7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill enacts provisions related to reports of sexual violence at postsecondary
11 Highlighted Provisions:
12 This bill:
13 ▸ defines terms;
14 ▸ enacts provisions that prohibit a postsecondary institution from imposing a sanction
15 on a student for violating the institution's code of conduct under certain
17 ▸ enacts provisions that allow a postsecondary institution to report an allegation of
18 sexual violence to an off-campus law enforcement agency under certain
20 ▸ enacts other provisions related to the duties of a postsecondary institution in
21 circumstances related to an allegation of sexual violence; and
22 ▸ creates criminal offenses related to retaliation against an alleged victim of or a
23 witness to an act of sexual violence under certain circumstances.
24 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
26 Other Special Clauses:
28 Utah Code Sections Affected:
30 53B-28-301, Utah Code Annotated 1953
31 53B-28-302, Utah Code Annotated 1953
32 53B-28-303, Utah Code Annotated 1953
33 53B-28-304, Utah Code Annotated 1953
35 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
36 Section 1. Section 53B-28-301 is enacted to read:
38 53B-28-301. Definitions.
39 As used in this part:
40 (1) "Alleged perpetrator" means an individual whom an alleged victim alleges
41 committed an act of sexual violence against the alleged victim.
42 (2) "Alleged victim" means a student who alleges that the student was a victim of
43 sexual violence.
44 (3) "Code of conduct" means an institution's student code of conduct, student code of
45 ethics, honor code, or other policy under which the institution may sanction a student.
46 (4) "Covered allegation" means an allegation made to an institution that an individual
47 committed an act of sexual violence.
48 (5) "Law enforcement agency" means an off-campus law enforcement agency of the
49 unit of local government with jurisdiction to respond to a covered allegation.
50 (6) "Sexual violence" means:
51 (a) sexual abuse as described in 18 U.S.C. Sec. 2242;
52 (b) aggravated sexual abuse as described in 18 U.S.C. Sec. 2241;
53 (c) assault resulting in substantial bodily injury as described in 18 U.S.C. Sec.
55 (d) sexual assault;
56 (e) dating violence;
57 (f) domestic violence; or
58 (g) stalking.
59 (7) "Student" means an individual enrolled in an institution.
60 Section 2. Section 53B-28-302 is enacted to read:
61 53B-28-302. Code of conduct violation -- Report of sexual violence.
62 An institution may not sanction a student for a code of conduct violation if:
63 (1) the student is:
64 (a) an alleged victim of an act of sexual violence; or
65 (b) a witness to an act of sexual violence;
66 (2) the student reports to the institution, in good faith, a covered allegation related to
67 the act of sexual violence described in Subsection (1); and
68 (3) the institution learns of the student's code of conduct violation due to the student's
69 report described in Subsection (2).
70 Section 3. Section 53B-28-303 is enacted to read:
71 53B-28-303. Institution reporting of a covered allegation to a law enforcement
72 agency -- Articulable and significant threat -- Notification.
73 (1) (a) An alleged victim of a covered allegation who reports the covered allegation to
74 an institution may request that the institution not report the covered allegation to a law
75 enforcement agency.
76 (b) Except as provided in Subsection (1)(c), an institution shall comply with a request
77 described in Subsection (1)(a).
78 (c) An institution that receives a request described in Subsection (1)(a) may report the
79 covered allegation to a law enforcement agency if the institution determines, in accordance
80 with Subsection (2), that the information in the covered allegation creates an articulable and
81 significant threat to campus safety at the institution.
82 (2) To determine whether the information in a covered allegation creates an articulable
83 and significant threat described in Subsection (1)(c), the institution shall consider, if the
84 information is known to the institution, at least the following factors:
85 (a) whether the circumstances of the covered allegation suggest an increased risk that
86 the alleged perpetrator will commit an additional act of sexual violence or other violence;
87 (b) whether the alleged perpetrator has an arrest history that indicates a history of
88 sexual violence or other violence;
89 (c) whether records from the alleged perpetrator's previous postsecondary institution
90 indicate that the alleged perpetrator has a history of sexual violence or other violence;
91 (d) whether the alleged perpetrator is alleged to have threatened further sexual violence
92 or other violence against the alleged victim or another individual;
93 (e) whether the act of sexual violence was committed by more than one alleged
95 (f) whether the circumstances of the covered allegation suggest there is an increased
96 risk of future acts of sexual violence under similar circumstances;
97 (g) whether the act of sexual violence was perpetrated with a weapon; and
98 (h) the age of the alleged victim.
99 (3) An institution that makes a report in accordance with Subsection (1)(c) shall, within
100 24 hours of making the report, provide to the alleged victim of the covered allegation, in
102 (a) a notification that the institution made the report; and
103 (b) the reason the institution made the determination described in Subsection (1)(c).
104 (4) Nothing in this section supersedes:
105 (a) an obligation described in Section 62A-3-305, 62A-4a-403, or 78B-3-502; or
106 (b) a requirement described in Part 2, Confidential Communications for Institutional
107 Advocacy Services Act.
108 Section 4. Section 53B-28-304 is enacted to read:
109 53B-28-304. Criminal retaliation against an alleged victim or a witness.
110 (1) As used in this section:
111 (a) "Bodily injury" means the same as that term is defined in Section 76-1-601.
112 (b) "Damage" means physical damage to an individual's property.
113 (2) An individual is guilty of a third degree felony if the individual inflicts bodily
114 injury or damage:
115 (a) upon an alleged victim of or a witness to an act of sexual violence alleged in a
116 covered allegation; and
117 (b) in retaliation for the alleged victim's or the witness's:
118 (i) report of the covered allegation; or
119 (ii) involvement in an investigation initiated by the institution in response to the
120 covered allegation.
121 (3) An individual is guilty of a third degree felony if the individual:
122 (a) communicates an intention to inflict bodily injury:
123 (i) upon an alleged victim of or a witness to an act of sexual violence alleged in a
124 covered allegation; and
125 (ii) in retaliation for the alleged victim's or the witness's:
126 (A) report of the covered allegation; or
127 (B) involvement in an investigation initiated by the institution in response to the
128 covered allegation; and
129 (b) (i) intends the communication described in Subsection (3)(a) as a threat against the
130 alleged victim or the witness; or
131 (ii) knows that the communication described in Subsection (3)(a) will be viewed as a
132 threat against the alleged victim or the witness.