Chief Sponsor: Angela Romero

Senate Sponsor: Wayne A. Harper


8     General Description:
9          This bill clarifies that children who are engaged in commercial sex should be treated as
10     victims.
11     Highlighted Provisions:
12          This bill:
13          ▸     provides that children engaged in commercial sex or sexual solicitation should be
14     treated as victims;
15          ▸     requires law enforcement officers who encounter a child engaged in commercial sex
16     or sexual solicitation to conduct an investigation into whether the child is being
17     trafficked;
18          ▸     incorporates human trafficking of a child into the racketeering statute; and
19          ▸     creates a pathway for human trafficking victims to have adjudications for crimes
20     committed while being trafficked vacated.
21     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
22          None
23     Other Special Clauses:
24          None
25     Utah Code Sections Affected:
26     AMENDS:
27          76-4-401, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter 394
28          76-10-1302, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter 433
29          76-10-1313, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter 308

30          76-10-1602, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2014, Chapter 167
31     ENACTS:
32          78A-6-1114, Utah Code Annotated 1953

34     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
35          Section 1. Section 76-4-401 is amended to read:
36          76-4-401. Enticing a minor -- Elements -- Penalties.
37          (1) As used in this section:
38          (a) "Minor" means a person who is under the age of 18.
39          (b) "Text messaging" means a communication in the form of electronic text or one or
40     more electronic images sent by the actor from a telephone, computer, or other electronic
41     communication device to another person's telephone, computer, or other electronic
42     communication device by addressing the communication to the person's telephone number or
43     other electronic communication access code or number.
44          (2) (a) A person commits enticement of a minor when the person knowingly uses the
45     Internet or text messaging to solicit, seduce, lure, or entice a minor, or to attempt to solicit,
46     seduce, lure, or entice a minor, or another person that the actor believes to be a minor, to
47     engage in any sexual activity which is a violation of state criminal law.
48          (b) A person commits enticement of a minor when the person knowingly uses the
49     Internet or text messaging to:
50          (i) initiate contact with a minor or a person the actor believes to be a minor; and
51          (ii) subsequently to the action under Subsection (2)(b)(i), by any electronic or written
52     means, solicits, seduces, lures, or entices, or attempts to solicit, seduce, lure, or entice the
53     minor or a person the actor believes to be the minor to engage in any sexual activity which is a
54     violation of state criminal law.
55          (3) It is not a defense to the crime of enticing a minor under Subsection (2), or an
56     attempt to commit this offense, that a law enforcement officer or an undercover operative who
57     is employed by a law enforcement agency was involved in the detection or investigation of the

58     offense.
59          (4) Enticement of a minor under Subsection (2)(a) or (b) is punishable as follows:
60          (a) enticement to engage in sexual activity which would be a first degree felony for the
61     actor is a:
62          (i) second degree felony upon the first conviction for violation of this Subsection
63     (4)(a); and
64          (ii) first degree felony punishable by imprisonment for an indeterminate term of not
65     fewer than three years and which may be for life, upon a second or any subsequent conviction
66     for a violation of this Subsection (4)(a);
67          (b) enticement to engage in sexual activity which would be a second degree felony for
68     the actor is a third degree felony;
69          (c) enticement to engage in sexual activity which would be a third degree felony for the
70     actor is a class A misdemeanor;
71          (d) enticement to engage in sexual activity which would be a class A misdemeanor for
72     the actor is a class B misdemeanor; and
73          (e) enticement to engage in sexual activity which would be a class B misdemeanor for
74     the actor is a class C misdemeanor.
75          (5) (a) When a person who commits a felony violation of this section has been
76     previously convicted of an offense under Subsection (5)(b), the court may not in any way
77     shorten the prison sentence, and the court may not:
78          (i) grant probation;
79          (ii) suspend the execution or imposition of the sentence;
80          (iii) enter a judgment for a lower category of offense; or
81          (iv) order hospitalization.
82          (b) The sections referred to in Subsection (5)(a) are:
83          (i) Section 76-4-401, enticing a minor;
84          (ii) Section 76-5-301.1, child kidnapping;
85          (iii) Section 76-5-402, rape;

86          (iv) Section 76-5-402.1, rape of a child;
87          (v) Section 76-5-402.2, object rape;
88          (vi) Section 76-5-402.3, object rape of a child;
89          (vii) Subsection 76-5-403(2), forcible sodomy;
90          (viii) Section 76-5-403.1, sodomy on a child;
91          (ix) Section 76-5-404, forcible sexual abuse;
92          (x) Section 76-5-404.1, sexual abuse of a child and aggravated sexual abuse of a child;
93          (xi) Section 76-5-405, aggravated sexual assault;
94          (xii) Section 76-5-308.5, human trafficking of a child;
95          [(xii)] (xiii) any offense in any other state or federal jurisdiction which constitutes or
96     would constitute a crime in Subsections (5)(b)(i) through [(xi)] (xii); or
97          [(xiii)] (xiv) the attempt, solicitation, or conspiracy to commit any of the offenses in
98     Subsections (5)(b)(i) through [(xii)] (xiii).
99          Section 2. Section 76-10-1302 is amended to read:
100          76-10-1302. Prostitution.
101          (1) An individual is guilty of prostitution when the individual:
102          (a) engages, offers, or agrees to engage in any sexual activity with another individual
103     for a fee, or the functional equivalent of a fee;
104          (b) takes steps in arranging a meeting through any form of advertising, agreeing to
105     meet, and meeting at an arranged place for the purpose of sexual activity in exchange for a fee
106     or the functional equivalent of a fee; or
107          (c) loiters in or within view of any public place for the purpose of being hired to
108     engage in sexual activity.
109          (2) (a) Except as provided in Subsection (2)(b) or Section 76-10-1309, prostitution is a
110     class B misdemeanor.
111          (b) Except as provided in Section 76-10-1309, an individual who is convicted a second
112     time, and on all subsequent convictions, of a subsequent offense of prostitution under this
113     section or under a local ordinance adopted in compliance with Section 76-10-1307, is guilty of

114     a class A misdemeanor.
115          (3) (a) As used in this Subsection (3):
116          (i) "Child" means the same as that term is defined in Section 76-10-1301.
117          (ii) "Child engaged in [prostitution] commercial sex" means a child who engages in
118     conduct described in Subsection (1).
119          (iii) "Child engaged in sexual solicitation" means a child who offers or agrees to
120     commit or engage in any sexual activity with another person for a fee or the functional
121     equivalent of a fee under Subsection 76-10-1313(1)(a) or (c).
122          (iv) "Division" means the Division of Child and Family Services created in Section
123     62A-4a-103.
124          (v) "Receiving center" means the same as that term is defined in Section 62A-7-101.
125          (b) Upon encountering a child engaged in [prostitution] commercial sex or sexual
126     solicitation, a law enforcement officer shall:
127          (i) conduct an investigation regarding possible human trafficking of the child pursuant
128     to Sections 76-5-308 and 76-5-308.5
129          (ii) refer the child to the division;
130          (iii) [if an arrest is made,] bring the child to a receiving center, if available; and
131          (iv) contact the child's parent or guardian, if practicable.
132          (c) When law enforcement [has referred the] refers a child to the division under
133     Subsection (3)(b)(ii)[: (i)] the division shall provide services to the child under Title 62A,
134     Chapter 4a, Child and Family Services[; and].
135          [(ii)] (4) [the] A child may not be subjected to delinquency proceedings under Title
136     62A, Chapter 7, Juvenile Justice Services, and Section 78A-6-601 through Section 78A-6-704.
137          Section 3. Section 76-10-1313 is amended to read:
138          76-10-1313. Sexual solicitation -- Penalty.
139          (1) An individual is guilty of sexual solicitation when the individual:
140          (a) offers or agrees to commit any sexual activity with another individual for a fee, or
141     the functional equivalent of a fee;

142          (b) pays or offers or agrees to pay a fee or the functional equivalent of a fee to another
143     individual to commit any sexual activity; or
144          (c) with intent to engage in sexual activity for a fee or the functional equivalent of a fee
145     or to pay another individual to commit any sexual activity for a fee or the functional equivalent
146     of a fee engages in, offers or agrees to engage in, or requests or directs another to engage in any
147     of the following acts:
148          (i) exposure of an individual's genitals, the buttocks, the anus, the pubic area, or the
149     female breast below the top of the areola;
150          (ii) masturbation;
151          (iii) touching of an individual's genitals, the buttocks, the anus, the pubic area, or the
152     female breast; or
153          (iv) any act of lewdness.
154          (2) An intent to engage in sexual activity for a fee may be inferred from an individual's
155     engaging in, offering or agreeing to engage in, or requesting or directing another to engage in
156     any of the acts described in Subsection (1)(c) under the totality of the existing circumstances.
157          (3) (a) Sexual solicitation is a class A misdemeanor, except under Subsection (4).
158          (b) An individual who is convicted a second time under this section or under a local
159     ordinance adopted in compliance with Section 76-10-1307 is guilty of a class A misdemeanor,
160     except as provided in Section 76-10-1309.
161          (4) An individual who is convicted a third time under this section or a local ordinance
162     adopted in compliance with Section 76-10-1307 is guilty of a third degree felony.
163          (5) If an individual commits an act of sexual solicitation and the individual solicited is
164     a child, the offense is a third degree felony if the solicitation does not amount to:
165          (a) a violation of Section 76-5-308, human trafficking or human smuggling[, a
166     violation of Section 76-5-308,]; or
167          (b) a violation of Section 76-5-310, aggravated human trafficking or aggravated human
168     smuggling[, a violation of Section 76-5-310].
169          (6) Upon encountering a child engaged in commercial sex or sexual solicitation, a law

170     enforcement officer shall follow the procedure described in Subsection 76-10-1302(3)(b). A
171     child engaged in commercial sex or sexual solicitation shall be referred to the Division of Child
172     and Family Services for services and may not be subjected to delinquency proceedings.
173          Section 4. Section 76-10-1602 is amended to read:
174          76-10-1602. Definitions.
175          As used in this part:
176          (1) "Enterprise" means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation,
177     business trust, association, or other legal entity, and any union or group of individuals
178     associated in fact although not a legal entity, and includes illicit as well as licit entities.
179          (2) "Pattern of unlawful activity" means engaging in conduct which constitutes the
180     commission of at least three episodes of unlawful activity, which episodes are not isolated, but
181     have the same or similar purposes, results, participants, victims, or methods of commission, or
182     otherwise are interrelated by distinguishing characteristics. Taken together, the episodes shall
183     demonstrate continuing unlawful conduct and be related either to each other or to the
184     enterprise. At least one of the episodes comprising a pattern of unlawful activity shall have
185     occurred after July 31, 1981. The most recent act constituting part of a pattern of unlawful
186     activity as defined by this part shall have occurred within five years of the commission of the
187     next preceding act alleged as part of the pattern.
188          (3) "Person" includes any individual or entity capable of holding a legal or beneficial
189     interest in property, including state, county, and local governmental entities.
190          (4) "Unlawful activity" means to directly engage in conduct or to solicit, request,
191     command, encourage, or intentionally aid another person to engage in conduct which would
192     constitute any offense described by the following crimes or categories of crimes, or to attempt
193     or conspire to engage in an act which would constitute any of those offenses, regardless of
194     whether the act is in fact charged or indicted by any authority or is classified as a misdemeanor
195     or a felony:
196          (a) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 13, Chapter 10, Unauthorized
197     Recording Practices Act;

198          (b) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 19, Environmental Quality
199     Code, Sections 19-1-101 through 19-7-109;
200          (c) taking, destroying, or possessing wildlife or parts of wildlife for the primary
201     purpose of sale, trade, or other pecuniary gain, in violation of Title 23, Wildlife Resources
202     Code of Utah, or Section 23-20-4;
203          (d) false claims for medical benefits, kickbacks, and any other act prohibited by Title
204     26, Chapter 20, Utah False Claims Act, Sections 26-20-1 through 26-20-12;
205          (e) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 32B, Chapter 4, Criminal
206     Offenses and Procedure Act;
207          (f) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 57, Chapter 11, Utah Uniform
208     Land Sales Practices Act;
209          (g) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 58, Chapter 37, Utah
210     Controlled Substances Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37b, Imitation Controlled Substances Act,
211     Title 58, Chapter 37c, Utah Controlled Substance Precursor Act, or Title 58, Chapter 37d,
212     Clandestine Drug Lab Act;
213          (h) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 61, Chapter 1, Utah Uniform
214     Securities Act;
215          (i) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Title 63G, Chapter 6a, Utah
216     Procurement Code;
217          (j) assault or aggravated assault, Sections 76-5-102 and 76-5-103;
218          (k) a threat of terrorism, Section 76-5-107.3;
219          (l) criminal homicide, Sections 76-5-201, 76-5-202, and 76-5-203;
220          (m) kidnapping or aggravated kidnapping, Sections 76-5-301 and 76-5-302;
221          (n) human trafficking, human trafficking of a child, human smuggling, or aggravated
222     human trafficking, Sections 76-5-308, 76-5-308.5, 76-5-309, and 76-5-310;
223          (o) sexual exploitation of a minor, Section 76-5b-201;
224          (p) arson or aggravated arson, Sections 76-6-102 and 76-6-103;
225          (q) causing a catastrophe, Section 76-6-105;

226          (r) burglary or aggravated burglary, Sections 76-6-202 and 76-6-203;
227          (s) burglary of a vehicle, Section 76-6-204;
228          (t) manufacture or possession of an instrument for burglary or theft, Section 76-6-205;
229          (u) robbery or aggravated robbery, Sections 76-6-301 and 76-6-302;
230          (v) theft, Section 76-6-404;
231          (w) theft by deception, Section 76-6-405;
232          (x) theft by extortion, Section 76-6-406;
233          (y) receiving stolen property, Section 76-6-408;
234          (z) theft of services, Section 76-6-409;
235          (aa) forgery, Section 76-6-501;
236          (bb) fraudulent use of a credit card, Sections 76-6-506.2, 76-6-506.3, 76-6-506.5, and
237     76-6-506.6;
238          (cc) deceptive business practices, Section 76-6-507;
239          (dd) bribery or receiving bribe by person in the business of selection, appraisal, or
240     criticism of goods, Section 76-6-508;
241          (ee) bribery of a labor official, Section 76-6-509;
242          (ff) defrauding creditors, Section 76-6-511;
243          (gg) acceptance of deposit by insolvent financial institution, Section 76-6-512;
244          (hh) unlawful dealing with property by fiduciary, Section 76-6-513;
245          (ii) bribery or threat to influence contest, Section 76-6-514;
246          (jj) making a false credit report, Section 76-6-517;
247          (kk) criminal simulation, Section 76-6-518;
248          (ll) criminal usury, Section 76-6-520;
249          (mm) fraudulent insurance act, Section 76-6-521;
250          (nn) retail theft, Section 76-6-602;
251          (oo) computer crimes, Section 76-6-703;
252          (pp) identity fraud, Section 76-6-1102;
253          (qq) mortgage fraud, Section 76-6-1203;

254          (rr) sale of a child, Section 76-7-203;
255          (ss) bribery to influence official or political actions, Section 76-8-103;
256          (tt) threats to influence official or political action, Section 76-8-104;
257          (uu) receiving bribe or bribery by public servant, Section 76-8-105;
258          (vv) receiving bribe or bribery for endorsement of person as public servant, Section
259     76-8-106;
260          (ww) official misconduct, Sections 76-8-201 and 76-8-202;
261          (xx) obstruction of justice, Section 76-8-306;
262          (yy) acceptance of bribe or bribery to prevent criminal prosecution, Section 76-8-308;
263          (zz) false or inconsistent material statements, Section 76-8-502;
264          (aaa) false or inconsistent statements, Section 76-8-503;
265          (bbb) written false statements, Section 76-8-504;
266          (ccc) tampering with a witness or soliciting or receiving a bribe, Section 76-8-508;
267          (ddd) retaliation against a witness, victim, or informant, Section 76-8-508.3;
268          (eee) extortion or bribery to dismiss criminal proceeding, Section 76-8-509;
269          (fff) tampering with evidence, Section 76-8-510.5;
270          (ggg) falsification or alteration of government record, Section 76-8-511, if the record is
271     a record described in Title 20A, Election Code, or Title 36, Chapter 11, Lobbyist Disclosure
272     and Regulation Act;
273          (hhh) public assistance fraud in violation of Section 76-8-1203, 76-8-1204, or
274     76-8-1205;
275          (iii) unemployment insurance fraud, Section 76-8-1301;
276          (jjj) intentionally or knowingly causing one animal to fight with another, Subsection
277     76-9-301(2)(d) or (e), or Section 76-9-301.1;
278          (kkk) possession, use, or removal of explosives, chemical, or incendiary devices or
279     parts, Section 76-10-306;
280          (lll) delivery to common carrier, mailing, or placement on premises of an incendiary
281     device, Section 76-10-307;

282          (mmm) possession of a deadly weapon with intent to assault, Section 76-10-507;
283          (nnn) unlawful marking of pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-521;
284          (ooo) alteration of number or mark on pistol or revolver, Section 76-10-522;
285          (ppp) forging or counterfeiting trademarks, trade name, or trade device, Section
286     76-10-1002;
287          (qqq) selling goods under counterfeited trademark, trade name, or trade devices,
288     Section 76-10-1003;
289          (rrr) sales in containers bearing registered trademark of substituted articles, Section
290     76-10-1004;
291          (sss) selling or dealing with article bearing registered trademark or service mark with
292     intent to defraud, Section 76-10-1006;
293          (ttt) gambling, Section 76-10-1102;
294          (uuu) gambling fraud, Section 76-10-1103;
295          (vvv) gambling promotion, Section 76-10-1104;
296          (www) possessing a gambling device or record, Section 76-10-1105;
297          (xxx) confidence game, Section 76-10-1109;
298          (yyy) distributing pornographic material, Section 76-10-1204;
299          (zzz) inducing acceptance of pornographic material, Section 76-10-1205;
300          (aaaa) dealing in harmful material to a minor, Section 76-10-1206;
301          (bbbb) distribution of pornographic films, Section 76-10-1222;
302          (cccc) indecent public displays, Section 76-10-1228;
303          (dddd) prostitution, Section 76-10-1302;
304          (eeee) aiding prostitution, Section 76-10-1304;
305          (ffff) exploiting prostitution, Section 76-10-1305;
306          (gggg) aggravated exploitation of prostitution, Section 76-10-1306;
307          (hhhh) communications fraud, Section 76-10-1801;
308          (iiii) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of Part 19, Money Laundering and
309     Currency Transaction Reporting Act;

310          (jjjj) vehicle compartment for contraband, Section 76-10-2801;
311          (kkkk) any act prohibited by the criminal provisions of the laws governing taxation in
312     this state; and
313          (llll) any act illegal under the laws of the United States and enumerated in 18 U.S.C.
314     Sec. 1961(1)(B), (C), and (D).
315          Section 5. Section 78A-6-1114 is enacted to read:
316          78A-6-1114. Vacatur of convictions.
317          (1) (a) A person who has been adjudicated under this chapter may petition the court for
318     vacatur of the person's juvenile court record and any related records in the custody of the state
319     agency if:
320          (i) the petitioner was adjudicated under Section 76-10-1302, prostitution, Section
321     76-10-1304, aiding prostitution, or Section 76-10-1313, sex solicitation; or
322          (ii) the adjudication was based on conduct the petitioner engaged in while subject to
323     force, fraud, or coercion, as defined in Section 76-5-308.
324          (b) The petitioner shall include in the petition any agencies known or alleged to have
325     any documents related to the offense for which vacatur is being sought.
326          (c) The petitioner shall include with the petition the original criminal history report
327     obtained from the Bureau of Criminal Identification in accordance with the provisions of
328     Section 53-10-108.
329          (d) The petitioner shall send a copy of the petition to the county attorney or, if within a
330     prosecution district, the district attorney.
331          (e) (i) Upon the filing of a petition, the court shall:
332          (A) set a date for a hearing;
333          (B) notify the county attorney or district attorney and the agency with custody of the
334     records at least 30 days prior to the hearing of the pendency of the petition; and
335          (C) notify the county attorney or district attorney and the agency with records the
336     petitioner is asking the court to vacate of the date of the hearing.
337          (ii) The court shall provide a victim with the opportunity to request notice of a petition

338     for vacatur. A victim shall receive notice of a petition for vacatur at least 30 days prior to the
339     hearing if, prior to the entry of a vacatur order, the victim or, in the case of a child or a person
340     who is incapacitated or deceased, the victim's next of kin or authorized representative, submits
341     a written and signed request for notice to the court in the judicial district in which the crime
342     occurred or judgment was entered. The notice shall include a copy of the petition and statutes
343     and rules applicable to the petition.
344          (2) (a) At the hearing the petitioner, the county attorney or district attorney, a victim,
345     and any other person who may have relevant information about the petitioner may testify.
346          (b) (i) In deciding whether to grant a petition for vacatur, the court shall consider
347     whether the petitioner acted subject to force, fraud, or coercion, as defined in Section 76-5-308,
348     at the time of the conduct giving rise to the adjudication.
349          (ii) If the court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the petitioner was subject
350     to force, fraud, or coercion, as defined in Section 76-5-308 at the time of the conduct giving
351     rise to the adjudication, the court shall grant vacatur. If the court does not find sufficient
352     evidence, the court shall deny vacatur.
353          (iii) If the petition is for vacatur of any adjudication under Section 76-10-1302,
354     prostitution, Section 76-10-1304, aiding prostitution, or Section 76-10-1313, sex solicitation,
355     the court shall presumptively grant vacatur unless the petitioner acted as a purchaser of any
356     sexual activity.
357          (c) If vacatur is granted, the court shall order sealed all of the petitioner's records under
358     the control of the juvenile court and any of the petitioner's records under the control of any
359     other agency or official pertaining to the petitioner's adjudicated juvenile court cases, including
360     relevant related records contained in the Management Information System created by Section
361     62A-4a-1003 and the Licensing Information System created by Section 62A-4a-1005.
362          (3) The petitioner shall be responsible for service of the order of vacatur to all affected
363     state, county, and local entities, agencies, and officials. To avoid destruction or sealing of the
364     records in whole or in part, the agency or entity receiving the vacatur order shall only vacate all
365     references to the petitioner's name in the records pertaining to the petitioner's adjudicated

366     juvenile court cases.
367          (4) Upon the entry of the order, the proceedings in the petitioner's case shall be
368     considered never to have occurred and the petitioner may properly reply accordingly upon any
369     inquiry in the matter. Inspection of the records may thereafter only be permitted by the court
370     upon petition by the person who is the subject of the records, and only to persons named in the
371     petition.
372          (5) The court may not vacate a juvenile court record if the record contains an
373     adjudication of:
374          (a) Section 76-5-202, aggravated murder; or
375          (b) Section 76-5-203, murder.