finer ingots of gold, silver, platinum, palladium, or other precious
58     metals; or

59          (b) .925 fine sterling silver ingots, art bars, and medallions.
60          [(9)] (11) "Division" means the Division of Consumer Protection in Title 13, Chapter
61     1, Department of Commerce.
62          [(10)] (12) "Identification" means a valid United States federal or state-issued photo
63     personal identification, including a United States passport, a United States passport card, U.S.
64     military personal identification, and a driver license.
65          [(11)] (13) "Local law enforcement agency" means the law enforcement agency that
66     has direct responsibility for ensuring compliance with central database reporting requirements
67     for the jurisdiction where the pawnshop or secondhand business is located.
68          [(12)] (14) "Misappropriated" means stolen, embezzled, converted, obtained by theft,
69     or otherwise appropriated without authority of the lawful owner.
70          [(13)] (15) "Original victim" means a victim who is not a party to the pawn or sale
71     transaction and includes:
72          (a) an authorized representative designated in writing by the original victim; and
73          (b) an insurer who has indemnified the original victim for the loss of the described
74     property.
75          [(15)] (16) "Pawn and secondhand business" means any business operated by a
76     pawnbroker or secondhand merchandise dealer, or the owner or operator of the business.
77          [(14)] (17) "Pawnbroker" means a person whose business engages in the following
78     activities:
79          (a) loans money on one or more deposits of personal property;
80          (b) deals in the purchase, exchange, or possession of personal property on condition of
81     selling the same property back again to the pledgor or depositor;
82          (c) loans or advances money on personal property by taking chattel mortgage security
83     on the property and takes or receives the personal property into his possession, and who sells
84     the unredeemed pledges;
85          (d) deals in the purchase, exchange, or sale of used or secondhand merchandise or
86     personal property; or
87          (e) engages in a licensed business enterprise as a pawnshop.
88          [(16)] (18) "Pawnshop" means the physical location or premises where a pawnbroker
89     conducts business.

90          [(17)] (19) "Pawn ticket" means a document upon which information regarding a pawn
91     transaction is entered when the pawn transaction is made.
92          [(18)] (20) "Pawn transaction" means an extension of credit in which an individual
93     delivers property to a pawnbroker for an advance of money and retains the right to redeem the
94     property for the redemption price within a fixed period of time.
95          [(19)] (21) "Pledgor" means a person who conducts a pawn transaction with a
96     pawnshop.
97          [(20)] (22) "Property" means any tangible personal property.
98          [(21)] (23) "Register" means the record of information required under this chapter to be
99     maintained by pawn and secondhand businesses. The register is an electronic record that is in a
100     format that is compatible with the central database.
101          [(22)] (24) "Retail media item" means recorded music, a movie, or a video game that is
102     produced and distributed in hard copy format for retail sale.
103          [(23)] (25) "Scrap jewelry" means any item purchased solely:
104          (a) for its gold, silver, or platinum content; and
105          (b) for the purpose of reuse of the metal content.
106          [(24)] (26) (a) "Secondhand merchandise dealer" means an owner or operator of a
107     business that:
108          (i) deals in the purchase, exchange, or sale of used or secondhand merchandise or
109     personal property; and
110          (ii) does not function as a pawnbroker.
111          (b) "Secondhand merchandise dealer" does not include:
112          (i) the owner or operator of an antique shop;
113          (ii) any class of businesses exempt by administrative rule under Section 13-32a-112.5;
114          (iii) any person or entity who operates auction houses, flea markets, or vehicle, vessel,
115     and outboard motor dealers as defined in Section 41-1a-102;
116          (iv) the sale of secondhand goods at events commonly known as "garage sales," "yard
117     sales," or "estate sales";
118          (v) the sale or receipt of secondhand books, magazines, or post cards;
119          (vi) the sale or receipt of used merchandise donated to recognized nonprofit, religious,
120     or charitable organizations or any school-sponsored association, and for which no

121     compensation is paid;
122          (vii) the sale or receipt of secondhand clothing and shoes;
123          (viii) any person offering his own personal property for sale, purchase, consignment, or
124     trade via the Internet;
125          (ix) any person or entity offering the personal property of others for sale, purchase,
126     consignment, or trade via the Internet, when that person or entity does not have, and is not
127     required to have, a local business or occupational license or other authorization for this activity;
128          (x) any owner or operator of a retail business that:
129          (A) receives used merchandise as a trade-in for similar new merchandise ; or
130           (B) receives used retail media items as a trade-in for similar new or used retail media
131     items;
132          (xi) an owner or operator of a business that contracts with other persons or entities to
133     offer those persons' secondhand goods for sale, purchase, consignment, or trade via the
134     Internet;
135          (xii) any dealer as defined in Section 76-6-1402, which concerns scrap metal and
136     secondary metals; [or]
137          (xiii) the purchase of items in bulk that are:
138          (A) sold at wholesale in bulk packaging;
139          (B) sold by a person licensed to conduct business in Utah; and
140          (C) regularly sold in bulk quantities as a recognized form of sale; or
141          (xiv) the owner or operator of a children's product retail business.
142          Section 2. Section 13-32a-104 is amended to read:
143          13-32a-104. Register required to be maintained -- Contents -- Identification of
144     items -- Prohibition against pawning or selling certain property.
145          (1) Every pawnbroker or secondhand merchandise dealer shall keep a register of each
146     article of property a person pawns or sells to the pawnbroker or secondhand merchandise
147     dealer, except as provided in Subsection 13-32a-102[(23)](25)(b). Every pawn and
148     secondhand business owner or operator, or [his] the owner's or operator's employee, shall enter
149     the following information regarding every article pawned or sold to the owner or employee:
150          (a) the date and time of the transaction;
151          (b) the pawn transaction ticket number, if the article is pawned;

152          (c) the date by which the article must be redeemed;
153          (d) the following information regarding the person who pawns or sells the article:
154          (i) the person's name, residence address, and date of birth;
155          (ii) the number of the driver license or other form of positive identification presented
156     by the person, and notations of discrepancies if the person's physical description, including
157     gender, height, weight, race, age, hair color, and eye color, does not correspond with
158     identification provided by the person;
159          (iii) the person's signature; and
160          (iv) a legible fingerprint of the person's right index finger, or if the right index finger
161     cannot be fingerprinted, a legible fingerprint of the person with a written notation identifying
162     the fingerprint and the reason why the index finger's print was unavailable;
163          (e) the amount loaned on or paid for the article, or the article for which it was traded;
164          (f) the identification of the pawn or secondhand business owner or the employee,
165     whoever is making the register entry; and
166          (g) an accurate description of the article of property, including available identifying
167     marks such as:
168          (i) names, brand names, numbers, serial numbers, model numbers, color,
169     manufacturers' names, and size;
170          (ii) metallic composition, and any jewels, stones, or glass;
171          (iii) any other marks of identification or indicia of ownership on the article;
172          (iv) the weight of the article, if the payment is based on weight;
173          (v) any other unique identifying feature;
174          (vi) gold content, if indicated; and
175          (vii) if multiple articles of a similar nature are delivered together in one transaction and
176     the articles do not bear serial or model numbers and do not include precious metals or
177     gemstones, such as musical or video recordings, books, or hand tools, the description of the
178     articles is adequate if it includes the quantity of the articles and a description of the type of
179     articles delivered.
180          (2) A pawn or secondhand business may not accept any personal property if, upon
181     inspection, it is apparent that serial numbers, model names, or identifying characteristics have
182     been intentionally defaced on that article of property.

183          (3) (a) A person may not pawn or sell any property to a business regulated under this
184     chapter if the property is subject to being turned over to a law enforcement agency in
185     accordance with Title 77, Chapter 24a, Lost or Mislaid Personal Property.
186          (b) If an individual attempts to sell or pawn property to a business regulated under this
187     chapter and the employee or owner of the business knows or has reason to know that the
188     property is subject to Title 77, Chapter 24a, Lost or Mislaid Personal Property, the employee or
189     owner shall advise the individual of the requirements of Title 77, Chapter 24a, Lost or Mislaid
190     Personal Property, and may not receive the property in pawn or sale.
191          (4) A violation of this section is a class B misdemeanor and is also subject to civil
192     penalties under Section 13-32a-110.

Legislative Review Note
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel