7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the Good Samaritan Law.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ defines terms;
13 ▸ addresses civil immunity for persons who use force to remove a confined child from
14 a motor vehicle; and
15 ▸ makes technical changes.
16 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
18 Other Special Clauses:
20 Utah Code Sections Affected:
22 78B-4-501, as renumbered and amended by Laws of Utah 2008, Chapter 3
24 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
25 Section 1. Section 78B-4-501 is amended to read:
26 78B-4-501. Good Samaritan Law.
27 (1) As used in this section:
28 (a) "Child" means an individual of such an age that a reasonable person would perceive
29 the individual as unable to open the door of a locked motor vehicle, but in any case younger
30 than 18 years of age.
31 (b) "Emergency" means an unexpected occurrence involving injury, threat of injury, or
32 illness to a person or the public, including motor vehicle accidents, disasters, actual or
33 threatened discharges, removal or disposal of hazardous materials, and other accidents or
34 events of a similar nature.
35 (c) "Emergency care" includes actual assistance or advice offered to avoid, mitigate, or
36 attempt to mitigate the effects of an emergency.
37 (d) "First responder" means a state or local:
38 (i) law enforcement officer, as defined in Section 53-13-103;
39 (ii) firefighter, as defined in Section 34A-3-113; or
40 (iii) emergency medical service provider, as defined in Section 26-8a-102.
41 (e) "Motor vehicle" means the same as that term is defined in Section 41-1a-102.
43 emergency, gratuitously and in good faith, is not liable for any civil damages or penalties as a
44 result of any act or omission by the person rendering the emergency care, unless the person is
45 grossly negligent or caused the emergency. [
53 described in Subsections [
54 penalties as a result of any act or omission, unless the person rendering assistance is grossly
55 negligent in:
57 diseases and other conditions significantly affecting the public health, or necessary to protect
58 the public health as set out in Title 26A, Chapter 1, Local Health Departments;
60 Title 26, Chapter 23b, Detection of Public Health Emergencies Act; and
62 as defined in Section 26-23b-102, or a declaration by the [
63 States or other federal official requesting public health-related activities.
65 protection in state or federal law that may apply.
66 (4) (a) A person who uses reasonable force to enter a locked and unattended motor
67 vehicle to remove a confined child is not liable for damages in a civil action if all of the
68 following apply:
69 (i) the person has a good faith belief that the confined child is in imminent danger of
70 suffering physical injury or death unless the confined child is removed from the motor vehicle;
71 (ii) the person determines that the motor vehicle is locked and there is no reasonable
72 manner in which the person can remove the confined child from the motor vehicle;
73 (iii) before entering the motor vehicle, the person notifies a first responder of the
74 confined child;
75 (iv) the person does not use more force than is necessary under the circumstances to
76 enter the motor vehicle and remove the confined child from the vehicle; and
77 (v) the person remains with the child until a first responder arrives at the motor vehicle.
78 (b) A person is not immune from civil liability under this Subsection (4) if the person
79 fails to abide by any of the provisions of Subsection (4)(a) or commits any unnecessary or
80 malicious damage to the motor vehicle.
Legislative Review Note
Office of Legislative Research and General Counsel