Chief Sponsor: Logan Wilde

Senate Sponsor: Jerry W. Stevenson


8     General Description:
9          This bill amends the process for protesting the designation of a sewer assessment area.
10     Highlighted Provisions:
11          This bill:
12          ▸     defines terms;
13          ▸     amends a definition relating to the number of protests required to prevent the
14     designation of a sewer assessment area; and
15          ▸     makes technical and conforming changes.
16     Money Appropriated in this Bill:
17          None
18     Other Special Clauses:
19          None
20     Utah Code Sections Affected:
21     AMENDS:
22          11-42-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter 470

24     Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
25          Section 1. Section 11-42-102 is amended to read:
26          11-42-102. Definitions.
27          (1) As used in this chapter:

28          (a) "Adequate protests" means, for all proposed assessment areas except sewer
29     assessment areas, timely filed, written protests under Section 11-42-203 that represent at least
30     40% of the frontage, area, taxable value, fair market value, lots, number of connections, or
31     equivalent residential units of the property proposed to be assessed, according to the same
32     assessment method by which the assessment is proposed to be levied, after eliminating:
33          [(a)] (i) protests relating to:
34          [(i)] (A) property that has been deleted from a proposed assessment area; or
35          [(ii)] (B) an improvement that has been deleted from the proposed improvements to be
36     provided to property within the proposed assessment area; and
37          [(b)] (ii) protests that have been withdrawn under Subsection 11-42-203(3).
38          (b) "Adequate protests" means, for a proposed sewer assessment area, timely filed,
39     written protests under Section 11-42-203 that represent at least 70% of the frontage, area,
40     taxable value, fair market value, lots, number of connections, or equivalent residential units of
41     the property proposed to be assessed, according to the same assessment method by which the
42     assessment is proposed to be levied, after eliminating adequate protests under Subsection
43     (1)(a).
44          (2) "Assessment area" means an area, or, if more than one area is designated, the
45     aggregate of all areas within a local entity's jurisdictional boundaries that is designated by a
46     local entity under Part 2, Designating an Assessment Area, for the purpose of financing the
47     costs of improvements, operation and maintenance, or economic promotion activities that
48     benefit property within the area.
49          (3) "Assessment bonds" means bonds that are:
50          (a) issued under Section 11-42-605; and
51          (b) payable in part or in whole from assessments levied in an assessment area,
52     improvement revenues, and a guaranty fund or reserve fund.
53          (4) "Assessment fund" means a special fund that a local entity establishes under
54     Section 11-42-412.
55          (5) "Assessment lien" means a lien on property within an assessment area that arises
56     from the levy of an assessment, as provided in Section 11-42-501.
57          (6) "Assessment method" means the method:
58          (a) by which an assessment is levied against benefitted property, whether by frontage,

59     area, taxable value, fair market value, lot, parcel, number of connections, equivalent residential
60     unit, any combination of these methods, or any other method; and
61          (b) that, when applied to a benefitted property, accounts for an assessment that meets
62     the requirements of Section 11-42-409.
63          (7) "Assessment ordinance" means an ordinance adopted by a local entity under
64     Section 11-42-404 that levies an assessment on benefitted property within an assessment area.
65          (8) "Assessment resolution" means a resolution adopted by a local entity under Section
66     11-42-404 that levies an assessment on benefitted property within an assessment area.
67          (9) "Benefitted property" means property within an assessment area that directly or
68     indirectly benefits from improvements, operation and maintenance, or economic promotion
69     activities.
70          (10) "Bond anticipation notes" means notes issued under Section 11-42-602 in
71     anticipation of the issuance of assessment bonds.
72          (11) "Bonds" means assessment bonds and refunding assessment bonds.
73          (12) "Commercial area" means an area in which at least 75% of the property is devoted
74     to the interchange of goods or commodities.
75          (13) (a) "Commercial or industrial real property" means real property used directly or
76     indirectly or held for one of the following purposes or activities, regardless of whether the
77     purpose or activity is for profit:
78          (i) commercial;
79          (ii) mining;
80          (iii) industrial;
81          (iv) manufacturing;
82          (v) governmental;
83          (vi) trade;
84          (vii) professional;
85          (viii) a private or public club;
86          (ix) a lodge;
87          (x) a business; or
88          (xi) a similar purpose.
89          (b) "Commercial or industrial real property" includes real property that:

90          (i) is used as or held for dwelling purposes; and
91          (ii) contains more than four rental units.
92          (14) "Connection fee" means a fee charged by a local entity to pay for the costs of
93     connecting property to a publicly owned sewer, storm drainage, water, gas, communications, or
94     electrical system, whether or not improvements are installed on the property.
95          (15) "Contract price" means:
96          (a) the cost of acquiring an improvement, if the improvement is acquired; or
97          (b) the amount payable to one or more contractors for the design, engineering,
98     inspection, and construction of an improvement.
99          (16) "Designation ordinance" means an ordinance adopted by a local entity under
100     Section 11-42-206 designating an assessment area.
101          (17) "Designation resolution" means a resolution adopted by a local entity under
102     Section 11-42-206 designating an assessment area.
103          (18) "Economic promotion activities" means activities that promote economic growth
104     in a commercial area of a local entity, including:
105          (a) sponsoring festivals and markets;
106          (b) promoting business investment or activities;
107          (c) helping to coordinate public and private actions; and
108          (d) developing and issuing publications designed to improve the economic well-being
109     of the commercial area.
110          (19) "Environmental remediation activity" means a surface or subsurface enhancement,
111     effort, cost, initial or ongoing maintenance expense, facility, installation, system, earth
112     movement, or change to grade or elevation that improves the use, function, aesthetics, or
113     environmental condition of publicly owned property.
114          (20) "Equivalent residential unit" means a dwelling, unit, or development that is equal
115     to a single-family residence in terms of the nature of its use or impact on an improvement to be
116     provided in the assessment area.
117          (21) "Governing body" means:
118          (a) for a county, city, or town, the legislative body of the county, city, or town;
119          (b) for a local district, the board of trustees of the local district;
120          (c) for a special service district:

121          (i) the legislative body of the county, city, or town that established the special service
122     district, if no administrative control board has been appointed under Section 17D-1-301; or
123          (ii) the administrative control board of the special service district, if an administrative
124     control board has been appointed under Section 17D-1-301; and
125          (d) for the military installation development authority created in Section 63H-1-201,
126     the authority board, as defined in Section 63H-1-102.
127          (22) "Guaranty fund" means the fund established by a local entity under Section
128     11-42-701.
129          (23) "Improved property" means property upon which a residential, commercial, or
130     other building has been built.
131          (24) "Improvement":
132          (a) (i) means a publicly owned infrastructure, system, or environmental remediation
133     activity that:
134          (A) a local entity is authorized to provide;
135          (B) the governing body of a local entity determines is necessary or convenient to
136     enable the local entity to provide a service that the local entity is authorized to provide; or
137          (C) a local entity is requested to provide through an interlocal agreement in accordance
138     with Title 11, Chapter 13, Interlocal Cooperation Act; and
139          (ii) includes facilities in an assessment area, including a private driveway, an irrigation
140     ditch, and a water turnout, that:
141          (A) can be conveniently installed at the same time as an infrastructure, system, or other
142     facility described in Subsection (24)(a)(i); and
143          (B) are requested by a property owner on whose property or for whose benefit the
144     infrastructure, system, or other facility is being installed; or
145          (b) for a local district created to assess groundwater rights in accordance with Section
146     17B-1-202, means a system or plan to regulate groundwater withdrawals within a specific
147     groundwater basin in accordance with Sections 17B-1-202 and 73-5-15.
148          (25) "Improvement revenues":
149          (a) means charges, fees, impact fees, or other revenues that a local entity receives from
150     improvements; and
151          (b) does not include revenue from assessments.

152          (26) "Incidental refunding costs" means any costs of issuing refunding assessment
153     bonds and calling, retiring, or paying prior bonds, including:
154          (a) legal and accounting fees;
155          (b) charges of financial advisors, escrow agents, certified public accountant verification
156     entities, and trustees;
157          (c) underwriting discount costs, printing costs, the costs of giving notice;
158          (d) any premium necessary in the calling or retiring of prior bonds;
159          (e) fees to be paid to the local entity to issue the refunding assessment bonds and to
160     refund the outstanding prior bonds;
161          (f) any other costs that the governing body determines are necessary and proper to incur
162     in connection with the issuance of refunding assessment bonds; and
163          (g) any interest on the prior bonds that is required to be paid in connection with the
164     issuance of the refunding assessment bonds.
165          (27) "Installment payment date" means the date on which an installment payment of an
166     assessment is payable.
167          (28) "Interim warrant" means a warrant issued by a local entity under Section
168     11-42-601.
169          (29) "Jurisdictional boundaries" means:
170          (a) for a county, the boundaries of the unincorporated area of the county; and
171          (b) for each other local entity, the boundaries of the local entity.
172          (30) "Local district" means a local district under Title 17B, Limited Purpose Local
173     Government Entities - Local Districts.
174          (31) "Local entity" means a county, city, town, special service district, local district, an
175     interlocal entity as defined in Section 11-13-103, a military installation development authority
176     created in Section 63H-1-201, or other political subdivision of the state.
177          (32) "Local entity obligations" means assessment bonds, refunding assessment bonds,
178     interim warrants, and bond anticipation notes issued by a local entity.
179          (33) "Mailing address" means:
180          (a) a property owner's last-known address using the name and address appearing on the
181     last completed real property assessment roll of the county in which the property is located; and
182          (b) if the property is improved property:

183          (i) the property's street number; or
184          (ii) the post office box, rural route number, or other mailing address of the property, if
185     a street number has not been assigned.
186          (34) "Net improvement revenues" means all improvement revenues that a local entity
187     has received since the last installment payment date, less all amounts payable by the local entity
188     from those improvement revenues for operation and maintenance costs.
189          (35) "Operation and maintenance costs":
190          (a) means the costs that a local entity incurs in operating and maintaining
191     improvements in an assessment area, whether or not those improvements have been financed
192     under this chapter; and
193          (b) includes service charges, administrative costs, ongoing maintenance charges, and
194     tariffs or other charges for electrical, water, gas, or other utility usage.
195          (36) "Overhead costs" means the actual costs incurred or the estimated costs to be
196     incurred by a local entity in connection with an assessment area for appraisals, legal fees, filing
197     fees, financial advisory charges, underwriting fees, placement fees, escrow, trustee, and paying
198     agent fees, publishing and mailing costs, costs of levying an assessment, recording costs, and
199     all other incidental costs.
200          (37) "Prior assessment ordinance" means the ordinance levying the assessments from
201     which the prior bonds are payable.
202          (38) "Prior assessment resolution" means the resolution levying the assessments from
203     which the prior bonds are payable.
204          (39) "Prior bonds" means the assessment bonds that are refunded in part or in whole by
205     refunding assessment bonds.
206          (40) "Project engineer" means the surveyor or engineer employed by or the private
207     consulting engineer engaged by a local entity to perform the necessary engineering services for
208     and to supervise the construction or installation of the improvements.
209          (41) "Property" includes real property and any interest in real property, including water
210     rights and leasehold rights.
211          (42) "Property price" means the price at which a local entity purchases or acquires by
212     eminent domain property to make improvements in an assessment area.
213          (43) "Provide" or "providing," with reference to an improvement, includes the

214     acquisition, construction, reconstruction, renovation, maintenance, repair, operation, and
215     expansion of an improvement.
216          (44) "Public agency" means:
217          (a) the state or any agency, department, or division of the state; and
218          (b) a political subdivision of the state.
219          (45) "Reduced payment obligation" means the full obligation of an owner of property
220     within an assessment area to pay an assessment levied on the property after the assessment has
221     been reduced because of the issuance of refunding assessment bonds, as provided in Section
222     11-42-608.
223          (46) "Refunding assessment bonds" means assessment bonds that a local entity issues
224     under Section 11-42-607 to refund, in part or in whole, assessment bonds.
225          (47) "Reserve fund" means a fund established by a local entity under Section
226     11-42-702.
227          (48) "Service" means:
228          (a) water, sewer, storm drainage, garbage collection, library, recreation,
229     communications, or electric service;
230          (b) economic promotion activities; or
231          (c) any other service that a local entity is required or authorized to provide.
232          (49) (a) "Sewer assessment area" means an assessment area that has as the assessment
233     area's primary purpose the financing and funding of public improvements to provide sewer
234     service where there is, in the opinion of the local board of health, substantial evidence of septic
235     system failure in the defined area due to inadequate soils, high water table, or other factors
236     proven to cause failure.
237          (b) "Sewer assessment area" does not include property otherwise located within the
238     assessment area:
239          (i) on which an approved conventional or advanced wastewater system has been
240     installed during the previous five calendar years;
241          (ii) for which the local health department has inspected the system described in
242     Subsection (49)(b)(i) to ensure that the system is functioning properly; and
243          (iii) for which the property owner opts out of the proposed assessment area for the
244     earlier of a period of 10 calendar years or until failure of the system described in Subsection

245     (49)(b)(i).
246          [(49)] (50) "Special service district" means the same as that term is defined in Section
247     17D-1-102.
248          [(50)] (51) "Unassessed benefitted government property" means property that a local
249     entity may not assess in accordance with Section 11-42-408 but is benefitted by an
250     improvement, operation and maintenance, or economic promotion activities.
251          [(51)] (52) "Unimproved property" means property upon which no residential,
252     commercial, or other building has been built.
253          [(52)] (53) "Voluntary assessment area" means an assessment area that contains only
254     property whose owners have voluntarily consented to an assessment.