7 LONG TITLE
8 General Description:
9 This bill prohibits female genital mutilation and provides a penalty.
10 Highlighted Provisions:
11 This bill:
12 ▸ defines female genital mutilation;
13 ▸ makes performing or facilitating female genital mutilation a second degree felony;
14 ▸ provides that a medical professional who performs female genital mutilation shall
15 lose the ability to practice permanently;
16 ▸ declares that female genital mutilation is a form of child abuse for reporting
18 ▸ allows a person subject to female genital mutilation to bring a civil action; and
19 ▸ requires the Department of Health to create an education program to alert the
20 community to the health risks and emotional trauma of female genital mutilation.
21 Money Appropriated in this Bill:
23 Other Special Clauses:
25 Utah Code Sections Affected:
27 76-5-701, Utah Code Annotated 1953
28 76-5-702, Utah Code Annotated 1953
29 76-5-703, Utah Code Annotated 1953
30 76-5-704, Utah Code Annotated 1953
32 Be it enacted by the Legislature of the state of Utah:
33 Section 1. Section 76-5-701 is enacted to read:
34 76-5-701. Female genital mutilation definition.
35 (1) As used in this part, female genital mutilation means any procedure that involves
36 partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or any harmful procedure to the female
37 genitalia, including:
38 (a) clitoridectomy;
39 (b) the partial or total removal of the clitoris or the prepuce;
40 (c) excision or the partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or
41 without excision of the labia majora;
42 (d) infibulation or the narrowing of the vaginal orifice with the creation of a covering
43 seal by cutting and appositioning the labia minora or the labia majora, with or without excision
44 of the clitoris;
45 (e) pricking, piercing, incising, or scraping, and cauterizing the genital area; or
46 (f) any other actions intended to alter the structure or function of the female genitalia
47 for non-medical reasons.
48 (2) Female genital mutilation is considered a form of child abuse for mandatory
49 reporting under Section 62A-4a-403.
50 Section 2. Section 76-5-702 is enacted to read:
51 76-5-702. Prohibition on female genital mutilation -- Exceptions.
52 (1) It is a second degree felony for any person to:
53 (a) perform a procedure described in Section 76-5-701 on a female under 18 years of
55 (b) give permission for or permit a procedure described in Section 76-5-701 to be
56 performed on a female under 18 years of age; or
57 (c) remove or cause, permit, or facilitate the removal of a female under 18 years of age
58 from this state for the purpose of facilitating the performance of a procedure described in
59 Section 76-5-701 on the female.
60 (2) It is not a defense to female genital mutilation that the conduct described in Section
61 76-5-701 is required as a matter of religion, custom, ritual, or standard practice, or that the
62 individual on whom it is performed or the individual's parent or guardian consented to the
64 (3) A surgical procedure is not a violation of Section 76-5-701 if the procedure is
65 performed by a physician licensed as a medical professional in the place it is performed and is:
66 (a) necessary to preserve or protect the physical health of the person on whom it is
67 performed; or
68 (b) requested for sex reassignment surgery by the person on whom it is performed.
69 (4) A medical professional licensed in accordance with Title 58, Chapter 31b, Nurse
70 Practice Act, Chapter 67, Utah Medical Practice Act, Chapter 68, Utah Osteopathic Medical
71 Practice Act, or Chapter 70a, Physician Assistant Act, who is convicted of a violation of this
72 section shall have their license permanently revoked by the appropriate licensing board.
73 Section 3. Section 76-5-703 is enacted to read:
74 76-5-703. Community Education Program.
75 (1) The director of the Department of Health shall develop a community education
76 program regarding female genital mutilation.
77 (2) The program shall include:
78 (a) education, prevention, and outreach materials regarding the health risks and
79 emotional trauma inflicted by the practice of female genital mutilation;
80 (b) ways to develop and disseminate information regarding recognizing the risk factors
81 associated with female genital mutilation; and
82 (c) training materials for law enforcement, teachers, and others who are mandated
83 reporters under Section 62A-4a-403, encompassing:
84 (i) risk factors associated with female genital mutilation;
85 (ii) signs that an individual may be a victim of female genital mutilation;
86 (iii) best practices for responses to victims of female genital mutilation; and
87 (iv) the criminal penalties associated with the facilitation or commission of female
88 genital mutilation.
89 Section 4. Section 76-5-704 is enacted to read:
90 76-5-704. Civil cause of action.
91 (1) A victim of female genital mutilation may bring a civil action in any court of
92 competent jurisdiction for female genital mutilation any time within 10 years of:
93 (a) the procedure being performed; or
94 (b) the victim's 18th birthday.
95 (2) The court may award actual, compensatory, and punitive damages, and any other
96 appropriate relief.
97 (3) A prevailing plaintiff shall be awarded attorney fees and costs.
98 (4) Treble damages may be awarded if the plaintiff proves the defendant's acts were
99 willful and malicious.
100 (5) Section 78B-3-416 does not apply to an action against a health care provider under
101 this section.