7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill modifies the requirements for disposition of criminal domestic violence cases
10 and provides notification requirements when a prohibited person attempts to purchase a
12 Highlighted Provisions:
13 This bill:
14 ▸ requires a court to impose a protective order on a perpetrator of domestic violence
15 as a condition of probation;
16 ▸ prohibits the perpetrator from possessing a firearm under state and federal law;
17 ▸ requires the Bureau of Criminal Identification to inform local law enforcement
18 when a prohibited person attempts to purchase a weapon from a firearms dealer;
19 ▸ enhances the level of offense for domestic violence when the perpetrator is in
20 possession of a dangerous weapon; and
21 ▸ makes technical corrections.
22 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
24 Other Special Clauses:
26 Utah Code Sections Affected:
28 76-10-526, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter 417
29 77-36-1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter 255
30 77-36-1.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2015, Chapter 426
31 77-36-5, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2017, Chapter 332
32 77-36-5.1, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter 124
33 78B-7-102, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter 255
34 78B-7-105, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapters 124 and 255
35 78B-7-115, as last amended by Laws of Utah 2018, Chapter 255
37 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
38 Section 1. Section 76-10-526 is amended to read:
39 76-10-526. Criminal background check prior to purchase of a firearm -- Fee --
40 Exemption for concealed firearm permit holders and law enforcement officers.
41 (1) For purposes of this section, "valid permit to carry a concealed firearm" does not
42 include a temporary permit issued under Section 53-5-705.
43 (2) (a) To establish personal identification and residence in this state for purposes of
44 this part, a dealer shall require an individual receiving a firearm to present one photo
45 identification on a form issued by a governmental agency of the state.
46 (b) A dealer may not accept a driving privilege card issued under Section 53-3-207 as
47 proof of identification for the purpose of establishing personal identification and residence in
48 this state as required under this Subsection (2).
49 (3) (a) A criminal history background check is required for the sale of a firearm by a
50 licensed firearm dealer in the state.
51 (b) Subsection (3)(a) does not apply to the sale of a firearm to a Federal Firearms
53 (4) (a) An individual purchasing a firearm from a dealer shall consent in writing to a
54 criminal background check, on a form provided by the bureau.
55 (b) The form shall contain the following information:
56 (i) the dealer identification number;
57 (ii) the name and address of the individual receiving the firearm;
58 (iii) the date of birth, height, weight, eye color, and hair color of the individual
59 receiving the firearm; and
60 (iv) the social security number or any other identification number of the individual
61 receiving the firearm.
62 (5) (a) The dealer shall send the information required by Subsection (4) to the bureau
63 immediately upon its receipt by the dealer.
64 (b) A dealer may not sell or transfer a firearm to an individual until the dealer has
65 provided the bureau with the information in Subsection (4) and has received approval from the
66 bureau under Subsection (7).
67 (6) The dealer shall make a request for criminal history background information by
68 telephone or other electronic means to the bureau and shall receive approval or denial of the
69 inquiry by telephone or other electronic means.
70 (7) When the dealer calls for or requests a criminal history background check, the
71 bureau shall:
72 (a) review the criminal history files, including juvenile court records, to determine if
73 the individual is prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or transferring a firearm by state or
74 federal law;
75 (b) inform the dealer that:
76 (i) the records indicate the individual is prohibited; or
77 (ii) the individual is approved for purchasing, possessing, or transferring a firearm;
78 (c) provide the dealer with a unique transaction number for that inquiry; and
79 (d) provide a response to the requesting dealer during the call for a criminal
80 background check, or by return call, or other electronic means, without delay, except in case of
81 electronic failure or other circumstances beyond the control of the bureau, the bureau shall
82 advise the dealer of the reason for the delay and give the dealer an estimate of the length of the
84 (8) (a) The bureau may not maintain any records of the criminal history background
85 check longer than 20 days from the date of the dealer's request, if the bureau determines that
86 the individual receiving the firearm is not prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or
87 transferring the firearm under state or federal law.
88 (b) [
89 requests containing the dealer's federal firearms number, the transaction number, and the
90 transaction date for a period of 12 months.
91 (9) If the criminal history background check discloses information indicating that the
92 individual attempting to purchase the firearm is prohibited from purchasing, possessing, or
93 transferring a firearm, the bureau shall:
94 (a) within 30 minutes of determining the purchaser is prohibited from purchasing,
95 possessing, or transferring a firearm, and before informing the dealer as described in
96 Subsection (7)(b), notify the law enforcement agency with jurisdiction where the dealer is
97 located; and
98 (b) inform the law enforcement agency in the jurisdiction where the individual resides.
99 (10) If an individual is denied the right to purchase a firearm under this section, the
100 individual may review the individual's criminal history information and may challenge or
101 amend the information as provided in Section 53-10-108.
102 (11) The bureau shall make rules in accordance with Title 63G, Chapter 3, Utah
103 Administrative Rulemaking Act, to ensure the identity, confidentiality, and security of all
104 records provided by the bureau under this part are in conformance with the requirements of the
105 Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, Pub. L. No. 103-159, 107 Stat. 1536 (1993).
106 (12) (a) A dealer shall collect a criminal history background check fee for the sale of a
107 firearm under this section. This fee remains in effect until changed by the bureau through the
108 process in accordance with Section 63J-1-504.
109 (b) (i) The dealer shall forward at one time all fees collected for criminal history
110 background checks performed during the month to the bureau by the last day of the month
111 following the sale of a firearm.
112 (ii) The bureau shall deposit the fees in the General Fund as dedicated credits to cover
113 the cost of administering and conducting the criminal history background check program.
114 (13) An individual with a concealed firearm permit issued under Title 53, Chapter 5,
115 Part 7, Concealed Firearm Act, is exempt from the background check and corresponding fee
116 required in this section for the purchase of a firearm if:
117 (a) the individual presents the individual's concealed firearm permit to the dealer prior
118 to purchase of the firearm; and
119 (b) the dealer verifies with the bureau that the individual's concealed firearm permit is
121 (14) (a) A law enforcement officer, as defined in Section 53-13-103, is exempt from
122 the background check fee required in this section for the purchase of a personal firearm to be
123 carried while off-duty if the law enforcement officer verifies current employment by providing
124 a letter of good standing from the officer's commanding officer and current law enforcement
125 photo identification.[
126 (b) Subsection (14)(a) may only be used by a law enforcement officer to purchase a
127 personal firearm once in a 24-month period.
128 Section 2. Section 77-36-1 is amended to read:
129 77-36-1. Definitions.
130 As used in this chapter:
131 (1) "Cohabitant" means the same as that term is defined in Section 78B-7-102.
132 (2) "Department" means the Department of Public Safety.
133 (3) "Divorced" means an individual who has obtained a divorce under Title 30, Chapter
134 3, Divorce.
135 (4) "Domestic violence" or "domestic violence offense" means any criminal offense
136 involving violence or physical harm or threat of violence or physical harm, or any attempt,
137 conspiracy, or solicitation to commit a criminal offense involving violence or physical harm,
138 when committed by one cohabitant against another. "Domestic violence" or "domestic
139 violence offense" also means commission or attempt to commit, any of the following offenses
140 by one cohabitant against another:
141 (a) aggravated assault, as described in Section 76-5-103;
142 (b) assault, as described in Section 76-5-102;
143 (c) criminal homicide, as described in Section 76-5-201;
144 (d) harassment, as described in Section 76-5-106;
145 (e) electronic communication harassment, as described in Section 76-9-201;
146 (f) kidnapping, child kidnapping, or aggravated kidnapping, as described in Sections
147 76-5-301, 76-5-301.1, and 76-5-302;
148 (g) mayhem, as described in Section 76-5-105;
149 (h) sexual offenses, as described in Title 76, Chapter 5, Part 4, Sexual Offenses, and
150 Section 76-5b-201, Sexual exploitation of a minor -- Offenses;
151 (i) stalking, as described in Section 76-5-106.5;
152 (j) unlawful detention or unlawful detention of a minor, as described in Section
154 (k) violation of a protective order or ex parte protective order, as described in Section
156 (l) any offense against property described in Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 1, Property
157 Destruction, Title 76, Chapter 6, Part 2, Burglary and Criminal Trespass, or Title 76, Chapter 6,
158 Part 3, Robbery;
159 (m) possession of a deadly weapon with criminal intent, as described in Section
161 (n) discharge of a firearm from a vehicle, near a highway, or in the direction of any
162 person, building, or vehicle, as described in Section 76-10-508;
163 (o) disorderly conduct, as defined in Section 76-9-102, if a conviction of disorderly
164 conduct is the result of a plea agreement in which the defendant was originally charged with a
165 domestic violence offense otherwise described in this Subsection (4), except that a conviction
166 of disorderly conduct as a domestic violence offense, in the manner described in this
167 Subsection (4)(o), does not constitute a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence under 18
168 U.S.C. Sec. 921, and is exempt from the federal Firearms Act, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 921 et seq.;
169 (p) child abuse, as described in Section 76-5-109.1;
170 (q) threatening use of a dangerous weapon, as described in Section 76-10-506;
171 (r) threatening violence, as described in Section 76-5-107;
172 (s) tampering with a witness, as described in Section 76-8-508;
173 (t) retaliation against a witness or victim, as described in Section 76-8-508.3;
174 (u) unlawful distribution of an intimate image, as described in Section 76-5b-203;
175 (v) sexual battery, as described in Section 76-9-702.1;
176 (w) voyeurism, as described in Section 76-9-702.7;
177 (x) damage to or interruption of a communication device, as described in Section
178 76-6-108; or
179 (y) an offense described in Section 77-20-3.5.
180 (5) "Jail release agreement" means the same as that term is defined in Section
182 (6) "Jail release court order" means the same as that term is defined in Section
184 (7) "Marital status" means married and living together, divorced, separated, or not
186 (8) "Married and living together" means a couple whose marriage was solemnized
187 under Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are living in the same residence.
188 (9) "Not married" means any living arrangement other than married and living together,
189 divorced, or separated.
190 (10) "Protective order" includes an order issued under Subsection 77-36-5.1[
191 (11) "Pretrial protective order" means a written order:
192 (a) specifying and limiting the contact a person who has been charged with a domestic
193 violence offense may have with an alleged victim or other specified individuals; and
194 (b) specifying other conditions of release pursuant to Subsection 77-20-3.5(3),
195 Subsection 77-36-2.6(3), or Section 77-36-2.7, pending trial in the criminal case.
196 (12) "Sentencing protective order" means a written order of the court as part of
197 sentencing in a domestic violence case that limits the contact a person who has been convicted
198 of a domestic violence offense may have with a victim or other specified individuals pursuant
199 to Sections 77-36-5 and 77-36-5.1.
200 (13) "Separated" means a couple who have had their marriage solemnized under
201 Section 30-1-4 or 30-1-6 and who are not living in the same residence.
202 (14) "Victim" means a cohabitant who has been subjected to domestic violence.
203 Section 3. Section 77-36-1.1 is amended to read:
204 77-36-1.1. Enhancement of offense and penalty for subsequent domestic violence
206 (1) For purposes of this section, "qualifying domestic violence offense" means:
207 (a) a domestic violence offense in Utah; or
208 (b) an offense in any other state, or in any district, possession, or territory of the United
209 States, that would be a domestic violence offense under Utah law.
210 (2) A person who is convicted of a domestic violence offense is:
211 (a) guilty of a class B misdemeanor if:
212 (i) the domestic violence offense described in this Subsection (2) is designated by law
213 as a class C misdemeanor; and
214 (ii) (A) the domestic violence offense described in this Subsection (2) is committed
215 within five years after the person is convicted of a qualifying domestic violence offense; or
216 (B) the person is convicted of the domestic violence offense described in this
217 Subsection (2) within five years after the person is convicted of a qualifying domestic violence
219 (b) guilty of a class A misdemeanor if:
220 (i) the domestic violence offense described in this Subsection (2) is designated by law
221 as a class B misdemeanor; and
222 (ii) (A) the domestic violence offense described in this Subsection (2) is committed
223 within five years after the person is convicted of a qualifying domestic violence offense; [
224 (B) the person is convicted of the domestic violence offense described in this
225 Subsection (2) within five years after the person is convicted of a qualifying domestic violence
226 offense; [
227 (C) the domestic violence was committed while the perpetrator was carrying a firearm
228 or dangerous weapon as defined in Section 76-10-501; or
229 (D) a conviction for the domestic violence will subject the defendant to the
230 prohibitions of 18 U.S.C. Sec. 922(g); or
231 (c) guilty of a felony of the third degree if:
232 (i) the domestic violence offense described in this Subsection (2) is designated by law
233 as a class A misdemeanor; and
234 (ii) (A) the domestic violence offense described in this Subsection (2) is committed
235 within five years after the person is convicted of a qualifying domestic violence offense; or
236 (B) the person is convicted of the domestic violence offense described in this
237 Subsection (2) within five years after the person is convicted of a qualifying domestic violence
239 Section 4. Section 77-36-5 is amended to read:
240 77-36-5. Sentencing -- Restricting contact with victim -- Electronic monitoring --
241 Counseling -- Cost assessed against defendant -- Sentencing protective order --
242 Continuous protective order.
243 (1) (a) When a defendant is found guilty of a crime involving domestic violence and a
244 condition of the sentence restricts the defendant's contact with the victim, a sentencing
245 protective order may be issued under Subsection 77-36-5.1[
246 defendant's probation or a continuous protective order may be issued under Subsection
248 (b) (i) The sentencing protective order or continuous protective order shall be in
249 writing, and the prosecutor shall provide a certified copy of that order to the victim.
250 (ii) The court shall transmit the sentencing protective order or continuous protective
251 order to the statewide domestic violence network.
252 (c) Violation of a sentencing protective order or continuous protective order issued
253 pursuant to this Subsection (1) is a class A misdemeanor.
254 (2) In determining its sentence the court, in addition to penalties otherwise provided by
255 law, may require the defendant to participate in an electronic or other type of monitoring
257 (3) The court may also require the defendant to pay all or part of the costs of
258 counseling incurred by the victim and any children affected by or exposed to the domestic
259 violence offense, as well as the costs for the defendant's own counseling.
260 (4) The court shall:
261 (a) assess against the defendant, as restitution, any costs for services or treatment
262 provided to the victim and affected children of the victim or the defendant by the Division of
263 Child and Family Services under Section 62A-4a-106; and
264 (b) order those costs to be paid directly to the division or its contracted provider.
265 (5) The court may order the defendant to obtain and satisfactorily complete treatment
266 or therapy in a domestic violence treatment program, as defined in Section 62A-2-101, that is
267 licensed by the Department of Human Services.
268 Section 5. Section 77-36-5.1 is amended to read:
269 77-36-5.1. Conditions of probation for person convicted of domestic violence
270 offense -- Continuous protective orders.
271 (1) Before any perpetrator who has been convicted of a domestic violence offense may
272 be placed on probation, the court shall consider the safety and protection of the victim and any
273 member of the victim's family or household.
274 (2) The court [
275 compliance with one or more orders of the court, which [
276 protective order:
277 (a) prohibiting the perpetrator from purchasing, using, or possessing a firearm or other
278 specified weapon;
279 (b) requiring the perpetrator to:
280 (i) surrender or dispose of any firearm, specified weapon, or ammunition the
281 perpetrator owns or possesses, so the perpetrator no longer has possession or control of a
282 firearm, specified weapon, or ammunition; and
283 (ii) certify compliance with Subsection (2)(b)(i) by affidavit filed with the court within
284 72 hours of the imposition of the court's order; and
285 (c) if a conviction in the case will subject the defendant to the prohibitions of 18
286 U.S.C. Sec. 922(g), notifying the perpetrator that the perpetrator is subject to 18 U.S.C. Sec.
287 922(g) and may not:
288 (i) lawfully ship or transport in interstate or foreign commerce, or possess in or
289 affecting commerce, any firearm or ammunition; or
290 (ii) receive any firearm or ammunition that has been shipped or transported in interstate
291 or foreign commerce.
292 (3) In addition to the conditions described in Subsection (2), the court may also issue
293 an order:
294 (a) enjoining the perpetrator from threatening to commit or committing acts of
295 domestic violence against the victim or other family or household member;
296 (b) prohibiting the perpetrator from harassing, telephoning, contacting, or otherwise
297 communicating with the victim, directly or indirectly;
298 (c) requiring the perpetrator to stay away from the victim's residence, school, place of
299 employment, and the premises of any of these, or a specified place frequented regularly by the
300 victim or any designated family or household member;
301 (d) prohibiting the perpetrator from possessing or consuming alcohol or controlled
308 the court, a program of intervention for perpetrators, treatment for alcohol or substance abuse,
309 or psychiatric or psychological treatment;
311 shall be in accordance with Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act; and
313 designated family or household member or to rehabilitate the perpetrator.
315 according to the perpetrator's ability to pay.
317 the court and notify the victim of any offense involving domestic violence committed by the
318 perpetrator, the perpetrator's failure to comply with any condition imposed by the court, and
319 any violation of any sentencing criminal protective order issued by the court.
320 (b) Notification of the victim under Subsection [
321 reasonable effort to provide prompt notification, including mailing a copy of the notification to
322 the last-known address of the victim.
324 pretrial and sentencing criminal protective orders issued by the court to the statewide domestic
325 violence network.
327 violence crimes, the high recidivism rate of violent offenders, and the demonstrated increased
328 risk of continued acts of violence subsequent to the release of a perpetrator who is convicted of
329 domestic violence, it is the finding of the Legislature that domestic violence crimes warrant the
330 issuance of continuous protective orders under this Subsection [
331 provide ongoing protection for the victim and to be consistent with the purposes of protecting
332 victims' rights under Chapter 37, Victims' Rights, and Chapter 38, Rights of Crime Victims
333 Act, and Article I, Section 28 of the Utah Constitution.
334 (b) If a perpetrator is convicted of a domestic violence offense resulting in a sentence
335 of imprisonment, including jail, that is to be served after conviction, the court shall issue a
336 continuous protective order at the time of the conviction or sentencing limiting the contact
337 between the perpetrator and the victim unless the court determines by clear and convincing
338 evidence that the victim does not a have a reasonable fear of future harm or abuse.
339 (c) (i) The court shall notify the perpetrator of the right to request a hearing.
340 (ii) If the perpetrator requests a hearing under this Subsection [
341 shall hold the hearing at the time determined by the court. The continuous protective order
342 shall be in effect while the hearing is being scheduled and while the hearing is pending.
343 (d) A continuous protective order is permanent in accordance with this Subsection [
344 (7)(d) and may grant the following relief:
345 (i) enjoining the perpetrator from threatening to commit or committing acts of
346 domestic violence against the victim or other family or household member;
347 (ii) prohibiting the perpetrator from harassing, telephoning, contacting, or otherwise
348 communicating with the victim, directly or indirectly;
349 (iii) prohibiting the perpetrator from going to the victim's residence, school, place of
350 employment, and the premises of any of these, or a specified place frequented regularly by the
351 victim or any designated family or other household member;
352 (iv) directing the perpetrator to pay restitution to the victim as may apply, and shall be
353 enforced in accordance with Chapter 38a, Crime Victims Restitution Act; and
354 (v) any other order the court considers necessary to fully protect the victim and
355 members of the victim's family or other household member.
356 (e) A continuous protective order may be modified or dismissed only if the court
357 determines by clear and convincing evidence that all requirements of this Subsection [
358 have been met and the victim does not have a reasonable fear of future harm or abuse.
359 (f) Notice of a continuous protective order issued pursuant to this section shall be sent
360 by the court to the statewide domestic violence network.
361 (g) Violation of a continuous protective order issued pursuant to this Subsection [
362 (7) is a class A misdemeanor, is a domestic violence offense under Section 77-36-1, and is
363 subject to increased penalties in accordance with Section 77-36-1.1.
364 (h) In addition to the process of issuing a continuous protective order described in
365 Subsection [
366 the victim files a petition with the district court, and after notice and hearing the district court
367 finds that a continuous protective order is necessary to protect the victim.
369 issued under Subsection [
370 law enforcement agency that is releasing the person who is subject to the continuous protective
372 (i) if the victim has provided the law enforcement agency contact information; and
373 (ii) in accordance with Section 64-13-14.7, if applicable.
374 (b) Before release, the law enforcement agency shall notify in writing the person being
375 released that a violation of the continuous protective order issued at the time of conviction or
376 sentencing continues to apply, and that a violation of the continuous protective order is a class
377 A misdemeanor, is a separate domestic violence offense under Section 77-36-1, and is subject
378 to increased penalties in accordance with Section 77-36-1.1.
380 a separate order relating to the transfer of a wireless telephone number in accordance with
381 Section 77-36-5.3.
382 Section 6. Section 78B-7-102 is amended to read:
383 78B-7-102. Definitions.
384 As used in this chapter:
385 (1) "Abuse" means intentionally or knowingly causing or attempting to cause a
386 cohabitant physical harm or intentionally or knowingly placing a cohabitant in reasonable fear
387 of imminent physical harm.
388 (2) "Cohabitant" means an emancipated person pursuant to Section 15-2-1 or a person
389 who is 16 years of age or older who:
390 (a) is or was a spouse of the other party;
391 (b) is or was living as if a spouse of the other party;
392 (c) is related by blood or marriage to the other party as the person's parent, grandparent,
393 sibling, or any other person related to the person by consanguinity or affinity to the second
395 (d) has or had one or more children in common with the other party;
396 (e) is the biological parent of the other party's unborn child;
397 (f) resides or has resided in the same residence as the other party; or
398 (g) is or was in a consensual sexual relationship with the other party.
399 (3) Notwithstanding Subsection (2), "cohabitant" does not include:
400 (a) the relationship of natural parent, adoptive parent, or step-parent to a minor; or
401 (b) the relationship between natural, adoptive, step, or foster siblings who are under 18
402 years of age.
403 (4) "Court clerk" means a district court clerk.
404 (5) "Domestic violence" means the same as that term is defined in Section 77-36-1.
405 (6) "Ex parte protective order" means an order issued without notice to the respondent
406 in accordance with this chapter.
407 (7) "Foreign protection order" means the same as that term is defined in Section
409 (8) "Law enforcement unit" or "law enforcement agency" means any public agency
410 having general police power and charged with making arrests in connection with enforcement
411 of the criminal statutes and ordinances of this state or any political subdivision.
412 (9) "Peace officer" means those persons specified in Title 53, Chapter 13, Peace
413 Officer Classifications.
414 (10) "Protective order" means:
415 (a) an order issued pursuant to this chapter subsequent to a hearing on the petition, of
416 which the petitioner and respondent have been given notice in accordance with this chapter; or
417 (b) an order issued under Subsection 77-36-5.1[
418 Section 7. Section 78B-7-105 is amended to read:
419 78B-7-105. Forms for petitions and protective orders -- Assistance.
420 (1) (a) The offices of the court clerk shall provide forms and nonlegal assistance to
421 persons seeking to proceed under this chapter.
422 (b) The Administrative Office of the Courts shall develop and adopt uniform forms for
423 petitions and orders for protection in accordance with the provisions of this chapter. That
424 office shall provide the forms to the clerk of each court authorized to issue protective orders.
425 The forms shall include:
426 (i) a statement notifying the petitioner for an ex parte protective order that knowing
427 falsification of any statement or information provided for the purpose of obtaining a protective
428 order may subject the petitioner to felony prosecution;
429 (ii) a separate portion of the form for those provisions, the violation of which is a
430 criminal offense, and a separate portion for those provisions, the violation of which is a civil
431 violation, as provided in Subsection 78B-7-106(6);
432 (iii) language in the criminal provision portion stating violation of any criminal
433 provision is a class A misdemeanor, and language in the civil portion stating violation of or
434 failure to comply with a civil provision is subject to contempt proceedings;
435 (iv) a space for information the petitioner is able to provide to facilitate identification
436 of the respondent, such as social security number, driver license number, date of birth, address,
437 telephone number, and physical description;
438 (v) a space for the petitioner to request a specific period of time for the civil provisions
439 to be in effect, not to exceed 150 days, unless the petitioner provides in writing the reason for
440 the requested extension of the length of time beyond 150 days;
441 (vi) a statement advising the petitioner that when a minor child is included in an ex
442 parte protective order or a protective order, as part of either the criminal or the civil portion of
443 the order, the petitioner may provide a copy of the order to the principal of the school where the
444 child attends;
445 (vii) a statement advising the petitioner that if the respondent fails to return custody of
446 a minor child to the petitioner as ordered in a protective order, the petitioner may obtain from
447 the court a writ of assistance; and
448 (viii) a space for information the petitioner is able to provide related to a proceeding
449 for an order for protection, civil litigation, a proceeding in juvenile court, and a criminal case
450 involving either party, including:
451 (A) the case name;
452 (B) the file number;
453 (C) the county and state of the proceeding; and
454 (D) the judge's name.
455 (2) If the person seeking to proceed under this chapter is not represented by an
456 attorney, it is the responsibility of the court clerk's office to provide:
457 (a) the forms adopted pursuant to Subsection (1);
458 (b) all other forms required to petition for an order for protection including, but not
459 limited to, forms for service;
460 (c) clerical assistance in filling out the forms and filing the petition, in accordance with
461 Subsection (1)(a), except that a court clerk's office may designate any other entity, agency, or
462 person to provide that service, but the court clerk's office is responsible to see that the service is
464 (d) information regarding the means available for the service of process;
465 (e) a list of legal service organizations that may represent the petitioner in an action
466 brought under this chapter, together with the telephone numbers of those organizations; and
467 (f) written information regarding the procedure for transporting a jailed or imprisoned
468 respondent to the protective order hearing, including an explanation of the use of transportation
469 order forms when necessary.
470 (3) A court clerk, constable, or law enforcement agency may not impose a charge for:
471 (a) filing a petition under this chapter;
472 (b) obtaining an ex parte protective order;
473 (c) obtaining copies, either certified or not certified, necessary for service or delivery to
474 law enforcement officials; or
475 (d) fees for service of a petition, ex parte protective order, or protective order.
476 (4) A petition for an order of protection shall be in writing and verified.
477 (5) (a) An order for protection shall be issued in the form adopted by the Administrative
478 Office of the Courts pursuant to Subsection (1).
479 (b) A protective order issued, except orders issued ex parte, shall include the following
481 "Respondent was afforded both notice and opportunity to be heard in the hearing that
482 gave rise to this order. Pursuant to the Violence Against Women Act of 1994, P.L. 103-322,
483 108 Stat. 1796, 18 U.S.C. Sec. 2265, this order is valid in all the United States, the District of
484 Columbia, tribal lands, and United States territories. This order complies with the Uniform
485 Interstate Enforcement of Domestic Violence Protection Orders Act."
486 (c) A protective order issued in accordance with this part, including protective orders
487 issued ex parte and except for a continuous protective order issued under Subsection
489 "NOTICE TO PETITIONER: The court may amend or dismiss a protective order after
490 one year if it finds that the basis for the issuance of the protective order no longer exists and the
491 petitioner has repeatedly acted in contravention of the protective order provisions to
492 intentionally or knowingly induce the respondent to violate the protective order, demonstrating
493 to the court that the petitioner no longer has a reasonable fear of the respondent."
494 Section 8. Section 78B-7-115 is amended to read:
495 78B-7-115. Dismissal of protective order -- Expiration.
496 (1) Except as provided in Subsections (6) and (8), a protective order that has been in
497 effect for at least two years may be dismissed if the court determines that the petitioner no
498 longer has a reasonable fear of future harm or abuse. In determining whether the petitioner no
499 longer has a reasonable fear of future harm or abuse, the court shall consider the following
501 (a) whether the respondent has complied with treatment recommendations related to
502 domestic violence, entered at the time the protective order was entered;
503 (b) whether the protective order was violated during the time it was in force;
504 (c) claims of harassment, abuse, or violence by either party during the time the
505 protective order was in force;
506 (d) counseling or therapy undertaken by either party;
507 (e) impact on the well-being of any minor children of the parties, if relevant; and
508 (f) any other factors the court considers relevant to the case before it.
509 (2) Except as provided in Subsections (6) and (8), the court may amend or dismiss a
510 protective order issued in accordance with this part that has been in effect for at least one year
511 if it finds that:
512 (a) the basis for the issuance of the protective order no longer exists;
513 (b) the petitioner has repeatedly acted in contravention of the protective order
514 provisions to intentionally or knowingly induce the respondent to violate the protective order;
515 (c) the petitioner's actions demonstrate that the petitioner no longer has a reasonable
516 fear of the respondent; and
517 (d) the respondent has not been convicted of a protective order violation or any crime
518 of violence subsequent to the issuance of the protective order, and there are no unresolved
519 charges involving violent conduct still on file with the court.
520 (3) The court shall enter sanctions against either party if the court determines that
521 either party acted:
522 (a) in bad faith; or
523 (b) with intent to harass or intimidate either party.
524 (4) Notice of a motion to dismiss a protective order shall be made by personal service
525 on the petitioner in a protective order action as provided in Rules 4 and 5, Utah Rules of Civil
527 (5) Except as provided in Subsection (8), if a divorce proceeding is pending between
528 parties to a protective order action, the protective order shall be dismissed when the court
529 issues a decree of divorce for the parties if:
530 (a) the respondent files a motion to dismiss a protective order in both the divorce
531 action and the protective order action and personally serves the petitioner; and
532 (b) (i) the parties stipulate in writing or on the record to dismiss the protective order; or
533 (ii) based on evidence at the divorce trial, the court determines that the petitioner no
534 longer has a reasonable fear of future harm or abuse after considering the factors listed in
535 Subsections (1)(a) through (f).
536 (6) (a) Notwithstanding Subsection (1) or (2) and subject to Subsection (8), a
537 protective order that has been entered under this chapter concerning a petitioner and a
538 respondent who are divorced shall automatically expire, subject to Subsection (6)(b), 10 years
539 from the day on which the protective order is entered.
540 (b) The protective order shall automatically expire, as described in Subsection (6)(a),
541 unless the petitioner files a motion before expiration of the protective order and demonstrates
543 (i) the petitioner has a reasonable fear of future harm or abuse, as described in
544 Subsection (1); or
545 (ii) the respondent has been convicted of a protective order violation or any crime of
546 domestic violence subsequent to the issuance of the protective order.
547 (c) If the court grants the motion under Subsection (6)(b), the court shall set a new date
548 on which the protective order expires. The protective order will expire unless the petitioner
549 files a motion described in Subsection (6)(b) to extend the protective order.
550 (7) When the court dismisses a protective order, the court shall immediately:
551 (a) issue an order of dismissal to be filed in the protective order action; and
552 (b) transmit a copy of the order of dismissal to the statewide domestic violence
553 network as described in Section 78B-7-113.
554 (8) Notwithstanding the other provisions of this section, a continuous protective order
555 may not be modified or dismissed except as provided in Subsection 77-36-5.1[